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sists of all those throughout the world that profess the true religion, together with their childreno; and is the kingdom of the Lord Jesus Christ", the house and family of God ®, out of which there is no ordinary possibility of salvation ?
III. Únto this catholick visible church Christ hath given the ministry, oracles, and ordinances of God, for the gathering and perfecting of the saints in this life, to the end of the world ; and doth by his own presence and Spirit, according to his promise, make them effectual thereunto 8.
IV. This catholick church hath been sometimes more, sometimes
dead; that in all things he might have the and between thy seed and her seed: it pre-eminence.
shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt 11. b 1 Cor. i. 2. Unto the church of God bruise his heel. Gen. xvii. 7. And I will which is at Corinth, to thein that are establish my covenant between me and sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be thee, and thy seed after thee, in their gesaints, with all that in every place call nerations, for an everlasting covenant, to upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after both theirs and ours. 1 Cor. xii. 12. For thee. as the body is one, and hath many mem- d Mat. xiii. 47. Again, the kingdom of bers, and all the members of that one heaven is like unto a net, that was cast inbody, being many, are one body; so also to the sea, and gathered of every kind. is Christ. Ver. 13. For by one Spirit are Isa. ix. 7. Of the increase of his govern. we all baptized into one body, whether we ment and peace there shall be no end, be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or upon the throne of David, and upon his free; and have been all made to drink in- kingdom, to order it, and to establish it to one Spirit. Psal. ii. 8. Ask of me, and with judgment and with justice from I shall give thee the heathen for thine in. henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the heritance, and the uttermost parts of the Lord of hosts will perform this. earth for thy possession. Rev. vii. 9. After e Eph. ii. 19. Now therefore ye are no this I beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, more strangers and foreigners, but fellowwhich no man could number, of all na citizens with the saints, and of the housetions, and kindreds, and people, and hold of God. Eph. iii. 15. Of whom the tongues, stood before the throne, and be whole family in heaven and earth is named, fore the Lamb, clothed with white robes, f Acts ii. 47. Praising God, and having and palms in their hands. Rom. xv. 9. favour with all the people. And the Lord And that the Gentiles might glorify God added to the church daily such as should for his mercy; as it is written, For this be saved. cause I will confess to thee among the III. & 1 Cor. xii. 28. And God hath set Gentiles, and sing unto thy name. Ver. 10. some in the church, first, apostles; seAnd again he saith, Rejoice, ye Gentiles, condarily, prophets; thirdly, teachers; with his people. Ver. 11. And again, after that miracles; then gifts of healings, Praise the Lord, all ye Gentiles; and laud helps, governments, diversities of tongues. him, all ye people. Ver. 12. And again Eph. iv. 11. And he gave some, apostles; Esaias saith, There shall be a root of and some, prophets, and some, evangeJesse, and he that shall rise to reign over lists; and some, pastors and teachers; the Gentiles; in him shall the Gentiles Ver. 12. For the perfecting of the saints, trust.
for the work of the ministry, for the edi. e1 Cor. vii. 14. For the unbelieving hus. fying of the body of Christ: Ver. 13. Till band is sanctified by the wife, and the un- we all come in the unity of the faith, and believing wife is sanctified by the hus- of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto band: else were your children unclean; a perfect man, unto the measure of the but now are they holy. Acts ii. 39. For stature of the fulness of Christ. Mat. the promise is unto you, and to your xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore, and teach all children, and to all that are afar off, even nations, baptizing them in the name of as many as the Lord our God shall call. the Father, and of the Son, and of the Ezek. xvi. 20. Moreover, thou hast taken Holy Ghost; Ver. 20. Teaching them to thy sons and thy daughters, whom thou observe all things whatsoever I have comhast born unto me, and these hast thou manded you: and, lo, I am with you alsacrificed unto them to be devoured. Is way, even unto the end of the world. tuis of thy whoredoms a small matter, Amen. Isa. lix. 21. As for me, this is my Ver. 21. That thou hast slain my children, covenant with them, saith the Lord ; My and delivered them to cause them to pass Spirit that is upon thee, and my words through the fire for them! Rom. xi. 16. which I have put in thy mouth, shall not For if the first-fruit be holy, the lump is depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the also holy; and if the root be holy, so are mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth the branches. Gen. iii. 15. And I will put of thy seed's seed, saith the Lord, from eumity between thee and the woman, henceforth and for ever.
less visible b. And particular churches, which are members thereof, are more or less pure, according as the doctrine of the gospel is taught and embraced, ordinances administered, and publick worship performed more or less purely in them i
V. The purest churches under heaven are subject both to mixture and error k; and some have so degenerated as to become no churches of Christ, but synagogues of Satan! Nevertheless, there shall be always a church on earth to worship God according to his will m
VI. There is no other head of the church but the Lord Jesus Christn: nor can the Pope of Rome in any sense be head thereof; but is that antichrist, that man of sin, and son of perdition, that exalteth himself in the church against Christ, and all that is called Godo.
name shaname shallagainst ilates of
IV. h Rom. xi. 3. Lord, they have killed but fear: Ver. 21. For if God spared not thy prophets, and digged down thine al- the natural branches, take heed lest he tars, and I am left alone, and they seek also spare not thee. Ver. 22. Behold theremy life. Ver. 4. But what saith the answer fore the goodness and severity of God: on of God unto him ? I have reserved to my- them which fell, severity ; but toward thee, self seven thousand men, who have not goodness, if thou continue in his goodbowed the knee to the image of Baal. ness; otherwise thou also shalt be cut Rev. xii. 6. And the woman tied into the off. wilderness, where she hath a place pre- m Mat. xvi. 18. And I say also unto thee, pared of God, that they should feed her That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I there a thousand two hundred and three- will build my church; and the gates of score days. Ver. 14. And to the woman hell shall not prevail against it. Psal. were given two wings of a great eagle, lxxii. 17. His name shall endure for ever: that she might fly into the wilderness, in his name shall be continued as long as to her place, where she is nourished for a the sun; and men shall be blessed in him : time, and times, and half a time, from the all nations shall call him blessed. Psal. face of the serpent.
cii, 28. The children of thy servants shall i (Rev. Chapters ii. and iii. throughout.) continue, and their seed shall be establish1. Cor. v. 6. Your glorying is not good. ed before thee. Mat. xxviii. 19, 20. [See in Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth letter 8.) the whole lump? Ver. 7. Purge out there VI. n Col. i. 18. And he is the head of fore the old leaven, that ye may be a new the body, the church; who is the begin. lump, as ye are unleavened. For even ning, the first-born from the dead; that Christ our passover is sacrificed for us. in all things he might have the pre-emi.
V. k 1 Cor. xiii. 12. For now we see nence. Eph. i. 22. And hath put all things through a glass, darkly; but then face to under his feet, and gave him to be the face:now I know in part; but then shall head over all things to the church, I know even as also I am known. (Rev. o Mat. xxiii. 8. But be not ye called Chapters ii. and iii. Mat. xiii. 24.-30. Rabbi: for one is your Master, even Another parable put he forth unto them, Christ; and all ye are brethren. Ver. 9. saying, The kingdom of heaven is likened And call no man your father upon the unto a man which sowed good seed in his earth: for cne is your Father, which is in field ; But while men slept, his enemy came heaven. Ver. 10. Neither be ye called mas. and sowed tares among the wheat, and ters: for one is your Master, even Christ, went his way. But when the blade was 2 Thess. ii. 3. Let no man deceive you by sprung up, and brought forth fruit, then any means: for that day shall not come, appeared the tares also, dic. Ver. 47. except there come a falling away first, and Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto that man of sin be revealed, the son of a net, that was cast into the sea, and ga- perdition : Ver. 4. Who opposeth and exaltthered of every kind.
eth himself above all that is called God, 1 Rev. xviii, 2. And he cried mightily with or that is worshipped ; so that he, as God, a strong voice, saying, Babylon the great sitteth in the temple of God, showing himis fallen, is fallen, and is become the babi. self that he is God. Ver. 8. And then shall tation of devils, and the hold of every foul that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord spirit, and a cage of every unclean and shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, hateful bird. Rom. xi. 18. Boast not and shall destroy with the brightness of against the branches : but if thou boast, his coming : Ver. 9. Even him, whose comthou bearest not the root, but the root ing is after the working of Satan, with all thee. Ver. 19. Thou wilt say then, The power, and signs, and lying wonders. Rev. branches were broken off, that I might be xiii. 6. And he opened his mouth in blasgraffed in. Ver. 20. Well; because of un- phemy against God, to blaspheme his Ielief they were broken off, and thou name, and his tabernacle, and them that standest by faith. Be not high-minded, dwell in heaven.
spiritul birds, anches : butt, "but the. The power: And here God, toe, and' iben
that Wicke is God. vor God, shore,
CHAP. XXVI. Of Communion of Saints. ALL saints that are united to Jesus Christ their head by his Spirit, A and by faithi, have fellowship with him in his graces, sufferings, death, resurrection, and glory a.. And being united to one another in love, they have communion in each other's gifts and graces b; and are obliged to the performance of such duties, publick and private, as do conduce to their mutual good, both in the inward and outward man
II. Saints, by profession, are bound to maintain an holy fellowship and communion in the worship of God, and in performing such other spiritual services as tend to their mutual edification d; as also in re
l'hil. wij er of his frings, bekom. vi. In the in Win tru
I. a 1 John i. 3. That which we have are Christ's; and Christ is God's. Col. ii. 19. seen and heard declare we unto you, that And not holding the head, from which all ye also may have fellowship with us: and the body by joints and bands having nou. truly our fellowship is with the Father, rishment ministered, and knit together, and with his Son Jesus Christ. Eph. iii. 16. increaseth with the increase of God. That he would grant you, according to the cl Thess. v. 11. Wherefore comfort yourriches of his glory, to be strengthened with selves together, and edify one another, might by his Spirit in the inner man; even as also ye do. Ver. 14. Now we ex. Ver. 17. That Christ may dwell in your hort you, brethren, warn them that are hearts by faith; that ye, being rooted and unruly, comfort the feeble-minded, support grounded in love, Ver. 18. May be able to the weak, be patient toward all men. Rom. comprehend with all saints what is the i. 11. For I long to see you, that I may breadth, and length, and depth, and impart unto you some spiritual gift, to height; Ver. 19. And to know the love of the end ye may be established; Ver. 12. Christ, which passeth knowledge, that ye That is, that I may be comforted together might be filled with all the fulness of God. with you, by the mutual faith both of you John i. 16. And of his fulness have all we and me. Ver. 14. I am debtor both to the received, and grace for grace, Eph. ii. 5. Greeks and to the Barbarians, both to the Even when we were dead in sins, hath wise and to the unwise. 1 John iii. 16. Hereby quickened us together with Christ; (by perceive we the love of God, because he grace ye are saved ;) Ver. 6. And hath said down his life for us: and we ought to raised us up together, and made us sit lay down our lives for the brethren. Ver. together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus. 17. But whoso hath this world's good, and Phil. iii. 10. That I may know him, and seeth his brother have need, and shutteth the power of his resurrection, and the fel- up his bowels of compassion from him, lowship of his sufferings, being made con- how dwelleth the love of God in him ? formable unto his death. Rom. vi. 5. For Ver. 18. My little children, let us not love if we have been planted together in the in word, neither in tongue; but in deed, likeness of his death, we shall be also in and in truth. Gal. vi. 10. As we have the likeness of his resurrection : Ver. 6. therefore opportunity, let us do good unto Knowing this, that our old man is cruci- all men, especially unto them who are of fied with him, that the body of sin might the household of faith. be destroyed, that henceforth we should II. d Heb. x. 24. And let us consider one not serve sin. 2 Tim. ii. 12. If we suffer, another, to provoke unto love, and to good we shall also reign with him : if we deny works : Ver. 25. Not forsaking the assemhim, he also will deny us.
bling of ourselves together, as the manner b Eph. iv. 15. But, speaking the truth in of some is; but exhorting one another: love, may grow up into him in all things, and so much the more, as ye see the day which is the head, even Christ: Ver. 16. approaching. Acts ii. 42. And they conFrom whom the whole body fitly joined tinued stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine together and compacted by that which and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, every joint supplieth, according to the ef- and in prayers. Ver. 46. And they, con. fectual working in the measure of every tinuing daily with one accord in the tempart, maketh increase of the body, unto ple, and breaking bread from house to the edifying of itself in love I Cor. xii. 7. house, did eat their meat with gladness But the manifestation of the Spirit is given and singleness of heart. Isa. ii. 3. And to every man to profit withal. 1 Cor. iii. 21. many people shall go and say, Come ye, Therefore let no man glory in men: for all and let us go up to the mountain of the things are yours; Ver. 22. Whether Paul, Lord, to the house of the God of Jacob; or Apollos, or Cephas, or the world, or and he will teach us of his ways, and we life, or death, or things present, or things will walk in his paths : for out of Zion to come: all are yours; Ver. 23. And ye shall go forth the law, and the word of the
11 are yours present, oro rad, or anad, to the housto the mora
lieving each other in outward things, according to their several abilities and necessities. Which communion, as God offereth opportunity, is to be extended unto all those who in every place call upon the name of the Lord Jesus .
III. This communion which the saints have with Christ, doth not make them in any wise partakers of the substance of his Godhead, or to be equal with Christ in any respect : either of which to affirm is impious and blasphemous ?. Nor doth their communion one with another, as saints, take away or infringe the title or property which each man hath in his goods and possessions ,
CHAP. XXVII. Of the Sacraments. SACRAMENTS are holy signs and seals of the covenant of gracea, W immediately instituted by God, to represent Christ and his benefits, and to confirm our interest in him c; as also to put a visible difference between those that belong unto the church and the rest of
Lord from Jerusalem. 1 Cor. xi. 20. When thee with the oil of gladness above thy ye come together therefore into one place, fellows. this is not to eat the Lord's supper.
& Exod. xx. 15. Thou shalt not steal, e Acts ii. 44. And all that believed were Eph. iv, 28. Let him that stole steal no together, and had all things common; more: but rather let him labour, working Ver. 45. And sold their possessions and with his hands the thing which is good, goods, and parted them to all men, as that he may have to give to him that need. every man had need. 1 John iii. 17. (See eth. Acts v. 4. Whiles it remained, was it in letter e.] 2 Cor. Chapters viii. and ix. not thine own ! and after it was sold, was Acts xi. 29. Then the disciples, every man it not in thine own power? why hast thou according to his ability, determined to conceived this thing in thine heart ? thou send relief unto the brethren which dwelt hast not lied unto men, but unto God. in Judea: Ver. 30. Which also they did, I. a Rom. iv. 11. And he received the and sent it to the elders by the hands of sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteBarnabas and Saul.
ousness of the faith which he had yet being III. f Col. i. 18. And he is the head of uncircumcised: that he might be the father the body, the church; who is the begin- of all them that believe, though they be ning, the first-born from the dead; that not circumcised ; that righteousness might in all things he might have the pre-emi. be imputed unto them also. Gen. xvii. 7. nence: Ver. 19. For it pleased the Father, And I will establish my covenant between that in him should all fulness dwell. 1 Cor. me and thee, and thy seed after thee, in viii. 6. But to us there is but one God, the their generations, for an everlasting coveFather, of whom are all things, and we in nant, to be a God unto thee, and to thy him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom seed after thee. Ver. 10. (See below in are all things, and we by him. Isa. xlii. 8. letter f.] I am the Lord; that is my name: and my b Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore, and glory will I not give to another, neither teach all nations, baptizing them in the my praise to graven images. 1 Tim. vi. 15. name of the Father, and of the Son, and Which in his times he shall show, who is of the Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I the blessed and only Potentate, the King have received of the Lord that which also of kings, and Lord of lords; Ver. 16. Who I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus, only hath immortality, dwelling in the the same night in which he was betrayed, light which no man can approach unto; took bread. whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to c1 Cor. x. 16. The cup of blessing which whom be honour and power everlasting. we bless, is it not the communion of the Amen. Psal. xlv. 7. Thou lovest rightē blood of Christ? the bread which we break, ousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore is it not the communion of the body of God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the Christ! 1 Cor. xi. 25. After the same oil of gladness above thy fellows. With manner also he took the cup, when he Heb. i. 8. But unto the Son he saith, Thy had supped, saying, This cup is the new throne, O God, is for ever and ever; a testament in my blood : this do ye, as oft sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. thy kingdom. Ver. 9. Thou hast loved Ver. 26. For as often as ye eat this bread, righteousness, and hated iniquity; there and drink this cup, ye do show the Lord's fore God, even thy God, hath anointed death till he come. *Gal. iii. 27. For at
the world d; and solemnly to engage them to the service of God in Christ, according to his word e.
II. There is in every sacrament a spiritual relation, or sacramental union, between the sign and the thing signified; whence it comes to pass, that the names and effects of the one are attributed to the other?
III. The grace which is exhibited in or by the sacraments, rightly used, is not conferred by any power in them; neither doth the efficacy of a sacrament depend upon the piety or intention of him that doth administer it , but upon the work of the Spirit h, and the word of institution ; which contains, together with a precept authorising the use thereof, a promise of benefit to worthy receivers i
IV. There be only two sacraments ordained by Christ our Lord in the gospel, that is to say, Baptism, and the Supper of the Lord ; neither of which may be dispensed by any but by a minister of the word, lawfully ordained k.
V. The sacraments of the Old Testament, in regard of the spiritual things thereby signified and exhibited, were, for substance, the same with those of the New!
many of you as have been baptized into III. & Rom. ii. 28. For he is not a Jew Christ have put on Christ. Gal. iii. 17. which is one outwardly; neither is that And this I say, that the covenant, that circumcision which is outward in the flesh: was confirmed before of God in Christ, Ver. 29. But he is a Jew which is one in. the law, which was four hundred and wardly: and circumcision is that of the thirty years after, cannot disannul, that heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter ; it should make the promise of none effect. whose praise is not of men, but of God.
d Rom. xv. 8. Now I say, that Jesus 1 Pet. iii. 21. The like figure whereunto Christ was a minister of the circumcision even baptism doth also now save us, (not for the truth of God, to confirm the pro- the putting away of the filth of the flesh, mises made unto the fathers. Exod. xii. 48. but the answer of a good conscience toAnd when a stranger shall sojourn with ward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus thee, and will keep the passover to the Christ. Lord, let all his males be circumcised, and h Mat. iii. 11. I indeed baptize you with then let him come near and keep it ; and water unto repentance: but he that comhe shall be as one that is born in the land: eth after me is mightier than I, whose for no uncircumcised person shall eat shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall thereof. Gen. xxxiv. 14. And they said baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with unto them, We cannot do this thing, to fire. 1 Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit are give our sister to one that is uncircum- we all baptized into one body, whether we cised; for that were a reproach unto us. be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond
e Rom. vi. 3. Know ye not, that so many or free ; and have been all made to drink of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ into one Spirit. were baptized into his death? Ver. 4. i Mat. xxvi. 27, 28. [See in letter (] Mat. Therefore we are buried with him by bap. xxviii. 19. (See in letter b.] Ver. 20. Teachtism into death; that like as Christ was ing them to observe all things whatsoever raised up from the dead by the glory of the I have commanded you: and, lo, I am Father, even so we also should walk in with you alway, even unto the end of the newness of life. 1 Cor. x. 16. (See in let. world. Amen. ter c.) Ver. 21. Ye cannot drink the cup IV. * Mat. xxviii, 19. Go ye therefore, of the Lord, and the cup of devils : ye can. and teach all nations, baptizing them in not be partakers of the Lord's table, and the name of the Father, and of the Son, of the table of devils.
and of the Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. xi. 20. When II. f Gen. xvii. 10. This is my covenant, ye come together therefore into one place, which ye shall keep, between me and you, this is not to eat the Lord's supper. Ver. 23, and thy seed after thee: Every man-child For I have received of the Lord that which among you shall be circumcised. Mat. also I delivered unto you, That the Lord xxvi. 27. And he took the cup, and gave Jesus, the same night in which he was thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink betrayed, took bread. 1 Cor. iv. 1. Let a ye all of it: Ver. 28. For this is my blood man so account of us as of the ministers of the new testament, which is shed for of Christ, and stewards of the mysteries many for the remission of sins. Tit. ii. 5. of God. Heb. v. 4. And no man taketh Not by works of righteousness which we this honour unto himself, but he that is have done, but according to his mercy he called of God, as was Aaron. saved us, by the washing of regeneration, v. 11 Cor. x. 1. Moreover, breth and renewing of the Holy Ghost.
would not that ye should be igno
managed, tooknoThat the which
ich is shed for man so account bread. 1 Cor. ich he was