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ing, detesting, opposing, all false worshipy; and, according to each one's place and calling, removing it, and all inonuments of idolatry.

Q. 109. What are the sins forbidden in the second commandment ?

A. The sins forbidden in the second commandment are, all devisinga, counselling", commanding “, using 4, and any wise approving, any religious worship not instituted by God himself; tolerating a false religion f; the making any representation of God, of all or of any of the three persons, either inwardly in our mind, or outwardly

a vow unto the Lord, and perform it. Psal. Milcom the god of the children of Ammon, lxxvi. 11. Vow, and pay unto the Lord your and have not walked in my ways, to do God: let all that be round about him bring that which is right in mine eyes, and to presents unto him that ought to be feared. keep my statutes and my judgments, as

y Acts xvii. 16. Now, while Paul waited did David his father, 1 Kings xii. 33. So for them at Athens, his spirit was stirred he offered upon the altar which he had in him, when he saw the city wholly given made in Beth-el the fifteenth day of the to idolatry. Ver. 17. Therefore disputed eighth month, even in the month which he in the synagogue with the Jews, and he had devised of his own heart; and orwith the devout persons, and in the mar- dained a feast unto the children of Israel: ket daily with then that met with him, and he offered upon the altar, and burnt Psal. xvi. 4. Their sorrows shall be multi. incense. plied that hasten after another god: their e Deut. xii. 30. Take heed to thyself that drink-offerings of blood will I not offer, thou be not snared by following theni, nor take up their names into my lips. after that they be destroyed from before

z Deut. vii. 5. But thus shall ye deal with thee; and that thou enquire not after them; ye shall destroy their altars, and their gods, saying, How did these nations break down their images, and cut down serve their gods ? even so will I do liketheir groves, and burn their graven images wise. Ver. 31. Thou shalt not do so unto with fire. Isa. xxx. 22. Ye shall defile also the Lord thy God: for every abomination the covering of thy graven images of silver, to the Lord which he hateth have they and the ornament of thy molten images done unto their gods; for even their sons of gold: thou shalt cast them away as a and their daughters they have burnt in menstruous cloth; thou shalt say unto it, the fire to their gods.Ver. 32. What Get thee hence.

thing soever I command you, observe to 109. a Numb. xv. 39. And it shall be unto do it: thou shalt not add thereto, nor you for a fringe, that ye may look upon it, diminish from it. and remember all the commandments off Deut. xiii. from Verse 6. to 12. See the Lord, and do them; and that ye seek Letter b.) Zech. xiii. 2. And it shall come to not after your own heart, and your own pass in that day, saith the Lord of hosts, eyes, after which ye use to go a whoring. that I will cut off the names of the idols

b Deut. xiii. 6. If thy brother, the son out of the land, and they shall no more be of thy mother, or thy son, or thy daughter, remembered ; and also I will cause the or the wife of thy bosom, or thy friend, prophets and the unclean spirit to pass which is as thine own soul, entice thee out of the land. Ver. 3. And it shall come Secretly, saying, Let us go and serve other to pass, that when any shall yet prophesy, gods, which thou hast not known, thou, then his father and his mother that begat nor thy fathers; Ver. 7. Namely, of the him shall say unto him, Thou shalt not gods of the people which are round about live; for thou speakest lies in the name of you, nigh unto thee, or far off from thee, the Lord: and his father and his mother from the one end of the earth even unto that begat him shall thrust him through the other end of the earth; Ver. 8. Thou when he prophesieth. Rev. ii. 2. I know shalt not consent unto him, nor hearken thy works, and thy labour, and thy unto him; neither shall thine eye pity patience, and how thou canst not bear him, neither shalt thou spare, neither them which are evil: and thou hast tried shalt thou conceal him.

them which say they are apostles, and are c IIosea v. 11. Ephraim is oppressed and not, and hast found them liars. Ver. 14. broken in judgment, because he willingly But I have a few things against thee, bewalked after the commandment. Micah cause thou hast there them that hold the vi. 16. For the statutes of Omri are kept, doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balac to and all the works of the house of Ahab, cast a stumblingblock before the children and ye walk in their counsels; that I of Israel, to eat things sacrificed unto should make thee a desolation, and the idols, and to commit fornication. Ver. 15. inl.abitants thereof an hissing: therefore So hast thou also them that hold the ye shall bear the reproach of my people. doctrine of the Nicolaitanes, which thing

d*1 Kings xi. 33. Because that they I hate. Ver. 20. Notwithstanding I have have forsaken me, and have worshipped a few things against thee, because thou Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, sufferest that woman Jezebel, which callChemosh the god of the Moabites, and eth herself a prophetess, to teach an.'

in any kind of image or likeness of any creature whatsiever &; all worshipping of it h, or God in it or by iti; the making of any reprosentation of feigned deities k, and all worship of them, or service belonging to them; all superstitious devices m, corrupting the worship of God", adding to it, or taking from ito, whether invented and taken up of ourselves P, or received by tradition from others 9, though

mand spake unto 'Ver. 16. Lest se

that prepare a table for holy mountain,

of any winged fowie earth, the like

seduce my servants to commit fornication, made proclamation, and said, To-morrow and to eat things sacrificed unto idols. is a feast to the Lord. Rev. xvii. 12. And the ten horns which k Exod. xxxii. 8. They have turned aside thou sawest are ten kings, which have re- quickly out of the way which I commandceived no kingdom as yet; but receive ed them: they have made them a molten power as kings one hour with the beast. calf, and have worshipped it, and have Ver. 16. And the ten horns which thou sacrificed thereunto, and said, These be sawest upon the beast, these shall hate the thy gods, O Israel, which have brought whore, and shall make her desolate and thee up out of the land of Egypt. naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn 11 Kings xviii. 26. And they took the her with fire. Ver. 17. For God hath put bullock which was given them, and they in their hearts to fulfil his will, and to agree, dressed it, and called on the name of Baal and give their kingdom unto the beast, from norning even until noon, saying, O until the words of God shall be fulfilled. Baal, hear us! But there was no voice,

g Deut. iv. 15. Take ye therefore good nor any that answered. And they leaped heed unto yourselves, (for ye saw no upon the altar which was made. Ver. 28. manner of similitude on the day that the And they cried a loud, and cut themselves, Lord spake unto you in Horeb out of the after their manner, with knives and lanmidst of the fire,) Ver. 16. Lest ye corrupt cets, till the blood gushed out upon them. yourselves, and make you a graven image, Isa. Ixv. 11. But ye are they that forsake the similitude of any figure, the likeness the Lord, that forget my holy inountain, of male or female; Ver. 17. The likeness that prepare a table for that troop, and of any beast that is on the earth, the like that furnish the drink-offering unto that ness of any winged fowl that tieth in the number. air; Ver. 18. The likeness of any thing m Acts xvii. 22. Then Paul stood in the that creepeth on the ground, the likeness midst of Mars-hill, and said, Ye men of of any fish that is in the waters beneath Athens, I perceive that in all things ye are the earth: Ver. 19. And lest thou lift up too superstitious. Col. ii. 21. (Touch not, thine eyes unto heaven, and when thou taste not, handle not; Ver. 22. Which all seest the sun, and the moon, and the stars, are to perish with the using) after the even all the host of heaven, shouldest be commandments and doctrines of men. driven to worship them, and serve them, Ver. 23. Which things have indeed a show which the Lord thy God hath divided unto of wisdom in will-worship, and humility, all nations under the whole heaven, Acts and neglecting of the body; not in any xvii. 29. Forasmuch then as we are the honour to the satisfying of the flesh. offspring of God, we ought not to think n Mal. i. 7. Ye ofter polluted bread upon that the Godhead is like unto gold, or mine altar; and ye say, Wherein have wo silver, or stone, graven by art and man's polluted thee? In that ve say, The table device. Rom. i. 21. Because that, when of the Lord is contemptible.Ver. 8. And they knew God, they gloritied him not as if ye offer the blind for sacrifice, is it not God, neither were thankful; but became evil ? and if ye offer the lame and sick, is vain in their imaginations, and their fool- it not evil? offer it now unto thy goverish heart was darkened. Ver. 22. Profuss- nor; will he be pleased with thee, or ac. ing themselves to be wise, they became cept thy person saith the Lord of hosts. fools, Ver. 23. And changed the glory of Ver. 14. But cursed be the deceiver, which the incorruptible God into an image hath in his flock a male, and vowath, and mnade like to corruptible man, and to birds, sacrificeth unto the Lord a corrupt thing: and four-footed beasts, and creeping for I am a great King, saith the Lord of things. Ver. 25. Who changed the truth hosts, and my name is dreadful among of God into a lie, and worshipped and the heathen. served the creature more than the Creator, o Deut. iv. 2. Ye shall not add unto the who is blessed for ever. Amen.

word which I command you, neither shall h Dan. iii. 18. But if not, be it known ye diminish ought from it, that ye mas unto thee, o king, that we will not serve keep the commandments of the Lord your thy gods, nor worslip the golden image God which I command you. which thou hast set up. Gal. iv. 8. How. p Psal. cvi. 39. Thus were they debeit then, when ye knew not God, ye did filed with their own works, and went : service unto them whiclı by nature are no whoring with their own inventions. gods.

9 Mat. xv. 9. But in vain they do wori Exod. xxxii. 5. And when Aaroni saw ship me, teaching for doctrines the comit, he built an altar before it; and Aaron mandments of men.

made incorruptible Godhed the glory of very thy person sa

under the title of antiquity', customs, devotion", good intent, or any other pretence whatsoever v; Simony w; sacrilege *; all neglects, contempt?, hindering a, and opposing the worship and ordinances which God hath appointed b.

Q. 110. What are the reasons annexed to the second commandment, the more to enforce it?

A. The reasons annexed to the second commandment, the more to enforce it, contained in these words, For I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; and showing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments ; are, besides God's sovereignty over us, and propriety in us?,

r1 Pet. i. 18. Forasmuch as ye know * Rom. ii. 22. Thou that abhorrest idols, that ye were not redeemed with corruptible dost thou commit sacrilege? Mal. iii. 8. things, as silver and gold, from your vain Will a man rob God? Yet ye have robbed conversation received by tradition from me. But ye say, Wherein have we robbed your fathers.

thee? In tithes and offerings. s Jer. xliv. 17. But we will certainly do y Exod. iv. 24. And it came to pass by whatsoever thing goeth forth out of our the way in the inn, that the Lord met own mouth, to burn incense unto the him, and sought to kill him. Ver. 25. Then queen of heaven, and to pour out drink. Zipporah took a sharp stone, and cut off offerings unto her, as we have done, we, the foreskin of her son, and cast it at his and our fathers, our kings, and our feet, and said, Surely a bloody husband princes, in the cities of Judah, and in the art thou to me. Ver. 26. So he let him go: streets of Jerusalem: for then had we then she said, a bloody husband thou art, plenty of victuals, and were well, and saw because of the circumcision. no evil.

z Mat. xxii. 5. But they made light of it, t Isa. lxv. 3. A people that provoketh me and went their ways, one to his farm, to anger continually to my face; that another to his merchandise. Mal. i. 7. Ye sacrificeth in gardens, and burneth in- offer polluted bread upon mine altar; and cense upon altars of brick; Ver. 4. Which ye say, Wherein hare we polluted thee? remain among the graves, and lodge in In that ye say, The table of the Lord is the monuments; which eat swine's tiesh, contemptible. Ver. 13, Ye said also, Beand broth of abominable things is in their hold, what a weariness is it! and ye have vessels ; Ver. 5. Which say, Stand by tlıy- snuffed at it, saith the Lord of hosts: and self, come not near to me; for I am holier ye brought that which was torn, and the than thou. These are a smoke in my lame, and the sick ; thus ye brought an nose, a fire that burneth all the day. Gal. offering: should I accept this of your i. 13. For ye have heard of my conversation hand ? saith the Lord. in time past in the Jews' religion, howa Mat. xxiii. 13. But woe unto you, that beyond measure I persecuted the scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye church of God, and wasted it; Ver. 14. shut up the kingdom of heaven against And profited in the Jews' religion above men: for ye neither go in yourselves, many my equals in mine own nation, neithet suffer ye them that are entering being more exceedingly zealous of the to go in. traditions of my fathers.

b Acts xiii. 44. And the next sabbathv1 Sam. xiii. 11. And Samuel said, day came alnıost the whole city together to What hast thou done? And Saul said, hear the word of God. Ver. 45. But when the Because I saw that the people were Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled scattered from me, and that thou camest with envy, and spake against those things not within the days appointed, and that which were spoken by Paul, contradicting the Philistines gathered themselves to- and blaspheming. 1 Thess. ii. 15. Who gether at Michmash; Ver. 12. Therefore, both killed the Lord Jesus and their own said I, The Philistines will come down prophets, and have persecuted us; and now upon me to Gilgal, and I have not they please not God, and are contrary to made supplication unto the Lord: I forced all men; Ver. 16. Forbidding us to speak myself therefore, and offered a burnt- to the Gentiles, that they might be saved, offering: 1 Sam. xv. 21. But the people to fill up their sins alway: for the wrath (said Saul) took of the spoil, sheep and is come upon them to the uttermost. oxen, the chief of the things which should 110. c Exod. xx. 5, 6. have been utterly destroyed, to sacrifice d Psal. xlv. 11. Só shall the King greatly unto the Lord thy God in Gilgal.

desire thy beauty: for he is thy Lord, and w Acts viii. 18. And when Simon saw worship thou him. Rev. xv. 3. And they that through laying on of the apostles' sing the song of Moses the servant of God, bands the Holy Ghost was given, he and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great ofercd them money.

and marvellous are thy works, Lord God

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his fervent zeal for his own worship, and his revengeful indignation against all false worship, as being a spiritual whoredom *; accounting the breakers of this commandment such as hate him, anl threatening to punish them unto divers generations 8; and esteeining the observers of it such as love him and keep his commandments, and promising mercy to them unto many generations h.

Q. 111. Which is the third commandment ?

A. The third commandment is, Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain: for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vaini

Q. 112. What is required in the third commandment?

A. The third commandment requires, That the name of God, his titles, attributes ķ, ordinances!, the word m, sacraments ", prayer",

1 Cor. 1. ais Jealous, is a for the Lord, pleHosea ii. 2. Ple

Almighty ; just and true are thy ways, that begat the thou art unmindful, and thou King of saints. Ver. 4. Who shall hast forgotten God that formed thee. Ver. not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy 19. And when the Lord saw it, he abhorred name for thou only art holy : for all them, because of the provoking of his sons nations shall come and worship before and of his daughters. Ver. 20. And he said, thee; for thy judgments are made mani. I will hide my face from them, I will see fest.

what their end shall be: for they are a e Exod. xxxiv. 13. But ye shall destroy very froward generation, children in whom their altars, break their images, and cut is no faith. down their groves. Ver. 14. For thou & Hosea ii. 2. Plead with your mother, shalt worship no other god : for the Lord, plead; for she is not my wife, neither am whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God. I her husband : let her therefore put away

f1 Cor. x. 20. But I say, that the things her whoredoms out of her sight, and her which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice adulteries from between her breasts; Ver. to devils, and not to God: and I would not 3. Lest I strip her naked, and set her as in that ye should have fellowship with devils. the day that she was born, and make her Ver. 21. Ye cannot drink the cup of the as a wilderness, and set her like a dry Lord, and the cup of devils : ye cannot be land, and slay her with thirst. Ver. 4. partakers of the Lord's table, and of the And I will not have mercy upon her chil. table of devils. Ver. 22. Do we provoke dren; for they be the children of whorethe Lord to jealousy? are we stronger doms. than he ? Jer. vii. 18. The children gatherh Deut. v. 29. Oh that there were such wood, and the fathers kindle the fire, and an heart in them, that they would fear the women knead their dough, to make me, and keep all my commandments cakes to the queen of heaven, and to pour always, that it might be well with them, out drink-offerings unto other gods, that and with their children for ever! they may provoke me to anger. Ver. 19. 111. i Exod. xx. 7. Do they provoke me to anger? saith the 112. k Mat. vi. 9. After this manner Lord: do they not provoke themselves to therefore pray ye: Our Father, which art the confusion of their own faces ! Ver. 20. in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Deut. Therefore thus saith the Lord God, Be- xxviii. 58. If thou wilt not observe to do all hold, mine anger and my fury shall be the words of this law that are written in poured out upon this place, upon man, this book, that thou mayest fear this and upon beast, and upon the trees of the glorious and fearful name, THE LORD field, and upon the fruit of the ground; THY GOD. Psal. xxix. 2. Give unto the and it shall burn, and shall not be Lord the glory due unto his name; worquenched. Ezek. xvi. 26. Thou hast also ship the Lord in the beauty of holiness. committed fornication with the Egyptians Psal. lxviii. 4. Sing unto God, sing praises thy neighbours, great of flesh; and hast to his name: extol him that rideth upon increased thy whoredoms, to provoke me the heavens by his name JAH, and rejoice to anger. Ver. 27. Behold, therefore I before him. Rev. xv. 3, 4. (See above is have stretched out my hand over thee, letter d.) and have diminished thine ordinary food, Mal. i. 14. But cursed be the deceiver, and delivered thee unto the will of them which hath in his flock a male, and vowthat hate thee, the daughters of the Phil. eth, and sacrificeth unto the Lord a coristines, which are ashamed of thy lewd rupt thing: for I am a great King, saith way. Deut. xxxii. 16. They provoked him the Lord of hosts, and my name is dread. to jealousy with strange gods, with abo. ful among the heathen. Eccl. v. 1. Keep minations provoked they him to anger. thy foot when thou goest to the house of Ver. 17. They sacrificed unto devils, not God, and be more ready to hear than to to God; to gods whom they knew not, to give the sacrifice of fools: for they consider new gods that came newly up, whom your not that they do evil. fathers feared not. Ver. 18. Of the Rock m Psal. cxxxviii, 2. I will worship to.

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oaths P, vows 9, lots ", his workss, and whatsoever else there is whereby he makes himself known, be holily and reverently used in thoughtt, meditation", word w, and writing *; by an holy professiony, and answerable conversation?, to the glory of God a, and the good of ourselves b, and others.

Q. 113. What are the sins forbidden in the third commandment ?

A. The sins forbidden in the third commandment are, the not using of God's name as is required d; and the abuse of it in an ignorante, vain?, irreverent, profane 8, superstitious h, or wicked

ward thy holy temple, and praise thy hast set thy glory above the heavens. Ver. name for thy loving-kindness, and for thy 3. When I consider thy heavens, the work truth: for thou hast magnified thy word of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, above all thy name.

which thou hast ordained; Ver. 4. What nl Cor. xi. 24. And, when he had given is man, that thou art mindful of him? thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat; Ver. 9. O Lord our Lord, how excellent is this is my body, which is broken for you: thy name in all the earth! [See the Psalm this do in remembrance of me. Ver. 25. throughout.] After the same manner also he took the w Col. iii. 17. And whatsoever ye do in cup, when he had supped, saying, This word or deed, do all in the name of the cup is the new testament in my blood: Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God and the this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remem- Father by him. Psal. cv. 2. Sing unto him, brance of me.Ver. 28. But let a man ex- sing psalms unto him : talk ye of all his amine himself, and so let him eat of that wondrous works. Ver. 5. Remember his bread, and drink of that cup. Ver. 29. marvellous works that he hath done; his For he that eateth and drinketh unwor wonders, and the judgments of his inouth. thily, eateth and drinketh damnation to * Psal. cii. 18. This shall be written for himself, not discerning the Lord's body. the generation to come: and the people

01 Tim. ii. 8. I will therefore that men which shall be created shall praise the pray every where, lifting up holy hands, Lord. without wrath and doubting.

y 1 Pet. iii. 15. But sanctify the Lord P Jer, iv, 2. And thou shalt swear, The God in your hearts: and be ready always Lord liveth, in truth, in judgment, and in to give an answer to every man that asketh righteousness; and the nations shall bless you a reason of the hope that is in you themselves in him, and in him shall they with meekness and fear. Micah iv. 5. For glory.

all people will walk every one in the name 9 Éccl. v. 2. Be not rash with thy of his god, and we will walk in the name mouth, and let not thine heart be hasty to of the Lord our God for ever and ever. utter any thing before God: for God is in z Phil. i. 27. Only let your conversation heaven, and thou upon earth; therefore be as it becometh the gospel of Christ. let thy words be few. Ver. 4. When thou al Cor. x. 31. Whether therefore ye eat, vowest a vow unto God, defer not to pay or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the it: for he hath no pleasure in fools : pay glory of God. that which thou hast vowed. Ver. 5. b Jer. xxxii. 39. And I will give them one Better is it that thou shouldest not vow, heart, and one way, that they may fear than that thou shouldest vow and not pay me for ever, for the good of them, and of Ver. 6. Suffer not thy mouth to cause thy their children after them. flesh to sin; neither say thou before the c1 Pet, ii. 12. Having your conversation angel, that it was an error: wherefore honest among the Gentiles; that, whereas should God be angry at thy voice, and de- they speak against you as evil-doers, they stroy the work of thine hands?

may, by your good works, which they shall Acts i. 24. And they prayed, and said, behold, glorify God in the day of visitation. Thou, Lord, which knowest the hearts of 113. d Mal. ii. 2. If ye will not hear, and all men, show whether of these two thou if ye will not lay it to heart, to give glory hast chosen. Ver. 26. And they gave forth unto my name, saith the Lord of hosts, I their lots: and the lot fell upon Matthias; will even send a curse upon you, and I and he was numbered with the eleven will curse your blessings; yea, I have apostles.

cursed them already, because ye do not s Job xxxvi. 24. Remember that thou lay it to heart. magnify his work, which men behold.

e Acts xvii. 23. For as I passed by, and + Mal. iii. 16. Then they that feared the beheld your devotions, I found an altar Lord spake often one to another: and the with this inscription, TO THE UNKNOWN Lord hearkened, and heard it; and a book GOD. Whom therefore ye ignorantly worof remembrance was written before him ship, him declare I unto you. for them that feared the Lord, and that Prov. xxx. 9. Lest I be full, and deny thought upon his name.

thee, and say, Who is the Lord ? or lest I Psal. viii. 1. O Lord our Lord, how ex- be poor, and steal, and take the name of cellent is thy name in all the earth! who my God in vain.

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