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III. In the unity of the Godhead there be three persons, of one substance, power, and eternity; God the Father, God the Sun, and God the Holy Ghosto. The Father is of none, neither begotten nor proceeding; the Son is eternally begotten of the Father p; the Iloly Ghost eternally proceediug from the Father and the Sony.
CIIAP. III. Of God's Eternal Decree. OD from all eternity did, by the most wise and holy counsel of U his own will, freely and unchangeably ordain whatsoever comes to pass a : yet so, as thereby neither is God the author of sin ”, nor is violence offered to the will of the creatures, nor is the liberty or contingency of second causes taken away, but rather established
II. Although God knows whatsoever may or can come to pass upon all supposed conditions"; yet hath he not decreed any thing blessing. Ver. 13. And every creature of the riches both of the wisdom and which is in heaven, and on the earth, and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are under the earth, and such as are in the sea, his judgments, and his ways past finding and all that are in them, heard I saying, out! Heb. vi. 17. Wherein God, willing Blessing, and honour, and glory, and more abundantly to show unto the heirs power, be unto him that sitteth upon the of promise the immutability of his counsel, throne, and unto the Lamb, for ever and confirmed it by an oath. Rom, ix. 15. For ever. Ver. 14. And the four beasts said, he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on Amen. And the four and twenty elders whom I will have mercy, and I will have fell down and worshipped him that liveth compassion on whom I will have compasfor ever and ever.
sion. Ver. 18. Therefore hath he mercy III. 01 John v. 7. For there are three on whom he will have mercy, and whyni that bear record in heaven, the Father, he will he hardeneth. the Word, and the Holy Ghost; and these b James i. 13. Let no man say, when he three are one. Mat. iii. 16. And Jesus, is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God when he was baptized, went up straight- cannot be tempted with evil, neither way out of the water: and, lo, the heavens tempteth he any man. Ver. 17. Every were opened unto him, and he saw the good gift and every perfect gift is from Spirit of God descending like a dove, and above, and cometh down from the Father lighting upon him : Ver. 17. And lo a voice of lights, with whom is no variableness, from heaven, saying, This is my beloved neither shadow of turping. 1 John i. 5. Son, in whom I am well pleased. Mat. This then is the message which we have Xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore, and teach all heard of him, and declare unto you, that nations, baptizing them in the name of God is light, and in him is no darkness at the Father, and of the Son, and of the all. Holy Ghost. 2 Cor. xiii. 14. The grace of c Acts ii. 23. Isim, being delivered by the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of the determinate counsel and foreknown God, and the communion of the Holy ledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked Ghost, be with you all. Amen.
hands have crucified and slain. Mat. xvii. P John i. 14. And the Word was made 12. But I say unto you, That Elias is come flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld already, and they knew him not, but have his glory, the glory as of the only begotten done unto him whatsoever they listed : of the Father) full of grace and truth, likewise shall also the Son of man suffer Ver. 18. No man hath seen God at any of them. Acts iv. 27. For of a truth, time; the only begotten Son, which is in against thy holy child Jesus, whom thou the bosom of the Father, he hath declar- hast anointed, both Herod and Pontius ed him.
Pilate, with the Gentiles, and the people John xv. 26. But when the Comforter of Israel, were gathered together, Ver. 28. is come, whom I will send unto you from For to do whatsoever thy hand and thy the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which counsel determined before to be done. proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify John xix. 11. Jesus answered, Thou of me. Gal. iv. 6. And because ye are couldest have no power at all against me sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his except it were given thee froin above. Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father, therefore he that delivered me unto thee
I. a Eph. i. 11. In whom also we have hath the greater sin. Prov. xvi. 38. The obtained an inheritance, being predlesti. lot is cast into the lap; but the whole dispated according to the purpose of himn posing thereof is of the Lord. who worketh all things after the counsel II. d Acts xv. 18. Known unto God are of his own will. Rom. xi. 38. O the depth all his works from the beginning of the
because he foresaw it as future, or as that which would come to pass upon such conditions,
III. By the decree of God, for the manifestation of his glory, some men and angels' are predestinated unto everlasting life, and others foreordained to everlasting death.
IV. These angels and men, thus predestinated and foreordained, are particularly and unchangeably designed ; and their number is so certain and definite, that it cannot be either increased or diminished.
V. Those of mankind that are predestinated unto life, God, before the foundation of the world was laid, according to his eternal and immutable purpose, and the secret counsel and good pleasure of his will, hath chosen in Christ unto everlasting glory', out of his mere free grace and love, without any foresight of faith or good works, or perseverance in either of them, or any other thing in the creature, as conditions, or causes moving him thereuntok; and all to the praiso of his glorious grace!
world. 1 Sam. xxiii. 11. Will the men of glory? Eph. i. 5. Having predestinated us Keilah deliver me up into his hand ? will unto the adoption of children by Jesus Saul come down, as thy servant hath Christ to himself, according to the good heard ? O Lord God of Israel, I beseech pleasure of his will, Ver. 6. To the praise thee, tell thy servant And the Lord said, of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath He will corne down. Ver. 12. Then said made us accepted in the Beloved. Prov, David, Will the men of Keilah deliver me xvi. 4. The Lord hath made all things for and my men into the hand of Saul ? And himself, yea, even the wicked for the day the Lord said, They will deliver thee up. of evil. Mat. xi. 21. Woe unto thee, Chorazin! IV. h 2 Tim. il. 19. Nevertheless tho woe unto thee, Bethsaida! for if the mighty foundation of God standeth sure, having works, which were done in you, had been this seal, The Lord knoweth them that done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have are his. And, Let every one that nameth repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes. the name of Christ depart from iniquity. Ver. 23. And thou, Capernaum, which art John xiii. 18. I speak not of you all; I exalted unto hearen,shalt be brought down know whom I have chosen : but, that the to hell: for if the mighty works, which have scripture may be fulfilled, He that eateth been done in thee, had been done in Sodom, bread with me hath lifted up his heel it would have remained until this day. against me.
e Rom. ix. 11. For the children being V. i Eph. i. 4. According as he hath not yet born, neither having done any good chosen us in him before the foundation of or evil, that the purpose of God according the world, that we should be holy, and to election might stand, not of works, but without blame before him in love: Ver. 9. of him that calleth, Ver. 13. As it is writ. Having made known unto us the mystery ten, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I of his will, according to his good pleasure, hated. Ver. 16. So then it is not of him which he hath purposed in himself: Ver. that willeth, nor of him that runneth, 11. In whom also we have obtained an but of God that showeth mercy. Ver. 18. inheritance, being predestinated according Therefore hath he mercy on whom he to the purpose of him who worketh all will have mercy, and whom he will he things after the counsel of his own will. hardeneth.
Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, whom he did preIII. T1 Tim. y. 21. I charge thee before destinate, them he also called ; and whom God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the he called, them he also justified; and elect angels, that thou observe these whom he justitied, them he also glorified. things, without preferring one before an- 2 Tim. i. 9. Who hath saved us, and called other, doing nothing by partiality. Mat. us with an holy calling, not according to xxv. 41. Then shall he say also unto them our works, but according to his own puron the left hand, Depart from me, ye cur- pose and grace, which was given us in sed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the Christ Jesus before the world began. 1 devil and his angels.
Thess. v. 9. For God hath not appointed & Rom. ix. 22. What if God, willing to us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by show his wrath, and to make his power our Lord Jesus Christ. known, endured with much long-suffering k Rom. ix, 11, 13, 16, (See letter e immedi. the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction : ately foregoing.) Eph. i. 4, 9. [See letter Ver. 23. And that he might make known immediately foregoing.)
Eph. i. 6. To the praise of the glory of the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he bad afore prepared unto his prace, wherein he hath made us accepe
VI. As God hath appointed the elect unto glory, so hath he, by the eternal and most free purpose of his will, foreordained all the means thereuntom. Wherefore they who are elected being fallen in Adam, are redeemed by Christ"; are effectually called unto faith in Christ by his Spirit working in due season; are justified, adopted, sancti. fied”, and kept by his power through faith unto salvation P. Neither are any other redeemed by Christ, effectually called, justified, adopted, sanctified, and saved, but the elect only 4
VII. The rest of mankind, God was pleased, according to the unsearchable counsel of his own will, whereby ho extendeth or withholdeth mercy as he pleaseth, for the glory of his sovereign power over his creatures, to pass by, and to ordain them to dishonour and wrath for their sin, to the praise of his glorious justice'.
ted in the Beloved. Ver. 12. That we Rom. viii. 28. And we know that all should be to the praise of his glory, who things work together for good to them first trusted in Christ.
that love God, to them who are the called VI. m 1 Pet. i. 2. Elect according to the according to his purpose, &c. (to the end foreknowledge of God the Father, through of the Chapter.) John vi. 64. But there are sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience some of you that believe not. For Jesus and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ. knew from the beginning who they were Eph. i. 4. According as he hath chosen us that believed not, and who should betray in him before the foundation of the world, him.Ver. 65. And he said, Therefore that we should be holy and without blame said I unto you, that no man can come before him in love: Ver. 5. Having pre- unto me, except it were given unto him of destinated us unto the adoption of chil. my Father. John x. 26. But ye believe dren by Jesus Christ to himself, according not; because ye are not of my sheep, as I to the good pleasure of his will. Eph. ii. said unto you. John viii. 47. He that is 10. For we are his workmanship, created of God heareth God's words: ye therefore in Christ Jesus unto good works, which hear them not, because ye are not of God. God hath before ordained that we should I John ii. 19. They went out from us, but walk in them. 2 Thess. ii. 13. But we are they were not of us; for if they had been bound to give thanks alway to God for of us, they would no doubt have conyou, brethren beloved of the Lord, be- tinued with us: but they went out, that cause God hath from the beginning chosen they might be made manifest that they you to salvation through sanctification were not all of us. of the Spirit, and belief of the truth.
VII. r Matth. xi. 25. At that time Jesus nl Thess. v. 9. For God hath not ap- answered and said, I thank thee, O pointed us to wrath, but to obtain salva. Father, Lord of heaven and earth, betion by our Lord Jesus Christ, Ver. 10. cause thou hast hid these things from the Who died for us, that, whether we wake wise and prudent, and hast revealed them or sleep, we should live together with him. uuto babes. Ver. 26. Even so, Father: for Tit. ii. 14. Who gave himself for us, that so it seemed good in thy sight. Rom. ix. he might redeem us from all iniquity, and 17. For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, purify unto himself a peculiar people, Even for this same purpose have I raised zealous of good works.
thee up, that I might show my power in o Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, whom he did thee, and that my name might be declared predestinate, them he also called; and throughout all the earth. Ver. 18. Therewhom he called, them he also justified; fore hath he mercy on whom he will have and whom he justified, them he also glori- mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth. fied. Eph. i. 5. Having predestinated us Ver. 21. Hath not the potter power over unto the adoption of children by Jesus the clay, of the same lump to make one Christ to himself, according to the good vessel unto honour, and another unto pleasure of his will. 2 Thess. ii. 13. But dishonour ? Ver. 22. What if God, willing we are bound to give thanks alway to to show his wrath, and to make his power God for you, brethren beloved of the known, endured with much long-suffer. Lord, because God hath from the begin- ing the vessels of wrath fitted to destrucning chosen you to salvation through tion? 2 Tim. ii. 19. Nevertheless the founsanctification of the Spirit, and belief of dation of God standeth sure, having this the truth.
seal, The Lord knoweth them that are p 1 Pet. i. 5. Who are kept by the power his. And, Let every one that nameth tha of God through faith unto salvation, name of Christ depart from iniquity. Ver. ready to be revealed in the last time. 20. But in a great house there are not
John xvii. 9. I pray for them: I pray only vessels of gold and of silver, but also not for the world, but for them which of wood and of earth; and some to honour, thou hast given me ; for they are thine, and some to dishonour. Jude, ver. I
seal, The Lefevery one thaniquity. Veci
VIII. The doctrine of this high mystery of predestination is to be handled with special prudence and cares, that men attending the will of God revealed in his word, and yielding obedience thereunto, may, from the certainty of their effectual vocation, be assured of their eternal election + So shall this doctrine afford matter of praise, reverence, and admiration of God", and of humility, diligence, and abundant consolation, to all that sincerely obey the Gospel w.
CHAP. IV. Of Creation. IT pleased God the Father, Son, and Holy Ghosta, for the manifesI tation of the glory of his eternal power, wisdom, and goodness, in the beginning, to create, or make of nothing, the world, and all things therein, whether visible or invisible, in the space of six days, and all very good
For there are certain men crept in una spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath wares, who were before of old ordained appointed heir of all things, by whom also to this condemnation, ungodly men, turn- he made the worlds. John i. 2. The same ing the grace of our God into lascivious- was in the beginning with God. Ver. 3. ness, and denying the only Lord God, and All things were made by him ; and withour Lord Jesus Christ. 1 Pet. ii. 8. And out hin was not any thing made that was a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, made. Gen. i. 2. And the earth was witheven to them which stumble at the word, out form, and void ; and darkness was being disobedient; whereunto also they upon the face of the deep: and the Spirit were appointed.
of God moved upon the face of the waters. VIII. $ Rom. ix. 20. Nay but, Oman, Job. xxvi. 13. By his Spirit he hath garwho art thou that repliest against God nished the heavens ; his hand hath formShall the thing formed say to him that ed the crooked serpent. Job xxxiii. 4. formed it, Why hast thou made me thus! The Spirit of God hath made me, and the Rom. xi. 33. O the depth of the riches breath of the Almighty hath given me
Roth of the wisdomable are his jude; him from the being understood byernal
God! how unsearchable are his judg- b Rom. i. 20. For the invisible things of ments, and his ways past finding out! him from the creation of the world are Deut. xxix. 29. The secret things belong clearly seen, being understood by the unto the Lord our God: but those things things that are made, even his eternal which are revealed belong unto us and to power and Godhead ; so that they are our children for ever, that we may do all without excuse. Jer. X. 12. He hath made the words of this law.
the earth by his power, he hath establish1 2 Pet. i. 10. Wherefore the rather, ed the world by his wisdom, and hath brethren, give all diligence to make your stretched out the heavens by his discrecalling and election sure: for if ye do tion. Psal. civ. 24. O Lord, how mani. these things, ye shall never fall.
fold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou u Eph. i. 6. To the praise of the glory made them all: the earth is full of thy of his grace, wherein he hath made us ac- riches. Psal. xxxiit. 5. He loveth righcepted in the Beloved. Rom. xi. 33. See teousness and judgment: the earth is full letter s immediately foregoing.)
of the goodness of the Lord. Ver. 6. By * Rom. xi. 5. Even so then at this pre- the word of the Lord were the heavens sent time also there is a remnant accord- made; and all the host of them by the ing to the election of grace. Ver. 6. And breath of his mouth. if by grace, then is it no more of works; c[The whole first Chapter of Gen.] Heb. otherwise grace is no more grace. But if xi. 3. Through faith we understand that it be of works, then it is no more grace; the worlds were framed by the word of otherwise work is no more work. Ver. 20. God; so that things which are seen were Well; because of unbelief they were broken not made of things which do appear. off, and thou standest by faith. Be not Col. i. 16. For by him were all things high-minded, but fear. 2 Pet. i. 10. (See created that are in heaven, and that are letter t immediately foregoing.] Rom. viii. in earth, visible and invisible, whether 83. Who shall lay any thing to the charge they be thrones, or dominions, or princiof God's elect? It is God that justifieth. palities, or powers; all things were creaLuke x. 20. Notwithstanding, in this re- ted by him, and for him. Acts xvii. 24. God, joice not, that the spirits are subject unto that made the world, and all things there. you; but rather rejoice, because your in, seeing that he is Lord of heaven and naures are written in heaven.
earth, dwelleth not in temples made witla I. a lieb, i. 2. Hath in these last days hands.
because of unbe more work. evrace; the worldough faith water of Gen.] Hleb
II. After God had made all other creatures, he created man, male and femaled, with reasonable and immortal souls, endued with knowledge, righteousness, and true holiness, after his own image, having the law of God written in their hearts 6, and power to fulfil ith; and yet under a possibility of transgressing, being left to the liberty of their own will, which was subject unto changei Beside this law written in their hearts, they received a command not to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evilk; which while they kept, they were happy in their communion with God, and had dominion over the creatures!.
CIIAP. V. Of Providence. MOD, the great Creator of all things, doth upholda, direct, dispose, U and govern all creatures. actions, and thingsb, from the greatest
II. d Gen. i. 27. So God created man in did eat. Eccl. vii. 29. (See letter h immedin lis own image: in the image of God crea- ately foregoing.) ted he him; male and female created he Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of the knowthem.
ledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat e Gen. ii. 7. And the Lord God formed of it: for in the day that thou eatest man of the dust of the ground, and breath. thereof thou shalt surely die. Gen. iii. 8. ed into his nostrils the breath of life ; and And they heard the voice of the Lord God man became a living soul. With Eccl. walking in the garden in the cool of the xii. 7. Then shall the dust return to the day; and Adam and his wife hid themearth as it was ; and the spirit shall re- selves from the presence of the Lord God turn unto God who gave it. And Luke amongst the trees of the garden. Ver. 9. xxiii. 43. And Jesus said unto him, Verily And the Lord God called unto Adam, and I say unto thee, To-day shalt thou be said unto him, Where art thou ? Ver. 10. with me in paradise. And Mat. X. 28. And he said, I heard thy voice in the garAnd fear not them which kill the body, den, and I was afraid, because I was but are not able to kill the soul : but naked ; and I hid myselt. Ver. 11. And rather fear him which is able to destroy he said, Who told thee that thou wast both soul and body in hell.
naked ? Hast thou eaten of the tree, 1 Gen. i. 26. And God said, Let us make whereof I commanded thee that thou man in our image, after our likeness; and shouldest not eat ? Ver. 23. Therefore the let them have dominion over the fish of Lord God sent him forth from the garden the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and of Eden, to till the ground from whence over the cattle, and over all the earth, he was taken. and over every creeping thing that creep. Gen. i. 26. And God said, Let us mako eth upon the earth. Col. iii. 10. And man in our image, after our likeness ; have put on the new man, which is re- and let them have dominion over the fish newed in knowledge after the image of of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, him that created him. Eph. iy. 21. And and over the cattle, and over all the earth, that ye put on the new man, which after and over every creeping thing that creepGod is created in righteousness and true eth upon the earth. Ver. 28. And God holiness.
blessed them; and God said unto them, & Rom. ii. 14. For when the Gentiles, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish which have not the law, do by nature the the earth, and subdue it; and have domithings contained in the law, these, having nion over the fish of the sea, and over the not the law, are a law unto themselves : fowl of the air, and over every living Ver. 15. Which show the work of the law thing that moveth upon the earth. written in their hearts, their conscience I. a Heb. i. 3. Who being the brightness also bearing witness, and their thoughts of his glory, and the express image of his the mean while accusing or else excusing person, and upholding all things by the one another.
word of his power, when he had by him. b Eccl. vii. 29. Lo, this only have I found, self purged our sins, sat down on the that God hath made man upright; but right hand of the Majesty on high. they have sought out many inventions.
Dan. iv. 34. And at the end of the i Gen. iii. 6. And when the woman saw days I Nebuchadnezzar lifted up mine that the tree was good for food, and that eyes unto heaven, and mine understanding it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to returned unto me, and I blessed the most be desired to make one wise she took of High, and I praised and honoured him the fruit thereof, and did eat; and gave that liveth for ever, whose dominion is also unto her husband with her, and he au everlasting dominion, and his king