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Q. 87. What is repentance unto life?
A. Repentance unto life is a saving graces, whereby a sinner, out of a true sense of his sin ", and apprehension of the mercy of God in Christ', doth, with grief and hatred of his sin, turn from it unto Godk, with full purpose of, and endeavour after, new obedience!
Q. 88 What are the outward means whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of redemption ?
A. The outward and ordinary means whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of redemption, are his ordinances, especially the word, sacraments, and prayer; all which are made effectual to the elect for salvation m.
Q. 89. How is the word made effectual to salvation ?
A. The Spirit of God maketh the reading, but especially the preaching of the word, in effectual means of convincing and converting sinners, and of building them up in holiness and comfort, through faith, unto salvation ".
Q. 30. How is the word to be read and heard, that it may become ef*ccrual to salvation ?
A. That the word may become effectual to salvation, we must
the faith of Christ, the righteousness 12 Cor. vii. 11. For, behold, this self. which is of God by faith. Gal. ii. 16. same thing, that ye sorrowed after a godKnowing that a man is not justified by ly sort, what carefulness it wrought in the works of the law, but by the faith of you, yea, what clearing of yourselves, yea, Jesus Christ, even we have believed in what indignation, yea, what fear, yea, Jesus Christ, that we might be justified what vehement desire, yea, what zeal, yea, by the faith of Christ, and not by the what revenge! In all things ye have ap. works of the law: for by the works of the proved yourselves to be clear in this mat. law shall no flesh be justified.
ter. Isa. i. 16. Wash you, make you clean; 87. g Acts xi. 18. When they heard these put away the evil of your doings from things, they held their peace, and glori. before mine eyes; cease to do evil; Ver, fied God, saying, Then hath God also to 17. Learn to do well ; seek judgment; rethe Gentiles granted repentance unto life. lieve the oppressed ; judge the fatherless;
h Acts ii. 37. Now when they heard this, plead for the widow. they were pricked in their heart, and said 88. m Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore, unto Peter, and to the rest of the apostles, and teach all nations, baptizing them in Men and brethren, what shall we do? the name of the Father, and of the Son, Ver. 38. Then Peter said unto them, Re- and of the Holy Ghost; Ver. 20. Teachpent, and be baptized every one of you in ing them to observe all things whatsoever the name of Jesus Christ for the remis. I have commanded you: and, lo, I am sion of sins, and ye shall receive the gift with you alway, even unto the end of the of the Holy Ghost.
world. Amen. Acts ii. 42. And they coni Joel ii. 12. Therefore also now, saith tinued stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine the Lord, Turn ye even to me with all and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, your heart, and with fasting, and with and in prayers. Ver. 46. And they, conweeping, and with mourning. Jer. iji. 22. tinuing daily with one accord in the temReturn, ye backsliding children, and I will ple, and breaking bread from house to heal your backslidings. Behold, we come house, did eat their meat with gladness unto thee; for thou art the Lord our God. and singleness of heart, Ver. 47. Praising
k Jer. xxxi. 18. I have surely heard God, and having favour with all the peoEphraim bemoaning himself thus ; Thou ple. And the Lord added to the church hast chastised me, and I was chastised, daily such as should be saved. as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke: 89. n Nehem. viii. 8. So they read in the turn thou me, and I shall be turned; for book, in the law of God, distinctly, and thou art the Lord my God. Ver. 19. Surely gave the sense, and caused them to unafter that I was turned, I repented; and derstand the reading. 1 Cor. xiv. 24. But after that I was instructed, I smote upon if all prophesy, and there come in one my thigh: I was ashamed, yea, even con- that believeth not, or one unlearned, ho founded, because I did bear the reproach is convinced of all, he is judged of all: of my youth. Ezek. xxxvi. 31. Then shall Ver. 25. And thus are the secrets of his se remember your own evil ways, and heart made manifest; and so, falling your doings that were not good, and shall down on his face, he will worship God, loathe yourselves in your own sight, for and report that God is in you of a truth. your iniquities, and for your abomina. Acts xxvi. 18. To open their eyes, and to tions.
turn them from darkness to liglit, and
thours that was inshamed 7 tbe hell shal
attend thereunto with diligence o, preparation P, and prayer 9, l'eceive it with faith and love?, lay it up in our hearts, and practise it in our lives
Q. 91. How do the sacraments become effectual means of salvation ?
A. The sacraments become eflectual means of salvation, not from any virtue in them, or in him that doth administer them; but only by the blessing of Christ v, and the working of his Spirit in them that by faith receive them w.
Q. 92. What is a Sacrament ?
A. A sacrament is an holy ordinance instituted by Christ; wherein, by sensible signs, Christ, and the benefits of the new covenant, are represented, sealed, and applied to believers *.
from the power of Satan unto God, that Psal. cxix. 18. Open thou mine eyes, they may receive forgiveness of sins, and that I may behold wondrous things out of inheritance among them which are sanc. thy law. tified by faith that is in me. Psal. xix. 8. Heb. iv. 2. For unto us was the gospel The statutes of the Lord are right, re- preached, as well as unto them: but the joicing the heart: the commandment of word preached did not profit them, not the Lord is pure, enlightening the eyes. being mixed with faith in them that heard Acts xx. 32. And now, brethren, I com it. 2 Thess. ii. 10. And with all deceivamend you to God, and to the word of his bleness of unrighteousness in them that grace, which is able to build you up, and perish; because they received not the love to give you an inheritance among all them of the truth, that they might be saved. which are sanctified. Rom. xv. 4. For s Psal. cxix. 11. Thy word have I hid in whatsoever things were written afore- mine heart, that I might not sin against time were written for our learning; that thee. we, through patience and comfort of the Luke viii. 15. But that on the good scriptures, might have hope. 2 Tim. iii. ground are they, which in an honest and 15. And that from a child thou hast good heart, having heard the word, keep known the holy scriptures, which are able it, and bring forth fruit with patience. to make thee wise unto salvation through James i. 25. But whoso looketh into the faith which is in Christ Jesus. Ver. 16. perfect law of liberty, and continueth All scripture is given by inspiration of therein, he being not a forgetful hearer, God, and is profitable for doctrine, for re- but a doer of the work, this man shall be proof, for correction, for instruction in blessed in his deed. righteousness; Ver. 17. That the man of 91. v 1 Pet. iii. 21. The like figure whereGod may be perfect, throughly furnished unto even baptism doth also now save us, unto all good works. Rom. x. 13. For (not the putting away of the filth of the whosoever shall call upon the name of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience Lord shall be saved. Ver. 14. How then toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus shall they call on him in whom they have Christ. Mat, iii. 11. I indeed baptize you not believed ? and how shall they believe with water unto repentance: but he that in him of whom they have not heard? and cometh after me is mightier than I, whose how shall they hear without a preacher ? shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall Ver. 15. And how shall they preach ex. baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with cept they be sent ? as it is written, How fire. 1 Cor. iii. 6. I have planted, Apollos beautiful are the feet of them that preach watered; but God gave the increase. Ver. the gospel of peace, and bring glad tid. 7. So then neither is he that planteth any ings of good things! Ver. 16. But they thing, neither he that watereth; but God have not all obeyed the gospel: for Esaias that giveth the increase. saith, Lord, who hath believed our re- w1 Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit are port? Ver. 17. So then faith cometh by we all baptized into one body, whether we hearing, and hearing by the word of God. be Jew's or Gentiles, whether we be bond Rom. i. 16. For I am not ashamed of the or free; and have been all made to drink gospel of Christ: for it is the power of into one Spirit. God unto salvation to every one that be- 92. x Gen. xvii. 7. And I will establish lieveth; to the Jew first, and also to the my covenant between me and thee, and Greek.
thy seed after thee, in their generations, 90. o Prov. viii. 34. Blessed is the man for an everlasting covenant, to be a God that heareth me, watching daily at my unto thee, and to thy seed after thee. Ver. gates, waiting at the posts of my doors. 10. This is my covenant, which ye shall
p1 Pet. ii. 1. Wherefore, laying aside all keep, between me and you, and thy seed malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and after thee; Every man-child among you envies, and all evil speakings. Ver. 2. As shall be circumcised. Exod. xii. throughnew-born babes, desire the sincere milk out. I Cor. xi. 23. For I have received of of the word, that ye may grow thereby the Lord that which also I delivered uuto
fire. 1e you with worthy tier than he the
10. Othee, and to the
malice, and ai, Wherefore, lazimy doors.
Q. 93. Which are the sacraments of the New Testament ?
A. The sacraments of the New Testament are, Baptismy, and the Lord's supper ?
Q. 94. What is baptism?
A. Baptism is a sacrainent, wherein the washing with water in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost , dotb signify and seal our ingrafting into Christ, and partaking of the benefits of the covenant of grace, and our engagement to be the Lord's b.
Q. 95. To whom is baptism to be administered ?
A. Baptism is not to be administered to any that are out of the visible church, till they profess their faith in Christ, and obedience to him ; but the infants of such as are members of the visible church are to be baptized d.
Q. 96. What is the Lord's supper ?
A. The Lord's supper is a sacrament, wherein, by giving and receiving bread and wine, according to Christ's appointment, his death is showed forth ; and the worthy receivers are, not after a corporal and carnal manner, but by faith, made partakers of his body and blood, with all his benefits, to their spiritual nourishment, and growth in grace e.
Q. 97. What is required to the worthy receiving of the Lord's supper ?
A. It is required of them that would worthily partake of the Lord's supper, that they examine themselves of their knowledge to discern
you, That the Lord Jesus, the same night d Acts ii. 38. [See before.] Ver. 39. For in which he was betrayed, took bread. the promise is unto you, and to your chil. Ver. 26. For as often as ye eat this bread, dren, and to all that are afar off, even as and drink this cup, ye do show the Lord's many as the Lord our God shall call. Gen. death till he come.
xvii. 10. (See in letter ».] Compared with 93. y Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore, and Col. ii. 11. In whom also ye are circumteach all nations, baptizing them in the cised with the circumcision made without name of the Father, and of the Son, and hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the Holy Ghost.
of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ; z Mat. xxvi. 26. And as they were eating, Ver. 12. Buried with him in baptism, where Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake in also ye are risen with him through the it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, faith of the operation of God, who hath Take, eat; this is my body. Ver. 27. And raised him from the dead. 1 Cor. vii. 14. he took the cup, and gave thanks, and for the unbelieving husband is sanctified gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it: by the wife, and the unbelieving wife is Ver. 28. For this is my blood of the new sanctified by the husband: else were your testament, which is shed for many for the children unclean; but now are they holy. remission of sins.
96. e 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I have received 94. a Mat. xxviii. 19. (See in letter y.) of the Lord that which also I delivered
b Rom. vi. 4. Therefore we are buried unto you, That the Lord Jesus, the same with him by baptism into death; that like night in which he was betrayed, took as Christ was raised up from the dead by bread: Ver. 24. And, when he bad given the glory of the Father, even so we also thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat; should walk in newness of life. Gal. iii. 27. this is my body, which is broken for you: For as many of you as have been baptized this do in remembrance of me. Ver. 25. into Christ have put on Christ.
After the same manner also he took the 95. C Acts viii. 36. And as they went on cur, when he had supped, saying, This their way, they came into a certain water: cup is the new testament in my blood: and the eunuch said, See, here is water: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in rememwhat doth linder me to be baptized ? Ver brance of me. Ver. 26. For as often as ye 37. And l'hilip said, If thou believest with eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do all thine heart, thou mayest. And he show the Lord's death till he come. I Cor. answered and said, I believe that Jesus X. 16. The cup of blessing which we bless, Christ is the Son of God. Acts ii. 38. Then is it not the communion of the blood of Peter said unto them, Repent, and be bap- Christ ? the bread which we break, is it tized every one of you in the name of Jesus not the communion of the body of Christ! Christ for the remission of sins, and ye97. f1 Cor. xi. 28. But let a man examine shall receive 4. - gift of the Holy Ghost. himself, and so let him eat of that bread.
We also thanks, heer: 24. And, whenetrayed, took
newness of life.
rance ve, as om testeuriped so he top:
97 the communid which we
he Holy Ghamid ye
the Lord's body?, of their faith to feed upon him, of their repentance h, love', and new obediences; lest, coming unworthily, they eat and drink judgment to themselves?
Q. 98. What is prayer?
A. Prayer is an offering up of our desires unto Godm, for things agreeable to his will ", in the name of Christo, with confession of our sins , and thankful acknowledgment of his mercies ?.
Q. 99. What rule hath God given for our direction in prayer ?
A. The whole word of God is of use to direct us in praver?; but the special rule of direction is that form of prayer which Christ taught his disciples, commonly called The Lord's prayers
Q. 100. What doth the preface of the Lord's prayer teach us ?
A. The preface of the Lord's prayer (which is, Our Father which art in heaven') teacheth us to draw near to God with all holy reverence and confidence, as children to a father, able and ready to help usv; and that we should pray with and for others w.
Q. 101. What do we pray for in the first petition ?
A. In the first petition (which is, Hallowed be thy name?) we pray, That God would enable us and others to glorify him in all that whereby he maketh himself knowny; and that he would dispose all things to his own glory?.
Inworthily, eat: theeln in the Hoods of grein. Dan. ix. 4.
and drink of that cup. Ver. 29. For he this shall every one that is godly pray unto that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eat. thee in a time when thou mayest be found : eth and drinketh damnation to himself, surely in the floods of great waters they not discerning the Lord's body.
shall not come nigh unto him. Dan. ix. 4. 62 Cor. xiii. 5. Examine yourselves, And I prayed unto the Lord my God, and whether ye be in the faith ; prove your made my confession, and said, O Lord, the own selves: know ye not your own selves, great and dreadful God, keeping the covehow that Jesus Christ is in you, except ye nant and mercy to them that love him, and be reprobates ?
to them that keep his commandments. h1 Cor. xi, 31. For if we would judge q Phil, iv. 6. Be careful for nothing: but ourselves, we should not be judged.
in every thing by prayer and supplication, i 1 Cor. 8. 16. The cup of blessing which with thanksgiving, let your requests de we bless, is it not the communion of the made known unto God. blood of Christ? the bread which we break, 99. r 1 John v. 14. And this is the confi. is it not the communion of the body of dence that we have in him, that, if we ask Christ? Ver. 17. For we, being many, are any thing according to his will, he learone bread, and one body: for we are all eth us. partakers of that one bread.
8 Mat vi. 9-13. After this manner there. *k1 Cor. v. 7. Purge out therefore the old fore pray ye: Our Father, de. Compared leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye with Luke xi. 2, 3, 4. And he said unto are unleavened. For even Christ our pass them, When ye pray, say, Our Father, dc. over is sacrificed for us: Ver. 8. Therefore 100. 1 Mat. vi. 9. let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, v Rom. viii. 15. For ye have not received neither with the leaven of malice and wick- the spirit of bondage again to fear: but ye edness; but with the unleavened bread of have received the Spirit of adoption,where. sincerity and truth.
by we cry, Abba, Father. Luke xi. 13. If 11 Cor. xi. 28, 29. [See in letter f.]
ye then, being evil, know how to give good JS. m Psal. lxii. 8. Trust in him at all gifts unto your children: how much more times: ye people, pour out your heart be- shall your heavenly Father give the Holy fore him: God is a refuge for us. Selah. Spirit to them that ask him?
nl John v. 14. And this is the confidence Acts xii. 5. Peter therefore was kept that we have in him, that, if we ask any in prison : but prayer was made without thing according to his will, he heareth us. ceasing of the church unto God for him.
o John xvi. 23. And in that day ye shall 1 Tim. ii. 1. I exhort thereture, that, first of ask me nothing. Verily, verily, I say unto all, supplications, prayers, intercessions, you, whatsoever ye shall ask the Father and yiiing of thanks, be made for allmen: in my name, he will give it you.
Ver. 2. For kings, and for all that are in p Psal. xxxii. 5. I acknowledged my sin authority; that we may lead a quiet and unto thee, and mine iniquity have I not peaceable life in all godliness and honesty hid. I said, I will confess my transgres
r 101. * Mat. vi. 9.
o " Boomness and nonesty sions unto the Lord ; and thou forgavesty Psal. Ixvii. 2. That thy way may be the iniquity of my sin. Selah. Ver. 6. For known upon earth, thy "saving health
are unleave tied for us: Ver. 8. Thereton
Rom. viii. 15. For vein to fear: but ye
Q. 102. What do we pray for in the second petition?
A. In the second petition (which is, Thy kingdom comc a) we pray, That Satan's kingdom may be destroyed b: and that the kingdom of grace may be advanced c, ourselves and others brought into it, and kept in ita; and that the kingdom of glory may be hastenedo.
Q. 103. Wnat do we pray for in the third petition?
A. In the third petition (which is, Thy will be done in earth, as it is in hcaven f) we pray, That God, by his grace, would make us ablo and willing to know. obey, and submit to his will in all things 8, as the angels do in heaven h.
. 104. What do we pray for in the fourth petition? Ā. In the fourth petition (which is, Give us this day our daily breadi) we pray, That of God's free gift we may receive a competent portion of the good things of this life, and enjoy his blessing with them k
Q. 105. What do we pray for in the fifth petition
A. In the fifth petition (which is, And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors!) we pray, That God, for Christ's sake, would freely pardon all our sins m; which we are the rather encouraged to
among all nations, Ver. 3. Let the people unto Zadok, Carry back the ark of God praise thee, O God; let all the people into the city: if I shall find favour in the praise thee.
eyes of the Lord, he will bring me again, 2 Psal. Ixxxiii. throughout.
and show me both it and his habitation. 102. a Mat. vi. 10.
Job i. 21. And (Job) said, Naked came I b Psal. lxviii. 1. Let God arise, let his out of my mother's womb, and naked enemies be scattered : let them also that shall I return thither : the Lord gave, and hate him flee before him. Ver. 18. Thou the Lord hath taken away ; blessed be the hast ascended on high, thou hast led cap- name of the Lord. tivity captive: thou hast received gifts for b Psal. ciii. 20. Bless the Lord, ye his men ; yea, for the rebellious also, that the angels, that excel in strength, that do his Lord God might dwell among them.
commandments, hearkening unto the voice e Rev. xii. 10. And I heard a loud roice of his word. Ver. 21. Bless ye the Lord, saying in heaven, Now is come salvation, all ye his hosts; ye ministers of his, that and strength, and the kingdom of our God, do his pleasure. and the power of his Christ : for the ac 104. í Mat. vi. 11. cuser of our brethren is cast down, which k Prov. xxx. 8. Remove far from me accused them before our God day and vanity and lies; give me neither poverty night. Ver. 11. And they overcame him nor riches ; feed me with food convenient by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word for me: Ver. 9. Lest I be full, and deny of their testimony; and they loved not their thee, and say, Who is the Lord ? or lest I lives unto the death.
be poor, and steal, and take the name of d 2 Thess. iii. 1. Finally, brethren, pray my God in vain. Gen. xxviii. 20. And Jacob for us, that the word of the Lord may have vowed a vow, saying, If God will be with free course, and be glorified, even as it is me, and will keep me in this way that I with you. Rom. x. 1. Brethren, my heart's go, and will give me bread to eat, and rai. desire and pra ver to God for Israel is, that ment to put on. I Tim. iv. 4. For every they night be saved. John xvii. 9. I pray creature of God is good, and nothing to be for them: I pray not for the world, but for refused, if it be received with thanksgiv. them which thou hast given me ; for they ing: Ver. 5. For it is sanctified by the are thine. Ver. 20. Neither pray I for these word of God and prayer. alone, but for them also which shall be- 105. 1 Mat. vi. 12. lieve on me through their word.
mi Psal.li. 1. Have mercy upon me, o e Rer. xxii. 20. He which testifieth these God, according to thy loving-kindness; things saith, Surely I come quickly: Amen. according into the multitude of thy tender Even so, come, Lord Jesus
mercies blot out my transgressions. Ver. 2. 103. (Mat. vi. 10.
Wash me throughly from mine iniquity, & Psal. xvii. throughout. Psal. cxix. 36. and cleanse me from my sin. Ver. 7. Purge lucline my heart unto thy testimonies, me with hyssop, and I shall be clean; wash and not to covetousness. Mat. xxvi. 89. me, and I shall be whiter thalı tow. Ver. And he went a little farther, and fell on 9. llide thy face from my sins, and blot his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, out all mine iniquities. Dan. ix. 17. NOW if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: therefore, o our God, hear the prayer of nevertheless, not as I will, but as thou thy servant, and his supplications, and wilt. 2 Sam. xv. 25. And the king said cause thy face to shine upon thy sanctuary