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Q. 68. Are the clect only effectually called ?
A. All the elect, and they only, are effectually called P; although others may be, and often are, outwardly called by the ministry of the word ', and have some common operations of the Spirit"; who, for their wilful neglect and contempt of the grace offered to them, being justly left in their unbelief, do never truly come to Jesus Christ".
Q. 69. What is the communion in grace which the members of the invisible church have with Christ?
A The communion in grace which the members of the invisible church have with Christ, is their partaking of the virtue of his mediation, in their justification, adoption ", sanctification, and whatev or else, in this life, manifests their union with him ".
Q. 70. What is justification ?
A. Justification is an act of God's free grace unto sinners ?, in which he pardoneth all their sins, accepteth and accounteth their persons righteous in his sighty; not for any thing wrought in them,
68. P Acts xiii. 48. And when the Gen. their ears, and understand with their tiles heard this, they were glad, and glori. heart, and should be converted, and I fied the word of the Lord : and as many should heal them. John vi. 64. But there as were ordained to eternal life believed. are some of you that believe not. For
9 Mat. xxii. 14. For many are called, but Jesus knew from the beginning who they few are chosen.
were that believed not, and who should r Mat, vii. 22. Many will say to me in that betray him. Ver. 65. And he said, There. day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied fore said I unto you, that no man can in thy name? and in thy name have cast come unto me, except it were given unto out devils ? and in thy name done many him of my Father. Psal. lxxxi. 11. But my wonderful works? Mat. xiii. 20. But he people would not hearken to my voice; that received the seed into stony places, and Israel would none of me. Ver. 12. So the same is he that heareth the word, and I gave them up unto their own hearts' anon with joy receiveth it: Ver. 21. Yet lust: and they walked in their own coun. hath he not root in himself, but dureth sels. for a while ; for when tribulation or per- 69. t Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, whom he did secution ariseth because of the word, by predestinate, them he also called ; and and by he is offended. Heb. vi. 4. For it whom he called, them he also justified ; is impossible for those who were once en. and whom he justified, them he also glori. lightened, and have tasted of the heavenly fied. gift, and were made partakers of the Iloly v Eph. i. 5. Having predestinated us un. Ghost, Ver. 5. And have tasted the good to the adoption of children by Jesus Christ word of God, and the powers of the world to himself, according to the good pleasure to come, * Ver. 6. If they shall fall away, of his will. to renew them again unto repentance. w1 Cor. i. 30. But of him are ve in
John xii. 38. That the saying of Esaias Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto the prophet inight be fulfilled, which he us wisdom, and righteousness, and sancspake, Lord, who hath believed our re- tification, and redemption. port? and to whom hath the arm of the 70. * Rom. iii. 22. Even the righteous. Lord been revealed ? Ver. 39. Therefore ness of God which is by faith of Jesus they could not believe, because that Esaias Christ unto all and upon all them that said again, Ver. 40. He hath blinded their believe : for there is no difference. Ver. eyes, and hardened their heart; that they 24. Being justified freely by his grace, should not see with their eyes, nor under through the redemption that is in Christ stand with their heart, and be converted, Jesus; Ver. 25. Whom God hath set forth and I should heal them. Acts xxviii. 25. to be a propitiation through faith in his And when they agreed not among themblood, to declare his righteousness for the selves, they departed, after that Paul had remission of sins that are past, through spoken one word, Well spake the Holy the forbearance of God. Rom. iv. 5. Bu Ghost by Esaias the prophet unto our to him that worketh not, but believeth on fathers, Ver. 26. Saying, "Go unto this him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith people, and say, Hearing ye shall hear, is counted for righteousness, and shall not understand ; and seeing ye y 2 Cor. v. 19. To wit, that God was in shall see, and not perceive : Ver. 27. For Christ, reconciling the world unto him. the heart of this people is waxed gross, self, not imputing their trespasses unto and their ears are dull of hearing, and them; and hath committed into us the their eyes have they closed ; lest they word of reconciliation. Ver. 21. For he should see with their eyes, and lear with hath made him to be sin for us, who knew
or done by them, but only for the perfect obedience and full satisfaction of Christ, by God imputed to them a, and received by faith alone.
Q. 71. How is justification an act of God's free grace ?
A. Although Christ, by his obedience and death, did make a proper, real, and full satisfaction to God's justice in the behalf of them that are justified c; yet in as much as God accepteth the satis. faction from a surety, which he might have demanded of them, and did provide this surety, his own only Son', imputing his righteous
no sin: that we might be made the righ him, not having mine own righteousness, teousness of God in him. Rom. iii. 22. which is of the law, but that which is Even the righteousness of God which is by through the faith of Christ, the righteousfaith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon ness which is of God by faith. all them that believe ; for there is no dif. 71.c Rom. v. 8. But God commendeth his ference. Ver. 24. Being justified freely by love toward us, in that, while we were yet his grace, through the redemption that is sinners, Christ died for us. Ver. 9. Much in Christ Jesus; Ver. 25. Whom God hath more then, being now justified by his set forth to be a propitiation through faith blood, we shall be saved from wrath in his blood, to declare his righteousness through him. Ver. 10. For if, when we for the remission of sins that are past, were enemies, we were reconciled to God through the forbearance of God. 'Ver. by the death of his Son; much more, be27. Where is boasting then? It is ex. ing reconciled, we shall be saved by his cluded. By what law of works? Nay; life. Ver. 19. For as by one man's diso. but by the law of faith. Ver. 28. There- bedience many were made sinners; so by fore we conclude, that a man is justified the obedience of one shall many be made by faith without the deeds of the law. righteous.
z Tit. iii. 5. Not by works of righteous. 1 Tim. ii. 5. For there is one God, and ness which we have done, but according one mediator between God and men, the to his mercy he saved us, by the washing man Christ Jesus ; Ver. 6. Who gave himof regeneration, and renewing of the Holy self a ransom for all, to be testified in due Ghost. * Ver. 7. That, being justified by time. Heb. x. 10. By the which will we his grace, we should be made heirs ac. are sanctified, through the offering of the cording to the hope of eternal life. Eph. body of Jesus Christ once for all. Mat. xx. i. 7. In whom we have redemption through 28. Even as the Son of man came not to be his blood, the forgiveness of sins, accord- ministered unto, but to minister, and to ing to the riches of his grace.
give his life a ransom for many. Dan. ix. ă * Rom. v. 17. For if by one man's of. 24. Seventy weeks are determined upon fence death reigned by one; much more thy people, and upon thy holy city, to they which receive abundance of grace, finish the transgression, and to make an and of the gift of righteousness, shall end of sins, and to make reconciliation reign in life by one, Jesus Christ. Ver. 18. for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting Therefore, as by the offence of one judg. righteousness, and to seal up the vision ment came upon all men to condemna- and prophecy, and to anoint the most tion; even so by the righteousness of one Holy. Ver. 26. And after threescore and the free gift came upon all men unto jus. two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but tification of life. Ver. 19. For as by one not for himself: and the people of the man's disobedience many were made sin. prince that shall come shall destroy the ners; so by the obedience of one shall city and the sanctuary; and the end there. many be made righteous. Rom. iv. 6. Even of shall be with a flood, and unto the end as David also describeth the blessedness of the war desolations are determined. of the man, unto whom God imputeth Isa. liii. 4. Surely he hath borne our griefs, righteousness without works, Ver. 7. Say. and carried our sorrows: yet we did esing, Blessed are they whose iniquities are teem him stricken, smitten of God, and forgiven, and whose sins are covered. afflicted. Ver. 5. But he was wounded Ver. 8. Blessed is the man to whom the for our transgressions, he was bruised for Lord will not impute sin.
our iniquities: the chastisement of our b Acts x, 43. To him give all the pro. peace was upon him; and with his stripes phets witness, that, through his name, we are healed. Ver. 6. All we, like sheep, whosoever believeth in him shall receive have gone astray; we have turned every remission of sins. Gal. ii. 16. Knowing one to his own way; and the Lord hath that a man is not justified by the works laid on him the iniquity of us all. Ver. 10. of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him ; he even we have believed in Jesus Christ, hath put him to grief: when thou shalt that we might be justified by the faith of make his soul an offering for sin, he shall Christ, and not by the works of the law: see his seed, he shall prolong his days, for by the works of the law shall no flesh and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosbe justified. Phil. iii. 9. And be found in der in his hand, Ver. 11. He shall see of
i offence of
Ver. 18. end of sintransgressi thy hole, upon
righteoquity, and to mak and to mcity, to
by the hteous. Rom_jessedness iga liii. 4. Surely sorrows; yet God, and
oder.. Say anem nim stricken But he was wise for
ness to them, and requiring nothing of them for their justification but faith', which also is his gifts, their justification is to them of free graceh
Q. 72. What is justifying faith?
A. Justifying faith is a saving grace', wrought in the heart of a sinner by the Spirit k and word of God', whereby he, being convinced of his sin and misery, and of the disability in himself and all other creatures to recover him out of his lost condition m, not only assenteth to the truth of the promise of the gospel ", but receiveth and resteth upon Christ and his righteousness, therein held forth, for pardon of sin o, and for the accepting and accounting of his person righteous in the sight of God for salvation ,
the travail of his soul, and shall be satis calling, and what the riches of the glory fied: by his knowledge shall my righteous of his inheritance in the saints, Ver. 19. servant justify many; for he shall bear And what is the exceeding greatness of their iniquities. Ver. 12. Therefore will I his power to us-ward who believe, accord. divide him a portion with the great, and ing to the working of his mighty power. he shall divide the spoil with the strong; Rom. x. 14. How then shall they call because he hath poured out his soul unto on him in whom they have not believed ? death: and he was numbered with the and how shall they believe in him of whom transgressors; and he bare the sin of they have not heard? and how shall they many, and made intercession for the hear without a preacher ? * Ver. 17. So transgressors. lieb. vii. 22. By so much then faith cometh by hearing, and hearwas Jesus made a surety of a better testa. ing by the word of God. ment. Rom. viii. 32. He that spared not mActs ii. 37. Now when they heard this, his own Son, but delivered him up for us they were pricked in their heart, and said all, how shall he not with him also freely unto Peter, and to the rest of the apostles, give us all things? 1 Pet. i. 18. Foras. Men and brethren, what shall we de? Acts much as ye know that ye were not re- xvi. 30. And brought tliem out, and said, deemed with corruptible things, as silver Sirs, what must I do to be saved ? John and gold, from your vain conversation re. xvi. 8. And when he is come, he will re. ceived by tradition from your fathers : prove the world of sin, and of righteousVer. 19. But with the precious blood of ness, and of judgment: Ver. 9. Of sin, beChrist, as of a lamb without blemish and cause they believe not on me. Rom. v. 6. without spot.
For when we were yet without strength, e 2 Cor. v. 21. For he hath made him to in due time Christ died for the ungodly. be sin for us, who knew no sin ; that we Eph. ii. 1. And you hath he quickened, might be made the righteousness of God who were dead in trespasses and sins. in him,
Acts iv. 12. Neither is there salvation in f Rom. iii. 24. Being justified freely by any other: for there is none other name his grace, through the redemption that is under heaven given among men whereby in Christ Jesus : Ver. 25. Whom God hath we must be saved. set forth to be a propitiation through faith Eph. i. 13. In whom ye also trusted. in his blood, to declare his righteousness after that ye heard the word of truth, the for the remission of sins that are past, gospel of your salvation: in whom also, through the forbearance of God.
after that ye believed, ye were sealed with & Eph. ii. 8. For by grace are ye saved that Holy Spirit of promise. through faith ; and that not of yourselves: o John i. 12. But as many as received it is the gift of God.
him, to them gave he power to becoine the h Eph. i. 7. In whom we have redemption sons of God, even to them that believe on through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, his name. Acts xvi. 31. And they said. according to the riches of his grace.
Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and 72. i Heb. x. 39. But we are not ot' them thou shalt be saved, and thy house. Acts who draw back unto perdition; but of x. 43. To him give all the prophets witness, them that believe to the saving of the soul that, through his name, whosoever believe
k 2 Cor. iv, 13. We having the same spirit eth in him shall receive remission of of faith, according as it is written, I be- sins. lieved, and therefore have I spoken; we p Phil. iii. 9. And be found in him. not also believe, and therefore speak. Eph. i. having mine own righteousness, which is 17. That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, of the law, but that which is through the the Father of glory, may give unto you faith of Christ, the righteousness which is the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the of God by raith. Acts xv, 11. But we be. knowledge of him: Ver. 18. The eyes of lieve that, through the grace of the Lord your understanding being enlightened; Jesus Christ, we shail be silved, even as that ye may know what is the hope of his they.
Q. 73. How doth faith justify a sinner in the sight of God ?
A. Faith justifies a sinner in the sight of God, not because of those other graces which do always accompany it, or of good works that are the fruits of it9, nor as if the grace of faith, or any act thereof, were imputed to him for his justification?; but only as it is an instrument by which he receiveth and applieth Christ and his righteousness s.
Q. 74. What is a loption ?
A. Adoption is an act of the free grace of God, in and for his only Son Jesus Christ', whereby all those that are justified are received into the number of his children w, have his name put upon them *, the Spirit of his Son given to them y, are under his fatherly care and dispensations?, adınitted to all the liberties and privileges of the sons of God, made heirs of all the promises, and fellow-heirs with Christ in glory a
. 75. What is sanctification ?
A. Sanctification is a work of God's grace, whereby they whom God hath, before the foundation of the world, chosen to be holy, are in time, through the powerful operation of his Spirit applying the death and resurrection of Christ unto them“, renewed in their whole
73. 4 Gal. iii. 11. But that no man is x 2 Cor. vi. 18. And will be a Father justified by the law in the sight of God, it unto you, and ye shall be my sons and is evident: fur, The just shall live by faith. daughters, saith the Lord Almighty. Rev. Rom. iii. 28. Therefore we conclude, that iii. 12. llim that overcometh will I make a mau is justified by faith without the a pillar in the temple of my God, and he deeds of the law.
shall go no more out: and I will write Rom. iv. 5. But to him that worketh upon hin the name of my God, and the not, but believeth on him that justifieth name of the city of my God, which is new the ungodly, his faith is counted for righ- Jerusalem, which cometh down out of teousness, compared with Rom. x. 10. For heaven from my God; and I will write with the heart man believeth unto righte- upon him my new name. ousness; and with the mouth confession y Gal. iv. 6. And because ye are sons, is made unto salvation.
God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son s John i. 12. But as many as received into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. him, to them gave he power to become the z Psal. ciii. 13. Like as a father pitieth sons of God, even to them that believe on his children, so the Lord pitieth them that his name. l'hil. iii. 9. And be found in fear him. Prov. xiv. 26. In the fear of the him, not having mine own righteousness, Lord is strong confidence; and his chilwhich is of the law, but that which is dren shall have a place of refuge. Mat. vi. through the faith of Christ, the righteous- 32. For your heavenly Father knoweth ness which is of God by faith. Gal. ii. 16. that ye have need of all these things. Knowing that a man is not justified by a Heb. vi. 12. That ye be not slothful, the works of the law, but by the faith of but followers of them who through faith Jesus Christ, even we have believed in and patience inherit the promises. Rom. Jesus Christ, that we might be justified viii. 17. And if children, then heirs ; heirs by the faith of Christ, and not by the of God, and joint-heirs with Christ: if so works of the law: for by the works of the be that we suffer with him, that we may law shall no flesh be justified.
be also glorified together. 74. 1 1 John iii. 1. Behold what manner 75. b Eph. i. 4. According as he hath of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, chosen us in him before the foundation of that we should be called the sons of God! the world, that we should be holy and
v Eph. i. 5. Having predestinated us without blame before him in love. 1 Cor. unto the adoption of children by Jesus vi. 11. And such were some of you : but ye Christ to himself, according to the good are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye pleasure of his will. Gal. iv. 4. But when are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, the fulness of the time was come, God and by the Spirit of our God. 2 Thess. ii. gent forth his Son, made of a woman, 13. But we are bound to give thanks alway made under the law, Ver. 5. To redeem to God for you, brethren beloved of the them that were under the law, that we Lord, because God hath from the beginmight receive the adoption of sons.
ning chosen you to salvation through * John i. 12. But as many as received sanctification of the Spirit, and belief of him, to them gave he power to become the truth. the sons of God, even to them that believe c Rom. vi. 4. Therefore we are buried on his naine.
with him by baptism into death; that like
pleasure of bof the ti made of no redeem tord, becausente your he spirit, an
man after the image of Godd; having the seeds of repentance unto life, and all other saving graces, put into their hearts", and those graces so stirred up, increased, and strengthened', as that they more and more die unto sin, and rise unto newness of life 8.
Q. 76. What is repentance unto life?
A. Repentance unto life is a saving grace h, wrought in the heart of a sinner by the Spirit i and word of God k, whereby out of the sight and sense, not only of the danger!, but also of the filthiness an:) odiousness of his sins m, and upon the apprehension of God's mercy as Christ was raised up from the dead by the law, but under grace. Gal. v. 24. And the glory of the Father, even so we also they that are Christ's have crucified the should walk in newness of life. Ver. 5. tiesh, with the affections and lusts. For if we have been planted together in 76. h 2 Tim. ii. 25. In meekness instructthe likeness of his death, we shall be also ing those that oppose themselves; if God in the likeness of his resurrection : Ver. 6. peradventure will give them repentance Knowing this, that our old man is crucito the acknowledging of the truth. tied with him, that the body of sin might i Zech. xii. 10. And I will pour upon the be destroyed, that henceforth we should house of David, and upon the inhabitants not serve sin.
of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of d Eph. iv. 23. And be renewed in the supplications; and they shall look upon spirit of your mind; Ver. 24. And that ye me whom they have pierced, and they put on the new man, which after God is shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for created in righteousness and true holiness. his only son, and shall be in bitterness for
e Acts xi. 18. When they heard these him, as one that is iu bitterness for his things, they held their peace, and glorified first-born. God, saying, Then hath God also to the k Acts xi. 18. When they heard these Gentiles granted repentance unto life. things, they held their peace, and glorified 1 John iii. 9. Whosoever is born of God God, saying, Then hath God also to the doth not commit sin; for his seed remain. Gentiles granted repentance unto life. eth in him: and he cannot sin, because he Ver. 20. And some of them were inen of is born of God.
Cyprus and Cyrene, which, when they Jude, Ver. 20. But ye, beloved, building were come to Antioch, spake unto the up yourselves on your most holy faith, Grecians, preaching the Lord Jesus. Ver. praying in the Holy Ghost. Heb. vi. 11. 21. And the hand of the Lord was with And we desire that every one of you do them: and a great number believed, and show the same diligence, to the full assur- turned unto the Lord. ance ot' hope unto the end: Ver. 12. That Ezek. xviii. 28. Because he considereth, ye be not slothful, but followers of them and turneth away from all his transgres. who through faith and patience inherit sions that he hath committed, he shall the promises. Eph. iii. 16. That he would surely live, he shall not die. Ver. 30. Theregrant you, according to the riches of his fore I will judge you, O house of Israel, glory, to be strengthened with might by every one according to his ways, saith the his Spirit in the inner man; Ver. 17. That Lord God. Repent, and turn yourselves Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith; from all your transgressions; so iniquity that ye, being rooted and grounded in love, shall not be your ruin. Ver. 32. For I have Ver. 18. May be able to comprehend with no pleasure in the death of him that dieth, all saints what is the breadth, and length, saith the Lord God: wherefore turn your. and depth, and height; Ver. 19. And to selves, and live ye. Luke xv. 17. And when know the love of Christ, which passeth he came to himself, he said, How many knowledge, that ye might be filled with hired servants of my father's have bread all the fulness of God. Col. i. 10. That ye enough, and to spare, and I perish with might walk worthy of the Lord un to all hunger! Ver. 18. I will arise, and go to pleasing, being fruitful in every good work, my father, and will say unto him, Father, and increasing in the knowledge of God; I have sinned against Heaven, and before Ver. 11. Strengthened with all might, ac thee. llos. ii. 6. Therefore, behold, I will cording to his glorious power, unto all hedge up thy way with thorns, and make patience and long-suffering with joyful. a wall, that she shall not find her paths. ness.
Ver. 7. And she shall follow after her & Rom. vi. 4. Therefore we are buried lovers, but she shall not overtake them ; with him by baptism in to death; that like and she shall seek them, but shall not as Christ was raised up from the dead by find them : then shall she say, I will go the glory of the Father, even so we also and return to my first husband; for then should walk in newness of life. Ver. 6. was it better with me than now. Knowing this, that our old man is crucified m Ezek. xxxvi. 31. Then shall ye remem. with him, that the body of sin might be ber your own evil ways, and your doings destroyed, that henceforth we should not that were not good, and shall loathe your. serve sin. Ver. 14. For sin shall not have selves in your own sight, for your iniqui. dominion over you: for ye are not under tics, aud for your abominations. Isa. XXX.