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3 And I heard a great voice out of heaven, saying, Behold the tabernacle of - God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God.

4 And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither mall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away. - ,'< ^

5 And he that fat upon the throne, said, Behold, I make all things new! • And he said unto me, Write: for these,: » words are. true and faithful. .,*.„.wr_

6 And he said unto me, It is done. I anr , Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end: I will give unto him that is athirfl&v — of the fountain of the water of life freely. .

7 He that overcometh (hall inherit all things, and I will be his God, and he shajl, . be my son.

8 But the fearful, and' unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers,, and sorcerers, and idola-|'/ ters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake- which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death. i.

Anew A new heaven and a new earth (ver.' i .)- succeed in the room of the first heaven and the first earth, which paffed away (XX. ir») at the general judgment. In the new earth there is this remarkable property, that there is no more sea, which whether it shall be effected by the means which the (2) theorists of the earth have prescribed or by any- otrfer, time must discover: but iris evident from hence, that this new heaven and earth are not designed to take place till after the general judgment, for at the general judgment (XX. i^^the sea gave up the dead which were in it. Many understand the expression figuratively, that there shall be no troubles or commotions in this new world. In this new world too the new 'Jerusalem appears (ver. 2.) in full glory and splendor. It is described as coming down from God out of heaven; it is a city, whose builder and maker is God; and is adorned as the bride of the Lamb, the true church of Christ: and the new Jerusalem, the true church of Christ, subsists as well during the millennial kingdom as after it. At the' commencement of the millennium it was said (XIX. 7.) The marriage of the Lamb is comet and his wife hath made herself ready. At the


(2) Burnet's Theory. B. 4. Chap. 2. Whiston's Theory. B. 4. Chap. 5.

• * ' (3) ytyoconclusion of the millennium Gog and Magog went up (XX. 9.) against the beloved city: And here it is represented as the metropolis of the new heaven and the new earth. The new Jerusalem shall be the habitation of the saints of the first resurrection, and it (hall also be the habitation of the saints of the general resurrection. The church of Christ mall indure through all times and changes in this world, and likewise in the world to come; it shall be glorious upon earth during the millennium, and shall be more glorious still in the new earth after the millennium to all eternity. Earth shall then become as hea- ven, or rather it shall be a heaven upon earth, (ver. 3.) God dwelling visibly among men: and (ver. 4.) there Jkall be no more death, which cannot come to pass, till death shall be totally abolished (XX. 14.) by being cast into the lake of fire, and till the former things, the first heaven and the first earth, are pasted away. He who fat upon the throne as judge of the world (XX. 11.) declares (ver. 5.) Behold, I make all things new: He is the author of this second as well as of the first creation, and he commands these things to be written for the edification and consolation of his church with a firm assurance of their truth


(3) y'y«oTtft it x»imt uwatrut o in* a*/\a tu^fua a^yya. Noval%<t —afx1" V*J"S vfi&St tis vero cunctis a Dcaiir.o — and certainty. He pronounces this period (ver. 6, 7, 8.) to be the consummation of all things, when the promises of God, and the desires of his faithful servants shall ail be fully accomplished j the righteous Jhall inherit all things, but the profligate and immoral Jhall have their portion in the lake of fire and brimstone; which is a farther demonstration, that these things cannot take effect till after the general judgment.

Many, I know, both ancients and moderns, make the millennium synchronize with the new heaven and the new earth; and some latitude of interpretation may be well allowed in these mysterious points of futurity: but this order of things, and this interpretation of the words, appear to me most natural, and most agreeable to the context. Gog and Magog, the nations in the four corners of the earth, are deceived by Satan after the expiration of the millennium; but Gog and Magog are not inhabiters of the new heaven and the new earth. It is not our business to frame theories and invent hypotheses, but faithfully to follow the word of God as our surest guide, without regarding much the authority of men. Not but various authorities might be cited to show that this is no novel opinion. As St. Barnabas (3)


octavi diei initium, hoc est ini- nab. Epist. Cap. 15. Videetiam tium alterius mundi. Sancti Bar- Notas Coteierii, &c.

Vo L. III. A a (4.) Cum fays, ' When the Lord shall make all things 'new, then shall be the beginning of the 'eighth day, which is the beginning of another f world;' allowing six thousand years to the duration of this world, the seventh thousand to the millennium, and the eighth thousand to the beginning of a blessed eternity: and you may find many more testimonies alleged to this purpose in the notes of Cotelerius and other critics upon this passage of St. Barnabas. Lactantius (4) affirms, that 'when the thou1 sand years shall be completed, the world shall 'be renewed by God, and the heaven shall 1 be folded up, and the earth shall be changed;

* and God shall transform men into the simi'litude of angels; and they shall be white as 'snow, and shall be always conversant in 'the sight of the Almighty, and shall sacrifice 'to their Lord, and serve him for ever.1 St. Austin also (5) declares, that * the judgment 'being finished, then this heaven and tb.13 'earth shall cease to be, when the new hea

* ven and the new earth shall begin to be.


(4) Cum vero completi sue- erunt candidi, sicut nix: et rint mille anni, renovabitur versabuntursemperinconspectu mundus a Deo, et coelum com- omnipotentis, et domino suo saplicabitur, et terra mutabitur; crificabunt, et servient in æterettransformabit Deus homines num. Lactant. Lib. 7. Cap. 26. in similitudinem angelorum; et (5) Peracto quippe judicio


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