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ARITHMOLOGY; or Theory of common Arithmetic, fully proved without Algebra. By S. E. Caspersonn, M.B.-Dalton.
We are not yet come to the end of all the ologies, it seems; and if they were all as useful as this, we should not wish to do so. Arithmetic, as taught, we believe universally, consists of a number of very dry rules, the indelible impression of which on the memory is necessary to any thing like a decent proficiency in a most necessary science; and this is a hard imposition on some memories! Many an hour is wasted, many a head-ache incurred, many a game of healthful play unfairly curtailed, and valuable opportunities for inculcating far more important truths sacrificed, to the dire necessity of cramming the young brain with what is often most uncongenial matter. To arrive at the philosophy of the thing, to obtain even a why or a wherefore for these despotic rules, the perplexing study of Algebra is needful; and though there are some minds to which it affords high enjoyment, we believe that the majority of teachers, and an overpowering show of hands among the taught, will decide in favour of a most simple, practical, comprehensible exposition of the foundation on which the science rests; enabling the learner who may have forgotten some set of rules to recal them, by a fair knowledge of the theory itself. Such a work is the present. The author is a man of solid learning, complete master of his subject, in all its heights and depths, who has drawn up this admirable little ology (it is a very small book of sixty pages) for the benefit of those who may be neither able nor willing to plunge into Algebra.
We do not praise the work because we well know and dearly love the writer ; nor because he is a son of Abraham according to the flesh, and an heir by faith too; but because we see and feel its intrinsic worth, and conscientiously believe that it will, both to old and young, be a real boon, of great and permanent value.
THE SABBATH QUESTION ILLUSTRATED:
By a Roadside Enquirer.-Seeleys.
We have often wished to see this momentous subject treated in a popular style ; and graphically set forth in some of its more prominent features. The volume before us does so: a worldly, thoughtless young man, being asked to sign a petition in favour of Sabbath legislation, demands a reason why he should do so; and is persuaded to devote some summer weeks to a home tour, in search of such reason. He falls in with various parties, under a variety of cir. cumstances, all of which bear on the subject in ques. tion; and he brings back with him not only very abundant reasons for strenuously aiding in the good work, but a far deeper insight into his own heart, and a purer mainspring of motive and action than he before possessed.
We think and believe that the book will do much good: it can hardly be called a fiction, seeing that every thing represented is actually taking place throughout the country; and though an imaginary person is introduced, it is merely that the reader may sce, with another pair of eyes, what must otherwise
be set forth in dry detail. We hope the work will circolate among our parliamentary gentlemen. It is calculated to set them thinking, and that too in a right track.
TRACTARIANISM NOT OF GOD. Sermons: by
Charles B. Tayler, M.A. Rector of St. Peter's, and Evening Lecturer of St. Mary's, Chester.—Longman and Co.
We know of none who has made a more open and unhesitating stand against Tractarianism than Mr. Tayler, who has now given us a volume of sermons, valuable for the sound, scriptural doctrine propounded in them, apart from controversy; and doubly valuable as bearing strongly on the controverted truths that Tractarianism seeks to undermine or to batter down. The sermons referring to baptism are especially valuable.
DIFFICULTIES OF A YOUNG CLERGYMAN
IN TIMES OF DIVISION.-Seeleys.
A WELL-TOLD tale, setting forth some of the consequences that do and must result from the introduction of the pestilent heresy known as Tractarianism. The writer knows his subject well, and has given a fair exhibition of it in the character and conversation of a parochial minister, whose antitype, alas ! may be found in almost any diocese into which we choose DECEMBER, 1844.
to look. It ends well; that is to say, the vicar declares himself a Romanist, and so the place is delivered from his pernicious influence. There are other characters, sufficient to supply abundant diaJogue and incident; and we read it with no little zest; and not without some solid profit we trust. When fiction is concerned, the Tractarians must necessarily outdo us; but the difference between a parable, and a “cunningly devised fable” is obvious.
LEARNING TO FEEL.-Religious Tract Society.
We shall be very glad to see a second edition of this small work ; first, because it is a remarkably pretty and instructive one, with its easy natural dialogues, and plentiful cuts : secondly, because we hope that, on reconsideration, the writer will modify two passages, wherein the reproach that God is now taking away from off His ancient people is very unthinkingly and unkindly sought to be perpetuated, and prejudices disgraceful to a Christian people instilled into young minds. We allude to page 27, where it is said, (in a chapter on sympathy) “We should feel pity, and some sympathy, perhaps, with Jews, Turks, and heathens,” &c.—and page 126, wbere we are told, “Susan added the cruel Jews to the list of those she did not like ; because they put the Saviour to death on the cross.” These are the only passages to which we object, and we are resolved to point out, and to rebuke openly, every instance of the kind, in every book, great or small,
that comes before us. “ Learning to feel,” is a companion to “ Learning to think ;” and they are certainly calculated to teach children both to think and to feel rightly.
AN ADDRESS to the members of St. Jude's congre
gation, Glasgow. By the Rev. Chas. Popham Miles. B.A. Presbyter of the Church of England. Bryce. -Hamilton and Co.
OUR readers will recollect the circumstances under which Bishop Skinner of Aberdeen presumed to fulminate a sentence of excommunication of truly popish character against that estimable minister of the gospel, the Rev. Sir William Dunbar.
Shortly after this occurrence, Mr. Miles, a pious and gifted English Clergyman, whose devotion to the cause of Protestant verity is well known, being ignorant of the real facts of the case, entered into communion with the episcopal church in Scotland, by accepting an incumbency in Glasgow. Becoming rightly informed as to the true character of the persecution endured by Sir William Dunbar, he, deliberately, and for the purpose of making a practical protest against such. unchristian tyranny, went to Aberdeen and preached in the pulpit of bis excommunicated brother. For this he was called to account by Bishop Russell ; and here we have the facts, and correspondence, which led to Mr. Miles' withdrawal of his subscription to the Scottish canons, and relinquishment of his charge. The position in which the Scottish bishops have placed themselves is any