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c For by a mutation of things this worl<!Fwill c pass away, not by an utter extinction. Whence * also the apostle fays (i Cor. VII. 31.) that the 'fashion of this world paffeth away.'' And indeed why should the new heaven and the new earth be destroyed, when there shall be no more sin, when there Jlwll he no more curse, when there Jhall be no more death 1 The heaven and the earth of old (2 Pet. III. 5.) for the wickedness of man periJhed by water: The heaven and the earth which are now, are reserved unto fire againjl the day of judgment, and perdition of ungodly men; but why should not the new heaven and the new earth be preserved, wherein dwelleth rightecusnejs f

9 And there came unto me one of the seven angels, which had the seven vials full of the seven last plagues, and talked with me, saying, Come hither, I will shew thee the bride, the Lamb's wife.

10 And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God,

11 Having

tune esse defines hoc cælum et mundus. UndeetApostolusait; hæc terra, quando incipiet esse Praterit enimfgura bujus mur.di. caclum novum et terra nova. S. August, de CivitateDei. Lib. Mutatione namque rerum, non 19. Cap. 14. p. 447. Tom. 7. omni modointerim transibit hie Edit. Benedict. Antverp.

A a 2 (6) Præstet

I I Having the glory of God: and her light was like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper-stone, clear as crystal;

12 And had a wall great and high, and had twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels, and names written thereon, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel.

13 On the east, three gates; on the north, three gates; on the south, three gates; and on the west, three gates.

14 And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.

15 And he that talked with me, had a golden reed to measure the city, and the gates thereof, and the wall thereof.

16 And the city lieth four-square, and the length is as large as the breadth: and he measured the citv with the reed, twelve thousand furlongs: the length, and the breadth, and the highth of it are equal.

17 And he measured the wall thereof, an hundred and forty and four cubits, according to the measure of a man, that is, of the angel.

18 And the building of the wall of it was of jasper; and the city was pure gold, like unto clear glass.

4 19 And

19 And the foundations of the wall of the city were garnished with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper j the second, saphire; the third, a chalcedony j the fourth, an emerald j

20 The fifth, sardonyx j the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolyth; the eighth, beryl j the ninth, a topaz j the tenth, a chrysoprasus j the eleventh, ajacinct; the twelfth, an amethyst.

21 And the twelve gates were twelve pearls; every several gate was of\ one pearl: and the street of the city was pure gold, as it were transparent glass.

22 And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God almighty, and the Lamb are the tefnple of it.

23 And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon to mine in it; for the glory of God did lighten it,' and the Lamb is the light thereof.

24 And the nations of them which are saved, shall walk in the light of it: and the kings of the earth do bring their glory and honour into it.

25 And the gates of it shall not be shut at all by day: for there mall be no night there.

A a 3 26 And

26 And they (hall bring the glory and honour of the nations into it.

27 And there (hall in no wife enter into it any thing that defileth, neither whatsoever worketh abomination, or maketh z lie; but they which are written in the Lamb's book of life. ,»

A more particular description is afterwards given of the new Jerusalem. One of the seven angeh who had the seven vials, (ver. 9.) and most probably the same angel, who before had showed to St. John (XVII. i, &c.) the mystic Babylon and her destruction, now showeth by way of contrast the new Jerusalem and her glory. For this purpose (ver. 10.) he carrieth him away in the spirit to a great and high mountain; in the same manner as Ezekiel (XL. 2.) was brought in the visions of God, and set upon a very high mountain, to fee the frame of the city and temple: and this description of the new Jerusalem is an assemblage of the sublimest richest imagery of Ezekiel and other ancient prophets. The glory of God, or the divine Shechinah, (ver. 11.) illuminates the city. It hath (ver. 12, 13, 14.) a wall great and high, to show its strength and security; and twelve gates witi) angels for guards, three on the eajl, three on

the the north, three on the south, and three on the we/t, to show that people of all climates and nations may have access to it. On the twelve gates are written the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel, as on the twelve joundations are inscribed the names of the twelve apojlles of the Lamb, to signify that the Jewish and the Christian church are now united, and (Eph. II. 20.) built upon the foundation of the apojlles and pro~ phets, Jefui Chrifl himself being the chief cornerJione. The angel hath (ver. 15, 16, 17.) a measuring reed, as the angel had likewise in Ezekiel; (XL. 3.) and the measures of the city and of the walls are formed by the multiplication of twelve, the number of the apostles. The city Heth four-square, the length as large as the breadth, according to the pattern of Jerusalem in Ezekiel; (XL VIII. 16.) and the length and breadth and highth of the walls and buildings are every where of the fame beauty, strength, and proportion. It is built and garnished with gold and all-.manner of precious stones, (ver. i8-<—21.) as the richest emblems of eastern wealth and masnificence j the stones resembling those an Aaron's breast-plate, to denote that the Urim and Thummim, the light and perfection of God's oracle are there. It hath one remarkable peculiarity (ver. 22.) that there is no temple therein; for the A a 4 whole

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