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lovek, meekness !, and readiness of mind m, as the word of God n; meditate o, and confer of it p; hide it in their hearts ?, and bring forth the fruit of it in their lives .

Q. 161. How do the sacraments become effectual means of salvation ?

Å. The sacraments become effectual means of salvation, not by any power in themselves, or any virtue derived from the piety or intention of him by whom they are administered, but only by the working of the Holy Ghost, and the blessing of Christ, by whom they are instituted

Q. 162. What is a sacrament?

A. A sacrament is an holy ordinance instituted by Christ in his church', to signify, seal, and exhibit unto those that are within the

received the word with all readiness of James i. 25. But whoso looketh into the mind, and searched the scriptures daily, perfect law of liberty, and continueth whether those things were so.

therein, he being not a forgetful hearer, i Heb. iv. 2. For unto us was the gospel but a doer of the work, this man shall be preached, as well as unto them: but the blessed in his deed. word preached did not profit them, not 161, s 1 Pet. iii. 21. The like figure wherebeing mixed with faith in them that heard unto even baptism doth also now save us, it.

(not the putting away of the filth of the k 2 Thess. ii. 10. And with all deceivable- flesh, but the answer of a good conscience ness of unrighteousness in them that perish; toward God, by the resurrection of Jesus because they received not the love of the Christ. Acts viii. 13. Then Simon himself truth, that they might be saved.

believed also: and when he was baptized, 1 James i. 21. Wherefore, lay apart all he continued with Philip, and wondered, filtlıiness, and supertluity of naughtiness, beholding the miracles and signs which and receive with meekness the ingrafted were done. Compared with Ver. 23. For I word, which is able to save your souls. perceive (said Peter to Simon) that thou

m Acts xvii. 11. These were more noble art in the gall of bitterness, and in the than those in Thessalonica, in that they bond of iniquity. 1 Cor. iii. 6. I have received the word with all readiness of planted, Apollos watered; but God gave mind, and searched the scriptures daily, the increase. Ver. 7. So then neither is whether those things were so.

The that planteth any thing, neither he ni Thess. ii. 13. For this cause also that watereth ; but God that giveth the thank we God without ceasing, because, increase. 1 Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit when ye received the word of God which are we all baptized into one body, whether ye heard of us, ye received it not as the we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we he word of men, but (as it is in truth) the bond or free; and have been all made to word of God, which effectually worketh drink into one Spirit. also in you that believe.

162. t Gen. xvii. 7. And I will establish o Luke ix. 44. Let these savings sink my covenant between me and thee, and down into your ears: for the Son of man thy seed after thee, in their generations, shall be delivered into the hands of men for an everlasting covenant, to be a God * Ieb.ii. 1. Therefore we ought to give the unto thee, and to thy seed after thee. Ver, more earnest heed to the things which we 10. This is my covenant, which ye shall have heard, lest at any time we should let keep, between me and you, and thy seed them slip.

after thee; Every man-child among you p Luke xxiv. 14. And they talked together shall be circumcised. Exod. Chap. xii. of all these things which had happened. Containing the institution of the passover, Deut. vi. 6. And these words, which I com- * Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore, and mand thee this day, shall be in thine heart; teach all nations, baptizing them in the Ver. 7. And thou shalt teach them dili name of the Father, and of the Son, and gently unto thy children, and shalt talk of the Holy Ghost. Mat. xxvi. 26. And as of them when thou sittest in thine house, they were eating, Jesus took bread, and and when thou walkest by the way, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the when thou liest down, and when thou disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my risest up.

body. Ver. 27. And he took the cup, and 9 Prov. ii. 1. My son, if thou wilt receive gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, my words, and hide my commandments Drink ye all of it: Ver. 28. For this is my with thee. Psal. cxix. 11. Thy word have blood of the new testament, which is shed I hid in mine heart, that I might not sin for many for the remission of sins. against thec.

v Rom. iv, 11. And he received the sign I Luke viii. 15. But that on the good of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness ground are they, which in an honest and of the faith which he had yet being uncirgood heart, having heard the word, keep cumcised: that he might be the father of it and bring forth fruit with patience. all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be and one Spirit, even as ye are called in imputed unto them also. 1 Cor. xi. 24. one hope of your calling ; Ver. 5. One And, when he had given thanks, he brake Lord, one faith, one baptism. 1 Cor. xii. it, and said, Take, eat; this is my body, 13. For by one Spirit are we all baptized which is broken for you: this do in re- into one body, whether we be Jews or Genmembrance of me. Ver. 25. After the tiles, whether we bond or free; and have same manner also he took the cup, when been all made to drink into one Spirit. he had supped, saying, This cup is the b Eph. ii. 11. Wherefore remember, that new testament in my blood: this do ye, as ye being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. who are called Uncircumcision by that

covenant of grace", the benefits of his mediation; to strengthen and increase their faith, and all other graces y ; to oblige them to obedience %; to testify and cherish their love and communion one with another & ; and to distinguish them from those that are without b.

Q. 163. What are the parts of a sacrament ?

A. The parts of a sacrament are two; the one an outward and sensible sign, used according to Christ's own appointment; the other an inward and spiritual grace thereby signified.

Q. 164. How many sacraments hath Christ instituted in his church under the New Testament?

A. Under the New Testament Christ hath instituted in his church only two sacraments, baptism and the Lord's supper d.

Q. 165. What is Baptism?
A. Baptism is a sacrament of the New Testament, wherein Christ

w Rom. xv. 8. Now I say, that Jesus which is called the Circumcision in the Christ was a minister of the circumcision flesh made by hands; Ver. 12. That at for the truth of God, to confirm the pro- that time ye were without Christ, being mises made unto the fathers. Exod. xii. aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, 48. And when a stranger shall sojourn and strangers from the covenants of prowith thee, and will keep the passover to mise, having no hope, and without God in the Lord, let all his males be circumcised, the world. Gen. xxxiv. 14. And they said un. and then let him come near and keep it; to them, We cannot do this thing, to give and he shall be as one that is born in the our sister to one that is uncircumcised; land: for no uncircumcised person shall for that were a reproach unto us. eat thereof.

163. c Mat. iii. 11. I indeed baptize you * Acts ii. 38. Then Peter said unto them, with water unto repentance: but he that Repent, and be baptized every one of you cometh after me is mightier than I, whose in the name of Jesus Christ for the re- shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall mission of sins, and ye shall receive the baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with gift of the Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. x. 16. The fire. 1 Pet. iii. 21. The like figure wherecup of blessing which we bless, is it not unto even baptism doth also now save us, the communion of the blood of Christ? (not the putting a way of the filth of the the bread which we break, is it not the Hesh, but the answer of a good conscience communion of the body of Christ?

toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus y Rom. iv. 11. (See in v above.) Gal. iii. Christ. Rom. ii. 28. For he is not a Jew 27. For as many of you as have been bap- which is one outwardly; neither is that tized into Christ have put on Christ. circumcision which is outward in the

z Rom. vi. 3. Know ye not, that so many flesh: Ver. 29. But he is a Jew which is of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ one inwardly: and circumcision is that of were baptized into his death ? Ver. 4. the heart, in the spirit, and not in the let. Therefore we are buried with him by bap- ter; whose praise is not of men, but of tism into death; that like as Christ was God. raised up from the dead by the glory of the 164. d Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore, Father, even so we also should walk in and teach all nations, baptizing them in newness of life. 1 Cor. x. 21. Ye cannot the name of the Father, and of the Son, drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of and of the Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. xi. 20. devils: ye cannot be partakers of the When ye come together therefore into one Lord's table, and of the table of devils. place, this is not to eat the Lord's supper.

a Eph. iv. 2. With all lowliness and Ver. 23. For I have received of the Lord meekness, with long-suffering, forbearing that which also I delivered unto you, one another in love; Ver. 3. Endeavour. Tbat the Lord Jesus, the same night in ing to keep the unity of the Spirit in the which he was betrayed, took bread Mat. bond of peace. Ver. 4. There is one budy, xxvi. 26, 27, 28. (See above in t.]

hath ordained the washing with water in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost *, to be a sign and seal of ingrafting into himself?, of remission of sins by his blood 6, and regen. eration by his Spirit h; of adoptionį, and resurrection unto everlasting life k; and whereby the parties baptized are solemnly admitted into the visible church', and enter into an open and professed engagement to be wholly and only the Lord's m.

. 166. Unto whom is baptism to be administered ?

A. Baptism is not to be administered to any that are out of the visible church, and so strangers from the covenant of promise, till they profess their faith in Christ, and obedience to him n; but infants descended from parents, either both or but one of them professing faith in Christ, and obedience to him, are, in that respect, within the covenant, and to be baptized

Q. 167. How is our baptism to be improved by us ?

A. The needful but much neglected duty of improving our baptism, is to be performed by us all our life long, especially in the time of temptation, and when we are present at the administration of it

165. e Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore, est. And he answered and said, I believe and teach all nations, baptizing them in that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. Acts the name of the Father, and of the Son, ii. 38. Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and of the Holy Ghost.

and be baptized every one of you in the f Gal. iii. 27. For as many of you as have name of Jesus Christ for the remission of been baptized into Christ have put on sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Christ.

Holy Ghost. & Mark i. 4. John did baptize in the wil. Gen. xvii. 7. And I will establish my derness, and preach the baptism of re- covenant between me and thee, and thy pentance for the remission of sins. Rev. seed after thee, in their generations, for i. v.-Unto him that loved us, and washed an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto us from our sins in his own blood.

thee, and to thy seed after thee. Ver. 9. h Tit. iii. 5. Not by works of righteous And God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt ness which we have done, but according keep my covenant therefore, thou, and to his mercy he saved us, by the washing thy seed after thee, in their generations. of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Compared with Gal. iii. 9. So then they Ghost. Eph. v, 26. That he might sanctify which be of faith are blessed with faithful and cleanse it with the washing of water Abraham. Ver. 14. That the blessing of by the word.

Abraham might come on the Gentiles i Gal. iii. 26. For ye are all the children through Jesus Christ; that we might reof God by faith in Christ Jesus. Ver. 27. ceive the promise of the Spirit through For as many of you as have been bap- faith. And with Col. ii. 11. In whom also tized into Christ have put on Christ. ye are circumcised with the circumcision

* 1 Cor. xv. 29. Else what shall they do made without hands, in putting off the which are baptized for the dead, if the body of the sins of the flesh by the cirdead rise not at all! why are they then bap- cumcision of Christ; Ver. 12. Buried with tized for the dead! Rom. vi. 5. For if we him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen have been planted together in the likeness with him through the faith of the opera. of his death, we shall be also in the like. tion of God, who hath raised him from ness of his resurrection

the dead. And with Acts ii. 38. Then Peter 11 Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit are we said unto them, Repent, and be baptized all baptized into one body, whether we be every one of you in the name of Jesus Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or Christ for the remission of sins, and ye free; and have been all made to drink shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. into one Spirit.

Ver. 39. For the promise is unto you, and m Rom. vi. 4. Therefore we are buried to your children, and to all that are afar with him by baptism into death; that like off, even as many as the Lord our God as Christ was raised up from the dead by shall call. And with Rom. iv. 11. And he the glory of the Father, even so we also received the sign of circumcision, a seal should walk in newness of life.

of the righteousness of the faith which 166. n Acts viii. 86. And as they went on he had yet being uncircumcised: that he their way, they came unto a certain might be the father of all them that bewater: and the eunuch said, See, here is lieve, though they be not circumcised; water; what doth hinder 'me to be bap- that righteousness might be imputed unto tized ! Ver. 37. And Philip said, If thou them also: Ver. 12. And the father of cirbelievest with all thine heart, thou may. cumcision to them who are not of the cir.

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20ve beentul mate to ment in my blood, which is shed for you, b1 Cor x. 16. The cup of blessing which 170. & Acts iii. 21. Whom the heaven we bless, is it not the communion of the must receive until the times of restitution blood of Christ I the bread which we of all things, which God hath spoken by

Q. 168. What is the Lord's supper ?

A. The Lord's supper is a sacrament of the New Testamento, wherein, by giving and receiving bread and wine according to the appointment of Jesus Christ, his death is showed forth; and they that worthily communicate feed upon his body and blood, to their spiritual nourishment and growth in grace a ; have their union and communion with him confirmed b; testify and renew their thankfulness C, and engagement to God 4, and their mutual love and fellowship each with other, as members of the same inystical body e.

Q. 169. How hath Christ appointed bread and wine to be given and received in the sacrament of the Lord's supper ?

A. Christ hath appointed the ministers of his word, in the administration of this sacrament of the Lord's supper, to set apart the bread and wine from common use, by the word of institution, thanksgiving, and prayer ; to take and break the bread, and to give both the bread and the wine to the communicants : who are, by the same appointment, to take and eat the bread, and to drink the wine, in thankful remembrance that the body of Christ was broken and given, and his blood shed, for them?

Q. 170. How do they that worthily communicate in the Lord's supper feed upon the body and blood of Christ therein ?

A. As the body and blood of Christ are not corporally or carnally present in, with, or under the bread and wine in the Lord's supper , and yet are spiritually present to the faith of the receiver, no less truly and really than the elements themselves are to their outward one for another. Ver. 26. And whether one break, is it not the communion of the member suffer, all the members suffer body of Christ? with it; or one member be honoured, all ci Cor. xi. 24. [See above in a.) the members rejoice with it. Ver. 27. Now d1 Cor. x. 14. Wherefore, my dearly be. ye are the body of Christ, and members loved, thee from idolatry. Ver. 15. I speak in particular,

as to wise men ; judge ye what I say. Ver. 168. z Luke xxii. 20. Likewise also the 16. The cup of blessing which we bless, is eup after supper, saying, This cup is the it not the communion of the blood of new testament in my blood, which is shed Christ ? the bread which we break, is it for you.

not the communion of the body of Christ ! a Matth. xxvi. 26. And as they were eat. Ver. 21. Ye cannot drink the cup of the ing, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and Lord, and the cup of devils : ye cannot be brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and partakers of the Lord's table, and of the said, Take, eat: this is my body. Ver. table of devils. 27. And he took the cup, and gave thanks, el Cor. x. 17. For we, being many, are and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all one oread, and one body: for we are all of it: Ver. 28. For this is my blood of the partakers of that one bread. new testament, which is shed for many 169. f 1 Cor. xi. 23, 24. (See before under a.) for the remission of sins. 1 Cor. xi. 23. Mat. xxvi. 26, 27, 28. (See before at a.) Mark For I have received of the Lord that xiv. 22. And as they did eat, Jesus took which also I delivered unto you, That the bread, and blessed, and brake it, and gave Lord Jesus, the same night in which he to them, and said, Take, eat: this is my was betrayed, took bread: Ver. 24. And, body. Ver. 23. And he took the cup, and when he had given thanks, he brake it, when he had given thanks, he gave it to and said, Take, eat; this is my body, them: and they all drank of it. Ver. 24. which is broken for you: this do in re. And he said unto them, This is my blood membrance of me." Ver. 25. After the of the new testament, which is shed for same manner also he took the cup, when many. Luke xxii. 19. And he took bread, he had supped, saying, This cup is the and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave new testament in my blood : this do ye, unto them, saying, This is my body, which as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of is given for you: this do in remembrance me. Ver. 26. For as often as ye eat this of me. Ver. 20. Likewise also the cup after bread, and drink this cup, ye do show the supper, saying. This cup is the new testaLord's death till he come.

to the dissed it, and Ver. 21. Communion which we

which is a br Take, eat this, he brake rid; body. Ver. 23:aid, Take, eat: 'trand gave

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