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family is to have the chief hand; and any member of the family may propone a question or doubt for resolution.

IV. The head of the family is to take care that none of the family withdraw himself from any part of family-worship: and, seeing the ordinary performance of all the parts of family-worship belongeth properly to the head of the family, the minister is to stir up such as are lazy, and train up such as are weak, to a fitness to these exercises; it being always free to persons of quality to entertain one approved by the presbytery for performing family-exercise. And in other families, where the head of the family is unfit, that another, constantly residing in the family, approved by the minister and session, may be employed in that service, wherein the minister and session are to be countable to the presbytery. And if a minister, by divine Providence, be brought to any family, it is requisite that at no time he convene a part of the family for worship, secluding the rest, except in singular cases, especially concerning these parties, which (in Christian prudence) need not, or ought not, to be imparted to others.

V. Let no idler who hath no particular calling, or vagrant person under pretence of a calling, be suffered to perform worship in fami. lies, to or for the same; seeing persons tainted with errors, or aiming at division, may be ready (after that manner) to creep into houses, and lead captive silly and unstable souls.

VI. At family-worship, a special care is to be had that each family keep by themselves ; neither requiring, inviting, nor admitting persons from divers families, unless it be those who are lodged with them, or at meals, or otherwise with them upon some lawful occasion.

VII. Whatsoever have been the effects and fruits of meetings of persons of divers families in the times of corruption or trouble, (in which cases many things are commendable, which otherwise are not tolerable,) yet, when God hath blessed us with peace and purity of the gospel, such meetings of persons of divers families (except in cases mentioned in these Directions) are to be disapproved, as tending to the hinderance of the religious exercise of each family by itself, to the prejudice of the publick ministry, to the rending of the families of particular congregations, and (in progress of time) of the whole kirk. Besides many offences which may come thereby, to the hardening of the hearts of carnal men, and grief of the godly.

VIII. On the Lord's day, after every one of the family apart, and the whole family together, have sought the Lord (in whose hands the preparation of men's hearts are) to fit them for the publick worship, and to bless to them the publick'ordinances, the master of the family ought to take care that all within his charge repair to the publick worship, that he and they may join with the rest of the congregation: and the publick worship being finished, after prayer, he should take an account what they have heard ; and thereafter, to spend the rest of the time which they may spare in catechising, and in spiritual conferences upon the word of God: or else (going apart) they ought to apply themselves to reading, meditation, and secret prayer, that they may confirm and increase their communion with God : that so the profit which they found in the publick ordinances may be cherished and promoved, and they moro edified unto eternal life.

IX. So many as can conceive prayer, ought to make use of tbat

gift of God; albeit those who are rude and weaker may begin at a set form of prayer, but so as they be not sluggish in stirring up in themselves (according to their daily necessities) the spirit of prayer, which is given to all the children of God in some measure: to which effect, they ought to be more fervent and frequent in secret prayer to God, for enabling of their hearts to conceive, and their tongues to express, convenient desires to God for their family. And, in the mean time, for their greater encouragement, let these materials of prayer be meditated upon, and made use of, as followeth.

“'Let them confess to God how unworthy they are to come in his “presence, and how unfit to worship his Majesty; and therefore “ earnestly ask of God the spirit of prayer.

“ They are to confess their sins, and ihe sins of the family; accus“ing, judging, and condemning themselves for them, till they bring “their souls to some measure of true humiliation.

“ They are to pour out their souls to God, in the name of Christ, “by the Spirit for forgiveness of sins; for grace to repent, to be“lieve, and to live soberly, righteously, and godly; and that they “may serve God with joy and delight, walking before him.

“ They are to give thanks to God for his many mercies to his peo“ple, and to themselves, and especially for his love in Christ, and for “ the light of the gospel.

“ They are to pray for such particular benefits, spiritual and tem“poral, as they stand in need of for the time, (whether it be morning “or evening,) as anent health or sickness, prosperity or adversity.

“ They ought to pray for the kirk of Christ in general, for all the “ reformed kirks, and for this kirk in particular, and for all that suffer “ for the name of Christ; for all our superiors, the king's majesty, the “queen, and their children ; for the magistrates, ministers, and whole “ body of the congregation whereof they are members, as well for “their neighbours absent in their lawful affairs, as for those that are “ at home.

“The prayer may be closed with an earnest desire that God may “be glorified in the coming of the kingdom of his Son, and in doing “ of his will, and with assurance that themselves are accepted, and “ what they have asked according to his will shall be done."

X. These exercises ought to be perforined in great sincerity, without delay, laying aside all exercises of worldly business or hinderances, notwithstanding the mockings of atheists and profane men; in respect of the great mercies of God to this land, and of his severe corrections wherewith lately he hath exercised us. And, to this effect, persons of eminency (and all elders of the kirk) not only ought to stir up themselves and families to diligence herein, but also to concur effectually, that in all other families, where they have power and charge, the said exercises be conscionably performed.

XI. Besides the ordinary duties in families, which are above inentioned, extraordinary duties, both of humiliation and thanksgiving, are to be carefully performed in families, when the Lord, by extraordinary occasions, (private or publick,) calleth for them.

Xil. Seeing the word of God requireth, that we should consider one another to provoke unto love and good works; therefore, at all times, and specially in this time, wherein profanity abounds, and mockers, walking after their own lusts, think it strange that others l'un not with them to the same excess of riot; every member of this kirk ought to stir up themselves, and one another, to the duties of mutual edification, by instruction, admonition, rebuke ; exhorting on! another to manifest the grace of God, in denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, and in living godly, soberly, and righteously, in this present world ; by comforting the feeble-minded, and praying with or for one another. Which duties respectively are to be performer upon special occasions offered by divine Providence; as namely, when under any calamity, cross, or great difficulty, counsel or comfort is sought; or when an offender is to be reclaimed by private admonition, and if that be not effectual, by joining one or two more in the admonition, according to the rule of Christ; that in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established.

XIII. And, because it is not given to every one to speak a word in season to a wearied or distressed conscience, it is expedient, that a person (in that case,) finding no ease, after the use of all ordinary means, private and publick, have their address to their own pastor, or some experienced Christian : but if the person troubled in conscience be of that condition, or of that sex, that discretion, modesty, or fear of scandal, requireth a godly, grave, and secret friend to be present with them in their said address, it is expedient that such a friend be present.

XIV. When persons of divers families are brought together by divine Providence, being abroad upon their particular vocations, or any necessary occasions; as they would have the Lord their God with them whithersoever they go, they ought to walk with God, and not neglect the duties of prayer and thanksgiving, but take care that the same be performed by such as the company shall judge fittest And that they likewise take heed that no corrupt communication proceed out of their mouths, but that which is good, to the use of edifying, that it may minister grace to the hearers.

The drift and scope of all these Directions is no other, but that, upon the one part, the power and practice of godliness, amongst all the ministers and inembers of this kirk, according to their several places and vocations, may be cherished and advanced, and all impiety and mocking of religious exercises suppressed : and, upon the other part, that, under the name and pretext of religious exercises, no such meetings or practices be allowed, as are apt to breed error, scandal, schism, contempt, or misregard of the publick ordinances and ministers, or neglect of the duties of particular callings, or such other evils as are the works not of the Spirit, but of the flesh, and are contrary to truth and peace.

A. KER.

TABLE

OF THE

CIIIEF MATTERS CONTAINED IN THE CONFESSION OF

FAITII AND LARGER CATECHISM.

Con, signifies the Confession of Faith. The first number denotes the Chapter, the following figures

denote the Paragraphs.

Cal, signifies the Larger Catechism, and the figures denote the numbers of the Questions

A

180.

Anxiety about the things of this life sinful, ACCEPTANCE. The persons of believ. cat. 105, 136, 142.

ers are accepted as righteous in the The Apocrypha, not being of divine inspirsight of God only for the obedience and ation, is of no authority in the church, satisfaction of Christ, con. xi. 1. cat. 70.

con. i. 3. Which is imputed to them by God, and Immodest Apparel forbidden, cat. 139. received by faith, com. xi. 1. cat. 70. 71. 72. Ascension of Christ, con. viii. 4. cat. 53. How their good works are accepted in Assembly.

cood works are acceptes in Assembly. See Councils. Christ, con. xvi. 6. Acceptance in prayer Publick Assemblies for the worship of God through Christ and his mediation. cat. not to be carelessly or wilfully neglected,

con. xxi. 6. Access. No access urto the presence of Assurance of grace and salvation attainGod without the Mediator Jesus Christ,

able in this life, con. xviii. ], 2. cat. 80. con. xii. cat. 39, 55, 181. Who hath pur

Without extraordinary revelation, con, chased for believers under the gospel, a

xviii. 3. cat. 80. Upon what it is founded, greater boldness of access to the throne

con. iii. 8. xviii. 2. cat. 80. It is strengthof grace, than believers under the law

ened by good works, con. xvi. 2. Believ. did ordinarily partake of, con. xx. 1.

ers may want it, con. xviii. 3. cat. 80, 172, Actions. God orders and governs all the

They may have it diminished and interactions of his creatures by his most wise

mitted ; and be deprived of comfort, and and holy providence, according to his

the light of God's countenance, con. xi. infallible foreknowledge and immutable

5. xvii. 3. xviii. 4. cat. 81. But they are decree, con. y. 1. cat. 18. See Providence,

never utterly destitute of that seed of Actual sins proceed from the original cor

God, and life of faith and love, &c. out ruption of nature, con. vi. 4. cat. 25. See

of which assurance may, by the Spirit, Sin.

be in due time revived, con. xviii. 4. cat. Admonition of the church, con. xxx. 4.

81. And by which, in the mean time, Adoption, the nature and privileges of it,

they are supported from utter despair, ib. con. xii. cat. 74.

It is the duty of all to endeavour after Adultery, a just ground of divorce, con,

assurance, con. xviii. 3. And to pray for xxiv. 5, 6.

it, cat. 194. The fruits of it; it inclines Argravations of sin, cat. 151.

not to looseless, con. xviii. 3. Amen, the meaning of it, cat. 196.

Atheism, the denying or not having a God, Angels, God's decree concerning them,

cat. 105. con. iii. 3. 4. cat. 13. low created. cat. Attributes of God, con. ii. 1, 2. cat. 7, 8, 101. 16. God's providence towards them, cat. 19. They are all employed at his plea

в sure in the administrations of his power, BAPTISM, what, con, xxviii. 1, 2. cat. 165. mercy, and justice, ih. Not to be wor To continue to the end of the world, con. shipped, con. xxi. 2. cat, 105.

xxviii. 1. cat. 176. But once to be admi. Antichrist, what, con. xxv. 6. The Pope is nistered to any person, con. xxviii. 7. cat. • Antichrist, ib.

177. By whom, con. xxvii. 4. xxviii. 2, Antiquity, no pretence for using the de cat. 176. To whom, con. xxviii. 4. cat. 166. vices of men in the worship of God, cat. Dipping not necessary in baptism: But it 109.

may be rightly administered by sprink

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run not with them to the same excess of riot ; every member of this kirk ought to stir up themselves, and one another, to the duties of mutual edification, by instruction, admonition, rebuke ; exhorting one another to manifest the grace of God, in denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, and in living godly, soberly, and righteously, in this present world ; by comforting the feeble-minded, and praying with or for one another. Which duties respectively are to be performed upon special occasions offered by divine Providence; as namely, when under any calamity, cross, or great difficulty, counsel or comfort is sought; or when an offender is to be reclaimed by private admoni: tion, and if that be not effectual, by joining one or two more in the admonition, according to the rule of Christ ; that in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established.

XIII. And, because it is not given to every one to speak a word in season to a wearied or distressed conscience, it is expedient, that & person (in that case,) finding no ease, after the use of all ordinary means, private and publick, have their address to their own pastor, or some experienced Christian : but if the person troubled in conscience be of that condition, or of that sex, that discretion, modesty, or fear of scandal, requireth a godly, grave, and secret friend to be present with them in their said address, it is expedient that such a friend be present.

XIV. When persons of divers families are brought together by divine Providence, being abroad upon their particular vocations, or any necessary occasions; as they would have the Lord their God with them whithersoever they go, they ought to walk with God, and not neglect the duties of prayer and thanksgiving, but take care that the same be performed by such as the company shall judge fittest. And that they likewise take heed that no corrupt communication proceed out of their mouths, but that which is good, to the use of edifying, that it may minister grace to the hearers.

The drift and scope of all these Directions is no other, but that, upon the one part, the power and practice of godliness, amongst all the ministers and inembers of this kirk, according to their several places and vocations, may be cherished and advanced, and all im. piety and mocking of religious exercises suppressed: and, upon the other part, that, under the name and pretext of religious exercises, no such meetings or practices be allowed, as are apt to breed error, scandal, schism, contempt, or misregard of the publick ordinances and ministers, or neglect of the duties of particular callings, or such other evils as are the works not of the Spirit, but of the flesh, and are contrary to truth and peace.

A. KER.

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