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insatiable craving for adulation, we do thoroughly believe to have been, so far as her people were concerned, as pure, as ardent, and as holy a patriotism as ever glowed in the breast of an anointed sovereign.
To her own Master, the Prince of all the kings of the earth, sbe stood or fell. Her ashes rest under the same canopy with those of the blood-stained Mary, whence again both shall rise to give account of the things done in the body. It would be well if historians kept this fact in view, together with their own inevitable share in that awful reckoning, when bearts will be laid bare, every secret motive discovered, and the measure of profit accruing to the Great Giver from the right use of His bountiful gifts will be weighed in a balance that human power cannot influence. It is no light thing to lead the public mind into a wrong track, even through inadvertence; for those who write are bound not only to ask of God wisdom and discretion in the exercise of their powers, but to see that they act up to the suggestions which will assuredly be vouchsafed in answer to sach prayer. Those also who read, are bound to see that they allow not the gratification of an idle curiosity, prying into the domestic details of a royal household, and the small-talk of its hangers on, to divert their attention from what it much more behoves them to know; namely the wondrous works which the LORD did in the days of their fathers, and in the old time before them.
Would to God our historiographers would consent to be so taught of the Holy Spirit, as to make the Divine Books their model in recording the deeds of monarchs! In that, as in all other matters, we err
in proportion as we, practically, know not the scriptores ; or succeed and prosper according to the measure in which we make the inspired word a lamp to our feet, and a light to our paths.
It cannot, perhaps, be reasonably expected that we should in these times witness a revival of those reverential feelings, with wbich our fathers were wont to regard royalty: feelings in perfect accordance with what is inculcated by the Holy Scriptures, whether grounded on that divine authority, or imbibed, like many other principles of action, without fully comprebending their first origin. There are passages and precepts in the Book of Proverbs, for instance, taken literally enough by our progeni. tors; but which the nineteenth century in its intellectual march has left far behind. In every age, bold spirits have been found ready to trample on the monarch's prerogatives, and to make light of his every privilege, but they did not carry with them the public heart or the public head. Loyalty, in its higher sense, has been the characteristic of Englishmen, with such brief and casual exceptions as served but to establish tbe rule; and for several genera. tions that impulse was kept alive, by beholding in the private, no less than in the public walk of our successive rulers, that which was calculated to win the respect which, by virtue of the regal office, they might fairly demand, William and Mary, Anne, and two of the Georges, exhibited to their subjects, a fair domestic model of what in any rank of life would be deemed honourable and praiseworthy; but just as the modern spirit of lawlessness broke loose from old and wise restraints, a change unfavourable to public morals was perceptible in bigb quarters,
where it could not but be the more painfully conspicuous from the force of contrast with what had preceded it; and by a swelling tide of popular contempt many an ancient, many a godly barrier was swept from before the throne of England.
Those painful scenes were not of long duration; and if not their very memory, yet surely their immediate effects should have been done away with when under the modest, matronly influence of a Queen consort like Adelaide, the court became once more the resort of all that was virtuous, and a prohibited spot to the vicious and the vile. But what the tongue of unseemly licence had proclaimed, many a licentious pen perpetuated; and a style of writing gained ground among us, leading mens' minds farther and farther from the good old track, until the principle which every Bible-reader knows to be scriptural is an exploded thing; and the universal characteristic of this generation appears to be that “ they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities.” Neither the regal, nor the magisterial, nor the judicial, nor the parental prerogative is properly recognized among us : the best, the most ancient, the most sacred bonds of society are loosened on every side; and it is to be feared that many parents who feelingly lament at least their own share in this wide. spread deterioration of what God has pronounced precious and venerable, help forward the evil, by encouraging a class of writings every way calculated to foster it even to a giant growth.
Nor is this the worst feature of the case : as we have already remarked, the real object of attack is the national religion ; and the result will be found to tally with the Apostle's description of those who
allure“ with great swelling words of vanity” the unstable and unwary: “ while they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption," though, it may be, unconscious whom they serve; and the tyranny that is by these means among others to be established over the human mind, is a thousand-fold worse than that of the eighth Henry, or any temporal despot under whose sway this or other countries may have ground.
The King of kings is at hand : will he find the feelings of expectant loyalty towards His own divine person and the glorious kingdom that he will come to set up, alive and active in bosoms where the principle of submission to constituted authority, and respect for those who exercise it, is well nigh if not altogether extinguished ?
"The declaration of Luther as to the decay of the Reformation which he anticipated, is remarkable. He says, “ The doctrine wbich I do often report, (and not without tediousness do still beat into your heads, and define unto you,) will be darkened and defaced again when we are dead, for the world must be replenished with horrible darkness and errors, before the latter day comes." '_Bickersteth.
THE FOUR EMPIRES AND THE KINGDOM
(Written by a father for his children.)
ERE angels chanted Prince Immanuel's birth,
Chaldea first her golden head u prears,
See Rome come striding on with iron force ;
By Heaven's decree, two hundred years alone,