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REV. HENRY MARTYN, B. D

LATE FELLOW OF ST. JOHN'S COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE,
AND CHAPLAIN TO THE HONOURABLE EAST INDIA COMPANY

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NEW-YORK:

FUBLISHED BY N. BANGS AND T. MASON, FOR THfc
METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH.

7. b J. Harper, Printers.

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PREFACE.

Before the reader proceeds to the perusal of the following Memoir, it may be proper to inform him— that the first and second parts of it have been chiefly selected from various Journals, which Mr. Martyn was in the habit of keeping, for his own private use, and which, beginning with the year 1803, comprehended a period of eight years. The third part is extracted from an account which he drew up of his visit to Shiraz in Persia; in which some occasional observations on the state of his own mind and feelings are interspersed. It is termed a Narrative by Mr. Martyn; and had his life been spared, it was probably his intention to have enlarged it, for the use of the Public, or perhaps to have communicated it, nearly in its original shape, to his intimate friends. From the style and manner of it, at least, it may be presumed not to have been exclusively intended (as the Journals above mentioned evidently were) for his own recollection and benefit.— The greater part of these papers were upon the point of being destroyed by the writer, upon his undertaking the voyage to Persia; but, happily, he was prevailed upon, by the Rev. D. Corrie, to confide them under a seal to his care, and by him they were transmitted from India, to the Rev. C. Simeon, and J. Thornton, Esq. Mr. Martyn's executors, in the year 1814. The Narrative, which was sent, by Mr. Morier, from Constantinople, came into their hands in the following year. Such are the materials from which I have compiled the present Memoir,—throughout the whole of which I have endeavoured, as much as possiWe, to let Mr. Martyn speak for himself, and thus exhibit a genuine picture of his own mind.

In making a selection from a mass of such valuable matter, it has been my anxious wish and sincere prayer, that it might prove subservient to the interests of true religion. A principal object with me has been, to render it beneficial to those disinterested Ministers of the Gospel, who, "with the Bible in their hand, smd their Saviour in their hearts," devote themselves to the "great cause," in which Mr. Martyn lived and died; and, truly, if the example here delineated should excite any of those Servants of Christ to similar exertion, or if it should animate and encourage them, amidst the multiplied difficulties of their arduous course, my labour will receive an eminent and abundant recompense.

JOHN SARGENT, Jun.

Grafham, July 7, 1819.

CONTEiNTS.

PART I.

ties.

Early Life of Mr. Martyo 13—17

His successful Academical course and first serious

impressions 17—25

He visits Cornwall and returns to Cambridge, when he becomes entirely devoted to the service of

Christ 25—29

Is admitted to a fellowship, and gains some prizes in

the University 29—30

His tour through Wales to Cornwall .... 30—32 Returns to Cambridge, and resolves to preach the Gospel to the Heathen as a Missionary . . . 32—34 The state of his mind between the period of determining to become a Missionary and his ordination 34—50 Is appointed to the curacies of Trinity Church in Cambridge and Lolworth 50—52

His difficulties and discouragements on first exercising

his ministry 52

Executes the office of Public Examiner in St. John's 53

Reviews his life 54—55

Visits London respecting a Chaplainship to the East

India Company, in consequence of pecuniary losses 56 Returns to Cambridge—His diligence in the ministry —His supreme regard to personal religion—His feelings when calumniated and ridiculed and dehorted from his Missionary designs—His distress of mind after metaphysical inquiries .... 56—63

Visits Cornwall as it appeared for the last time . 64—66 His grief on leaving Cornwall ...... 66—68

His journey from Cornwall to Cambridge . > 68—70

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