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by which he visibly governs them'; in bestowing saving grace upon his elect k, rewarding their obedience', and correcting them for their sins m, preserving and supporting them under all their temptations and sufferings ”, restraining and overcoming all their enemies o, and powerfully ordering all things for his own glory P, and their good 4; and also in taking vengeance on the rest, who know not God, and obey not the gospel".
Q. 46. What was the estate of Christ's humiliation ?
A. The estate of Christ's humiliation was that low condition, wherein he for our sakes, emptying himself of his glory, took upon him the form of a servant, in his conception and birth, life, death, and after his death, until his resurrection
Q. 47. How did Christ humble himself in his conception and birth ?
A. Christ humbled himself in his conception and birth, in that, being from all eternity the Son of God, in the bosom of the Father, he was pleased in the fulness of time to become the son of man, niade of a woman of low estate, and to be born of her; with divers circumstances of more than ordinary abasementt.
$ion of thne unto ist, Verth the
judge, the Lord is our lawgirer, the Lord p Rom. xiv. 10. But why dost thou judge is our king; he will save us.
thy brother? or why dost thou set at nought i Mat. xviii. 17. And if he shall neglect thy brother? for we shall all stand before to hear them, tell it unto the church: but the judgment-seat of Christ. Ver. 11. For if he neglect to hear the church, let him it is written, As I live, saith the Lord, be unto thee as an heathen man and a every knee shall bow to me, and every publican. Ver. 18. Verily I say unto you, tongue shall confess to God. Whatsoever ye shall bind on earth shall 9 Rom. viii, 28. And we know that all be bound in heaven; and whatsoever ye things work together for good to them shall loose on earth shall be loosed in that love God, to them who are the called heaven. 1 Cor. 5. 4. In the name of our according to his purpose. Lord Jesus Christ, when ye are gathered r2 Thess, i. 8. In taming fire, taking together, and my spirit, with the power of vengeance on them that know not God, our Lord Jesus Christ, Ver. 5. To deliver and that obey not the gospel of our Lord such an one unto Satan for the destruc- Jesus Christ: Ver. 9. Who shall be pun. tion of the flesh, that the spirit may be ished with everlasting destruction from saved in the day of the Lord Jesus.
the presence of the Lord, and from the k Acts v. 31. Mim hath God exalted with glory of his power. Psal. ii. 8. Ask of me, his right hand to be a Prince and a Sa- and I shall give thee the heathen for thine viour, for to give repentance to Israel, and inheritance, and the uttermost parts of forgiveness of sins.
the earth for thy possession. Ver. 9. Thou I Rev. xxii, 12. And, behold, I come shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou quickly; and my reward is with me, to shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's give every man according as his work vessel. shall be. Rev. ii. 10. Fear none of those 46. s Phil. ii. 6. Who, being in the form things which thou shalt suffer: behold, the of God, thought it not robbery to be equal devil shall cast some of you into prison, with God; Ver. 7. But made himself ot no that ye may be tried; and ye shall have reputation, and took upon him the form tribulation ten days: be thou faithful unto of a servant, and was made in the likeness death, and I will give thee a crown of life, of men : Ver. 8. And being found in fashion
m Rev. iii. 19. As many as I love, I re- as a man, he humbled himself, and bebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, came obedient unto death, even the death and repent.
of the cross. Luke i. 81. And, behold, thou n Isa. xiii. 9. In all their affliction he shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring was afflicted, and the angel of his presence forth a son, and shalt call his name JE. saved them : in his love and in his pity he SUS. 2 Cor. viii. 9. For ye know the grace redeemned them; and he bare thein, and of our Lord Jesus Christ, that, though he carried them all the days of old.
was rich, yet for your sakes he became o1 Cor. xv. 25. For he must reign, till poor, that ye through his poverty might he hath put all enemies under his feet. be rich. Acts ii, 24. Whom God hath raised Psal. cx. 1. The LORD said unto my Lord, up, having loosed the pains of death : be. Sit thou at my right hand, until I make cause it was not possible that he should thine enemies thy footstool. Ver. 2. The be holden of it. Lord shall send the rod of thy strength out 47. t John i. 14. And the Word was made of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine Hesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld enemies, doc. (See the Psalm throughout.) his glory, the glory as of the only begotten
Q. 48. How did Christ humble himself in his life?
Ă. Christ humbled himself in his life, by subjecting himself to the lawv, which he perfectly fulfilled "; and by conflicting with the indignities of the world «, temptations of Satan y, and infirmities in his flesh, whether common to the nature of man, or particularly accompanying that his low condition?
Q: 49. How did Christ humble himself in his death?
A. Christ humbled himself in his death, in that having been betrayed by Judas a, forsaken by his disciples b, scorned and rejected by the world', condemned by Pilate, and tormented by his persecutors d; having also conflicted with the terrors of death, and the powers of darkness, felt and borne the weight of God's wrath , he laid down his life an offering for sin , enduring the painful, shameful, and cursed death of the cross %.
of the Father full of grace and trutlı. points tempted like as we are, yet without Ver. 18. No man bath seen God at any sin. Isa. lii. 13. Behold, my servant shall time; the only begotten Son, which is in deal prudently, he shall be exalted and the bosom of the Father, he hath declared extolled, and be very high. Ver. 14. As him. Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulness of many were astonished at thee: (his visage the time was come, God sent forth his Son, was so marred more than any man, and made of a woman, made under the law. his form more than the sons of men.) Luke ii. 7. And she brought forth her first. 49. a Mat. xxvii. 4. Saying, I have sinned, born Son, and wrapped him in swaddling in that I have betrayed the innocent blood. clothes, and laid him in a manger; be. And they said, What is that to us? see cause there was no room for them in the thou to that inn.
b Mat. xxvi. 56. But all this was done, 48. v Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulness of that the scriptures of the prophets might the time was come, God sent forth his be fulfilled. Then all the disciples forSon, made of a woman, made under the sook him, and fled. law.
c Isa. liii. 2. For he shall grow up before w Mat. v. 17. Think not that I am come hinı as a tender plant, and as a root out to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeuot conie to destroy, but to fulfil. Rom. liness; and when we shall see him, there is v. 19. For as by one inan's disobedience no beauty that we should desire him. Ver. many were made sinners; so by the obe. 3. He is despised and rejected of men; a dience of one shall many be made righte. man of sorrows, and acquainted with ous.
grief; and we hid as it were our faces * Psal. xxii. 6. But I am a worm, and from him: he was despised, and we esno man; a reproach of men, and despised teemed him not. of the people. Heb. xii. 2. Looking unto d Mat. xxvii. 26. to verse 50. Then releasJesus, the author and finisher of our faith; ed he Barabbas unto them: and when he who, for the joy that was set before him, had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to endured the cross, despising the shame, be crucified, doc. John xix. 34. But one of and is set down at the right hand of the the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, throne of God. Ver. 3. For consider him and forthwith came thereout blood and that endured such contradiction of sinners water. against himself, lest ye be wearied and eLuke xxii. 44. And, being in an agony, faint in your minds.
he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat y Mat. iv. 1. to verse 12. Then was Jesus was as it were great drops of blood falling led up of the Spirit into the wilderness, to down to the ground. Mat. xxvii. 46. And be tempted of the devil, &c. Luke iv. 13. about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a And when the devil had ended all the loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachtemptation, he departed from him for a thani ? that is to say, My God, my God, season.
why hast thou forsaken me? z Heb, ii. 17. Wherefore in all things it fIsa. liii. 10. Yet it pleased the Lord to behoved him to be made like unto his bruise him; he hath put him to grief: brethren, that he might be a merciful and when thou shalt make his soul an offerfaithful high priest in things pertaining ing for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall to God, to make reconciliation for the prolong his days, and the pleasure of the sins of the people. Ver. 18. For in that Lord shall prosper in his hand. he hiinscif hath suffered, being tempted, & Phil. ii. 8. And being found in fashion he is able to suecour them that are tempt. as a man, he humbled himself, and beed. Heb. iv. 15. For we have not an high came obedient unto death, even the death priest which cannot be touched with the of the cross. Heb. xii. 2. Looking into feeling of our infirmities; but was in all Jesus, the author and finisher of our faith
Q. 50. Wherein consisted Christ's humiliation after his death ?
A. Christ's humiliation after his death consisted in his being buried “, and continuing in the state of the dead, and under the power of death till the third dayi; wbich hath been otherwise expressed in these words, He descended into hell.
Q. 51. What was the estate of Christ's exaltation?
A. The estate of Christ's exaltation comprehendeth his resurrection ", ascension!, sitting at the right hand of the Father w, and his coming again to judge the world".
Q. 52. How was Christ exalted in his resurrection ?
A. Christ was exalted in his resurrection, in that, not having seen corruption in death, (of which it was not possible for him to be held , and having the very same body in which he suffered, with the essential properties thereof p, (but without mortality, and other common infirmities belonging to this life,) really united to his souly, he rose again from the dead the third day by his own power'; whereby he declared himself to be the Son of God, to have satisfied divine justicet, to have vanquished death, and him that had the power of
who, for the joy that was set before him, up into heaven, and sat on the right hand endured the cross, despising the shame, of God. and is set down at the right hand of the m Eph. i. 20. Which he wrought in throne of God. Gal. iii. 13. Christ hath Christ, when be raised him from the dead, redeemned us from the curse of the law, and set him at his own right hand in the being made a curse for us : for it is writ. heavenly places. ten, Cursed is every one that hangeth on n Acts i. 11. Which also said, Ye men of a tree.
Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into hea. 50, h 1 Cor. xv. 3. For I delivered unto ven! this same Jesus, which is taken up you first of all that which I also received, from you into heaven, shall so come in how that Christ died for our sins accord. like manner as ye have seen him go into ing to the scriptures. Ver. 4. And that heaven. Acts xvii. 31. Because he hath he was buried, and that he rose again the appointed a day, in the which he will third day according to the scriptures. judge the world in righteousness by that
i Psal. xvi. 10. For thou wilt not leave man whom he hath ordained; whereof he my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer hath given assurance unto all men, iu thine Holy One to see corruption. Com. that he hath raised him from the dead. pared with Acts ii. 21. Whom God hath 52, o Acts ii. 24. Whom God hath raised raised up, having loosed the pains of up, having loosed the pains of death: be. death: because it was not possible that cause it was not possible that he should he should be holden of it. "Ver. 25. For be holden of it. Ver. 27. Because thou David speaketh concerning him, I fore- wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt saw the Lord always before my face; for thou suffer thine Iluly One to see corrup. he is on my right hand, that I should not tion. be moved : Ver. 26. Therefore did my Luke xxiv. 39. Behold my hands and heart rejoice, and my tongue was glad; my feet, that it is I myself: handle me, moreover also, my flesh shall rest in hope: and see ; for a spirit hath not flesh and Ver. 27. Because thou wilt not leave my bones, as ye see me have. soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thino 9 Rom. vi. 9. Knowing that Christ, beHoly One to see corruption. Ver. 31. He, ing raised from the dead, dieth no more ; seeing this before, spake of the resurrec- death hath no more dominion over him. tion of Christ, that his soul was not left Rev. i. 18. I am he that liveth, and was in hell, neither his flesh did see corrup- dead ; and, behold, I am alive for evertion. Rom. vi. 9. Knowing that Christ, more, Amen; and have the keys of hell being raised from the dead, dieth no and of death. more; death hath no more dominion overrJohn X. 18. No man taketh it from me, him. Mat. xii. 40. For as Jonas was three but I lay it down of myself. I have power days and three nights in the whale's belly, to lay it down, and I have power to take so shall the Son of man be three days and it again. This commandment have I re. three nights in the heart of the earth. ceived of my Father.
51. k I Cor. xv. 4. And that he was Roro. i. 4. And declared to be the Son buried, and that he rose again the third of God with power, aocording to the Spirit day according to the scriptures.
of holiness, by the resurrection frodi the IMark xvi. 19. So then, after the Lord dead. Wad spoken to them, he was received Rom. viii. 34. Who is he that condom.
death: be having loosed on. God hath 5.2be hath raised him fro
of it. Ver. 25. Far cause it was not possains of death: be.
its, and to be Lord of quick and dead w: all which he did as a public person “, the head of his Church », for their justification”, quickening in grace a, support against enemies !, and to assure them of their resurrection from the dead at the last day
Q. 53. How was Christ exalted in his ascension ?
d. Christ was exalted in his ascension, in that having after his resurrection often appeared unto and conversed with his apostles, speaking to them of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God 4, and giving them commission to preach the gospel to all nations , forty days after his resurrection, he, in our nature, and as our head, triumphing over enemies 8, visibly went up into the highest heavens, there to receive gifts for men ", to raise up our affections thither', and to prepare a place for us k, where himself is, and shall continue till his second coming at the end of the world!
thot is, the devil. For to this end, han he proofs, betont the things per
neth? It is Christ that died, yea rather, manifest that he is excepted which did put that is risen again, who is even at the all things under him. right hand of God, who also maketh in- c1 Cor. xv. 20. But now is Christ risen tercession for us.
from the dead, and become the first-fruits v lieb. ii. 14. Forasmuch then as the of them that slept. children are partakers of flesh and blood, 53, d Acts i. 2. Until the day in which he he also himself likewise t. ok part of the was taken up, after that he through the same; that through death he might des- Holy Ghost had given commandments troj him that had the power of death, unto the apostles whom he had chosen:
Ver. 3. To whom also he showed himself w Rom. xiv. 9. For to this end Christ alive after his passion by many infallib e both died, and rose, and revived, that he proofs, being seen of them forty days, and might be Lord both of the dead and liv. speaking of the things pertaining to the ing.
kingdom of God. * 1 Cor. xv. 21. For since by man came e Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore, and death, by man came also the resurrection teach all nations, baptizing them in the of the dead. Ver. 22. For as in Adam all name of the Father, and of the Son, and die, even so in Christ shall all be made of the Holy Ghost; Ver. 20. Teaching them alive.
to observe all things whatsoever I have y Eph. i. 20. Which he wrought in Christ, commanded you: and, lo, I am with you when he raised him from the dead, and alway, even unto the end of the world. set him at his own right hand in the hea. Amen. venly places. Ver. 22. And hath put all ffleb. vi. 20. Whither the forerunner is things under his feet, and gave him to be for us entered, even Jesus, made an high the head over all things to the church, priest for ever, afier the order of Mel. Ver. 23. Which is his body, the fulness of chisedec. him that filleth all in all. Col. i. 18. And he & Eph. iv. 8. Wherefore he said, Wien is the head of the body, the church; who he ascended up on high, he led capiti:ity is the beginning, the first-born from the captive, and gave gifts unto men. dead: that in all things he might have Acts i. 9. And when he had spoken the pre-eminence.
these things, while they beheld, he was i Rom. iv. 25. Who was delivered for our taken up; and a cloud received him out offences, and was raised again for our jus of their sight. Ver. 10. And, while they tification.
looked steutastly toward heaven a's he a Eph. ii. 1. And you hath he quickened, went up, behold, two men stood by them who were dead in trespasses and sins. in white apparel; Ver. 11. Which also said, Ver. 5. Even when we were dead in sins, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing hath quickened us together with Christ; up into heaven ? this same Jesus, which (by grace ye are saved ;) Ver. 6. And hath is taken up from you into heaven, shali raised us up torether, and made us sit to. So come in like manner as ye have seen gether in heavenly places in Christ Jesus. him go into heaven. Eph. iv. 10. le that Col. ii. 12. Buried with himn in baptism, descended is the same also that ascended wherein also se are risen with himn through up far above all heavens, that he might the faith of the operation of God, who hath fill all things. Psal. lxviii. 18. Thou hast raised him from the dead.
ascended on high, thou hast led captivity 51 Cor. xv. 25. For he must reign, till captive: thou hast received gifts for men ; he hath put all enemies under his feet. yea, for the rebellious also, that the Lord Ver. 26. 'i he last enemy that shall be des. God might duel among them. trosed is death. Ver. 27. For he hath puti Col. ii. 1. If ye then be risen with all things under his feet. But when he Christ, seek those things which are above, Saith, All things are put under lim, it is where Christ sitteth on the right hand
Q. 54. How is Christ exalted in his sitting at the right hand of God ?
A. Christ is exalted in his sitting at the right hand of God, in that as God-man he is advanced to the highest favour with God the Father m, with all fulness of joy n, glory °, and power over all things in heaven and earth P; and doth gather and defend his church, and subdue their enemies ; furnisheth his ministers and people with gifts and graces y, and maketh intercession for them ".
Q. 55. How doth Christ make intercession?
A. Christ maketh intercession, by his appearing in our nature continually before the Father in heaven, in the merit of his obedience and sacrifice on earth , declaring his will to have it applied to all believers v; answering all accusations against them ", and procuring for them quiet of conscience, notwithstanding daily failings *, access with boldness to the throne of grace', and acceptance of their persons 2 and services a.
he word shall Lelie alone, but for;
God. Ver. 2. Set your affection on things goats and calves, but by his own blood, above, not on things on the earth.
he entered in once into the holy place, * John xiv, 3. And if I go and prepare a having obtained eternal redemption for place for you, I will come again, and re- us. Ver. 24. For Christ is not entered inclive you unto inyself; that while luin, to the holy places made with hands, which there ye may be also.
are the tigures of the true; but into heai Acts iii. 21. Whom the heaven must re- ven itself, now to appear in the presence ceive until the times of restitution of all of God for us. things, which God hath spoken by the Heb. i. 3. Who, being the brightness of mouth of all his holy prophets since the his glory, and the express image of his world began.
person, and upholding all things by the 51. m Phil. ii. 9. Wherefore God also hath word of his power, when he had by himhighly exalted hiin, and given hin a name self purged our sins, sat down on the which is above every name.
right hand of the Majesty on high. n Acts ii. 28. Thou hast made known to v John iii. 16. For God so loved the me the ways of life ; thou shalt make me world, that he gave his only begotten Son, full of joy with thy countenance. Com- that whosoever believeth in him should pared with Psalm xvi. 11. Thou wilt show not perish, but have everlasting life. Johit me the path of life: in thy presence is ful. xvii. 9. I pray for them: I pray not for the ness of joy; at thy right hand there are world, but for them which thou hast given pleasures for evermore.
me; for they are thine. Ver. 20. Neither o John xvii. 5. And now, O Father, glori. pray I for these alone, but for them also fy thou me with thine own self with the which shall believe on me through their glory which I had with thee before the word. Ver. 24. Fatlier, I will that they world was.
also whom thou hast given me be with me P Eph. i. 22. Apd hath put all things un, where I am ; that they may behold my der his feet, and gave him to be the head glory, which thou hast given me: for thou over all things to the church. 1 Pet. iii. lovedst me before the foundation of the 22. Who is gone into heaven, and is on the world. right hand ot Goil; angels, and authori- w Rom. viii. 33. Who shall lay any thing ties, and powers, being made subject un- to the charge of God's elect? It is God to him.
that justitieth; Ver. 34. Who is he that 9 Eph. iv. 10. He that descended is the condemneth ? It is Christ that died, yea same also that ascended up far above all rather, that is risen again, who is even at heavens, that he might fill all things. the right hand of God, who also maketh Ver. il. And he gave some, a postles; and intercession for us. some, prophets, and some, evangelists; * Rom. v. 1. Therefore, being justified and somie, pastors and teachers; Ver. 12. by faith, we have peace with God, through For the perfecting of the saints, for the our Lord Jesus Christ: Ver. 2. By whom work of the ministry, for the edifying of also we have access by faith into this grace the body of Christ. Psal. cx. 1. The LORD wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of said unto my Lord, Sit thou at any right the glory of God. 1 John ii, 1. My little hand, until I make thine enemies thy foot children, these things write I unto you, Stool, do. (See the Psalm throughout.) that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we
Rom. viii. 34. Who is he that condem. have an advocate with the Father, Jesus neth? It is Christ that tied, yea rather, Cluist the righteous: Ver. 2. And he is that is risen again, who is even at the the propitiation for our sins; and not for right hand of God, who also maketh in- ours only, but also for the sins of the whole tercession for us.
world. Heb. ix, 12. Neither by the blood of y Heb. iv. 16. Let us therefore come
land, until nord, șit thou at iny Hield wherein we stands by faitly into this grace