« AnteriorContinuar »
by they are neither justified 8 nor condemned h; yet, besides the general uses thereof common to them with all men, it is of special use, to show them how much they are bound to Christ for his fulfilling it, and enduring the curse thereof in their stead, and for their goodi; and thereby to provoke them to more thankfulness k, and to express the same in their greater care to conform themselves thereunto as the rule of their obedience!
Q. 98. Where is the moral law summarily comprehended ?
A. The moral law is summarily comprehended in the ten commandments, which were delivered by the voice of God upon mount Sinai, and written by him in two tables of stone m; and are recorded in the twentieth chapter of Exodus. The four first commandments containing our duty to God, and the other six our duty to man".
dominion over you: for ye are not under grant unto us, that we, being delivered the law, but under grace. Rom. vii, 4. out of the hand of our enemies, might Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are be. serve him without fear, Ver. 75. In holicome dead to the law by the body of ness and righteousness before him, all the Christ; that ye should be married to an. days of our life. Col. i. 12. Giving thanks other, even to him who is raised from the unto the Father, which hath made us dead, that we should bring forth fruit unto meet to be partakers of the inheritance of God. Ver. 6. But now we are delivered the saints in light: Ver. 13. Who hath defrom the law, that being dead wherein we livered us from the power of darkness, were held ; that we should serve in new- and hath translated us into the kingdom ness of spirit, and not in the oldness of of his dear Son; Ver. 14. In whom we the letter. Gal. iv. 4. But when the ful. have redemption through his blood, even ness of the time was come, God sent forth the forgiveness of sins. his Son, made of a woman, made under Rom. vii. 22. For I delight in the law the law, Ver. 5. To redeem them that of God after the inward man. Rom. xii. were under the law, that we might re- 2. And be not conformed to this world ; ceive the adoption of sons.
but be ye transformed by the renewing of 6 Rom. iii. 20. Therefore by the deeds your mind, that ye may prove what is that of the law there shall no flesh be justified good, and acceptable, and perfect will of in his sight: for by the law is the know- God. Tit. ii. 11. For the grace of God ledge of sin.
that bringeth salvation hath appeared to ho jal. v. 23. Meekness, temperance: all meu, Ver. 12. Teaching us, that, deaga, ost such there is no law. Rom. viii. nying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we 1. There is therefore now no condemnation should live soberly, righteously, and godto them which are in Christ Jesus, who ly, in this present world; Ver. 13. Looking walk not after the flesh, but after the for that blessed hope, and the glorivus apSpirit.
pearing of the great God and our Saviour i Rom. vii. 24. O wretched man that I Jesus Christ; Ver. 14. Who gave himself am! who shall deliver me from the body for us, that he might redeem us from all of this death ? Ver. 25. I thank God, iniquity, and purify unto himself a pe. through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then culiar people, zealous of good works.. with the mind I myself serve the law of 98. m Deut. x. 4. And he wrote on the God, but with the flesh the law of sin. tables, according to the first writing, the Gal. iii. 13. Christ hath redeemed us from ten commandments, which the Lord spake the curse of the law, being made a curse unto you in the mount, out of the midst for us: for it is written, Cursed is every of the fire, in the day of the assembly: one that hangeth on a tree: Ver. 14. That and the Lord gave them unto me. Exod. the blessing of Abraham might come on xxxiv. 1. And the Lord said unto Moses, the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the we might receive the promise of the Spirit first, and I will write upon these tables through faith. Rom, viii. 3. For what the the words that were in the first tables, law could not do, in that it was weak which thou brakest. Ver. 2. And be ready through the flesh, God sending his own in the morning, and come up in the mornSon in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for ing unto mount Sinai, and present thysin condemned sin in the flesh; Ver. 4. self there to me in the top of the mount. That the righteousness of the law might Ver. 3. And no man shall come up with be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the thee, dc. Ver. 4. And he hewed two tables flesh, but after the Spirit.
of stone, like unto the first: and Moses * Luke i, 68. Blessed be the Lord God of rose up early in the morning, and went Israel; for he hath visited and redeemed up unto mount Sinai, as the Lord bai! his people, Ver. 69. And bath raised up an commanded him, and took in his hand horn of salvation for us in the house of the two tables of stone. his servant David. Ver. 74. That he would A Mat. xxii. 37. Jesus said unto!
Q. 99. What rules are to be observed for the right understanding of the ten commandments ?
A. For the right understanding of the ten commandments, these rules are to be observed :
1. That the law is perfect, and bindeth every one to full conformity in the whole man unto the righteousness thereof, and unto entire obedience for ever; so as to require the utmost perfection of every duty, and to forbid the least degree of every sin
2. That it is spiritual, and so reacheth the understanding, will, affections, and all other powers of the soul; as well as words, works, and gestures P.
3. That one and the same thing, in divers respects, is required or forbidden in several commandments 9.
4. That as, where a duty is commanded, the contrary sin is forbidden"; and, where a sin is forbidden, the contrary duty is com
vo commandments of the Lord is the proPsal. xix. 7. The lawul: the testi- Bait love thy neighboherefore your perfect, Son Yord is sure, making yer shall Col; ivare upon the e
Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all law is spiritual; but I am carnal, solu thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with under sin. Deut. vi. 5. And thou shalt love all thy mind. Ver. 38. This is the first and the Lord thy God with all thine heart, and great commandment. Ver. 39. And the with all thy soul, and with all thy might. second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy compared with Mat. xxii. 37. Jesus said neighbour as thyself. Ver. 40. On these onto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy two commandments hang all the law and God with all thy heart, and with all thy
soul, and with all thy mind. Ver. 38. This 99. Psal. xix. 7. The law of the Lord is is the first and great commandment. Ver. perfect, converting the soul : the testi. 39. And the second is like unto it, Thou mony of the Lord is sure, making wise the shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. simple. James ii. 10. For whosoever shall 9 Col. iii. 5. Mortify therefore your memkeep the whole law, and yet offend in one bers which are upon the earth; fornica. point, he is guilty of all. Mat. v. 21. [to tion, uncleanness, inordinate affection, the end. Ye have heard that it was said evil concupiscence, and covetousness, by them of old time, Thou shalt not kill; which is idolatry. Amos. viii. 5. Saying, and whosoever shall kill shall be in dan. When will the new-moon be gone, that we ger of the judgment: Ver. 22. But I say may sell corn ? and the sabbath, that we unto you, That whosoever is angry with may set forth wheat, making the ephah his brother without a cause shall be in small, and the shekel great, and falsifydanger of the judgment; and whosoever ing the balances by deceit? Prov. i. 19. So shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in are the ways of every one that is greely danger of the council; but whosoever of gain : which taketh away the life of the shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger owners thereof. 1 Tim. vi. 10. For the love of hell-fire.- Ver. 27. Ye have heard that of money is the root of all evil; which it was said by them of old time, Thou while some coveted after, they have erred shalt not commit adultery: Ver. 28. But I from the faith, and pierced themselves say unto you, That whosoever looketh on through with many sorrows. a woman to lust after her, hath committed Isa. lviii. 13. If thou turn away thy foot adultery with her already in his heart.- from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure Ver. 33. Again, ye have heard that it hath on my holy day, and call the sabbath a been said by them of old time, Thou shalt delight, the holy of the Lord, honourable ; not forswear thyself, but shalt perform and shalt honour him, not doing thine unto the Lord thine oaths: Ver. 34. But own ways, nor finding thine own pleaI say unto you, Swear not at all: neither sure, nor speaking thine own words. by heaven; for it is God's throne:-Ver. Deut. vi. 13. Thou shalt fear the Lord thy 37. But let your communication be, Yea, God, and serve him, and shalt swear by yea; Nay, nay: for whatsoever is more his name. Compared with Mat. iv. 9. And than these cometh of evil. Ver. 38. Ye saith unto him, All these things will I have heard that it hath been said, An eye give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worfor an eye, and a tooth for a tooth: Ver. ship me. Ver. 10. Then saith Jesus unto 39. But I say unto you, That ye resist not him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is writ. evil.-- Ver. 43. Ye have heard that it hath ten, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and him only shalt thou serve. Mat. xv. and hate thine enemy: Ver. 44. But I say 4. For God commanded, saying, Honour unto you, Love your enemies, bless them thy father and mother: and, He that that curse you, do good to them that liate curseth father or mother, let him die the you, and pray for them which despitefully death. Ver. 5. But ye say, Whosoever shall use you, and persecute you, &c.
say to his father or his mother, It is a gift, p Rom. vii. 14. For we know that the Ly whatsoever thou mightest be profited
through with n and pierced lave erred from the sia 1,13. If thSorrows.
manded s; so, where a promise is annexed, the contrary threatening is included*; and, where a threatening is annexed, the contrary promise is included v.
5. That what God forbids, is at no time to be done w; what he commands, is always our duty*; and yet every particular duty is not to be done at all times y. .
6. That under one sin or duty, all of the same kind are forbidden or commanded ; together with all the causes, means, occasions, and appearances thereof, and provocations thereunto?
That what is forbidden or commanded to ourselves, we are bound, according to our places, to endeavour that it may be avoided or performed by others, according to the duty of their places &.
8. That in what is commanded to others, we are bound, according
by me, Ver. 6. And honour not his father contend for God! Rom. iii. 8. And not or his mother, he shall be free. Thus rather, (as we be slanderously reported, have ye made the commandment of God and as some affirm that we say,) Let us do of none effect by your tradition.
evil, that good may come? whose damna. s Mat. v. 21, 22. (See letter 0.] Ver. 23. tion is just. Job. xxxvi. 21. Take heed, Therefore, if thiou bring thy gift to the regard not iniquity: for this hast thou altar, and there rememberest that thy chosen rather than affliction. Heb. xi. 25. brother hath ought against thee; Ver. Choosing rather to suffer affliction with 24. Leave there thy gift before the altar, the people of God, than to enjoy the pleaand go thy way; tirst be reconciled to thy sures of sin for a season. brother, and then come and offer thy gift. * Deut. iv. 8. And what nation is there Eph. iv. 23. Let him that stole steal no so great, that hath statutes and judgmore: but rather let him labour, working ments so righteous as all this law, which with his hands the thing which is good, I set before you this day? Ver. 9. Only that he may have to give to him that take heed to thyself, and keep thy soul dineedeth.
ligently, lest thou forget the things which * Exod. xx. 12. Honour thy father and thine eyes have seen, and lest they depart thy mother; that thy days may be long from thy heart all the days of thy life; upon the land which the Lord thy God but teach them thy sons, and thy sons' giveth thee. Compared with Prov. xxx. 17. sons. The eye that mocketh at his father, andy Mat. xii. 7. But if ye had known what despiseth to obey his mother, the ravens this meaneth, I will have mercy, and not of the valley shall pick it out, and the sacrifice, ye would not have condemned young eagles shall eat it.
the guiltless. v Jer. xviii. 7. At what instant I shall z Mat. v. 21, 22, 27, 28. (See in letter o bespeak concerning a nation, and concern- fore.] Mat. xy. 4. For God commanded, ing a kingdom, to pluck up, and to pull saying, Honour thy father and mother: down, and to destroy it; Ver. 8. If that and, He that curseth father or mother, nation, against whom I have pronounced, let him die the death. Ver. 5. But ye say, turn from their evil, I will repent of the Whosoever shall say to his father or his evil that I thought to do unto them. mother, It is a gift, by whatsoever thou Exod. xx. 7. Thou shalt not take the name mightest be profited by me, Ver. 6. And of the Lord thy God in vain : for the Lord honour not his father or his mother, he will not hold him guiltless that taketh his shall be free. Thus have ye made the name in vain. Compared with Psal. xv. 1. commandment of God of none effect by Lord, who shall abide in thy tabernacle? your tradition. Heb. x. 24. And let us who shall dwell in thy holy hill? Ver. 1. consider one another, to provoke unto In whose eyes a vile person is contemned; love, and to good works: Ver. 25. Not forbut he honoureth them that fear the saking the assembling of ourselves to. Lord : he that sweareth to his own hurt, gether, as the manner of some is; but exand changeth not. Ver. 5. He that putteth horting one another: and so much the not out his money to usury, nor taketh re- more, as ye see the day approaching. 1 ward against the innocent. He that do- Thess. v. 22. Abstain from all appearance eth these things shall never be moved. of evil. Jude, ver. 23. And others save And with Psal. xxiv. 4. He that hath clean with fear, pulling them out of the fire; hands, and a pure heart; who hath not hating even the garment spotted by the Bifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn flesh. Gal. v. 26. Let us not be desirous deceitfully. Ver. 5. He shall receive the of vain-glory, provoking one another, enblessing from the Lord, and righteousness vying one another. Col. iii. 21. Fathers, from the God of his salvation.
provoke not your children to anger, lest w Job. xiii. 7. Will ye speak wickedly they be discouraged. for God ? and talk deceitfully for him? Exod. xx. 10. But the seventh day is Yer. 8. Will ye accept his person? will ye the salbath of the Lord thy God: in it
but...: he that swearer. 5. He that peth re- more, a s. 22. Abst
to our places and callings, to be helpful to them b; and to take heed of partaking with others in what is forbidden them.
Q. 100. What special things are we to consider in the ten commandments?
A. We are to consider, in the ten commandments, the preface, the substance of the commandments themselves, and several reasons annexed to some of them, the more to enforce them.
Q. 101. What is the preface to the ten commandments ?
A. The preface to the ten commandments is contained in these words, I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the huuse of bondaged. Wherein God manifesteth his sovereignty, as being JEHOVAH, the eternal, immutable, and almighty God e; having his being in and of himself', and giving being to all his words 8 and worksh: and that he is a God in covenant, as with Israel of old, so with all his people'; who, as he brought thern out of their bondage in Egypt, so he delivereth us from our spiritual thraldomk; and that therefore we are bound to take him for our God alone, and to keep all his commandments! thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy & Exod. vi. 3. And I appeared unto Abrason, nor thy daughter, thy man-servant, ham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the nor thy maid-servant, nor thy cattle, nor name of God Almighty; but by my name thy stranger that is within thy gates. JEHOVAI was I not known to them. Lev. xix. 17. Thou shalt not hate thyh Acts xvii. 24. God, that made the brother in thine heart: thou shalt in any world, and all things therein, seeing that wise rebuke thy neighbour, and not suffer he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth sin upon him. Gen. xviii. 19. For I know not in temples made with hands. Ver. him, that he will command his children 28. For in him we live, and move, and have and his household after him, and they our being; as certain also of your own shall keep the way of the Lord, to do jus poets have said, For we are also his ofttice and judgment; that the Lord may spring. bring upon Abraham that which he hath i Gen. xvii. 7. And I will establish my spoken of him. Josh. xxiv. 15. And if it covenant between me and thee, and thy seem evil unto you to serve the Lord, seed after thee, in their generations, for choose you this day whom ye will serve; an everlasting covenant, to be a God unwhether the gods which your fathers sery- to thee, and to thy seed after thee. Comed, that were on the other side of the pared with Rom. iii. 29. Is he the God of flood, or the gods of the Amorites, in the Jews only? is he not also of the Genwhose land ye dwell: but as for me and tiles! Yes, of the Gentiles also. my house, we will serve the Lord. Deut. k Luke i. 74. That he would grant unto vi. 6. And these words, which I command us, that we, being delivered out of the thee this day, shall be in thine heart; hand of our enemies, might serve him Ver. 7. And thou shalt teach them dili- without fear, Ver. 75. In holiness and gently unto thy children, and shalt talk righteousness before him, all the days of of them when thou sittest in thine house, our life. and when thou walkest by the way, and 11 Pet. i. 15. But as he which hath call. when thou liest down, and when thou ed you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner risest up.
of conversation : Ver. 16. Because it is b 2 Cor. i. 24. Not for that we have do- written, Be ye holy; for I am holy. Ver. minion over your faith, but are helpers 17. And if ye call on the Father, who of your joy : for by faith ye stand.
without respect of persons judgeth acci Tim. v. 22. Lay hands suddenly on no cording to every man's work, pass the man, neither be partaker of other men's time of your sojourning here in fear: Ver, sins: keep thyself pure. Eph. v. 11. And 18. Forasmuch as ye know that ye were have no fellowship with the unfruitful not redeemed with corruptible things, as works of darkness, but rather reprove silver and gold, from your vain conversa. them.
tion received by tradition from your fa. 101. d Exod. xx. 2.
thers. Lev. xviii. 30. Therefore shall ye keep e Isa. xliv. 6. Thus saith the Lord the mine ordinance, that ye commit not any King of Israel, and his Redeemer the Lord one of these abominable customs, which of hosts: I am the first, and I am the were committed before you, and that ye last; and besides me there is no God. detile not yourselves therein: I am the
Exod. iii. 14. And God said unto Moses, Lord your God. Lev, xix. 37. Therefore I AM TITAT I AM: and he said, Thus shall ye observe all my statutes, and all shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, my judgments, and do them: I am the I AM hath sent me unto you.
R. 102. What is the sum of the four commandments which contain our duty to God?
Å. The sum of the four commandments containing our duty to God, is, to love the Lord our God with all our heart, and with all our soul, and with all our strength, and with all our mind m.
Q. 103. Which is the first commandment ?
A. The first commandment is, Thou shalt have no other gods before men
Q. 104. What are the duties required in the first commandment ?
A. The duties required in the first commandment are, the knowing and acknowledging of God to be the only true God, and our Godo; and to worship and glorify him accordingly P, by thinking ?, meditating", remembering 8, highly esteeming , honouring " adoring w, choosings, loving y, desiring, fearing of hima; believing hini); trusting , hoping«, delighting e, rejoicing in him'; being zealous for
102. m Luke x. 27. And he, answering, Eccl. xii, 1. Remember now thy Creator said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God in the days of thy youth, while the evil with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, days come not, nor the years draw nigh, and with all thy strength, and with all thy when thou shalt say, I have no pleasure mind; and thy neighbour as thyself.
in them. 103, n Exod. xx. 3.
t Psal. lxxi. 19. Thy righteousness also, 104. 01 Chron. xxviii. 9. And thou, O God, is very high, who hast done great Solomon my son, know thou the God of things: 0 God, who is like unto thee? thy father, and serve him with a perfect v Mal. i. 6. À son honoureth his father, heart, and with a willing mind; for the and a servant his master: if then I be a Lord searcheth all hearts, and understand father, where is mine honour ? and if I be eth all the imaginations of the thoughts: a master, where is my fear? saith the if thou seek him, he will be found of thee; Lord of hosts unto you, O priests, that but : thou forsake him, he will cast thee despise my name. off for ever. Deut. xxvi. 17. Thou hast w Isa. xlv. 23. I have sworn by myself, avouched the Lord this day to be thy God, the word is gone out of my mouth in righand to walk in his ways, and to keep his teousness, and shall not return, That unto statutes, and his commandments, and his me every knee shall bow, every tongue judgments, and to hearken unto his voice. shall swear. Isa. xliii. 10. Ye are my witnesses, saith Josh. xxiv. 15. And if it seem evil unto the Lord, and my servant whom I have you to serve the Lord, choose you this day chosen ; that ye may know and believe me, whom ye will serve; whether the gods and understand that I am he: before me which your fathers served, that were on there was no God formed, neither shall the other side of the flood, or the gods of there be after me. Jer. xiv. 22. Are there the Amorites, in whose land ye dwell : but any among the vanities of the Gentiles as for me and my house, we will serve the that can cause rain ? or can the heavens Lord. Ver. 22. And Joshua said unto the give showers? Art thou not he, O Lord people, Ye are witnesses against your. our God ? therefore we will wait upon selves, that ye have chosen you the Lord, thee; for thou hast made all these things. to serve him. And they said, We are
p Psal. xcv. 6. 0 come, let us worship witnesses. aod bow down; let us kneel before the y Deut. vi. 5. And thou shalt love the Lord our Maker. Ver. 7. For he is our Lord thy God with all thine heart, and God; and we are the people of his pasture, with all thy soul, and with all thy and the sheep of his hand. Mat. iv, 10. might. Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee 2 Psal. lxxiii. 25. Whom have I in heaven hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt but thee? and there is none upon earth worship the Lord thy God, and him only that I desire besides thee. shalt thou serve. Psal. xxix. 2. Give untoa Isa. viii. 13. Sanctify the Lord of hosts the Lord the glory due unto his name; himself; and let him be your fear, and let. worship the Lord in the beauty of holiness. him be your dread.
9 Mal. iii. 16. Then they that feared the b Exod. xiv. 31. And Israel saw that Lord spake often one to another: and the great work which the Lord did upon the Lord hearkened, and heard it; and a book Egyptians: and the people feared the of remembrance was written before him Lord, and believed the Lord, and his serfor them that feared the Lord, and that vant Moses. thought upon his name.
c Isa. xxvi. 4 Trust ye in the Lord for Psal. xiii. 6. When I remember thee ever: for in the Lord JEHOVAH is everupon my bed, and meditate on thee in the lasting strength. night-watches,
d Psal. cxxx. 7. Let Israel hope in the
Lant Mosessi. 4. Trust FE HOVAH IS