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to all their posterity, descending from them by ordinary generaltion
IV. From this original corruption, whereby we are utterly indisposed, disabled, and made opposite to all good ", and wholly inclined to all evil', do proceed all actual transgressions k.
V. This corruption of nature, during this life, doth remain in those that are regenerated ': and although it be through Christ pardoned
their habitation. With Rom. v. 12. Where- i Gen. vi. 5. And God saw that the wick. tore, as by one man sin entered into the edness of man was great in the earth, and world, and death by sin ; and so death that every imagination of the thoughts of passed upon all men, for that all have his heart was only evil continually. Gen. sinned. Ver. 15. But not as the offence, viii. 21. And the Lord smelled a sweet so also is the fre.. gift. For if through the savour; and the Lord said in his heart, I offence of one many be dead; much more will not again curse the ground any more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, for man's sake; for the imagination of which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath man's heart is evil from his youth: neither abounded unto many. Ver. 16. And not will I again smite any more every thing as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift: living, as I have done. Rom. iii. 10. As it for the judgment was by one to condem- is written, There is none righteous, no, nation, but the free gift is of many offences not one: Ver. 11. There is none that un unto justification. Ver. 17. For if by one derstandeth, there is none that seeketh man's offence death reigned by one; much after God. Ver. 12. They are all gone ont more they which receive abundance of of the way, they are together become un. grace, and of the gift of righteousness, profitable; there is none that doeth good, shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ. no, not one. Ver. 18. Therefore, as by the offence of k James i. 14. But every man is tempted, one judgment came upon all men to con. when he is drawn away of his own lust, demnation ; even so by the righteousness and enticed. Ver. 15. Then, when lust hath of one the free gift came upon all men conceived, it bringeth forth sin; and sin, unto justification of life. Ver. 19. For as when it is finished, bringeth forth death. by one man's disobedierive many were Eph. ii. 2. Wherein in time past ye walked made sinners; so by the obedience of one according to the course of this world, acshall many be made righteous. And I Cor. cording to the prince of the power of the xv. 21. For since by man came death, by air, the spirit that now worketh in the man came also the resurrection of the children of disobedience: Ver. 3. Among dead. Ver. 22. For as in Adam all die, whom also we all had our conversation in eren so in Christ shall all be made alive. times past in the lusts of our flesh, ful. * Ver. 45. And so it is written, The first filling the desires of the flesh and of the man Adam was made a living soul, the mind; and were by nature the children of last Adam was made a quickening spirit. wrath, even as others. Mat. xv. 19. For * Ver. 49. And as we have borne the image out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, of the earthy, we shall also bear the image murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts,
false witn ss, blasphemies. & Psal. li. 5. Behold, I was shapen in V. 11 John i. 8. If we say that we have iniquity; and in ein did my mother con- no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth ceive me. Gen. v. 3. And Adam lived an is not in us. Ver. 10. If we say that we have hundred and thirty years, and begat a son not sinned, we make him a liar, and his in his own likeness, after his image ; and word is not in us. Rom. vii. 14. For we called his name Seth. Job xiv. 4. Who know that the law is spiritual ; but I am can bring a clean thing out of an unclean? carnal, sold under sin. Ver. 17. Now then, not one. Job. xv. 14. "What is man, that it is no more I that do it, but sin that he should be clean ? and he which is born dwelleth in me. Ver. 18. For I know that of a woman, that he should be righte. in me (that is, in my flesh) dwelleth no ous !
good thing: for to will is present with me: IV. h Rom. v. 6. For when we were yet but how to perform that which is good I without strength, in due time Christ died find not. Ver. 23. But I see another law for the ungodly. Rom. viii. 7. Because the in my members warring against the law carnal mind is enmity against God; for it of my mind, and bringing me into captivity is not subject to the law of God, neither to the law of sin which is in my members. indeed can be. Rom. vii. 18. For I know James iii. 2. For in many things we offend that in me (that is, in my flesh) dwelleth all. If any man offend not in word, the no good thing: for to will is present with same is a perfect man, and able also to ine; but how to perform that which is good bridle the whole body. Prov. xx. 9. Who I find not. Col. i. 21. And you, that were can say, I have made my heart clean, I sometime alienated, and enemies in your am pure from my sin? Eccl. vii. 20. For uind by wicked works, yet now hath he there is not a just man upon earth, that locon
dveth good, and sinneth not.
of the heaven. Behold, I wasmother con
for tout strength, in due then we were yet but thing: for to will carnal mind is en Rom. viii. 7. Becxist died find not to perform that thich with me; and mortified, yet both itself, and all the motions thereof, are truly and properly sín m.
VI. Every sin, both original and actual, being a transgression of the righteous law of God, and contrary thereunto", doth, in its own nature, bring guilt upon the sinner °, whereby he is bound over to the wrath of God P, and curse of the law 4, and so made subject to death", with all iniseries spiritual", temporal', and eternal “.
CHAP. VII. Of God's Covenant with Man. que distance between God and the creature is so great, that al
I though reasonable creatures do owe obedience unto hiin as their Creator, yet they could never have any fruition of him as their blessedness and reward, but by some voluntary condescension on God's part, which he hath been pleased to express by way of covenant".
dead. Vero:2Por, without the ner of con. same Son of him who ho
m Rom. vii. 5. For when we were in the death; but the gift of God is eternal life flesh, the motions of sins, which were by through Jesus Christ our Lord. the law, did work in our members to brings Eph. iv. 18. Having the understanding forth fruit unto death. Ver. 7. What shall darkened, being alienated from the life of we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. God through the ignorance that is inthem, Nay, I had not known sin but by the law: because of the blindness of their heart. for I had not known lust, except the law Rom. viii. 20. For the creature was had said, Thou shalt not covet. Ver. 8. made subject to vanity, not willingly, but But sin, taking occasion by the commands by reason of him who hath subjected the ment, wrought in me all manner of con- same in hope. Lam. iii. 39. Wherefore cupiscence. For without the law sin was doth a living man complain, a man for dead. Ver. 25. I thank God, through Jesus the punishment of his sins? Christ our Lord. So then with the mind u Mat. xxv. 41. Then shall he say also I myself serve the law of God, but with unto them on the left hand, Depart from the flesh the law of sin. Gal. v. 17. For me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prethe flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and pared for the devil and his angels. 2 Thess. the Spirit against the flesh: and these are i. 9. Who shall be punished with everlastcontrary the one to the other; so that ye ing destruction from the presence of the cannot do the things that ye would. Lord, and from the glory of his power.
VI. n 1 John iii. 4. Whosoever commit- l. a Isa. xl. 13. Who hath directed the teth sin transgresseth also the law: for Spirit of the Lord, or, being his counsellor, sin is the transgression of the law.
hath taught him? Ver. 14. With whom o Rom. ii. 15. Which show the work of took he counsel, and who instructed him, the law written in their hearts, their con- and taught him in the path of judgment, science also bearing witness, and their and taught him knowledge, and showed thoughts the mean while accusing or to him the way of understanding? Ver. 15. else excusing one another. Rom. iii. 9. Behold, the nations are as a drop of a What then? are we better than they? No, bucket, and are counted as the small dust in no wise: for we have before proved both of the balance: behold, he taketh up the Jews and Gentiles, that tliey are all under isles as a very little thing. Ver. 16. And sin. Ver. 19. Now we know, that what Lebanon is not sufficient to burn, nor the things soever the law saith, it saith to them beasts thereof sufficient for a burnt-offerwho are under the law; that every mouth ing. Ver. 17. Ali nations before him are may be stopped, and all the world may as nothing; and they are counted to him become guilty before God.
less than nothing, and vanity. Job. ix. 3 P Eph. i. 2. Among whom also we all For he is not a man, as I am, that I should had our conversation in times past in the answer him, and we should come together lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of in judgment. Ver. 33. Neither is there any the flesh and of the mind; and were by day's-man betwixt us, that might lay his nature the children of wrath, even as hand upon us both. 1 Sam. ii. 25. If one others.
man sin against another, the judge shal 4 Gal. iii. 10. For as many as are of the judge himn : but if a man sin against the works of the law are under the curse: for Lord, who shall entreat for him? Isal It is written, Cursed is every one that con- cxiii. 5. Who is like unto the Lord ou tiuueth not in all things which are written God, who dwelleth on high, Ver. 6.
humbleth himself to behold the thin in the book of the law to do them.
Rom. vi. 23. For the wages of sin is that are in heaven, and in the eu
puth beasts this notittle this be tako na
II. The first covenant made with man was a covenant of works , wherein life was promised to Adam, and in him to his posterity, upon condition of perfect and personal obedienced
III. Man by his fall having made himself incapable of life by that covenant, the Lord was pleased to make a seconde, commonly called the Covenant of Grace : whereby he freely offereth unto sinners life and salvation by Jesus Christ, requiring of them faith in him, that they inay be saved f; and promising to give unto all those that are ordained unto life his Holy Spirit, to make them willing and able to believes.
IV. This covenant of grace is frequently set forth in the scripture by the name of a Testament, in reference to the death of Jesus Christ the testator, and to the everlasting inheritance, with all things belonging to it, therein bequeathed h.
Psal. c. 2. Serve the Lord with gladness; own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, come before his presence with singing and for sin condemned sin in the flesh. Ver. 3. Know ye that the Lord he is God: Rom. iii. 20. Therefore by the deeds of the it is he that hath made us, and not we law there shall no flesh be justified in his ourselves: we are his people, and the sheep sight: for by the law is the knowledge of of liis pasture. Job xxii. 2. Can a man be sin. Ver. 21. But now the righteousness profitable unto God, as he that is wise of God without the law is manifested, being may be profitable unto himself ? Ver. 3. witnessed by the law and the prophets. Is it any pleasure to the Almighty, that Gen. iii. 15. And I will put enmity between thou art righteous ? or is it gain to him, thee and the woman, and between thy seed that thou makest thy ways perfect! Job and her seed: it shali wruise thy head, and Xxxv. 7. If thou be richteous, what givest thou shalt bruise his heel. Isa. xlii. 6. I thou him? or what receiveth he of thine the Lord have called thee in righteousness, hand ? Ver. 8. Thy wickedness may hurt and will hold thine hand, and will keep a man as thou art, and thy righteousness thee, and give thee for a covenant of the may profit the son of man. Luke xvii. 10. people, for a light of the Gentiles. So likewise ye, when ye shall have done Mark xvi. 15. And he said unto them, all those things which are commanded Go ye into all the world, and preach the yoll, say, We are unprofitable servants: gospel to every creature. Ver. 16. He that we have done that which was our duty to believeth, and is baptized, shall be saved: do. Acts xvii. 24. God, that made the but he that believeth not shall be damned. world, and all things therein, seeing that John iii. 16. For God so loved the world, lie is Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth that he gave his only begotten Son, that not in temples inade with hands : Ver. 25. whosoever believeth in him should not Neither is worshipped with men's hands, perish, but have everlasting life. Rom. x. 6. as though he needed any thing, seeing hé But the righteousness which is of faith giveih 'to all life, and breath, and all speaketh on this wise, Say not in thine tnings.
heart, Who shall ascend into heaven ? II. b Gal. iii. 12. And the law is not of (that is, to bring Christ down from above.) fith: but, 1 he man that doeth them shall Ver. 9. That if thou shalt confess with live in them.
thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt be. c Rom. X. 5. For Moses describeth the lieve in thine heart that God hath raised righteousness which is of the law, That the him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. man which doeth those things shall live Gal. iii. 11. But that no man is justified by them. Rom. v. 12. to 2). [See Chap. vi. by the law in the sight of God, it is eviSect. 3. letter f.)
dent: for, The just shall live by faith. d Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of the know- & Ezek. xxxvi. 26. A new heart also will ledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat I give you, and a new spirit will I put of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof within you; and I will take away the stony thou shalt surely die. Gal. iii. 10. For as heart out of your flesh, and I will give you many as are of the works of the law are an heart of flesh. Ver. 27. And I will put under the curse: for it is written, Cursed my Spirit within you, and cause you to is every one that continueth not in all walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my things which are written in the book of judgments, and do them. John vi. 44. NO the law to do them.
• man can come to me, except the Father, III, e Gal. iii. 21. Is the law then against which hath sent me, draw lim: and I will the promises of God? God forbid : for if raise him up at the last day. Ver. 45. It there had been a law given which could is written in the prophets, And they shall have given life, verily righteousness should be all taught of God. Every man there. have been by the law. Rom. viii. 8. For fore that hath heard, and hath learned what the law could not do, in that it was of the Father, cometh unto me. weak through the flesh, God sending his IV, a lleb. ix, 15. And for this Jause he
Ashajit the art
V. This covenant was differently administered in the time of the law, and in the time of the gospel': under the law it was adminis. tered by promises, prophecies, sacrifices. circumcision, the paschal lamb, and other types and ordinances delivered to the people of the Jews, all fore-signifying Christ to come k, which were for that time sufficient and efficacious, through the operation of the Spirit, to instruct and build up the elect in faith in the promised Messiah', by whom they had full remission of sins, and eternal salvation; and is called the old Testament m.
VI. Under the gospel, when Christ the substance - was exhibited, the ordinances in which this covenant is dispensed are the preaching of the word, and the administration of the sacraments of Baptism and the Lord's Supper; which, though fewer in number, and ad
is the mediator of the new testament, that are unleavened. For even Christ our by means of death, for the redemption of passover is sacrificed for us. the transgressions that were under the il Cor. x. l. Moreover, brethren, I would first testament, they which are called not that ye should be ignorant, how that might receive the promise of eternal in- all our fathers were under the cloud, and heritance. Ver. 16. For where a testament all passed through the sea; Ver. 2. And is, there must also of necessity be the death were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud of the testator. Ver. 17. For a testament and in the sea; Ver. 3. And did all eat the is of force after men are dead: otherwise same spiritual meat: Ver. 4. And did all it is of no strength at all while the testator drink the same spiritual drink; (for they liveth. Heb, vii. 22. By so much was Jesus drank of that spiritual Rock that followed made a surety of a better testament. Luke them; and that Rock was Christ.) Heb. xxii. 20. Likewise also the cup after sup. xi. 13. These all died in faith, not having per, saying, This cup is the new testament received the promises, but having seen iu my blood, which is shed for you. I Cor. them afar off, and were persuaded of them, xi. 25. After the same manner also he took and embraced them, and confessed that the cup, when he had supped, saying, This they were strangers and pilgrims on the cup is the new testament in my blood: earth. John viii. 56. Your father Abraham this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remem- rejoiced to see my day; and he saw it, and brance of me.
was glad. V. i 2 Cor. iii. 6. Who also hath made m Gal. iii. 7. Know ye therefore, that us able ministers of the new testament; they which are of faith, the same are the not of the letter but of the spirit: for the children of Abraham. Ver. 8. And the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life. scripture, foreseeing that God would jus. Ver. 7. But if the ministration of death, tify the heathen through faith, preached written and engraven in stones, was glori. before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, vus, so that the children of Israel could In thee shall all nations be blessed. Ver. 9. not stedfastly behold the face of Moses for So then they which be of faith are blessed the glory of his countenance, which glory with faithful Abraham. Ver. 14. That the was to be done away: Ver. 8. How shall blessing of Abraham might come on the not the ministration of the Spirit be rather Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we glorious ? Ver. 9. For if the ministration might receive the promise of the Spirit of condemnation be glory, much more through faith. doth the ininistration of righteousness VI. n Col. ii. 17. Which are a shadow of exceed in glory.
things to come: but the body is of Christ. (Heb. Chapters viii. ix. x.) Rom. iv. 11, o Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore, and And he received the sign of circumcision, teach all nations, baptizing them in the & seal of the righteousness of the faith name of the Father, and of the Son, and which he had yet being uncircumcised: of the Holy Ghost; Ver. 20. Teaching them that he might be the father of all them to observe all things whatsoever I have that believe, though they be not circum- commanded you: and, lu, I am with you cised ; that righteousness might be imput- alway, even unto the end of the world. ed unto them also. Col. ii. 11. In whom also Amen. 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I have received ye are circumcised with the circumcision of the Lord that which also I delivered made without hands, in putting off the unto you, That the Lord Jesus, the same bo ly of the sins of the flesh by the circum- nicht in which he was betrayed, took cision of Christ; Ver. 12. Buried with him bread: Ver. 24. And, when he had given in baptism, wherein also ve are risen with thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, ent. hinu through the faith of the operation of this is my body, which is broken for you God, who hath raised him from the dead. this do in remembrance of me. Ver 1 Cor. y. 7. Purge out therefore the old After the same manner also he wok leasen, that ye may be a new lump, as ye cup, when he had supped, saying, 1
ministered with more simplicity and less outward glory, yet in them it is held forth in more fulness, evidence, and spiritual efficacy P, to all nations, both Jews and Gentiles 9; and is called the New Testament". There are not therefore two covenants of grace differing in substance, but one and the same under various dispensations s.
CHAP. VIII. Of Christ the Mediator. IT pleased God, in his eternal purpose, to choose and ordain the 1 Lord Jesus his only begotten Son, to be the Mediator between
cup is the new testament in my blood: ye are no more strangers and foreigners, this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remem- but fellow-citizens with the saints, and of brance of me.
the household of God. p Heb. xii. 22. But ye are come untor Lukexxii. 20. Likewise also the cup after mount Sion, and unto the city of the living supper, saying, This cup is the new testaGod, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an ment in my blood, which is shed for you. innumerable company of angels, Ver. 23. Gal. iii. 14. That the blessing of Abra. To the general assembly and church of ham might come on the Gentiles through the first-born, which are written in heaven, Jesus Christ; that we might receive the and to God the Judge of all, and to the promise of the Spirit through faith. Ver. spirits of just men made perfect, Ver. 24. 16. Now to Abraham and his seed were And to Jesus the mediator of the new the promises made. He saith not, And to covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to that speaketh better things than that of thy seed, which is Christ. Acts xv. 11. Abel. "Ver. 25. See that ye refuse not him But we believe that, through the grace of that speaketh: for if they escaped not who the Lord Jesus Christ, we shall be saved, refused him that spake on earth, much even as they. Rom. iii. 21. But now the more shall not we escape, if we turn away righteousness of God without the law is from him that speaketh from heaven; manifested, being witnessed by the law Ver. 26. Whose voice then shook the earth: and the prophets; Ver. 22. Even the righbut now he hath promised, saying, Yet teousness of God, which is by faith of once more I shake not the earth only, but Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them also heaven. Ver. 27. And this word, Yet that believe ; for there is no difference: once more, signitieth the removing of those Ver. 23. For all have sinned, and come things that are shaken, as of things that short of the glory of God. Ver. 30. Seeing are made, that those things which cannot it is one God which shall justify the cirbe shaken may remain. Jer. xxxi. 33. But cumcision by faith, and uncircumcision this shall be the covenant that I will make through faith. Psal. xxxii. 1. Blessed is with the house of Israel; After those days, he whose transgression is forgiven, whose saith the Lord, I will put my law in their sin is covered. With Rom. iv. 3. For what inward parts, and write it in their hearts; saith the scripture ? Abraham believed and will be their God, ard they shall be God, and it was counted unto him for my people. Ver. 34. And they shall teach righteousness. Ver. 6. Even as David also no more every man his neighbour, and describeth the blessedness of the man, every man his brother, saying, Know the unto whom God imputeth righteousness Lord : for they shall all know me, from without works. Ver. 16. Therefore it is the least of them unto the greatest of of faith, that it might be by grace; to the them, saith the Lord : for I will forgive end the promise might be sure to all the their iniquity, and I will remember their seed: not to that only which is of the law, sin no more.
but to that also which is of the faith of 9 Mat. xxviii. 19. (See letter o immediately Abraham, who is the father of us all, foregoing.) Eph. ii. 15. Having abolished Ver. 17. (As it is written, I have made thee in his flesh the enmity, even the law of a father of many nations,) before him commandments contained in ordinances; whom he believed, even God, who quickfor to make in himself of twain one new eneth the dead, and calleth those things man, so making peace : Ver. 16. And that which be not as though they were. Ver. 23. te might reconcile both unto God in one Now, it was not written for his sake alone, body by the cross, having slain the enmity that it was imputed to him; Ver. 24. But thereby; Ver. 17. And came and preached for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, peace to you which were afar off, and to if we believe on him that raised up Jesus them that were nigh. Ver. 18. For through our Lord from the dead. Heb. xiii. 8. him we both have access by one Spirit Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to. unto the Father, Ver. 19. Now therefore day, and for ever.