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write her a bill of divorcement, and giveth it in her hand, and sendeth her out of his house ; or if the latter husband die, which took her to be his wife; her former husband, which sent her away, may not take her again to be his wife, after that she is defiled ; for that is abomination before the LoRD : and thou shalt not cause the land to sin, which the LoRD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance. NUM. 26: 10. Even as the Lord commanded Moses, so did the daughters of Zelophehad: for Mahlah, Tirzah, and Hoglah, and Milcah, and Noah, the daughters of Zelophehad, were married unto their father’s brother’s sons.
Cases of Violation.
Shechem and Dinah, daughter. Gen. 34: 1. The Benjamites almost annihilated. Judg. 19:20. David betrayed into murder by it. 2 Sam. 11: 2. Amnon killed for it. 14. Solomon’s kingdom wrested from him in consequence of it. 1 Kings 11 : 1. Eli's house blotted out for it. 1 Sam. 2. NUM. 30:6. And if she had at all an husband, when she vowed, or uttered aught out of her lips, wherewith she bound her soul ; and her husband heard it, and held his peace at her in the day that he heard it: then her vows shall stand, and her bonds where with she bound her soul shall stand. But if her husband disallowed her on the day that he heard it; then he shall make her vow which she vowed, and that which she uttered with her lips, where with she bound her soul, of none effect: and the Lord shall forgive her. But every vow of a widow, and of her that is divorced, where with they have bound their souls, shall stand against her. And is she vowed in her husband’s house, or bound her soul by a bond with an oath ; and her husband heard it, and held his peace at her, and disallowed her not: then all her vows shall stand, and every bond where with she bound her soul shall stand. But if her husband hath utterly made them void on the day
2 Sam. 13:
he heard them ; then whatsoever proceeded out of her lips concerning her vows, or concerning the bond of her soul, shall not stand: her husband hath made them void; and the LoRD shall forgive her. Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void. But if her husband altogether hold his peace at her from day to day; then he establisheth all her vows, or all her bonds, which are upon her: he confirmeth them, because he held his peace at her in the day that he heard them. But if he shall any ways make them void after that he hath heard them ; then he shall bear her iniquity. These are the statutes, which the Lo R D commanded Moses, between a man and his wife, between the father and his daughter, being !yet in her youth in her father’s house.
§ 8. LAw of THEFT.
Ex. 22: 1. If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he shall restore five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep. If a thief be found breaking up, and be smitten that he die, there shall no blood be shed for him. If the sun be risen upon him, there shall be blood shed for him ; for he should make full restitution ; if he have nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft. If the theft be certainly found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep ; he shall restore double. LEv. 19:11. Ye shall not steal, neither deal falsely, neither lie one to another. Ps. 50: 18. When thou sawest a thief, then thou consentedst with him. ... But I will reprove thee, and set thy sins in order. PR. 29:24. Whoso is partner with a thief, hateth his own soul. J.E.R. 17: 11. He that getteth riches, and not by right, shall leave them in the midst of his days; and at his end shall be a fool.
Ex. 23: 1. Thou shalt not raise a false report: put not thine hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness. Thou shalt not follow a multitude to do evil ; neither shalt thou speak in a cause to decline after many to wrest judgment: neither shalt thou countenance a poor man in his cause. DEUT. 19: 16. If a false witness rise up against any man to testify against him that which is wrong, ... the judges shall make diligent inquisition ; and behold, if the witness be a false witness, and hath testified falsely against his brother, then shall ye do unto him as he thought to do unto his brother ; so shalt thou put the evil away from among you. LEv. 19: 16. Thou shalt not go up and down as a tale-bearer among thy people. PR. 6: 16. These six things doth the Lo RD hate ; yea, seven are an abomination unto him. — 19. A false witness that speaketh lies, and soweth discord among brethren. 19: 5. A false witness shall not be unpunished ; and he that speaketh lies shall not escape. 21: 28. A false witness shall perish. 25: 18. A man that beareth false witness against his neighbor, is a maul, and a sword, and a sharp arroW.
Ex. 21: 28. If an ox gore a man or woman, that they die: then the ox shall be surely stoned, and his flesh shall not be eaten ; but the owner of the ox shall be quit. But if the ox were wont to push with his horn in time past, and it hath been testified to his owner, and he hath not kept him in, but that he hath killed a man or a woman ; the ox shall be stoned, and his owner also shall be put to death. If there be laid on him a sum of money, then he shall give for the ransom of his life whatsoever is laid upon him. Whether he have gored a son, or have gored a daughter, according to this judgment shall it be done unto him. If the ox shall
o a man-servant or maid-servant; e shall give unto their master thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned. And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit, and not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall therein ; the owner of the pit shall make it good, and give money unto the owner of them; and the dead beast shall be his. And if one man’s ox hurt another's, that he die; then they shall sell the live ox, and divide the money of it; and the dead oz also shall they divide. Or if it be known that the ox hath used to push in time past, and his owner hath not kept him in ; he shall surely pay ox for ox; and the dead shall be his OWn. 22 : 5. If a man shall cause a field or vineyard to be eaten, and shall put in his beast, and shall feed in another man’s field; of the best of his own field, and of the best of his own vineyard shall he make restitution. If fire break out, and catch in thorns, so that the stacks of corn, or the standing corn, or the field be consumed therewith; he that kindleth the fire shall surely make restitution. If a man shall deliver unto his neighbor money or stuff to keep, and it be stolen out of the man’s house; if the thief be found, let him pay double. If the thief be not found, then the master of the house shall be brought unto the judges, to see whether he have put his hand unto his neighbor’s goods. For all manner of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, or for any manner of lost thing, which another challengeth to be his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; and whom the judges shall condemn, he shall, pay double unto his neighbor. If a man deliver unto his neighbor an ass, or an ox, or a sheep, or any beast, to keep ; and it die, or be hurt, or driven away, no man seeing it: then shall an oath of the Lord be between them both, that he hath not put his hand unto his neighbor’s goods; and the owner of it shall accept thereof, and he shall not make it good. . And if it be stolen from him, he shall make restitution unto the owner thereof. If it be torn in pieces, then let him bring it for witness, and he shall not make good that which was torn. And if a man borrow aught of his neighbor, and it
be hurt, or die, the owner thereof being not with it, he shall surely make it good. But if the owner thereof be with it, he shall not make it good: if it be an hired thing, it came for his hire. — 21. Thou shalt neither vex a stranger, nor oppress
him: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt. Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child. If thou afflict them in any wise, and they cry at all unto me, I will surely hear their cry; and my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword ; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless. If thou lend money to any of my people that is poor by thee, thou shalt not be to him as an usurer, neither shalt thou lay upon him usury. If thou at all take thy neighbor’s raiment to pledge, thou shalt deliver it unto him by that the sun goeth down: for that is his covering only, it is his raiment for his skin : wherein shall he sleep? and it shall come to pass, when he crieth unto me, that I will hear; for I am gracious.
T 23:4. If thou meet thine enemy’s ox or his ass going astray, thou shalt surely bring it back to him again. If thou see the ass of him that hateth thee lying under his burden, and wouldest forbear to help him, thou shalt surely help with him. Thou shalt not wrest the judgment of thy poor in his cause. Keep thee far from a false matter ; and the innocent and righteous slay thou not: for I will not justify the wicked. And thou shalt take no gift: for the gift blindeth the wise, and perverteth the words of the righteous. Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger: for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.
LEv. 6: 1. And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, If a soul sin, and commit a trespass against the LoRD, and lie unto his neighbor in that which was delivered him to keep, or in fellowship, or in a thing taken away by violence, or hath deceived his neighbor; or have found that which was lost, and lieth concerning it, and sweareth falsely ; in any of all these that a man doeth, sinning therein: then it shall be, because he hath sinned and is guilty, that he shall restore that which he
took violently away, or the thing which he hath deceitfully gotten, or that which was delivered him to keep, or the lost thing which he found, or all that about which he hath sworn falsely ; he shall even restore it in the principal, and shall add the fifth part more thereto, and give it unto him to whom it appertaineth, in the day of his trespassoffering. 19: 9. And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not wholly reap the corners of thy field, neither shalt thou gather the gleanings of thy harvest. And thou shalt not glean thy vineyard; neither shalt thou gather every grape of thy vineyard; thou shalt leave them for the poor and stranger; I am the LoRD your God. — 13. Thou shalt not defraud thy neighbor, neither rob him: the wages of him that is hired shall not abide with thee all night until the morning. Thou shalt not curse the deaf, nor put a stumbling-block before the blind, but shalt fear thy God: I am the Lord. Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment: thou shalt not respect the person of the poor, nor honor the person of the mighty: but in righteousness shalt thou judge thy neighbor... Neither shalt thou stand against the blood of thy neighbor: I am the Lo R.D. Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thine heart: thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbor, and not suffer sin upon him. Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself: I am the Lord. ... Thou shalt rise up before the hoary head, and honor the face of the old man, and fear thy God: I am the Lo R.D. And if a stranger sojourn with thee in your land, ye shall not vex him. But the stranger that dwelleth with you shall be unto, you as one born among you, and thou shalt love him as thyself; for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God. Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment, in mete-yard, in weight, or in measure. Just balances, just weights, a just ephah, and a just hin, shall ye have: I am the Lord your God, which brought you out of the land of Egypt. Therefore shall ye observe all my statutes, and all my judgments, and do them: I am the LoRD.
24: 22. ner of law, as well for the stranger, as for one of your own country: for I am the Lo RD your God.
T DEUT. 15:1. At the end of every seven years thou shalt make a release. And this is the manner of the release: Every creditor that lendeth aught unto his neighbor shall release it ; he shall not exact it of his neighbor, or of his brother ; because it is called the Lo RD’s release. Of a foreigner thou mayest exact it again: but that which is thine with thy brother thine hand shall release ; save when there shall be no poor among you ; for the Lo RD shall greatly bless thee in the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee for an inheritance to possess it: only if thou carefully hearken unto the voice of the Lord thy God, to observe to do all these commandments which I command thee this day. For the LoRD thy God blesseth thee, as he promised thee: and thou shalt lend unto many nations, but thou shalt not borrow ; and thou shalt reign over many nations, but they shall not reign over thee. If there be among you a poor man of one of thy breth ren within any of thy gates, in thy land which the Lo RD thy God giveth thee, thou shalt not harden thine heart, nor shut thine hand from thy poor brother : but thou shalt open thine hand wide unto him, and shalt surely lend him sufficient for his need, in that which he wanteth. Beware that there be not a thought in thy wicked heart, saying, The seventh year, the year of release, is at hand; and thine eye be evil against thy poor brother, and thou givest him nought : and he cry unto the LoRD against thee, and it be sin unto thee. Thou shalt surely give him; and thine heart shall not be grieved when thou givest unto him: because that for this thing the Lord thy God shall bless thee in all thy works, and in all that thou puttest thine hand unto. For the poor shall never cease out of the land : therefore I command thee, saying, Thou shalt open thine hand wide unto thy brother, to thy poor, and to thy needy, in thy land.
22: 1. Thou shalt not see thy brother’s ox or his sheep go astray, and hide thyself from them : thou
Ye shall have one man- shalt in any case bring them again
unto thy brother. And if thy brother be not nigh unto thee, or if thou know him not, then thou shalt brin it unto thine own house, and it shal be with thee, until thy brother seek after it, and thou shalt restore it to him again. In like manner shalt thou do with his ass; and so shalt thou do with his raiment; and with all lost things of thy brother's, which he hath lost, and thou hast found, shalt thou do likewise: thou mayest not hide thyself. Thou shalt not see thy brother's ass or his ox fall down by the way, and hide thyself from them: thou shalt surely help him to lift them up again. 23:19. Thou shalt not lend upon usury to thy brother: usury of money, usury of victuals, usury of any thing that is lent upon usury: unto. a stranger thou mayest lend upon usury ; but unto thy brother thou shalt not lend upon usury.
‘s 24: 16. The fathers shall not be put to death for the children, neither shall the children be put to death for the fathers: every man shall be put to death for his own sin. Thou shait not pervert the judgment of the stranger, nor of the fatherless; nor take the widow’s raiment to pledge : but thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in Egypt, and the Lo RD thy God redeemed thee thence: therefore I command thee to do this thing. When thou cuttest down thine harvest in thy field, and hast forgot a sheaf in the field, thou shalt not go again to fetch it: it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow: that the Lo RD thy God may bless thee in all the work of thine hands. When thou beatest thine olive tree, thou shalt not go over the boughs again: it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow. When thou gatherest the grapes of thy vineyard, thou shalt not glean it afterward : it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow. And thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in the land of Egypt : therefore I command thee to do this thing.
25: 1. If there be a controversy between men, and they come unto judgment, that the judges may judge them : then they shall justify the
righteous, and condemn the wicked. And it shall be, if the wicked man be worthy to be beaten, that the judge shall cause him to lie down, and to be beaten before his face, according to his fault, by a certain number. Forty stripes he may give him, and not exceed : lest if he should exceed, and beat him above these with many stripes, then thy brother should seem vile unto thee. Thou shalt not muzzle the ox when he treadeth out the corn. 25: 13. Thou shalt not have in thy bag divers weights, a great and a small. Thou shalt not have in thine house divers measures, a great and a small. But thou shalt have a perfect and just weight, a perfect and just measure shalt thou have: that thy days may be lengthened in the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee, for all that do such things, and all that do unrighteously, are an abomination unto the LoRD thy God. 19: 14. Thou shalt not remove thy neighbor’s landmark, which they of old time have set in thine inheritance, which thou shalt inherit in the land that the Lord thy God giveth thee to possess it. – 6. If a bird’s nest chance to be before thee in the way in any tree, or on the ground, whether they be young ones, or eggs, and the dam sitting upon the young, or upon the eggs, thou shalt not take the dam with the young: but thou shalt in any wise let the dam go, and take the young to thee; that it may be well with thee, and that thou mayest prolong thy days. When thou buildest a new house, then thou shalt make a battlement for thy roof, that thou bring not blood upon thine house, if any man fall from thence. Thou shalt not sow thy vineyard with divers seeds; lest the fruit of thy seed which thou hast sown, and the fruit of thy vineyard, be defiled. Thou shalt not plow with an ox and an ass together. Thou shalt not wear a garment of divers sorts, as of woollen and linen together. 24: 6. No man shall take the nether or the upper mill-stone to pledge: for he taketh a man's life to pledge.—10. When thou dost lend thy brother any thing, thou shalt not o into his house to fetch his pledge. hou shalt stand alond, and the
man to whom thou dost lend shall bring out the pledge abroad unto thee. And if the man be poor, thou shalt not sleep with his pledge: in any case thou shalt deliver him the pledge again when the sun goeth down, that he may sleep in his own raiment, and bless thee: and it shall be righteousness unto thee before the Lo RD thy God. Thou shalt not oppress an hired servant that is poor and needy, whether he be of thy brethren, or of thy strangers that are in thy land within thy gates: at his day thou shalt give him his hire, neither shall the sun go down upon it'; for he is poor, and setteth his heart upon it: lest he cry against thee unto the Lord, and it be sin unto thee.
§ 11. LAw of MASTER AND servant.
Ex. 21: 2. If thou buy an Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing. If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he were married, then his wife shall go out with him. If his master hath given him a wife, and she hath borne him sons or daughters; the wife and her children shall be her master's, and he shall go out by himself. And if the servant shah plainly say, I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free: then his mastershall bring him unto the judges : he shall also bring him to the door, or unto the door-post ; and his master shall bore his ear through with an awl ; and he shall serve him forever. And if a man sell his daughter to be a maidservant, she shall not go out as the men servants do if she please not her master, who hath betrothed her to himself, then shall he let her be redeemed: to sell her unto a strange nation he shall have no power, seeing he hath dealt deceitfully with her. And if he have betrothed her unto his son, he shall deal with her after the manner of daughters. If he take him another wife ; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage shall he not diminish. And if he do not these three unto her, then shall she go out free without money. — 16. And he that stealeth