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even to the least, by his most wise and holy providenced, according to his infallible foreknowledge, and the free and immutable counsel of his own will, to the praise of the glory of his wisdom, power, justice, goodness, and mercy.
II. Although, in relation to the foreknowledge and decree of God, the first cause, all things come to pass immutably and infalliblyn; yet, by the same providence, he ordereth them to fall out according to the nature of second causes, either necessarily, freely, or contingently'
hath detepal! the facens of men"
dom is from generation to g'neration : & Isa. Ixiii. 14. As a beast goeth down Ver. 35. And all the inhabitants of the into the valley, the Spirit of the Lord earth are reputed as nothing: and he do caused him to rest; so didst thou lead thy eth according to his will in the army of people, to make thyself a glorious name. heaven, and among the inhabitants of the Eph. iii. 10. To the intent that now, unto earth; and none can stay his hand, or the principalities and powers in heavenly say unto him, What doest thou? Psal. places,might be known by the church the cxxxv. 6. Whatsoever the Lord pleased, manifold wisdom of God. Rom. ix. 17. that did he in heaven, and in earth, in For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, the seas, and all deep places. Acts xvii. Even for this same purpose have I raised 25. Neither is worshipped with men's thee up, that I might show my power in hands, as though he needed any thing, thee, and that my name might be declared seeing he giveth to all life, and breath, throughout all the earth. Gen. xlv. 7. and all things; Ver. 26. And hath made And God sent me before you to preserve of one blood all nations of men for to you a posterity in the earth, and to save dwell on all the face of the earth, and your lives by a great deliverance. Psal. hath determined the times before appoint- cxlv. 7. They shall abundantly utter the ed, and the bounds of their habitation memory of thy great goodness, and shall Ver. 28. Forin him we live, and move, and sing of thy righteousness. have our being; as certain also of your II. h Acts ii. 23. Him, being delivered Own poets have said, For we are also his off by the determinate counsel and foreknow, spring. Job, Chapters xxxviii, xxxix, xl, xli. ledge of God, ye have taken, and by wick
'c Matth. X. 29. Are not two sparrows ed hands have crucified and slain. sold for a furthing and one of them i Gen. viii. 22. While the earth remainshall not fall on the ground without your eth, seed time and harvest, and cold and Father. Ver. 30. But the very hairs of heat, and summer and winter, and day your head are all numbered. Ver. 31. and night, shall not cease. Jer. xxxi. 35. Fear ye not therefore, ye are of more Thus saith the Lord, which giveth the sun value than many sparrows.
for a light by day, and the ordinances of Prov. xv. 3. The eyes of the Lord are the moon and of the stars for a light by in every place, beholding the evil and the night, which divideth the sea when the good. Psal. civ. 24. O Lord, how manifold waves thereof roar; The Lord of hosts is are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made his name. Exod. xxi. 13. And if a man them all: the earth is full of thy riches. lie not in wait, but God deliver him into Psal. cxlv. 17. The Lord is righteous in all his hand; then I will appoint thee a place his ways, and holy in all his works.
whither he shall flee. With Deut. xix. 5. e Acts xv. 18. Known unto God are all As when a man goeth into the wood with his works from the beginning of the world. his neighbour to hew wood, and his hand Psal. xciv. 8. Understand, ye brutish fetcheth a stroke with the axe to cut down among the people and ye fools, when will the tree, and the head slippeth from the ye be wise Ver. 9. He that planted the helve, and lighteth upon his neighbour, ear, shall he not hear ? he that formed that he die; he shall Alee unto one of those the eye, shall he not see? Ver. 10. He that cities, and live. 1 Kings xxii. 28. Aud chastiseth the heathen, shall not he cor- Micaiah said, If thou return at all in rect? he that teacheth man knowledgo, peace, the Lord hath not spoken by me. shall not he know? Ver. 11. The Lord And he said, Ilearken, 0 people, every one knoweth the thoughts of man, that they of you. Ver, 34. And a certain man drew are vanity.
a bow at a venture, and smote the king Eph. . 11. In whom also we have ob- of Israel between the joints of the har. tained an inheritance, being predestinated ness: wherefore he said unto the driver according to the purpose of him who of his chariot, Turn thine hand, and carry worketh all things after the counsel of his me out of the host , for I am wounded. otvn will. Psal. xxxiii. 10. The Lord Isa. x. 6. I will send him against an biybringeth the counsel of the heathen to pocritical nation, and against the people nought : he maketh the devices of the of my wrath will I give him a charge, to people of none effect. Ver. 11. The take the spoil, and to take the prey, and counsel of the Lord standeth for ever, the to tread them down like the mire of the thoughts of his heart to all generatious. streets. Ver. 7. Ilowbeit he mea netb
Bealace, behe eyes of
III. God in his ordinary providence maketh use of meansk, yet is free to work without', abovem, and against them “, at his pleasure.
IV. The almighty power, unsearchable wisdom, and infinite goodness of God, so far manifest themselves in his providence, that it extendeth itself even to the first fall, and all other sins of angels and meno, and that not by a bare permission P, but such as hath joined with it a most wise and powerful bounding 9, and otherwise ordering
whecome to Lordiali
P. Then hy s
not so, neither doth his heart think so; cluded them all in unbelief, that he might but it is in his heart to destroy and cut have mercy upon all. Ver. 33. O the 0 nations not a few.
depth of the riches both of the wisdom III. k Acts xxvii. 31. Paul said to the and knowledge of God! how unsearchable centurion and to the soldiers, Except are his judgments, and his ways past these abide in the ship, ye cannot be finding out! Ver. 34. For who hath known saved. Ver. 44. And the rest, some on the mind of the Lord? or who hath been boards, and some on broken pieces of the his counsellor ? 2 Sam, xxiv. 1. And again ship. And so it came to pass, that they the anger of the Lord was kindled against escaped all safe to land. Isa. Iv. 10. For Israel, and he moved David against them as the rain cometh down, and the snow to say, Go, number Israel and Judah. from heaven, and returneth not thither, With 1 Chron. xxi. 1. And Satan stood up but watereth the earth, and maketh it against Israel, and provoked David to bring forth and bud, thatit may give seed number Israel. 1 Kings xxii. 22. And the to the sower, and bread to the eater; Lord said unto him, Wherewith ? And he Ver. 11. So shall my word be that goeth said, I will go forth, and I will be a lying forth out of my month: it shall not re- spirit in the mouth of all his prophets. turn unto me void ; but it shall accom. And he said, Thou shalt persuade him, plish that which I please, and it shall and prevail also: go forth, and do so. Ver. prosper in the thing whereto I sent it. 23. Now therefore, behold, the Lord hath llus. ii. 21. And it shall come to pass in put a lying spirit in the mouth of all that day, I will hear, saith the Lord: I these thy prophets, and the Lord hath will hear the heavens, and they shall spoken evil concerning thee. 1 Chron. X. hear the earth; Ver. 22. And the earth 4. Then said Saul to his armour-bearer, shall hear the corn, and the wine, and Draw thy sword, and thrust me through the oil; and they shall hear Jezreel.
therewith, lest these uncircumcised come Hos. i. 7. But I will have mercy upon and abuse me. But his armour-bearer the house of Judah, and will save them would not ; for he was sore afraid. So by the Lord their God, and will not save Saul took a sword, and fell upon it. Ver. them by bow, nor by sword, nor by battle, 13. So Saul died for his transgression which by horses, nor by horsemen. Mat. iv. 4, he committed against the Lord, even But he answered and said, It is written, against the word of the Lord, which he Man shall not live by bread alone, but by kept not, and also for asking counsel of every word that proceedeth out of the one that had a familiar spirit, to enquire mouth of God. Job xxxiv. 10. Therefore of it; Ver. 14. And enquired not of the hearken unto me, ye men of understand. Lord: therefore he slew him, and turned ing: Far be it from God, that he should the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse. do wickedness; and from the Almighty, 2 Sam. xvi. 10. And the king said, What that he should commit iniquity.
have I to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah ? m Rom. iv. 19. And being not weak in 60 let him curse, because the Lord hath faith, he considered not his own body said unto him, Curse David. Who shall now dead, when he was about an hun then say, Wherefore hast thou done so ? dred years old, neither yet the deadness Acts ii. 23. Him, being delivered by the of Sarah's womb: Ver. 20. He staggered determinate counsel and foreknowledge not at the promise of God through unbe- of God, ye have taken, and by wicked liet; but was strong in faith, giving glory hands have crucified and slain. Acts iv. tu God; Ver. 21. And being fully persuaded, 27. For of a truth, against thy holy child that what he had promised, he was able Jesus, whom thou hast anointed, both also to perform.
Herod and Pontius Pilate, with the Genn 2 Kings vi. 6. And the man of God tiles, and the people of Israel, were gather. said, Where fell it? And he showed him ed together, Ver. 28. For to do whatsothe place. And he cut down a stick, and ever thy hand and thy counsel determined cast it in thither; and the iron did swim, before to be done. Dan. iii. 27. And the princes, governors, P Acts xiv. 16. Who in times past sufferand captains, and the king's counsellors, ed all nations to walk in their own ways. being gathered together, saw these men, 9 Psal. lxxvi, 10. Surely the wrath of upon whose bodies the fire had no power, man shall praise thee: the remainder of uor was an hair of their head singed, wrath shalt thou restrain. 2 Kings xix. neither were their coats changed, nor the 28. Because thy rage against me and thy smell of fire had passed on them.
tumult is come up into mine ears, there IV.0 Rn. si 32. Fur God hath con- fore I will put my hook in thy noso, and
and governing of them, in a manifold dispensation, to his own holy ends?; yet so as the sinfulness thereof proceedeth only from the creature, and not froin God; who, being most holy and righteous, neither is nor can be the author or approver of sin
V. The most wise, righteous, and gracious God, doth oftentimes leave for a season his own children to manifold temptations, and the corruption of their own hearts, to chastise them for their former sins, or to discover unto them the hidden strength of corruption, and deceitfulness of their hearts, that they may be humbledt; and to raise them to a more close and constant dependence for their support upon him. self, and to make them more watchful against all future occasions of sin, and for sundry other just and holy ends u.
VI. As for those wicked and ungodly men, whom God as a righteous judge, for former sins, doth blind and harden“, from them he
my bridle in thy lips, and I will turn thee him to enquire of the wonder that was back by the way by which thou camest. done in the land, God left him, to try him,
Gen. 1. 20. But as for you, ye thought that he might know all that was in his evil against me; but God meant it unto heart. 2 Sam. xxiv. 1. And again the good, to bring to pass, as it is this day, to anger of the Lord was kindled against save much people alive. Isa. x. 6. I will Israel, and he moved David against them send him against an hypocritical nation, to say, Go, number Israel and Judah. and against the people of my wrath will 02 Cor. xii. 7. And lest I should be ex. I give him a charge, to take the spoil, and alted above measure through the abanto take the prey, and to tread them down dance of the revelations, there was given like the mire of the streets. Ver. 7. How to me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger beit he meaneth not so, neither doth his of Satan to buffet me, lest I should be exheart think so; but it is in his heart to alted above measure. Ver. 8. For this destroy and cut off nations not a few thing I besought the Lord thrice, that it Ver. 12. Wherefore it shall come to pass, might depart from me. Ver. 9. And he that, when the Lord hath perforined his said unto me, My grace is sufficient for whole work upon mount Zion and on Je- thee; foi my strength is made perfect in rusalem, I will punish the fruit of the weakness. Most gladly therefore will I stout heart of the king of Assyria, and rather glory in my intirmities, that the the glory of his high looks.
power of Christ may rest upon me. Psal. s James i. 13. Let no man say, when he Lxxiii. throughout. * Psal. lxxvii. 1. I cried is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God unto God with my voice, even unto God cannot be tempted with evil, neither with my voice; and he gave ear unto me. tempteth he any man: Ver. 14. But every Ver. 10. And I said, This is my infirmity : man is tempted, when he is drawn away but I will remember the years of the of his own lust, and enticed. Ver. 17. right hand of the most High. Ver. 12. I Every good gift and every perfect gift will meditate also of all thy work, and is from above, and cometh down from the talk of thy doings. [Read the intermediate Father of lights, with whom is no variable Verses in the Bible. Mark xiv. from the ness, neither shadow of turning. 1 John 66th verse to the end, with John xxi. 15. ii. 16. For all that is in the world, the So, when they had dined, Jesus saith to lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest and the pride of life, is not of the Father, thou me more than these? He saith unbut is of the world. Psal. 1. 21. These to him, Yea, Lord ; thou knowest that I things hast thou done, and I kept silence; love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my thou thoughtest that I was altogether lambs. Ver. 15. He saith to him again such an one as thyself: but I will reprove the second time, Simon, son of Jonas, thee, and set them in order before thing lovest thou me? He saith unto him, eyes.
Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. V. t 2 Chr. xxxii. 25. But Hezekiah ren. He saith unto him, Feed my sheep. Ver. dered not again according to the benefit 17. He saith unto him the third time, done unto him ; for his heart was lifted up: Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? therefore there was wrath upon him, and Peter was grieved because he said unto upon Judah and Jerusalem. Ver. 26. Not- him the third time, Lovest thou me! And withstanding Hezekiah humbled him, he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest self for the pride of his heart, (both he all things; thou knowest that I love thee. and the inhabitants of Jerusalem,) so that Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep. the wrath of the Lord came not upon them VI. * Rom. i. 24. Wherefore God also in the days of Hezekiah. Ver. 31. How gave theni up to uncleanness, through beit in the business of the ambassadors the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour
to their own bodies between themselves of the princes of Babylon, who sent
not only withholdeth his grace, whereby they might have been enlightened in their understandings, and wrought upon in their heartsy; but sometimes also withdraweth the gifts which they had", and exposeth them to such objects as their corruption makes occasion of sina ; and withal, gives them over to their own lustş, the temptations of the world, and the power of Satanb: whereby it comes to pass, that they harden themselves, even under those means which God useth for the softening of others.
VII. As the providence of God doth, in general, reach to all creatures ; so, after a most special manner, it taketh care of his church, and disposeth all things to the good thereof. Ver. 26. For this cause God gave them strong delusion, that they should believe up unto vile affections: for even their a lie; Ver. 12. That they all might be women did change the natural use into damned who believed not the truth, but that which is against nature. Ver. 28. had pleasure in unrighteousness. And even as they did not like to retain c Exod. vii. 3. And I will harden PhaGod in their knowledge, God gave them raoh's heart, and multiply my signs and over to a reprobate mind, to do those my wonders in the land of Egypt. With things which are not convenient. Roin. Exod. viii. 15. But when Pharaoh saw xi. 7. What then? Israel hath not ob- that there was respite, he hardened his tained that which he seeketh for ; but the heart, and hearkened not unto them; as election hath obtained it, and the rest the Lord had said. Ver. 32. And Pharaoh were blinded Ver. 8. (According as it is hardened his heart at this time also, written, God hath given them the spirit neither would he let the people go. 2 Cor. of slumber, eyes that they should not see, ii. 15. For we are unto God a sweet saand ears that they should not hear) unto vour of Christ, in them that are saved, this day.
and in them that perish, Ver. 16. To y Deut. xxix. 4. Yet the Lord hath not the one we are the savour of death unto given you an heart to perceive, and eyes death; and to the other the savour of life to see, and ears to hear, unto this day unto life: and who is sufficient for these
z Mat. xiii. 12. For whosoever hath, to things? Isa. viii. 14. And he shall be him shall be given, and he shall have for a sanctuary ; but for a stone of stumhmore abundance: but whosoever hath ling, and for a rock of offence, to both not, from him shall be taken away even the houses of Israel; for a gin and for a that he hath. Mat. xxv. 29. For unto snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem. every one that hath shall be given, and 1 Pet. ii. 7. Unto you therefore which behe shall have abundance: but from him lieve he is precious: butunto them which be that hath not, shall be taken away even disobedient, the stone which the builders that which he hath.
disallowed, the same is made the head of a Deut. ii. 30. But Sihon king of Ilesh- the corner, Ver. 8. And a stone of stumbbon would not let us pass by him: for the ling, and a rock of offence, even to them Lord thy God hardened his spirit, and which stumble at the word, being disobemade his heart obstinate, that he might dient; whereunto also they were appoint. deliver him into thy hand, as appeareth ed. Isa. vi. 9. And he said, Go, and tell this day. 2 Kings viii. 12. And Ilazael this people, Hear ye indeed, but undersaid, Why weepeth my lord? And he stand not; and see ye indeed, but peranswered, Because I know the evil that ceive not. Ver. 10. Make the heart of this thou wilt do unto the children of Israel: people fat, and make their ears heavy, their strong holds wilt thou set on tire, and shut their eyes ; lest they see with and their young men wilt thou slay with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and the sword, and wilt dash their children, understand with their heart, and convert, and rip up their women with child. Ver. and be healed. With Acts xxviii. 26. 13. And Hazael said, But what is thy Saying, Go unto this people, and say, servant a dog, that he should do this Hearing ye shall hear, and shall not un. great thing! And Elisha answered, The derstand; and seeing ye shall sce, and Lord hath showed me that thou shalt be not perceive : Ver. 27. For the heart of king over Syria.
this people is waxed gross, and their ears b Psal. Ixxxi. 11. But my people would are dull of hearing, and their eyes have not hearken to my voice; and Israel they closed ; lest they should see with would none of me. Ver. 12. So I gave their eyes, and hear with their ears, and them up unto their own hearts' lust: and understand with their heart, and should they walked in their own counsels. 2 Thess. be converted, and I should heal them. il. 10. And with all deceivableness of un VII. d 1 Tim. iy. 10. For therefore we righteousness in them that perish; be both labour and suffer reproach, because oause they received not the love of the we trust in the living God, who is the truth, that they might be saved. Ver. 11. Saviour of all men, specinlly of those that Aud for it! nuse God shall send them believe. Amos ix. 8. Behold, the eyes of
CIIAP. VI. Of the Full of Man, of Sin, and of the Punishment thereof. OUR first parents being seduced by the subtilty and temptation of
U Satan, sinned in eating the forbidden fruita.' This their sin God was pleased, according to his wise and holy counsel, to permit, having purposed to order it to his own glory b.
II. By this sin they fell from their original righteousness, and communion with God, and so became dead in sind, and wholly defiled in all the faculties and parts of soul and body
III. They being the root of all mankind, the guilt of this sin was imputed', and the same death in sin and corrupted nature conveyed
imagination of continuallyove all th
the Lord God are upon the sinful king. they have sought out many inventions. dom, and I will destroy it from off the Rom. iii. 23. For all have sinned, and face of the earth ; saving that I will not come short of the glory of God. utterly destroy the house of Jacob, saith d Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of the know. the Lord. Ver. 9. For, lo, I will com- ledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat mand, and I will sift the house of Israel of it: for in the day that thou eatest among all nations, like as corn is sifted thereof thou shalt surely die. Eph. ii. 1. in a sieve, yet shall not the least grain And you hath he quickened, who were fall upon the earth. Rom. viii. 28. And dead in trespasses and sins. We know that all things work together e Tit. i. 15. Unto the pure all things are for good to them that love God, to them pure: but unto them that are defiled and who are the called according to his pur- unbelieving is nothing pure; but even their pose. Isa. xliii. 3. For I am the Lord thy mind and conscience is defiled. Gen. vi. 5. Gund, the Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour: And God saw that the wickedness of man I gave Egypt for thy ransom, Ethiopia was great in the earth, and that every am Seba for thee. Ver. 4. Since thou imagination of the thoughts of his heart wast precious in my sight, thou hast been was only evil continually. Jer. xvii. 9. honourable, and I have loved thee: there. The heart is deceitful above all things, fore will I give men for thee, and people and desperately wicked: who can know for thy life. Ver. 5. Fear not; for I am it? Rom. iii. 10. As it is written, There is with thee: I will bring thy seed from the none righteous, no, not one: Ver. 11. There east, and gather thee from the west. Ver. is none that understandeth, there is none 14. Thus saith the Lord, your Redeemer, that seeketh after God. Ver. 12. They are the Holy One of Israel, For your sake I all gone out of the way, they are together have sent to Babylon, and have brought become unprofitable; there is none that down all their nobles, and the Chaldeans, doeth good, no, not one. Ver. 13. Their whose cry is in the ships.
throat is an open sepulchre: with their I. a Gen. iii. 13. And the Lord God said tongues they have used deceit: the poison unto the woman, What is this that thou of asps is under their lips: Ver. 14. Whose hast done! And the woman said, The mouth is full of cursing and bitterness: serpent beguiled me, and I did eat. 2 Cor. Ver. 15. Their feet are swift to shed blood: xi. 3. But I fear, lest by any means, as the Ver. 16. Destruction and misery are in serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, their ways: Ver. 17. And the way of peace so your minds should be corrupted from have they not known: Ver. 18. There is the simplicity that is in Christ.
no fear of God before their eyes. b Rom. xi. 32. For God hath concluded III. fGen. i. 27. So God created man in them all in unbelief, that he might have his own image: in the image of God created mercy upon all.
he him ; male and female created he them. II. c Gen. iii. 6. And when the woman Ver. 28. And God blessed them: and God saw that the tree was good for food, and said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree and replenish the earth, and subdue it; to be desired to make one wise, she took and have dominion over the fish of the of the fruit thereof, and did eat; and gave sea, and over the fowl of the air, and alsu unto her husband with her, and he over every living thing that moveth upon did eat. Ver. 7. And the eyes of them the earth. And Gen. ii. 16. And the both were opened, and they knew that they Lord God commanded the man, saying, were naked; and they sewed fig-leaves Of every tree of the garden thou maytogether, and made themselves aprons. est freely eat; Ver. 17. But of the tree Ver. 8. And they heard the voice of the of the knowledge of good and evil, thou Lord God walking in the garden in the shalt not eat of in: for in the day that thou cool of the day: and Adam and his wife eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. And hid themselves from the presence of the Acts xvii. 26. And hath made of one blood Lord God amongst the trees of the garden. all nations of men for to dwell on all de Eccl. vii. 29. Lo. this only have I found, face of the earth and hath determined he tliat God hath made wan upright; but times before appointed, and the boun
whosa Gen. iii. 13. What is this that. The mouth. Their feet are sand misery unto theme om And the wan aid eat. 2.Core Ver: 16. Dester: 110. And
serpent her trimest lest by any mnd eat. 2 Cor meruth is full of their lips: Ver
maden eneste wed that they Lord earth. And
Cr, S. Ani