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cies, whereof one link depends on, and supports another. If any parts remain yet obscure and unsatisfactory, they may perhaps be cleared up by what the apostle himself hath added by way of explanation.
An Analysis of the Revelation.
MOST of the best commentators divide the Apocalyps or Revelation into two parts, the book sealed with seven seals, and the little hook. But it happens unluckily, that according to their division the lesser book is made to contain as much, or more than the larger: whereas in truth the little book is nothing more than a part of the sealed book, and is added as a codicil or appendix to it. We would also divide the Revelation into two parts, or rather the book so divides itself. For the former part proceeds, as we have seen, in a1 regular and successive series from the apostle's days to the consummation of all things. Nothing can be added, but it must fall some where or other within the compass of this period; it must in some measure be a resumption of the same subjects; and this latter part may most properly be considered as an inlargement and illustration of the former. Several things, which were only touched upon, and delivered in dark hints before, sore, require to be more copiously handled, and placed in a stronger light. It was said that the beajl Jhould make war againjl the witnesses t and overcome them: but who or what the beajl is we may reasonably conjecture indeed, but the apostle himself will more surely explain. The transactions of the seventh trumpet are all summed up and comprised in a few verses, but we shall see the particulars branched out and inlarged into as many chapters. In short this latter part is designed as a supplement to the former, to complete what was deficient, to explain what was dubious, to illustrate what was obscure: and as the former described more the destinies of the Roman empire, so this latter relates more to the fates of the Christian church.
19 And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple . the ark of his testament: and there were lightnings, and voices, and thundrings, and an earthquake, and great hail.
This last verse of the eleventh chapter, in my opinion, should have been made the first verse of the twelfth chap ter; for it appears to be the beginning of a new subject. It is somewhat like the beginning of Isaiah's vision; (VI. 1.) I saw the Lordfitting upon a throne (the ark) high and
lifted lifted up, and his train filled the temple. It is somewhat like the beginning of St. John's prophetk visions j (IV. i, 2.) I looked, and beholdt a door was opened in heaven; and behold, a throne was Jet in heaven, and one fat on the throne^ This is much in the fame spirit: And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament; that is, more open discoveries were now made, and the mystery of God was revealed to the prophet. Lightnings, and voices, and thundrings, and an earthquake, and great hail, are the usual concomitants and attendents of the divine presence, and especially at the giving of new laws and new revelations. So at mount Sinai (Exod. XX. 16, &c.) there were thunders, and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice, of the trumpet exceeding loud, and the whole mount quaked greatly. So likewise in this very book of the Apocalyps, before the opening of the seven seals (IV. 5.) there were lightnings, and thundrings, and voices. So again before the sounding of the seven trumpets (VIII. 5.) there ivere voices, and thundrings, and lightnings, and an earthquake: and with as much reason they are made in this place the signs and preludes of the revelations and judgments, which are to follow. It is no just objection, that a new subject ject is supposed to begin with the conjunction and; for this is frequent in the stile of the Hebrews; some books, as Numbers, Joshua, the two books of Samuel, and others, begin with Vau or and; and the fame objection would hold equally against beginning the division with the first verse of the next chapter,
i AND there appeared a great wonder . Jla. in heaven, a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars:
2 And she being with child, cried, traveling in birth, and pained to be delivered.
3 And there appeared another wonder in heaven, and behold, a great red dragon,
. having seven heads, and ten horns, and seven crowns upon his heads.
4 And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven, and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon stood before the: woman which was ready to be delivered, for to devour her child as soon as it was born.
(i) A learned correspondent gion is aptly compared to tha observes, that the Jewisti reli- moon, as its light is not its