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him $; calling upon him, giving all praise and thanks h, and yielding all obedience and submission to him with the whole mani; being careful in all things to please him k, and sorrowful when in any thing be is offended'; and walking humbly with him m.
Q. 105. What are the sins forbidden in the first commandment ?
A. The sins forbidden in the first commandment are, Atheism, in denying, or not having a God"; Idolatry, in having or worshipping more gods than one, or any with or instead of the true God *; the not having and avouching him for God, and our God P; the omission or neglect of any thing due to him, required in this commandment9; ignorance", forgetfulness", misapprehensions , false opinions', un
Lord : for with the Lord there is mercy, my father, and to a stone, Thou hast and with him is plenteous redemption." brought me forth: for they have turned
e Psal. xxxvii. 4. Delight thyself also in their back unto me, and not their face; the Lord ; and he shall give thee the but in the time of their trouble they will desires of thine heart.
say, Arise, and save us.. Ver. 28. But i Psal. xxxii. 11. Be glad in the Lord, and where are thy gods that thou hast mado rejoice, ye righteous and shout for joy, thee? let them arise, if they can save thee all ye that are upright in heart.
in the time of thy trouble: for according & Rom. xii. 11. Not slothful in business; to the number of thy cities are thy gods, fervent in spirit; serving the Lord. Com. O Judah. Compared with 1 Thess. i. 9. pared with Num. xxv. 11, Phinehas, the son For they themselves show of us what of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, manner of entering in we had unto you, hath turned my wrath away from the and how ye turned to God from idols, to children of Israel, while he was zealous serve the living and true God. for my sake among them, that I consumed p Psal. Ixxxi, 11. But my people would not the children of Israel in my jealousy. not hearken to my voice; and Israel would
h Phil. iv. 6. Be careful for nothing: but none of me. in every thing by prayer and supplication, 9 Isa. xliii. 22. But thou hast not called with thanksgiving, let your requests be upon me, O Jacob; but thou hast been made known unto God.
weary of me, O Israel. Ver. 23. Thou hast i Jer. vii. 23. But this thing commanded not brought me the small cattle of thy I them, saying, Obey my voice, and I will burnt-offerings, neither hast thou honourbe your God, and ye shall be my people; ed me with thy sacrifices: I have not caused and walk ye in all the ways that I have thee to serve with an offering, nor wearied commanded you, that it may be weil unto thee with incense. Ver. 24. Thou hast you. James iv. 7. Submit yourselves there bought me no sweet cane with money, fore to God. Resist the devil, and he will neither hast thou filled me with the fat of flee from you.
thy sacrifices; but thou hast made me to k 1 John ii. 22. And whatsoever we ask, serve with thy sins, thou hast wearied me we receive of him, because we keep his with thine iniquities. commandments, and do those things that r Jer. iv. 22. For my people is foolish, are pleasing in his sight.
they have not known me; they are sottish I Jer. xxxi. 18. I have surely heard children, and they have none understandEphraim bemoaning himself thus; Thou ing: they are wise to do evil, but to do hast chastised me, and I was chastised, good they have no knowledge. Hos. iv, 1. as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke: Hear the word of the Lord, ye children of turn thou me, and I shall be turned; for Israel: for the Lord hath a controversy thou art the Lord my God. Psal.cxix. 136. with the inhabitants of the land, because Rivers of waters run down mine eyes, be there is no truth, nor mercy, nor know.
ledge of God in the land. Ver. 6. My peo. m Micah vi. 8. He hath showed thee, O ple are destroyed for lack of knowledge: man, what is good; and what doth the because thou hast rejected knowledge, I Lord require of thee, but to do justly, and also will reject thee, that thou shalt be no to love mercy, and to walk humbly with priest to me: seeing thou hast forgotten thy God?
the law of thy God, I will also forget thy 105. n Psal. xiv. 1. The fool hath said in children. his heart, There is no God. They are cor- Jer. ii. 32. Can a maid forget her rupt; they have done abominable works; ornaments, or a bride her attire ? yet my there is none that doeth good. Eph. ii. 12. people have forgotten me days without That at that time ye were without Christ, number. being aliens from the commonwealth of Acts xvii. 23. For as I passed by, and Israel, and strangers from the covenants beheld your devotions, I found an altar of promise, having no hope, and without with this inscription, TO THE UNKNOWN God in the world.
GOD. Whom therefore ye ignorantly wor. o Jer. ii. 27. Saying to a stock, Thou art slip, him declare I unto you. Ver. 29. For.
cause they keep not the
showed thee, O ple are thou hast rejected knowie
worthy and wicked thoughts of him w; bold and curious searching into his secrets * ; all profaneness », hatred of God?; self-love a, selfseeking , and all other inordinate and immoderate setting of our mind, will, or affections upon other things, and taking them off from him in whole or in partc; vain credulity d, unbeliefe, heresy', misbeliefs, distrust", despair', incorrigibleness k, and insensibleness under judgments !, hardness of heart m, pride ", presumptiono, carnal security P, tempting of God?; using unlawful means ", and trusting in unlawful means 8; carnal delights and joys'; corrupt, blind, and
asmuch then as we are the offspring of f Gal. v. 20. Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, God, we ought not to think that the God- variance, emulations, wrath, strife, sedihead is like unto gold, or silver, or tone, tions, heresies. Tit. iii. 10. A man that graven by art and man's device.
is an heretick, after the first and second v Isa. xl. 18. To whom then will ye liken admonition, reject. God? or what likeness will ye compare & Acts xxvi. 9. I verily thought with my. unto him?
self, that I ought to do many things con. w Psal. 1. 21. These things hast thou trary to the name of Jesus ot' Nazareth. done, and I kept silence; thou thoughtest h Psal. lxxviii. 22. Because they believed that I was altogether such an one as thy- not in God, and trusted not in his salva. self: but I will reprove thee, and set them tion. in order before thine eyes.
i Gen. iv. 13. And Cain said unto the * Deut. xxix, 29. The secret things be- Lord, My punishment is greater than I long unto the Lord our God; but those can bear. things which are revealed belong unto us k Jer. v. 3. O Lord, are not thine eyes and to our children for ever, that we may upon the truth ? thou hast stricken them, do all the words of this law.
but they have not grieved ; thou hast cony Tit. i. 16. They profess that they know sumed them, but they have refused to reGod; but in works they deny him, being ceive correction: they have made their a bominable, and disobedient, and unto faces harder than a rock; they have reevery good work reprobate. Heb. xii. 16. fused to return. Lest there be any fornicator, or profane i Isa. xlii. 25. Therefore he hath poured person, as Esau, who for one morsel of upon him the fury of his anger, and the meat sold his birthright.
strength of battie: and it hath set him on z Rom. i. 30. Backbiters, haters of God, fire round about, yet he knew not; and it despiteful, proud, boasters.
burned him, yet he laid it not to heart. a 2 Tim. iii. 2. For men shall be lovers m Rom. ii. 5. But, after thy hardness of their own selves, covetous, boasters, and impenitent heart, treasurest up unto proud, blasphemers, disobedient to pa- thyself wrath against the day of wrath rents, unthankful, unholy.
and revelation of the righteous judgment b Phil. ii. 21. For all seek their own, not of God. the things which are Jesus Christ's.
n Jer. xiii. 15. Hear ye, and give ear; be 1 John ii. 15. Love not the world, nei- not proud: for the Lord hath spoken. ther the things that are in the world. If o Psal. xix. 13. Keep back thy servant any man love the world, the love of the also from presumptuous sins ; let them Father is not in him. Ver. 16. For all that not have dominion over me: then shall I is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and be upright, and I shall be innocent from the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, the great transgression. is not of the Father, but is of the world. P Zeph. i. 12. And it shall come to pass 1 Sam. ii. 29. Wherefore kick ye at my at that time, that I will search Jerusalem sacrifice, and at mine offering, which I with candles, and punish the men that have commanded in my habitation; and are settled on their lees; that say in their honourest thy sons above me, to make heart, The Lord will not do good, neither yourselves fat with the chiefest of all the will he do evil. offerings of Israel my people ? Col. iii. 2. 9 Mat. iv. 7. Jesus said unto him, It is Set your affection on things above, not on written again, Thou shalt not tempt the things on the earth. Ver. 5. Mortify there. Lord thy God. fore your members which are upon ther Rom. iii. 8. And not rather. (as we be earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordi- slanderously reported, and as some affirm nate affection, evil concupiscence, and that we say,) Let us do evil, that good may covetousness, which is idolatry.
come? whose damnation is just. d1 John iv, 1. Beloved, believe not every Jer. xvii. 5. Thus saith the Lord, Cursed spirit, but try the spirits whether they are be the man that trusteth in man, and of God; because many false prophets are maketh flesh his arm, and whose heart gone out into the world.
departeth from the Lord. e Heb. iii. 12. Take heed, brethren, lest i 2 Tim. iii. 4. Traitors, heady, highthere be in any of you an evil heart of un- minded, lovers of pleasures more than belief, in departing from the living God. lovers of God.
sus Christ's a neis not proud : foruKeep back
indiscreet zeal”; lukewarmness", and deadness in the things of God * ; estranging ourselves, and apostatizing from God y; praying, or giving any religious worship, to saints, angels, or any other creatures ? ; all compacts and consulting with the devil a, and hearkening to his suggestions b; making men the lords of our faith and conscience"; slighting and despising God and his commands" ; resisting and grieving of his Spirite, discontent and impatience at
Gal. iv. 17. They zealously affect you, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt wor. but not well; yea, they would exclude you, ship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt that ye might affect them. John xvi. 2. thou serve. Col. ii. 18. Let no man beguile They shall put you out of the synagogues: you of your reward in a voluntary hu. yea, the time cometh, that whosoever kill. mility, and worshipping of angels, intrudeth you will think that he doeth God ser- ing into those things which he hath not vice. Rom. x. 2. For I bear them record, seen, vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind. that they have a zeal of God, but not ac- Rom. i. 25. Who changed the truth of Gol cording to knowledge. Luke ix. 54. And into a lie, and worshipped and serve the when his disciples James and John saw creature more than the Creator, who is this, they said, Lord, wilt thou that we blessed for ever. Amen. command fire to come down from heaven, a Lev. xx. 6. And the soul that turneth and consume them, even as Elias did ? after such as have familiar spirits, and Ver. 55. But he turned, and rebuked them, after wizards, to go a whoring after them, and said, Ye know not what manner of I will even set my face against that soul, spirit ye are of.
and will cut him off from among his peow Rev. iii. 16. So then because thou art ple. 1 Sam. xxviii. 7. Then said Saul unto lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will his servants, Seek me a woman that hath spue thee out of my mouth.
a familiar spirit, that I may go to her, and * Rev. iii. 1. And unto the angel of the enquire of her. And his servants said to church in Sardis write; These things saith him, Behold, there is a woman that hath he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and a familiar spirit at En-dor. Ver. 11. Then the seven stars; I know thy works, that said the woman, Whom shall I bring up thou hast a name that thou livest, and art unto thee? And he said, Bring me up dead.
Samuel. Compared with 1 Chron. x. 13. y Ezek. xiv. 5. That I may take the So Saul died for his transgression which he house of Israel in their own heart, be- committed against the Lord, even against cause they are all estranged from me the word of the Lord, which he kept not, through their idols. Isa. i. 4. Ah sinful and also for asking counsel of one that nation, a people laden with iniquity, a had a familiar spirit, to enquire of it: Ver, seed of evil-doers, children that are cor- 14. And enquired not of the Lord : there. rupters! They have forsaken the Lord, fore he slew him, and turned the kingdom they have provoked the Holy One of Israel unto David the son of Jesse. unto anger, they are gone away backward. b Acts v. 3. But Peter said, Ananias, Ver. 5. Why should ye be stricken any why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to more? ye will revolt more and more. The the Holy Ghost, and to keep back part of whole head is sick, and the whole heart the price of the land? faint.
c 2 Cor. i. 24. Not for that we have doz Rom. x. 13. For whosoever shall call minion over your faith, but are helpers of upon the name of the Lord shall be saved. your joy: for by faith ye stand. Mat. xxiii. Ver. 14. Ilow then shall they call on him 9. And call no man your father upon the in whom they have not believed? and how earth: for one is your Father, which is in shall they believe in him of whom they heaven. have not heard ? and how shall they hear d Deut. xxxii. 15. But Jeshurun waxed without a preacher? Hosea iv. 12. My fat, and kicked: thou art waxen fat, thou people ask counsel at their stocks, and art grown thick, thou art covered with their staff declareth unto them: for the fatness: then he forsook God which made spirit of whoredoms hath caused them to him, and lightly esteemed the Rock of his err, and they have gone a whoring from salvation. 2 Sam. xii. 9. Wherefore hast under their God. Acts x. 25. And as Peter thou despised the commandment of the was coming in, Cornelius met him, and Lord, to do evil in his sight? Thou hast fell down at his feet, and worshipped him. killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword, Ver. 26. But Peter took him up, saying, and hast taken his wife to be thy wife, and Stand up; I myself also am a man. Rev. hast slain him with the sword of the chilxix. 10. And I fell at his feet to worship dren of Ammon. Prov. xiii. 13. Whoso him. And he said unto me, See thou do despiseth the word shall be destroyed : it not: I am thy fellow-servant, and of thy but he that feareth the commandment brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: shall be rewarded. worship God: for the testimony of Jesus e Acts vii. 51. Ye stiff-necked and unciris the spirit of prophecy. Mat. iv. 10. Then cumcised in heart and ears, ye do always saith Jesus untu him, Get thee hence, resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did,
his dispensations, charging him foolishly for the evils he inflicts on usf; and ascribing the praise of any good we either are, have, or can do, to fortune 8, idolsh, ourselves, or any other creaturek.
Q. 106. What are we specially taught by these words [before me) in the first commandment?
A. These words (before me) or before my face, in the first command. ment, teach us, that God, who seeth all things, taketh special notice of, and is much displeased with, the sin of having any other God: that so it may be an argument to dissuade from it, and to aggravate it as a most impudent provocation': as also to persuade us to do as in his sight, whatever we do in his service m
Q. 107. Which is the second commandment ?
A. The second commandment is, Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them : for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me ; and showing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments .
Q. 108. What are the duties required in the second commandment?
A. The duties required in the second commandment are, the reso do ye. Eph. iv. 30. And grieve not the and whose are all thy ways, hast thou not Holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed glorified, unto the day of redemption.
i Deut. viii. 17. And thou say in thine f Psal. lxxiii. 2. But as for me, my feet heart, My power, and the might of mine were almost gone: iny steps had well nigh hand, hath gotten me this wealth. Dan. slipped. Ver. 3. For I was envious at the iv. 30. The king spake, and said, Is not foolish, when I saw the prosperity of the this great Babylon, that I have built for wicked. Ver. 13. Verily I have cleansed the house of the kingdom, by the might my heart in vain, and washed my hands of my power, and for the honour of my in innocency. Ver. 14. For all the day majesty? long have I been plagued, and chastened k Hab. i. 16. Therefore they sacrifice every morning. Ver. 15. If I say, I will unto their net, and burn incense unto speak thus; behold, I should offend against their drag ; because by them their portion the generation of thy children. Ver. 22. is fat, and their meat plenteous. So foolish was I, and ignorant: I was as a 106. ) Ezek. viii. 5. Then said he unto beast before thee. Job i. 22. In all this me, Son of man, lift up thine eyes now the Job sinned not, nor charged God foolishly. way toward the north. So I lifted up mine
81 Sam. vi. 7. Now therefore make a eves the way toward the north, and behold new cart, and take two milch-kine, on northward at the gate of the altar this which there hath come no yoke, and tie image of jealousy in the entry. Ver. 6. the kine to the cart, and bring their calves He said furthermore unto me, Son of man, home from them : Ver. 8. And take the ark seest thou what they do? even the great of the Lord, and lay it upon the cart; and abominations that the house of Israel put the jewels of gold, which ye return committeth here, that I should go far off him for a trespass-offering, in a coffer by from my sanctuary? But turn thee yet the side thereof; and send it away, that it again, and thou shalt see greater abomi. may go. Ver. 9. And sce, if it goeth up by nations, &c. (to the end of the Chapter.) the way of his own coast to Beth-shemesh, Psal. xliv. 20. If we have forgotten the then he hath done us this great evil: but name of our God, or stretched out our if not, then we shall know that it is not hands to a strange god; Ver. 21. Shall his hand that sinote us; it was a chance not God search this out! for he knoweth that happened to us.
the secrets of the heart. h Dan. v. 23. But hast lifted up thyself m1 Chron. xxviii. 9. And thou, Solomon against the Lord of heaven; and they have my son, know thou the God of thy father, brought the vessels of his house before and serve him with a perfect heart, and thee, and thou and thy lords, thy wives with a willing mind; for the Lord searchand thy concubines, have drunk wine in eth all hearts, and understandeth all the them; and thou hast praised the gods of imaginations of the thoughts: if thou seek silver, and gold, of brass, iron, wood, and him, he will be found of thee; but if thou stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know: forsake him, he will cast thee off for ever, and the God in whose hand thy breath is, 107. Exod. xx. 4, 5, 6.
ceiving, observing, and keeping pure and entire, all such religious worship and ordinances as God hath instituted in his word o; particularly prayer and thanksgiving in the name of Christ P; the reading, preaching, and hearing of the word 9; the administration and receiving of the sacraments"; church government and disciplines; the ministry and maintenance thereoft ; religious fasting *; swearing by the name of God", and vowing unto himx: as also the disapproy
108. o Deut. xxxii. 46. And he said unto 23. to Verse 30. For I have received of the them, Set your hearts unto all the words Lord that which also I delivered unto you, which I testify among you this day, which That the Lord Jesus, the same night in ye shall command your children to observe which he was betrayed, took bread, &c. to do, all the words of this law. Ver. 47. s Mat. xviii. 15. Moreover, if thy brother For it is not a vain thing for you; because shall trespass against thee, go and tell it is your life: and through this thing ye him his fault between thee and him alone: shall prolong your days in the land whither it he shall hear thee, thou hast gained thy ye go over Jordan to possess it. Mat. xxviii. brother. Ver. 16. But if he will not hear 20. Teaching them to observe all things thee, then take with thee one or two more, whatsoever I have commanded you: and, that in the mouth of two or three witnesses lo, I am with you alway, even unto the every word may be established. Ver. 17. end of the world. Acts ii. 42. And they And if he shall neglect to hear them, tel! continued stedfastly in the apostles' doc- it unto the church: but if he neglect to trine and fellowship, and in breaking of hear the church, let him be unto thee as bread, and in prayers. 1 Tim. vi. 13. I an heathen man and a publican. Mat. give thee charge in the sight of God, who xvi. 19. And I will give unto thee the keys quickeneth all things, and before Christ of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever Jesus, who before Pontius Pilate witnessed thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound a good confession, Ver. 14. That thou keep in heaven; and whatsoever thou shalt this commandment without spot, unre- loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. bukeable, until the appearing of our Lord 1 Cor. Chapter v. 1 Cor. xii. 28. And God Jesus Christ.
hath set some in the church, first, aposp Phil. iv. 6. Be careful for nothing: but tles ; secondarily, prophets; thirdly, teachin every thing by prayer and supplication, ers; after that miracles; then gifts of with thanksgiving, let your requests be healings, helps, governments, diversities made known unto God. Eph. v. 20. Giving of tongues. thanks always for all things unto God and Eph. iv. 11. And he gave some, apostles; the Father in the name of our Lord Jesus and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; Christ.
and some, pastors and teachers; Ver. 12. a Deut. xvii. 18. And it shall be, when he For the perfecting of the saints, for the sitteth upon the throne of his kingdom, work of the ministry, for the edifying of that lie shall write him a copy of this law the body of Christ. 1 Tim, v. 17. Let the in a book, out of that which is before the elders that rule well be counted worthy of priests the Levites : Ver. 19. And it shall double honour, especially they who labour be with him, and he shall read therein all in the word and doctrine. Ver. 18. For the days of his life; that he may learn to the scripture saith, Thou shalt not muzzle fear the Lord his Cod, to keep all the the ox that treadeth out the corn. And, words of this law, and these statutes, to The labourer is worthy of his reward. do them. Acts xv. 21. For Moses of old 1 Cor. ix. 7-15. Who goeth a warfare any time hath in every city them that preach time at his own charges? who planteth a him, being read in the synagogues every vineyard, and eateth not of the fruit there. sabbath-day. 2 Tim. iv. 2. Preach the of? or who feedeth a flock, and eateth not word; be instant in season, out of season; of the milk of the flock ! doc. reprove, rebuke, exhort, with all long-suf- v Joel ii. 12. Therefore also now, saith fering and doctrine. James i. 21. Where the Lord, Turn ye even to me with all your fore, lay apart all filthiness, and super- heart, and with fasting, and with weeping, fluity of naughtiness, and receive with and with mourning; Ver. 13. And rend meekness the ingrafted word, which is your heart, and not your garments, and able to save your souls: Ver. 22. But be turn unto the Lord your God: for he is ye doers of the word, and not hearers gracious and merciful.-1 Cor. vii. 5. Deonly, deceiving your own selves. Acts x. fraud ye not one the other, except it be 33. Immediately therefore I sent to thee; with consent for a time, that ye may give and thou hast well done that thou art yourselves to fasting and prayer come. Now therefore are we all here pre- w Deut. vi. 13. Thou shalt fear the Lord sent before God, to hear all things that thy God, and serve him, and shalt swear are commanded thee of God.
by his name. Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore, and * Isa. xix. 21. And the Lord shall be teach all nations, baptizing them in the known to Egypt, and the Egyptians shall name of the Father, and of the Son, and know the Lord in that day, and shall do of the Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. xi. from Yerse sacrifice and oblation ; yea, they shall vow
or Moses utes, to l'he ox that tra
ble to save her word, anderes. Actee; with conse to fasting and it fear the