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CHIEF MATTERS CONTAINED IN THE CONFESSION OF
FAITII AND LARGER CATECIIISM.
Con, signifies the Confession of Faith. The first number denotes the Chapter, the following figures
denote the Paragraphs.
Cal, signifies the Larger Catechism, and the figures denote the numbers of the Questions
Anxiety about the things of this life sinful, ACCEPTANCE. The persons of believ. cat. 105, 136, 142.
ers are accepted as righteous in the The Apocrypha, not being of divine inspirsight of God only for the obedience and ation, is of no authority in the church, satisfaction of Christ, con, xi. 1. cat. 70.
con. i. 3. Which is imputed to them by God. and Imunodest Apparel forbidden, cat. 139. received by faith, con. xi. 1. cat. 70, 71, 72.
Ascension of Christ, con. viii. 4. cat. 53. How their good works are accepted in
good works are accepted in Assembly. See Councils. Christ, con. xvi. 6. Acceptance in prayer
Publick Assemblies for the worship of God through Christ and his mediation, cat.
not to be carelessly or wilfully neglected, 180.
con. xxi. 6. Access. No access unto the presence of Assurance of grace and salvation attainGod without the Meliator Jesus Christ,
able in this life, con. xviii. 1, 2. cat. 80. con. xii. cat. 39, 55, 181. Who hath pur
Without extraordinary revelation, con. chased for believers under the gospel, a
xviii. 3. cat. 80. Upon what it is founded, greater boldness of access to the throne
con. iii. 8. xviii. 2. cat. 80. It is strengthof grace, than believers under the law
ened by good works, con. xvi. 2. Believ. did ordinarily partake of, con. xx. 1.
ers may want it, con. xviii. 3. cat. 80, 172, Actions. God orders and governs all the
They may have it diminished and interactions of his creatures by his most wise
mitted ; and be deprived of comfort, and and holy providence, according to his
the light of God's countenance, con. xi. infallible foreknowledge and immutable
5. xvii. 3. xviii. 4. cat. 81. But they are decree, con. v. 1. cat. 18. See Providence.
never utterly destitute of that seed of Actual sins proceed from the original cor
God, and life of faith and love, d'c. out ruption of nature, con. vi. 4. cat. 25. See
of which assurance may, by the Spirit, Sin.
be in due time revived, con. xviii. 4. cat. Admonition of the church, con. xxx. 4.
81. And by which, in the mean time, Alloption, the nature and privileges of it,
they are supported from utter despair, ib. com. xii. cat. 74,
It is the duty of all to endeavour after Acutery, a just ground of divorce, con.
assurance, con, xviii. 3. And to pray for xxiv. 5, 6.
it, cat. 194. The fruits of it: it inclines Aryravations of sin, cat. 151.
not to looseless, con. xviii. 3. Amen, the meaning of it, cat. 196.
Atheism, the denying or not having a God, Angels, God's decree concerning them,
cat. 105. con. iii. 3. 4. cat. 13. Ilow created, cat. Attributes of God, con. ii. 1, 2. cat. 7, 8, 101. 16. God's providence towards them, cat. 19. They are all employed at his plea
B sure in the administrations of his power, BAPTISM, what, con. xxviii. 1, 2. cat. 165. mercy, and justice, ih. Not to be wor. To continue to the end of the world, con. shipped, com, xxi. 2. cat. 105.
xxviii. 1. cat. 176. But once to be admi. Antichrist, what, con. xxv. 6. The Pope is nistered to any person, con. xxviii. 7. cat. • Antichrist, ib.
177. By whom, con. xxvii. 4. xxviii. 2, Antiquity, no pretence for using the de cat. 176. To whom, con. xxviii. 4. cat. 166.
vices of men in the worship of Goul, cat Dipping not necessary in baptism: But it 109.
may be rightly administered by sprink
ling, con, xxviii. 3. Baptism not neces. execute the office of Mediator, con, vil sary to salvation, yet it is a siu to neglect 3. cat. 42. To which he was called by it, con. xxviii. 5. The efficacy of it, con. the Father, con. viii. 3. And willingly xxviii. 6. How to be improved, cat. 167. undertook and discharged it, con. iv. Wherein it agrees with the Lord's sup By his perfect obedience and sacrifice per, cat. 176. And wherein they differ, of himself, he purchased reconciliation cat. 177.
and eternal life for all the elect, con, viil Believers. See Faith, Justification, Accep. 5. cat. 38. To whom, in all ages, the
tance, Adoption, Sanctification, Union, benefits of his mediation are effectually Communion, Liberty, Works, Persever. applied, con. viii. 6, 8. Christ's offices ! ance, Assurance.
prophet, priest, king, cat. 43, 44, 45. See Benefits which the members of the invisi. Acceptance, Access, Body of Christ, Church,
ble church enjoy by Christ, cat. 65. The Death of Christ, E.caltation, Expiation, benefits of Christ's mediation, cat. 57, 58. Humiliation, Imputation, Intercession, The Body of Christ, how present in the Judge, Merit, Messiah, Name of Christ, sacrament, con. xxix. 7. cat. 170.
Personal Union, Propitiation, Reconcili. The mystical Body of Christ. True be ation, Redemption, Resurrection, Righte.
lievers are members of Christ's mystical ousness, Sacrifice, Salvation, Satisfaction, body, con. xxix. i. cat. 168. Which is the Surety. whole number of the elect that have Christian liberty. See Liberty. been, are, or shall be united to Christ The Church is the object of God's special as their head, con. xxv. 1. What that providence, con. v. 7. cat. 63. Christ the union is, cat. 66. See Communion.
only head of it, con. viii, 1. xxv. 6. The The Bodies of the elect after death, and catholick church invisible, what, con at the resurrection, con. xxxii. 2, 3. cat. xxv. 1. cat. 64. Given to Christ from all 86, 87. Of the wicked, ib.
eternity, con. viii. 1. The benefits which Lascivious Books not to be read, cat. 139. the members of it enjoy by Christ, cat.
65, 66, 69, 82, 83, 86, 90. The catholick
church visible, what, con. xxv. 2. cat. 62. CALLING. See Effectual Calling. To have Out of it no ordinary possibility of sal.
a lawful calling, and to be diligent in it, vation, con. xxv. 2. Its privileges, con. is a duty, cat. 141.
Xxv. 3. cat. 63. Particular churches more Vows of Celebacy unlawful, con. xxii. 7. or less pure, con. xxv. 4. The purest cat. 139.
subject to mixture and error, con. xxv. 5. Censures of the church, what, con. xxx, 2, There shall always be a church on earth
4. Their use, con. xxx. 3. Who are to to worship God according to his will, ib. be proceeded against by the censures Church-censures. See Censures. of the church, con, xx. 4. xxix. 8. xxx, 2. Church-government appointed by the They are to be managed according to Lord Jesus in the hand of church-offi. the nature of the crime, and the demerit cers, distinct from the civil magistrate, of the person, con. xxx. 4. Penitent sin con, xxx. 1. cat. 45, 108. But they are not ners are to be absolved from censures, exempted from obedience to the magis. con, xxx. 2.
trate, con, xxiii. 4. They have the power Censuring. Rash, harsh, and partial cen of the keys committed to them, con. XXX. suring sinful, cat. 145.
2. What that power is, and its use, con, Ceremonial law. See Law.
xxx. 2, 3, 4. They are not to be opposed Charity towards our neighbour, wherein in the lawful exercise of their powers
it consists, cat, 135, 141, 144, 147. What upon pretence of Christian liberty, con. contrary to it, cat. 136, 142, 145, 148. Giv xx, 4. See Councils. There are some ing and lending freely according to our circumstances concerning church-goability, and the necessities of others, is vernment, which are to be ordered by a duty, con. xxvi. 2. cat. 141.
the light of nature and Christian pru. Charms unlawful, cat. 113.
dence, according to the general rules of Chastity, catr 138.
the word, con. i. 6. Children that die in infancy, how saved, Circumcision, one of the ordinances by
con. x. 3. The children of such as pro which the covenant of grace was admi. fess the true religion are members of nistered unto the law, con. vii. 5. cat. 34. the visible church, con. xxv. 2. cat. 62. Civil magistrate, or civil powers. See And are to be baptized, con. xxviii. 4. Magistrate. cat. 166.
The Ten Commandments are the sum of Christ, why so called, cat. 42. Is the only the moral law, con. xix. 2. cat. 98. They Mediator between God and man, con. are a perfect rule of righteousness, con. viii. 1. cat. 36. Who being very God, of xix. 2. Rules for understanding them, one substance, and equal with the Fa cat. 99. The pretace explained, cat, 101. ther, con. viii. 2. cat. 11, 36. In the ful. The first Commandment, cat. 103-106. ness of time became man, con. viii. 2. The second, cat. 107–110. The third, cat. 36, 37. The necessity of his being cat, 111-114. The fourth, cat. 115-121. God and man, cat. 38, 39, 40. He was The fifth, cat. 123–133. The sixth, cat. ordained by God from eternity to be 134-136. The seventh, cat. 137--139. Mediator, con. viii. 1. He was sanctified The eighth, cat. 140--142. The ninth, and anoiuted with the Holy Spirit to cat. 143-145. The tenth, cat. 146--148.
to worship Gres. See Cenanted by the
83; the It. 87,90 th him, partaki.con.uper,
The sum of the first four command. cat. 25. A consequence of the fall of inents, which contain our duty to God, man, ib. Actual sin a fruit of it, con. cat. 102. The sum of the other six, which vi. 4. cat. 25. How it is propagated, con. contain our duty to man, cat. 122. No vi. 3. cat. 26. It doth remain during this man is able to keep the commandments life in the regenerate, and all its moof God perfectly, cat. 149.
tions are truly sin, con. vi. 5. xiii. 2. cat. The Communion. See The Lord's Supper. 78. But it is pardoned and mortified % Communion of Saints, wherein it con through Christ, con. vi. 3.
sists, con. xxvi. 1, 2. The enjoyment of Covenant. No enjoying of God but by it is one of the privileges of the visible way of covenant, con. vii. 1. church, cat. 63. In the Lord's supper Covenant of works, what, and with whom communicants testify their mutual love made, con. iv. 2. vii. 2. xix. 1. cat. 20, 22. and followship each with other, cat. 168. Perfect, personal, and perpetual obe.. That sacrament being a bond and dience, the condition of it, con. vii. 2. pledge of believers' communion with xix. 1. cat. 20. It is called a law, and a Christ, and with each other, as mem command, con. iv. 2. and a law given as bers of his mystical body, con. xxix. 1. a covenant, con. xix, 1. and a covenant The communion of saints doth not in of life, of which the tree of life was a fringe a man's property in his goods pledge, cat. 20. and possessions, con. xxvi. 3.
Covenant of grace, what, con. vii. 3. cat. Communion which the elect have with 30, 32. It was made with Christ as the
Christ, con. xxvi. 1. In this life, cat. 69, second Adam, and with all the elect in 83. Immediately after death, cat. 86. him, as his seed, cat. 31. In it God reAt the resurrection and day of judg quireth of sinners faith in Christ, that ment, cat. 87, 90. It is a consequence of they may be justified and saved, con. their union with him, con. xxvi. 1. It vii. 3. cat. 71. Faith being required as doth not make them partakers of his the condition to interest them in Christ, Godhead, nor equal with him, con. xxvi. cat. 32. Who is the Mediator of this co3. It is confirmed in the Lord's supper, venant, con, viii. 1. cat. 36. Why it is cat. 168.
called a testament, con. vii. 4. It was Unchaste Company not to be kept, cat. differently adininistered in the time of
139. Nor corrupt communications to be the law, and in the time of the gospel, used or listened to, ib.
con. vii. 5. cat. 33. How it was adminisCondition. Perfect, personal, and per tered under the law, con. vii. 5. cat. 34.
petual obedience, the condition of the How under the gospel, con. vii. 6. cat. 35. covenant of works, con. vii. 2. xix, 1. cat. Councils or Synods ought to be, con. xxxi. 20. God requires faith as the condition 1. They may be called by the civil ma. to interest sinners in the Mediator of gistrate, con. xxiii. 3. xxxi. 2. When mi. the covenant of grace, cat. 32.
nisters may meet without the call of Confession of sin always to be made in the civil magistrate, con. xxxi. 2. What
private to God, con. xv. 6. And is to be power councils have, con. xxxi. 3. What joined with prayer, cat. 178. When to submission due to their decrees, ih. Not be made to men, con. xv. 6. Upon con infallible since the apostles' time, con. fession the offending brother is to be xxxi. 4. But their determinations are received in love, ib.
to be tried by the scriptures, con. i. 11). Conscience. See Liberty of Conscience. How far they may meddle in civil at
Peace of conscience a fruit of the sense fairs, con. xxxi. 5. of God's love, com, xviii. 1, 3. cat. 83. Be Creation of the world, con. iv. 1. cat, 15. lievers may fall into sins which wound Of man, con. iv. 2. cat. 17. Of angels, the conscience, con. xvii. 3. xviii. 4. The cat. 16. wicked are punished with horror of con. Creatures. Dominion over the creatures science, cat. 28, 83.
given to man, con. iv. 2. cat. 17. They Contentunent. Submission to God is our are cursed for our sakes since the fail,
duty, cat. 104. Discontent at his dispen cat. 28. Religious worship to be given sations is sinful, cat. 105. A full con to no creature, con. xxi. 2. cat. 105. tentment with our condition is our duty, Curiosity. Bold and curious searching cat. 147. Discontentment with our own into God's secrets discharged, cat, 105. estate a sin, cat. 148.
Curious prying into God's decrees forControversies. It belongs to synods and bidden, cat. 113. Curious or unprofit
councils ministerially to determine con- able questions are to be avoided, ih. troversies of faith, and cases of con. The curse and wrath of God, man liable science, con, xxxi. 3. The Spirit speak to it, both by original and actual sin, ing in the scriptures is the supreme con, vi. 6. cat. 27. How it may be escapjudge of all controversies in religion, ed, con. vii. 3. cat. 153. con, i. 10. The original text of the scrip: Cursing sinful, cat. 113. tures is that to which the church is ti.
D nally to appeal, con. i. 8. Our Conversation ought to be in holiness Dancing. Lascivious dancing forbidden,
and righteousness, answerable to an cat. 139. holy profession, cat. 112, 167.
Dead not to be prayed for, con, xxi. 4. cat. Corruption of nature, what, con. vi. 2, 4. 183.
called D2. Whers
ing, cat. 66.t of God's merei eternity is
Sothers may have som ib. Elecare incaper
Death, being the wages of sin, con. vi. 6. mandment, cat, 104. In the second,
cat, 28, 84. It is appointed for all men, 108. In the third, cat. 112. In cat. 84. How it is an advantage to the fourth, cat. 116. Duties of inferiors 3 righteous, cat. 85. The state of believers their superiors, con. xxiii. 4. cat. immediately after death, con, xxxii. 1. What is required of superiors, con. XX cat. 86. of the wicked, ib.
2. cat. 129. Duties of equals, cat. 1.! The Death of Christ, con, viii. 4. cat. 49. Duties of the sixth commandment, ou
In it he saw no corruption, con. viii. 4. 135. Of the seventh, cat. 138. Of the cat. 52. The divine nature having sus. eighth, cat. 141. Of the ninth, cal. It tained the human from sinking under Of the tenth, cat. 147. the power of death, cat. 38. By his obedience and death, he made a proper, real, and full satisfaction to the justice ECCLESIASTICAL powers not to be opposel of the Father, con. xi. 3. cat. 71. Through upon pretence of Christian liberty.com the virtue of his death and resurrection, xx. 4. Ecclesiastical persons not er. believers are sanctified. con. xiii. 1. Be- empted from obedience to the civil ma. lievers have fellowship with Christ in gistrate, con. xxiii. 4. his death, con. xxvi. 1. And from his Effectual calling, what, con. x. 1. cat. 6. death and resurrection they draw It is of God's free grace, not from any strength for the mortifying of sin, and thing foreseen in man, con. X. 2. cat. 61. quickening of grace, cat. 167. The Lord's All the elect, and they only, are effectual. supper is a memorial of his death, con. ly called, con. X. 1, 4. cat. 68. The elect xxix. 1. cat. 168. And in that sacra- united to Christ in their effectual call. ment worthy communicants meditateing, cat. 66. affectionately on his death and suffer- Election, out of God's mere free grace ings, cat. 174. And receive and feed con. iji. 5. cat. 13. From all eternity is upon all the benefits of his death, con, Christ, ib. Election not only to eter. xxix, 7.
nal life and glory, but also to the means The Decalogue. See Commandments. thereof, con. iii. 6. cat. 13. All the elect, The Decrees of God, the nature, end, ex and they only, are effectually called and
tent, and properties of them, con. iii. 1, saved, con. iii. 6. X. 1, 4. cat. 68. Though 2. cat. 12. The decree of predestination, others may be outwardly called by the con. iii. 3, 4. Of election and reproba word, and have some common vpera. bation, con. iii. 5, 6, 7. cat. 13. How God tions of the Spirit, ib. Elect infants, executeth his decrees, cat. 14. Ilow the and other elect persons who are incapdoctrine of decrees is to be handled, and able of being called by the word, how what use to be made of them, con. iii. 8. saved, con. x. 3. What use to be made Curious prying into God's decrees for of the doctrine of election, con. iv. & bidden, cat, 113.
And how men may be assured of their Desertion. Wilful desertion unlawful, cat. eternal election, ib. See Assurance.
139. Such as cannot be remedied by the Enry sinful, cat. 128, 136, 142, 145, 148. church or civil magistrate, is cause suf- Equals, their duties and sins, cat. 131, 182. ficient of dissolving the bond of mar- Equivocation. Speaking the truth in riage, con. xxiv. 6.
doubtful and equivocal expressions, to Despair sinful, cat, 105. Believers always the prejudice of truth or justice, sinful,
supported from utter despair. con. xviii. cat. 145. 4. cat. 81.
Eucharist. See Lord's Surrer. Devil, all compacts and consulting with Exaltation of Christ, con. viii. 4. cat. 51. him sinful, cat, 105.
In his resurrection, art. 52. In his Diligence in our calling a duty, cat. 141. ascension, cat. 53. In his sitting at the Dipping in baptism not necessary, con. right hand of God, cat. 54. In his com. xxviii. 3.
ing to judge the world, cat. 56. Discontent at the dispensations of God's Self-examination, cat. 171.
providence sinful, cat. 105, 113. Dis. Excommunication, con. xxx. 2, 3, 4. contentment with our own estate sinful, Expiation. Sin cannot be expiated but cat. 148.
by the blood of Christ, cat. 152. Divorce, lawful in case of adultery after marriage, or of such wilful desertion as cannot be remedied, con, xxiv. 5, 6. A FAITH, what, con, xiv. 2. cat. 72. God republick and orderly course of proceed. quireth nothing of sintiers that they
ing is to be observed in it, con. xxiv. 6. may be justified, but faith in Christ, Dominion, See Sovereignty, Creatures, con. xi. 1. cat. 71, Which he requireth Sin.
as the condition to interest them in the Doubting of being in Christ, may consist Mediator of the covenant of grace, cat.
with a true interest in him, con. xvii. 3. 32. It justifies a sinner in the sight of xviii. 4. cat. 81, 172. And therefore should God only as it is an instrument by not hinder from partaking of the Lord's which he receiveth Christ and his righ. supper, cat, 172.
teousness, con. xi. 2. cat. 73. Faith is Drunkenness forbidden, cat. 139.
the gitt o God, con, xi. 1. cat. 71. It be. Duty to God by the light of nature, con ing the work of the Spirit, con. xiv. I.
xxi. 1. Duties required in the first com cat. 59, 72. It is ordinarily wrought by
the ministry of the word, con. xiv. 1. 1. cat. 8. There are three persons in the Increased and strengthened by the Godhead, distinguished by personal proword, sacraments, and prayer, ib. Often perties, con, ii. 3. cat, 9, 10. The co. weakened, but always gets the victory, equality of the persons proved, cat. 11. con. xiv. 3. Growing up in many to a To him is due from all his creatures, full assurance, con. xiv. 3. cat. 80. Good whatsoever worship, service, or obedi. works the fruit and evidence of true ence, he is pleased to require, con. ii. 2. faith, con. xvi. 2. cat. 52. Which is never Our duty to God, cat. 104, 108, 112, 116. alone, but always accompanied with all What contrary to it, cat. 105, 109, 113, other saving graces, and is no dead 119. Religious worship is to be given to faith, but worketh by love, con. xi. 2. God the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, cat. 73.
and to him alone; and that only in the Fall of man, the nature and effects of it, mediation of Christ, con, xxi. 2. cat, 179,
con. vi. cat. 21, 23, 25, 27, 28, 29. Why 181. God is to be worshipped in that permitted, con. vi. 1. How all mankind way only which he hath instituted in concerned in it, con. vi. 3. cat. 22.
the scriptures, con. xxi. 1. cat. 109. To Falling away. See Perseverance.
glorify God, and fully to enjoy him for Family worship daily, required of God, ever, is the chief end of man, cat. 1. con. xxi. 6.
Good works. See Works. Fasting. Religious fasting, a duty, cat. Gospel. How the covenant of grace is ad
108. Solemn fasting a part of religious ministered under the gospel, con. vii. 6. worship, con. xxi. 5.
cat. 35. Without the gospel no salvaFellowship. See Communion.
tion, con. x. 4. cat. 60. In it Christ doth Foreknowledge. All things come to pass not dissolve but strengthen the obliga.
infallibly according to the foreknow tion to the obedience of the moral law, ledge of God, con. v, 2.
con, xix. 5. Believers under the gospel Forgiveness. See Pardon.
have a greater boldness of access to the Fornication committed after contract of throne of grace, than believers under marriage, a just ground of dissolving the law did ordinarily partake of, con, the contract, con. xxiv. 5.
XX. 1. Fortune. To ascribe any thing to for- Government. See Church, Magistrate. tune, is sinful, cat. 105.
The Grace of God. Election is of God's Free-will. See Will.
mere free grace, con. iii. 5. cat. 13. How Frugality, a duty, cat. 141.
the grace of God is manifested in the second covenant, con. vii. 3. cat. 32. Ef
fectual calling is of God's free and speGAMING. Wasteful gaming forbidden, cial grace, con. x. 2. cat. 67. Justificacat. 142.
tion is only of free grace, con. xi. 3. cat. Glory. The communion in glory with 70, 71. Adoption is an act of free grace,
Christ, which believers enjoy in this life, con. xii. cat. 74. The communion in con. xviii. 1, 2, 3. cat. 83. Immediately grace which believers have with Christ. after death, con. xxxii. 1. cat. 86. At the cat. 69. All saving graces are the work resurrection and day of judgment, con. of the Spirit, con. xiii, xiv, xv. cat. 82, 72, xxxii. 3. xxxiii. 2. cat. 87, 90.
75, 76, 77. And do always accompany The Glory of God the end of his decrees, faith, con. xi. 2. cat. 73. Perseverance in con. iii. 3. cat. 12. The glory of his grace grace, con. xvii. cat. 79. Increase in the end of election, con. iii. 5. cat. 13. grace, con. xiii. 1, 3, cat. 75, 77. AssurThe glory of his justice the end of the ance of grace, con. xviii. cat. 80, 81. decree of reprobation, con. iii. 7. cat. 13. The glory of his eternal power, wisdom,
н and goodness, the end of the creation, HARDEN. Why and how sinners are harcon. iv. 1. The manifestation of the dened, con. v. 6. Believers may have glory of his wisdom, power, justice, their hearts hardened. con. xvii. 3. goodness, and mercy, is the end of all Head. The elect are inseparably united God's works of providence, con. v. 1. cat. to Christ as their head, con. xxv. 1. xxvi. 18. The end of God's appointing the l. cat. 64, 66. He is the only head of the last judgment is the manifestation of church, con. xxv. 6. the glory of his mercy and justice, con. Hearing. What is required of those that xxxii. 10. To glorify God is the chief hear the word preached, con. xxi. 5. cat. end of man, cat. 1. God is glorified by 160. good works, con. xvi. 2.
Heaven, the state of the blessed, con, Gluttony, a sin, cat. 139.
xxxii. 1. xxxiii. 2. cat. 86, 90. God. The light of nature showeth that Hell, the state of the damned, con, xxxii.
there is a God, con. xxi. 1. cat. 2. What it 1. xxxiii. 2. cat, 29, 86, 89. The meaning declares concerning him, and of our of these words in the Creed, He descend. duty to him, con, i. 1. xxi. 1. It is not ed into hell, cat. 50. sufficient to give that knowledge of God, Hereticks to be rejected, cat. 105. and of his will, which is necessary unto Holiness. God is most holy in all his coun. salvation, con. i. 1. cat. 2. The attributes sels, works, and commands, con. ii. 2. or perfections of God, con. ii. 1, 2. cat. 7, Man was created holy after the image of 101. There is but one only God, con. ii. God, con. iv. 2. cat. 17. But by the fall