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also the government of Christ's Church within this Nation, agreeable to the word of God, and most conducive to the advancement of true piety and godliness, and the establishing of peace and tranquillity within this realm,—they, by these presents, ratify and establish the Confession of Faith now read in their presence, and voted and approven by them, as the public and avowed Confession of this Church, containing the sum and substance of the Doctrine of the Reformed Churches (which Confession of Faith is subjoined to this present Act,) as also they do establish, ratify, and confirm the Presbyterian Church Government and Discipline ; that is to say, the Government of the Church by Kirk Sessions, Presbyteries, Provincial Synods, and General Assemblies, ratified and established by the 114 Act James VI., Parl. 12, Anno 1592, entitled Ratification of the Liberty of the Kirk, &c., and thereafter received by the general consent of this nation, to be the only Government of Christ's Church within this kingdom ; reviving, renewing, and confirming the same in the whole heads thereof, except that part of it relating to Patron. ages, which is hereafter to be taken into consideration.
CONFESSION OF FAITH;
AGREED UPON BY
THE ASSEMBLY OF DIVINES
ASSISTANCE OF COMMISSIONERS
CIIURCH OF SCOTLAND,
AS A PART OF THE COVENANTED UNIFORMITY IN RELIGION BETWIXT THE CHURCHES OF CHRIST IN THE KINGDOMS OF SCOTLAND),
ENGLAND, AND IRELAND.
Approved by the General Assembly 1647, and ratified and established by Acts of
Parliament 1649 and 1690, as the publick and avowed
CONFESSION OF THE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND,
PROOFS FROM TIIE SCRIPTURE.
XIII. Of Sanctification.
XXX. Of Church Censures.
CONFESSION OF FAITH,
Agreed upon by the ASSEMBLY of Divines at Westminster: Examined and approved,
Anno 1647, by the GENERAL ASSEMBLY of the CHURCH OF SCOTLAND; and ratified by Acts of Parliament 1649 and 1690.
CHAP. I. Of the Holy Scripture. ALTHOUGH the light of nature, and the works of creation and A providence, do so far manifest the goodness, wisdom, and power of God, as to leave men inexcusablea; yet they are not sufficient to give that knowledge of God, and of his will, which is necessary unto salvation: therefore it pleased the Lord, at sundry times, and in divers manners, to reveal himself, and to declare that his will unto his church c; and afterwards, for the better preserving and propagating of the truth, and for the more sure establishment and comfort of the Church against the corruption of the flesh, and the malice of Satan and of the world, to commit the same wholly unto writing d ;
1. a Rom. ii. 14. For when the Gentiles, teacheth: comparing spiritual things with which have not the law, do by nature the spiritual.Ver. 14. But the natural man things contained in the law, these, having receiveth not the things of the Spirit of not the law, are a law unto themselves: God : for they are foolishness unto him ; Ver. 15. Which show the work of the law neither can he know them, because they written in their hearts, their conscience are spiritually discerned. also bearing witness, and their thoughts c Heb. i. 1. God, who at sundry times, the mean while accusing or else excusing and in divers manners, spake in time past one another. Rom. i. 19. Because that unto the fathers by the prophets. which may be known of God is manifest d Prov. xxii. 19. That thy trust may be in them : for God hath showed it unto in the Lord, I have made known to thee them. Ver. 20. For the invisible things of this day, even to thee. Ver. 20. Have not him from the creation of the world are I written to thee excellent things in coun. clearly seen, being understood by the sels and knowledge; Ver. 21. That I things that are made, even his eternal might make thee know the certainty of power and Godhead; so that they are the words of truth; that thou mightest without excuse. Psal. xix. 1. The heavens answer the words of truth to them that declare the glory of God; and the firma- send unto thee? Luke i. 3. It seemed good ment showeth bis handy-work. Ver. 2. to me also, having had perfect underDay unto day uttereth speech, and night standing of all things from the very first, unto night showeth knowledge. Ver. 3. to write unto thee in order, most excellent There is no speech nor language where Theophilus, Ver. 4. That thou mightest their voice is not heard. Rom. i. 32. Who, know the certainty of those things wherein knowing the judgment of God, that they thou hast been instructed. Rom. xv. 4. which commit such things are worthy of For whatsoever things were written aforedeath, not only do the same, but have time were written for our learning; that pleasure in them that do them. With we, through patience and comfort of the Rom. ii. 1. Therefore thou art inexcusable, scriptures, might have hope. Mat. iv. 4. O man, whosoever thou art that judgest: But he answered and said, It is written, for wherein thou judgest another, thou Man shall not live by bread alone, but by condemnest thyself; for thou that judgest every word that proceedeth out of the doest the same things.
mouth of God. Ver. 7. Jesus said unto bi Cor. i. 21. For after that, in the him, It is written again, Thou shalt not wisdom of God, the world by wisdom knew tempt the Lord thy God. Ver. 10. Then not God, it pleased God by the foolishness saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, of preaching to save them that believe. Satan : for it is written, Thou shalt wor1 Cor. ii. 13. Which things also we speak, ship the Lord thy God, and him only shar! not in the words which man's wisdom thou serve. Isa.viii.19. And when they shals teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost say unto you, Seek unto them that have fa
which maketh the holy scripture to be most necessarye; those former ways of God's revealing his will unto his people being now ceased r.
II. Under the name of Holy Scripture, or the Word of God written, are now contained all the Books of the Old and New Testaments, which are these : ,
OF THE OLD TESTAMENT.
| Ecclesiastes. Amos.
OF THE NEW TESTAMENT, The Gospels ac- to the Romans. To Timothy I. I cond Epistles
cording to Corinthians I. To Timothy II. 1 of Peter. Matthew. Corinthians II. |To Titus. | The first second, Mark.
Galatians. To Philemon. and third EpisLuke.
Ephesians. The Epistle to tles of John. John.
Philippians. the Hebrews. The Epistle of The Acts of the Colossians. The Epistle of Jude. Apostles. Thessalonians I. James.
The Revelation, Paul's Epistles ThessaloniansII. The first and se
All which are given by inspiration of God, to be the rule of faith and life &
III. The Books commonly called Apocrypha, not being of divine inspiration, are no part of the canon of the scripture; and therefore
miliar spirits, and unto wizards that peep II. g Luke xvi. 29. Abraham saith unto and that mutter : should not a people seek him, They have Moses and the prophets; unto their God? for the living to the dead? let them hear them. Ver. 31. And he said Ver. 20. To the law and to the testimony: unto him, If they hear not Moses and the if they spea's not according to this word, it prophets, neither will they be persuaded is because there is no light in them. though one rose from the dead. Eph. ii. 20.
e 2 Tim. iii. 15. And that from a child And are built upon the foundation of the thou hast known the holy scriptures, apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himwhich are able to make thee wise untó self being the chief corner-stone, Rev. salvation through faith which is in Christ xxii. 18. For I testify unto every man that Jesus. 2 Pet. i. 19. We have also a more heareth the words of the prophecy of this sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do book, If any man shall add unto these well that ye take heed, as unto a light that things, God shall add unto him the plagues shineth in a dark place, until the day that are written in this book : Ver. 19. dawn, and the day-star arise in your And if any man shall take away from the hearts.
words of the book of this prophecy, God f Heb. i. l. God, who at sundry times, shall take away his part out of the book and in divers manners, spake in time past of life, and out of the holy city, and fronı unto the fathers by the prophets, Ver. 2. the things which are written in this book, Hath in these last days spoken unto us by 2 Tim. iii. 16. All scripture is given by his Son, whoin he hath appointed heir of inspiration of God, and is profitable for all things, by whom also he made the doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for worlds.
instruction in righteousness.