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CIIAP. XXI. Of Religious Worship, and the Sabbath-day. NIE light of nature showeth that there is a God, who hath lordship
1 and sovereignty over all ; is good, and doeth good unto all; and is therefore to be feared, loved, praised, called upon, trusted in, and served, with all the heart, and with all the soul, and with all the
should there be wrath against the realm not give your daughters unto their song, of the king and his sons ? Ver. 25. And nor take their daughters unto your sons, thou, Ezra, after the wisdom of thy God or for yourselves. Ver. 30. Thus cleansed that is in thine hand, set magistrates and I them from all strangers, and appointed judges, which may judge all the people the wards of the priests and the Levites, that are beyond the river, all such as know every one in his business. 2 Kings xxiii. the laws of thy God; and teach ye them 5. And he put down the idolatrous priests, that know them not. Ver. 26. And who whom the kings of Judah had ordained soever will not do the law of thy God, and to burn incense in the high places in the the law of the king, let judgment be exe- cities of Judah, and in the places round cuted speedily upon him, whether it be about Jerusalem: them also that burnt unto death, or to banishment, or to con- incense unto Baal, to the sun, and to the fiscation of goods, or to imprisonment. moon, and to the planets, and to all the Ver. 27. Blessed be the Lord God of our host of heaven. Ver. 6. And he brought fathers, which hath put such a thing as out the grove from the house of the Lord, this in the king's heart, to beautify the without Jerusalem, unto the brook Kidhouse of the Lord which is in Jerusalem; ron, and burnt it at the brook Kidron, Ver. 28. And hath extended mercy untó and stamped it small to powder, and cast me before the king and his counsellors, the powder thereof upon the graves of the and before all the king's mighty princes: children of the people. Ver. 9. Nevertheless and I was strengthened as the hand of the priests of the high places came riot up the Lord my God was upon me; and I to the altar of the Lord in Jerusalem, but gathered together out of Israel chief men tliey did eat of the unleavened bread to go up with me. Rev. xvii. 12. And the among their brethren. Ver. 20. And he ten horns which thou sawest are ten slew all the priests of the high places that kings, which have received no kingdom as were there upon the altars, and burnt yet ; but receive power as kings one hour men's bones upon them, and returned to with the beast. Ver. 16. And the ten horns Jerusalem. Ver. 21. And the king comwhich thou sawest upon the beast, these manded all the people, saying, Keep the shall late the whore, and shall make her passover unto the Lord your God, as it is desolate and naked, and shall eat her tlesh, written in the book of this covenant. 2 and burn her with fire. Ver. 17. For God Chron. xxxiv. 33. And Josiah took away hath put in their hearts to fulfil his will, all the abominations out of all the coun. hath put in their hearts to w6 c 4.0 Siron. XXIV. 33: And J and to agree, and give their kingdom untó tries that pertained to the children of Isthe beast, until the words of God shall be rael, and made all that were present in fulfilled. Neh. xiii. 15. In those days saw Israel to serve, even to serve the Lord I in Judah some treading wine-presses on their God. And all his days they departthe sabbath, and bringing in sheaves, and ed not from following the Lord, the God lading asses; as also wine, grapes, and of their fathers. 2 Chron. xv. 12. And they figs, and all manner of burdens, which entered into a covenant to seek the Lord they brought into Jerusalem on the sab- God of their fathers with all their heart, bath-day: and I testified against them in and with all their soul; Ver. 13. That whothe day wherein they sold victuals. Ver. soever would not seek the Lord God of Is17. Then I contended with the nobles of rael should be put to death, whether small Judah. and said unto them. What evil or great, whether man or woman. Ver. thing is this that ye do, and profane the 16. And also concerning Maachah, the sabbath-day? Ver. 21. Then I testified mother of Asa the king, he removed her against them, and said unto them, Why from being queen, because she had made lodye ye about the wall? if ye do so again, an idol in a grove: and Asa cut down her I will lay hands on you. From that time idol, and stamped it, and burnt it at the forth came they no more on the sabbath. brook Kidron. Dan. iii. 29. Therefore I Ver. 22. And I commanded the Levites, make a decree, That every people, nation, that they should cleanse themselves, and and language, which speak anything that they should come and keep the gates, amiss against the God of Shadrach, Meto sanctify the sabbath-day. Remember shach, and Abed-nego, shall be cut in me, O my God, concerning this also, and pieces, and their houses shall be made a spare me according to the greatness of dunghill; because there is no other God thy mercy. Ver. 25. And I contended with that can deliver after this sort. 1 Tim. ii. them, and cirsed them, and smote certain 2. For kings, and for ali that are in of the
lucked off their hair, and authority; that we may lead a quiet and
hy God, saying, Ye shall peaceable life in all godliness and honesty,
in her with fire. Veroh his will, all the abovertained to the
e, o my according tod I Col
I contendness of dunes; and their he
Isa. xlix. 23. and their queens thy to thee add theret on vain they do worshaments
all saler anly shajit sha, Passeroplan
might. But the acceptable way of worshipping the true God is instituted by himself, and so limited by his own revealed will, that he may not be worshipped according to the imaginations and devices of men, or the suggestions of Satan, under any visible representation, or any other way not prescribed in the holy scripture b.
II. Religious worship is to be given to God, the Father, Son, and Iloly Ghost; and to him alonec: not to angels, saints, or any other creatured ; and, since the fall, not without a Mediator; nor in the mediation of any other but of Christ alone. Isa. xlix. 23. And kings shall be tlıy nurs- b Deut. xii. 32. What thing soever I coming-fathers, and their queens thy nursing- mand you, observe to do it: thou shalt not mothers: they shall bow down to thee add thereto, nor diminish from it. Mat. with their face toward the earth, and lick xv. 9. But in vain they do worship me, up the dust of thy feet; and thou shalt teaching for doctrines the commandments know that I am the Lord: for they shall of men. Acts xvii. 25. Neither is worshipnot be ashamed that wait for me. Zech. ped with men's hands, as though he needed xiii. 2. And it shall come to pass in that any thing, seeing he giveth to all life, and day, saith the Lord of hosts, that I will breath, and all things. Mat. iv. 9. And cut off the names of the idols out of the saith unto him, All these things will I give land, and they shall no more be remem, thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship bered ; and also I will cause the prophets me. Ver. 10. Then saith Jesus unto him, and the unclean spirit to pass out of the Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, land. Ver. 3. And it shall come to pass, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and that when any shall yet prophesy, then him only shalt thou serve. (Deut. xv. to his father and his mother that begat him the 20th Verse.) Exod. xx. 4. Thou shalt shall say unto him, Thou shalt not live; not make unto thee any graven image, or for thou speakest lies in the name of the any likeness of any thing that is in heaven Lord: and his father and his mother that above, or that is in the earth beneath, or begat him shall thrust him through when that is in thewater under the earth: Ver. 5. he prophesieth.
Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, I. a Rom. i. 20. For the invisible things nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am of him from the creation of the world are a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the elearly seen, being understood by the fathers upon the children unto the third things that are made, even his eternal and fourth generation of them that hate power and Godhead; so that they are me; Ver. 6. And showing mercy unto without excuse. Acts xvii. 24. God, that thousands of them that love me, and keep made the world, and all things therein, my commandments. Col. ii. 23. Which seeing that he is Lord of heaven and things have indeed a show of wisdom in earth, dwelleth not in temples made with will-worship, and humility, and neglecting hands. Psal. cxix. 68. Thou art good, and of the body; not in any honour to the doest good: teach me thy statutes. Jer satisfying of the flesh. X. 7. Who would not fear thee, O King of II. c Mat. iv. 10. (See before in letter b.] nations? for to thee doth it appertain: With John v. 23. That all men should forasmuch as among all the wise men of honour the Son, even as they honour the the nations, and in all their kingdoms, Father. He that honoureth not the Son, there is none like unto thee. Psal. xxxi. 23. honoureth not the Father which hath sent O love the Lord, all ye his saints: for the him. And 2 Cor. xiii. 14. The grace of the Lord preserveth the faithful, and plenti. Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, fully rewardeth the proud doer. Psal. and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be xviii. 3. I will call upon the Lord, who is with you all. Amen. worthy to be praised : so shall I be saved d Col. ii. 18. Let no man beguile you of from mine enemies. Rom. x. 12. For there your reward in a voluntary humility, and is no difference between the Jew and the worshipping of angels, intruding into those Greek ; for the same Lord over all is rich things which he hath not seen, vainly unto all that call upon him. Psal. lxii. 8. puffed up by his fleshly mind. Rev. xix. 10. Trust in him at all times; ye people, pour And I fell at his feet to worship him. And out your heart before him: God is a re- he said unto me, See thou do it not: I am fuge for us. Josh. xxiv. 14. Now therefore thy fellow-servant, and of thy brethren fear the Lord, and serve him in sincerity that have the testimony of Jesus: worship and in truth: and put away the gods God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit which your fathers served on the other of prophecy. Rom. i. 25. Who changed the side of the flood, and in Egypt; and serve truth of God into a lie, and worshipped ve the Lord. Mark xii. 33. And to love and served the creature more than the him with all the heart, and with all the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen. understanding, and with all the soul, and e John xiv. 6. Jesus saith unto him, I with all the strength, and to love his am the way, and the truth, and the life: nejhbour as himself, is more than all no man cometh unto the Father, but by whole burnt-offerings and sacrifices, me. 1 Tim. ii. 5. For there is one Go
without a eso Godhead;. seven his eternal fathers upon the isiting the in
III. Prayer, with thanksgiving, being one special part of religious worship f, is by God required of all men 8 ; and, that it may be accepted, it is to be made in the name of the Son , by the help of his Spirit', according to his will k, with understanding, reverence, humility, fervency, faith, love, and perseverancel; and, if vocal, in a known tongue m.
IV. Prayer is to be made for things lawful ”, and for all sorts of men living, or that shall live hereafter o; but not for the dead P, nor
and one mediator between God and men, when ye pray, believe that ye receive them, the man Christ Jesus. Eph. ii. 18. For and ye shall have them. Mat. vi. 12. And through him we both have access by forgive us our debts, as we forgive our one Spirit unto the Father. Col. ii. 17. debtors. Ver. 14. For if ye forgive men And whatsoever ye do in word or deed, their trespasses, your heavenly Father do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, will also forgive you: Ver. 15. But if ye giving thanks to God and the Father by forgive not men their trespasses, neither him.
will your Father forgive your trespasses. III. f Phil. iv. 6. Be careful for nothing: Col. iv. 2. Continue in prayer, and watch but in every thing by prayer and suppli- in the same with thanksgiving. Eph. vi. 18. cation, with thanksgiving, let your re- Praying always with all prayer and supquests be made known unto God.
plication in the Spirit, and watching there. g Psal. Ixv. 2. O thou that hearest prayer, unto with all perseverance and supplica. unto thee shall all flesh come.
tion for all saints. h John xiv, 13. And whatsoever ye shall m1 Cor. xiv. 14. For if I pray in an unask in my name, that will I do, that the known tongue, my spirit prayeth, but my Father may be glorified in the Son. Ver. 14. understanding is unfruitful. If ye shall ask any thing in my name, I IV. n (1 John v. 14. See letter k.) will do it. 1 Pet. ii. 5. Ye also, as lively0 1 Tim. ii. 1. I exhort therefore, that, stones, are built up a spiritual house, an first of all, supplications, prayers, interholy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacri. cessions, and giving of thanks, be made fices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ. for all men; Ver. 2. For kings, and for all
i Rom. viii. 26. Likewise the Spirit also that are in authority; that we may lead a helpeth our infirmities : for we know not quiet and peaceable life in ail godliness what we should pray for as we ought; and honesty. John xvii. 20. Neither pray but the Spirit itself maketh intercession I for these alone, but for them also which for us with groanings which cannot be shall believe on me through their word. uttered.
2 Sam. vii. 29. Therefore now let it please k 1 John v.14. And this is the confidence thee to bless the house of thy servant, that that we have in him, that, if we ask any it may continue for ever before thee: for thing according to his will, he heareth us. thou, O Lord God, hast spoken it: and
I Psal. xlvii. 7. For God is the King of with thy blessing let the house of thy serall the earth; sing ye praises with under vant be blessed for ever. Ruth iv. 12. And standing. Eccl. v. 1. keep thy foot when let thy house be like the house of Pharez, thou goest to the house of God, and be whom Tamar bare unto Judah, of the more ready to hear than to give the sac- seed which the Lord shall give thee of rifice of fools: for they consider not that this young woman. they do evil. Ver. 2. Be not rash with thyP 2 Sam. xii. 21. Then said his servants mouth, and let not thine heart be hasty to unto him, What thing is this that thou utter any thing before God: for God is in hast done? Thou didst fast and weep for heaven, and thou upon earth; therefore the child, while it was alive; but when the let thy words be few. Heb. xii. 28. Where- child was dead, thou didst rise and eat fore, we receiving a kingdom which can bread. Ver. 22. And he said, While the not be moved, let us have grace, whereby child was yet alive, I fasted and wept: for we may serve God acceptably with rever. I said, Who can tell whether God will be ence and godly fear. Gen. xviii. 27. And gracious to me, that the child may live? Abraham answered and said, Behold Ver. 23. But now he is dead, wherefore now, I have taken upon me to speak unto should I fast? can I bring him back again? the Lord, which am but dust and ashes. I shall go to him, but he shall not return James v. 16. Confess your faults one to to me. With Luke xvi. 25. But Abraham another, and pray one for another, that said, Son, remember that thou in thy lifeye may be healed. The effectual fervent time receivedst thy good things, and like. prayer of a righteous man availeth much, wise Lazarus evil things : but now he is James i. 6. But let him ask in faith, no- comforted, and thou art tormented. Ver. thing wavering: for he that wavereth is 26. And besides all this, between us and like a wave of the sea driven with the wind you there is a great gulf fixed : so that and tossed. Ver. 7. For let not that man they which would pass from hence to you think that he shall receive any thing of cannot; neither can they pass to us, that the Lord. Mark xi. 24. Therefore I say would come from thence. Rev. xiv. 13, unto you, What things soever ye desire, And I heard a voice froin heaven saying
for those of whom it may be known that they have sinned the sin anto death
V. The reading of the scriptures with godly fearr; the sound preachings, and conscionable hearing of the word, in obedience unto God, with understanding, faith, and reverencet : singing of psalms with grace in the heart'; as also the due administration and worthy receiving of the sacraments instituted by Christ; are all parts of the ordinary religious worship of God w: besides religious oaths and vows y, solemn fastings?, and thanksgivings upon special occasions “,
unto me. Write, Blessed are the dead teach all nations, baptizing them in the which die in the Lord from henceforth: name of the Father, and of the Son, and Yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest of the Holy Ghost. [1 Cor. xi. 23. to Verse from their labours; and their works do 29.) Acts ii. 42. And they continued sted. follow them.
fastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellow41 John v. 16. If any man see his bro- ship, and in breaking of bread, and in ther sin a sin which is not unto death, he prayers. shall ask, and he shall give him life for x Deut. vi. 13. Thou shalt fear the Lord them that sin not unto death. There is a thy God, and serve him, and shalt swear sin unto death: I do not say that he shall by his name. With Neh. x. 29. They clave pray for it.
to their brethren, their nobles, and entered V. r Acts xv. 21. For Moses of old time into a curse, and into an oath, to walk in hath in every city them that preach him, God's law, which was given by Moses the being read in the synagogues every sab- servant of God, and to observe and do all bath-day. Rev. i. 3. Blessed is he that the commandments of the Lord our Lord, readeth, and they that hear the words of and his judgments and his statutes. this prophecy, and keep those things y Isa, xix, 21. And the Lord shall be which are written therein : for the time is known to Egypt, and the Egyptians shall at hand.
know the Lord in that day, and shall do s 2 Tim. iv. 2. Preach the word; be sacrifice and oblation ; yea, they shall vow instant in season, out of season; reprove, a vow unto the Lord, and perform it. With rebuke, exhort, with all long-suffering and Eccl. v. 4. When thou vowest a vow unto doctrine.
God, defer not to pay it; for he hath no 1 James. i. 22. But be ye doers of the pleasure in fools: pay that which thou word, and not hearers only, deceiving your hast vowed. Ver. 5. Better is it that thou own selves. Acts x. 33. Immediately there shouldest not vow, than that thou shouldfore I sent to thee; and thou hast well est vow and not pay. done that thou art come. Now therefore2 Joel ii. 12. Therefore also now, saith are we all here present before God, to hear the Lord, Turn ye even to me with all your all things that are commanded thee of God. heart, and with fasting, and with weeping, Mat. xiii. 19. When any one heareth the and with mourning. Esth. iv, 16. Go, word of the kingdom, and understandeth gather together all the Jews that are preit not. then cometh the wicked one, and sent in Shushan, and fast ye for me, and catcheth away that which was sown in neither eat nor drink three days, night or his heart. This is he wbich received seed day: I also and my maidens will fast likeby the way-side. Heb. iv. 2. For unto us wise ; and so will I go in unto the king, was the gospel preached, as well as unto which is not according to the law; and it them: but the word preached did not I perish, I perish. Mat. ix, 15. And Jesus profit them, not being mixed with faith said unto them, Can the children of the in them that heard it. Isa. lxvi. 2. For bride-chamber mourn, as long as the all those things hath mine hand made, bridegroom is with them? but the days and all those things have been, saith the will come, when the bridegroom shall be Lord: but to this man will I look, even to taken from them, and then shall they fast. him that is poor, and of a contrite spirit, 1 Cor. vii. 5. Defraud ye not one the other, and trembleth at my word. .
except it be with consent for a time, that Col. iii. 16. Let the word of Christ dwell ye may give yourselves to fasting and in you richly in all wisdom ; teaching and prayer; and come together again, that admonishing one another in psalms, and Satan tempt you not for your incontihymns, and spiritual songs, singing with nency. grace in your hearts to the Lord. Eph. v. a [Psal. cvii. throughout.] Esth. ix. 22. 19. Speaking to yourselves in psalms, and As the days wherein the Jews rested from hymns, and spiritual songs, singing and their enemies, and the month which was making melody in your heart to the Lord. turned unto them from sorrow to joy, and James v. 13. Is any among you afflicted? - from mourning into a good day; that they let him pray. Is any merry? let him sing should make them days of feasting and psalms.
joy, and of sending portions one to an. w Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore, and other, and gifts to the poor.
which are, in their several times and seasons, to be used in an holy and religious manner b.
VI. Neither prayer, nor any other part of religious worship, is, now under the gospel, either tied unto, or made more acceptable by, any place in which it is performed, or towards which it is directed: but God is to be worshipped every where din spirit and in truth e; as in private families | daily, and in secret each one by himself; so more solemnly in the publick assemblies, which are not carelessly or wilfully to be neglected or forsaken, when God, by his word or providence, calleth thereunto i ' VII. As it is of the law of nature, that, in general, a due proportion of time be set apart for the worship of God; so, in his word, by a
b Heb. xii. 28. Wherefore, we receiving vessel, and as being heirs together of the a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us grace of life; that your prayers be not have grace, whereby we may serve God hindered. Acts x. 2. A devout mars, and acceptably with reverence and godly fear. one that feared God with all his house,
VI. John iv, 21. Jesus saith unto her, which gave much alms to the people, and Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, prayed to God alway. when ye shall neither in this mountain, 8 Mat. vi. ll. Give us this day our daily nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father bread.
d Mal. i. 11.' For from the rising of the h Mat. vi. 6. But thou, when thou praysun, even unto the going down of the est, enter into thy closet; and when thou same, my name shall be great among the last shut thy door, pray to thy Father Gentiles, and in every place incense shall which is in secret; and tiny Father, which be offered unto my name, and a pure of- seeth in secret, shall reward thee openly. fering: for my name shall be great among Eph. vi. 18. Praving always with all prayer the heathen, saith the Lord of hosts. and supplication in the Spirit, and watch1 Tim. ii. 8. I will therefore that men praying thereunto with all perseverance and every where, lifting up holy hands, with supplication for all saints. out wrath and doubting.
i isa. lvi. 6. Also the sons of the strane John iv. 23. But the hour cometh, and ger, that join themselves to the Lord, to now is, when the true worshippers shall serve him, and to love the name of the worship the Father in spirit and in truth: Lord, to be his servants, every one that for the Father seeketh such to worship keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, him. Ver. 24. God is a Spirit; and they and taketh hold of my covenant; Ver. 7. that worship him must worship him in Even them will I bring to my holy mounspirit and in truth.
tain, and make them joyful in my house Jer. x. 25. Pour out thy fury upon the of prayer: their burnt-offerings and their heathen that know thee not, and upon the sacrifices shall be accepted upon mine families that call not on thy name: for altar; for mine house shall be called an they have eaten up Jacob, and devoured house of prayer for all people. Heb. x. 25. him, and consumed him, and have made Not forsaking the assen.bling of ourselves his habitation desolate. Deut. vi. 6. And together, as the manner of some is ; but these words, which I command thee this exhorting one another: and so much the day, shall be in thine heart; Ver. 7. And more, as ye see the day approaching. thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy Prov. i, 20. Wisdom crieth without; she children, and shalt talk of them when uttereth her voice in the streets : Ver. 21. thou sittest in thine house, and when thou She crieth in the chief place of concourse, walkest by the way, and when thou liest in the openings of the gates: in the city down, and when thou risest up. Job i. 5. she uttereth her words, saying, Ver. 24. And it was so, when the days of their Because I have called, and ye refused; I feasting were gone about, that Job sent have stretched out my hand, and no man and sanctified them, and rose up early in regarded. Prov. viii. 31. Blessed is the the morning, and offered burnt-offerings man that heareth me, watching daily at according to the number of them all: for my gates, waiting at the posts of my doors, Job said, It may be that my sons have Acts xiii. 42. And when the Jews were gone sinned, and cursed God in their hearts out of the synagogue, the Gentiles besought Thus did Job continually. 2 Sam. vi, 18. that these words might be preached to And as soon as David had made an end them the next sabbath. Luke iv. 16. And of offering burnt-offerings, and peace-of. he came to Nazareth, where he had been ferings, he blessed the people in the name brought up: and, as his custom was, he of the Lord of hosts. Ver. 20. Then David went into the synagogue on the sabbath returned to bless his household. 1 Pet. day, and stood up for to read. Acts ii. 42. iii. 7. Likewise, ye husbands, dwell with And they continued stedfastly in the apos. them according to knowledge, giving ho- tles'doctrine and fellowship, and in breakuur
he wife, as unto the weaker ing of bread, and in prayers.