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PART II.

ANNOUNCEMENT AND INTRODUCTION

OF

OUR LORD'S PUBLIC MINISTRY.

Time. About one year.

Ø 14. The Ministry of
MATTHEW.

MARK.
CH. III. 1-12.

ch. I. 1-8.
The beginning of the gospel of
Jesus Christ the Son of God ;

2 As it is written in the prophets,a Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way

before thee; In those days came John the Bap- 3 The voice of one crying in the tist, preaching in the wilderness of wilderness, Prepare ye the

way

of the Judea,

Lord, make his paths straight. 2 And saying, Repent ye; for the 4 John did baptize in the wilderkingdom of heaven is at hand. ness, and preach the baptism of re

3 For this is he that was spoken of pentance, for the remission of sins. by the prophet Esaias, saying, The 5 And there went out unto him all voice of one crying in the wilderness, the land of Judea, and they of JeruPrepare ye the way of the Lord, make salem, and were all baptized of him in his paths straight.

the river of Jordan, confessing their 4 And the same John had his rai- sins. ment of camel's hair, and a leathern 6 And John was clothed with camgirdle about his loins; and his meat el's hair, and with a girdle of a skin was locusts and wild honey.

about his loins; and he did eat locusts 5 Then went out to him Jerusalem, and wild honey ; and all Judea, and all the region round about Jordan,

6 And were baptized of him in Jordan, confessing their sins.

7 But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said unto them, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come ?

8 Bring forth therefore fruits meet for repentance :

9 And think not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to father : for I say unto you, that God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham.

10 And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees : therefore every tree which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire.

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a Mal. iii. 1 ; Is. xl. 3.

Luke iii. 2, high priests.] In the New Testament, the same word is used for the high priests, and the chief priests, who were the heads of the twenty-four courses. So that the two persons whom the Roman governor considered as the chief of the priests, and whose names stood as such in those public registers which seem here referred to,

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JOHN.

LUKE.

CH. III. 1-18. Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Cesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of Iturea and of the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene,

2 Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.

3 And he came into all the country about Jordan, preaching the baptism of repentance, for the remission of sins ;

4 As it is written in the book of the words of Esaias the prophet, saying,* The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.

5 Every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low; and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough ways shall be made smooth ;

6 And all flesh shall see the salvation of God.

7 Then said he to the multitude that came forth to be baptized of him, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come?

8 Bring forth therefore fruits worthy of repentance, and begin not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father : for I say unto you, That God is able of these stones to raise up

children unto Abraham. 9 And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees : every tree therefore which bringeth not forth good fruit, is hewn down, and cast into the fire.

10 And the people asked him, saying, What shall we do then?

a Is. xl. 3, seq.

may be intended. An irregularity had arisen out of the confusion of the times : and the ruler or prince under the Romans, though a chief priest, was a distinct person from the high priest: Annas being the one, and Caiaphas the other. Scott, in loc. See also Campbell, in loc.

§ 14. The Ministry of
MATTHEW.
CH. III. 1-12.

MARK.
CH. I. 1-8.

11 I indeed baptize you with water 7 And preached, saying, There unto repentance : but he that cometh cometh one mightier than I after me, after me is mightier than I, whose the latchet of whose shoes I am not shoes I am not worthy to bear : he worthy to stoop down and unloose. shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, 8 l'indeed have baptized you with and with fire :

water : but he shall baptize you with 12 Whose fan is in his hand, and the Holy Ghost. he will thoroughly purge his floor, and gather his wheat into the garner; but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire.

15. The Baptism CH. III. 13-17.

CH. I. 9-11. 13 Then cometh Jesus from Gal- 9 And it came to pass in those ilee to Jordan unto John, to be bap- days, that Jesus came from Nazareth tized of him.

of Galilee, and was baptized of John 14 But John forbade him, saying, I in Jordan. have need to be baptized of thee, and comest thou to me?

15 And Jesus answering said unto him, Suffer it to be so now : for thus it becometh us to fulfil all righteous

Then he suffered him. 16 And Jesus, when he was bap- 10 And straightway coming up out tized, went up straightway out of the of the water, he saw the heavens water : and lo, the heavens were opened, and the Spirit like a dove deopened unto him, and he saw the scending upon him. Spirit of God descending like a dove, 11 And there came a voice from and lighting upon him :

heaven saying, Thou art my be

ness.

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