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We trust that the increasing interest Theological Seminary, at New York, and which the public are beginning to take in the Foreign and Domestic Missionary the proceedings of this venerable institu- Society, both of which institutions are tion will induce those who conduct its eminently useful and prosperous ; and the concerns to redouble their vigilance to Report on the general state of the Church render their missions and schools really with reference to the various dioceses, and effective. We need advert only to the chiefly to the Pastoral Letter from the island of Newfoundland, to prove that bishops. there has been ample scope for the exercise of strict supervision; but we forbear SUNDAY-SCHOOLS IN WYOMING, to enlarge upon this topic, as we have
UNITED STATES. reason to suppose it has been, or will be, The interesting valley of Wyoming has brought in detail before the society; and been celebrated in history and in song. that some of the leading friends of the in- of its first settlers nearly all fell victims to stitution have expressed their conviction the cruelty of the Indians. These early of the necessity of a thorough investigation misfortunes, together with civil discords, into the state of certain of its missions. caused by the clashing of titles given for We trust, that this venerable corporation the land by two different States, have imwill continue increasingly to attract the peded the progress of cultivation. There patronage of the British public, and be- had been some few Sunday-schools of earcome, by the blessing of God, more and ly date; but until within the last eighteen more“ a praise in all the earth.” months little has been done in this re
spect : but by means, chiefly of the efforts UNITED STATES EPISCOPAL of two young ladies, a great change has been CHURCH.
rapidly effected. The first school opened The Triennial General Convention of was soon attended by nearly one hundred the Protestant Episcopal Church, in the scholars, who came joyfully from the United States, was recently convened at woods, a distance of five or six miles Philadelphia. All the bishops were pre- around. As there was no house suffisent except Bishop Moore. There were ciently large for their accommodation, a clerical and lay deputies from fifteen States. spacious barn was fitted up for their reThe subject which almost exclusively oc- ception. The second school was opened cupied the two first days of the session, in a richer and more populous settlement, was a proposal from South Carolina, to principally of Germans. In this place no receive under the patronage of the Con- convenient house presented itself, except vention, an association for the purpose of a commodious tavern, which was notorious printing and disseminating standard theo- for its irregularities, particularly as a haunt logical books. This proposal was rejected for the vicious and profane on the Lord's by a majority. A proposal from the day. The teachers expected an immedibishops, to introduce alterations in relation ate repulse, apon application for a part of to the portions of Scripture, and Psalter, this house; but, to their astonishment, all in the daily services, in the office of con- the upper apartments were thrown open firmation, &c., with a rubric to enforce the to them, and were immediately crowded use of the anti-communion service, after by one hundred and fifty children. A reseveral most animated discussions was port was raised, that the attendance of the adopted by the vote of a large majority; teachers was only mercenary; “ they were but remains to be finally accepted or re- paid from the county school fund, and, to jected by the next General Convention, avoid the loss of secular time, they deafter it has been made known to the State voted the Sabbath to these exertions." Conventions. The remaining objects of They however persevered in “ their work attention were the reports on the General of faith and labour of love," with untiring
assiduity, and, by the blessing of God, with • A typographical error occurs in our great success. Before the school was last Number, in speaking of the society's opened, religious meetings were rarely Report, which wo exceedingly regret, as known, and but a few persons attended we would not willingly exaggerate the when preaching was first introduced. faults of that document. Instead of “the But soon such a multitude assembled style of the Report is most wretched, and in
to hear the word of God, that the place most places almost unintelligible,” read " some places.” The charitable reader for worship could not receive them, and must have anticipated that this “ most for many Sabbaths they were obliged to cacophonous charge originated in an error retire to an adjoining grove. of the press.
After the lapse of some months, another CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 302.
school was instituted in an immoral' and going on around us. Until very Intely I neglected portion of the country, where a was of opinion that the superstitious atbarn was again found to be the only con- tachment of the Roman-Catholic people venient place for assembling the scholars. to their priests was 80 strong, and the The good effects of religious instruction Sway of the clergy over the minds of their were immediately visible. The families flocks so absolute, that any idea of the adjacent are now accustomed to attend possibility of detaching the people from the school every Sabbath, and to listen to them appeared to me to be visionary. A a portion of Scripture and a tract. Since fair and full experiment has now been the commencement of the first school, made ; and the result most satisfactorily more than thirty others, in various parts proves that this opinion was founded in of the country, have been opened and are ignorance of the actual state of Ireland, crowded with attentive and well ordered and that the conversion of thousands of its children.
inhabitants to Protestantism is no matter The above description is illustrative of of Utopian speculation. the beneficial effects which are witnessed " In the month of September last, three wherever Sanday schools are in active schoolmasters, of the Roman-Catholic peroperation, and is well calculated to en- suasion, who, in their respective schools, courage the zealous and disinterested had read and taught the Bible, came to agents in this work of mercy, in their Farnham. They inquired for my chaplain, valuable labours of Christian benevolence. the Rev. Mr. M'Creight, and informed
him that, from reading the holy Scriptures, PROGRESS OP PROTESTANTISM they were convinced of the errors of the IN IRELAND.
creed which they had hitherto professed, It must be well known to all our readers and were desirous of conforming to the that a spirit of religious inquiry has for a Established Church; and only wanted the considerable time begun to extend itself countenance and protection of Protestants in Ireland, and that within a recent period in order to fix their determination. They some hundreds of Roman Catholics, chiefly were told to consider well what they were in the county of Cavan, have conformed about to do, and not to form any expectato the Protestant faith. We shall not in tion of deriving the least temporal advanthe present paper discuss the various causes tage from a change of religion ; and that which may have led to this result: some all they were to look to was countenance of them are obviously connected with the and protection, if they evinced by their very peculiar situation in which the Irish conduct the sincerity and purity of their peasantry are placed; though others have, motives. They were discouraged from as we trust, originated in the wide diffusion reading a public recantation-but were of scriptural information and a spirit of admonished to attend regularly at their conscientious inquiry. The exact propor- parish church, and diligently to seek all tion of these distinct inducements we shall other means of grace. A Bible, a prayernot now attempt to ascertain, our imme- book, and a few tracts were given to each diate object being to lay before our readers of them, and they were sent away to their some interesting passages from a recent respective homes. In about three weeks speech of Lord Farnham, at the formation they returned, repeating their wish to read of a society in Ireland for protecting and a public recantation, as the best means of encouraging conformists from Popery to putting an end to the importunities of Protestantism, in which his lordship details friends who still entertained hopes of the origin and progress of this spirit of in- bringing them back. I bad heard that a quiry as it presented itself under his own few Roman Catholics, in the parish of observation, and justly points out the great Ballymachugh, had long secretly wished importance of promoting education and the to renounce the errors of their charch, and reading of the Scriptures among his coun- were only waiting for a favourable oppor. trymen. We need not add how cordially tunity of doing so. This was now prewe agree with his lordship in this last sented, and they declared their anxiety to benevolent and enlightened suggestion, come forward. The sixth of Detober was which we trust will ever be kept widely appointed for assembling at Farnham, in distinct from all considerations of sectional order that inquiries might be made as to prepossession or political party.
their character, motives, and information. “To explain more correctly the design The result being perfectly satisfactory, on of our coming together this day, it may be the eighth of October seventeen persons of service to detail in their order the prin- formally renounced the errors of Popery cipal circumstances which have led to that in the church at Cavan. important work of reformation which is Such was the commencement of this great work. A circumstance so novel and defy the utmost ingenuity of malice to interesting, of course created a great sen make good these charges, either as they sation through the country, and became affect me or the general body of the cona topic of general conversation. On the verts. And as I find it has been pretty bext Sunday, however, no persons pre- generally assumed that this great work has sented themselves for the purpose of con- been chiefly effected by territorial influence, forming; but, on the following, twenty it may not be amiss to state, that of the four read their recantation : and it is but re- hundred and fifty persons who have conpeating what is personally known to a vast formed in this county, not one fourth live number present, that every succeeding on my estate, and uot one tenth are my Sunday, down to this day, has brought an immediate tenants,--and that, out of upaccession, on an average, of about thirty, wards of one hundred and forty labourers to the Established Church. In other and artificers, who depend on me for their neighbouring churches, a similar spirit daily support, not more than five have has manifested itself ;-80 that, in the short left the Roman-Catholic church ; and if space of four months, about four hundred persecution or undue influence had been and fifty Roman Catholics have come used, this would not have been the within the pale of our church, in the case. I now resume my narrative. Our county of Cavan. The converts who have care over the converts does not end with hitherto joined us are in various ranks of their bare recantation of error. The bishop life. Some tradesmen, farmers, and me- of this diocese, in the zealous discharge of chanics; others of an inferior class, such his pastoral office, after receiving them as labourers, servants, &c. Many of them, himself into the church, sends weekly a list it is true, are poor; but, surely their of the conformists to the ministers of their humble situation should not exclude respective parishes, recommending them. them from our community-nor their po- in the strongest terms to their care for reFerty from the enjoyment of the Gospel. . ligious instruction, encouragement, protecWe should reject no mau from the bless- tion, and close inspection into their future ings of true religion who is willing to re- life and manners, And I am happy to add, nounce his errors. Their state of infor- from authentic reports, which I have mation is just as various. Some were made it my business to obtain, that the well educated, others tolerably well edu- conduct of the conformists has, in general, cated; many totally illiterate; a consider- been most exemplary. From different able number were well versed in Scrip- parishes we learn, that they have been ture, either by reading it themselves, or constant frequenters of the church on hearing it read by their neighbours; and Sunday, and that on Christmas day, forty it is a pleasing fact, that several, who, in one, twenty in another, ten and fifteen on their first conformity, did not know a in others, received the sacrament of the letter, are, by attending, at Sunday and Lord's Supper according to the estaevening schools, which have been pro- blished, ritual; and this, too, in a most vided for them, now able to read the word solemn and becoming manner, of God themselves. The greatest atten- “ Permit me to detain you a little tion has been paid to prevent any persons longer, while I state from information I but such as bear irreproachable characters, have carefully collected from the clergy from coming forward; and a very con- and other persons engaged in this intesiderable number, amounting to nearly resting work, those causes which have one hundred, have been discouraged from principally led to the great change now in reading their recantation, on account of progress. their having neglected, or not having been " The first, then, in my apprehension, able, to produce sufficiently favourable is the increasing knowledge of the Holy testimonials of good conduct from the Scriptures. Notwithstanding all the efneighbourhood from whence they came. forts of the Romish priesthood to keep You have some acquaintance with me,' the Bible a sealed book to the people, and 1 pledge to you my veracity, that no the light of the Gospel has broken forth temporal or pecuniary advantages have, and shone over this benighted land in in any instance, been offered to induce despite of their exertions. The thirst conformity. The enemies of the Gospel for scriptural information is so great, and and of our excellent establishment, have has already been indulged to such an ex. not failed to assign corrupt motives to tent, that those whose duty it is to exthe conformists, and unworthy conduct to amine the conformists have expressed those who have been instrumental to the their astonishment at the progress in the reformation, But I do not hesitate to knowledge of Divine truth displayed by
persons who laboured under such peculiar amicable than the manner in which such disadvantages.
discussions are carried on: their result is “ The second cause may be traced to the always favourable to the cause of truth; opposition given by the Romish priests and where the people have not been able to every system of moral and religious to satisfy themselves upon certain points, education. This operates most injuriously they refer to the established clergy, or on the temporal as well as the spiritual some competent Scripture reader, in interests of the peasantry. It brings them secresy. At nightfall, they assemble, ininto an an actual and open contest with vite the reader to each other's houses, and the priest. Feeling in themselves the want receive the Bible with the utmost avidity. of instruction, and the loss they have sus- Thus is the influence of the priest undertained in every sense from the deprivation mined, and wherever the Bible has been of it, they are anxious that their children freely circulated, the majority hang very should not labour under similar disadvan- loosely to the system of Popery." tages, and being determined that their The number of persons who have conoffspring shall not be kept in debasing formed in Cavan, since last October, ignorance to gratify the unreasonable amounts to more than five hundred. prejudices of their clergy, many of them fly from their authority; and in resisting POOR PIOUS CLERGY SOCIETY. their power in one case, they learn to The following are among the cases of assert the liberty of thinking and acting distress relieved by this highly useful inindependently in all others. Hitherto the stitution during the last year. The society opposition of the Romish clergy has been justly grounds its appeal to the liberality but too successful ; and to this wo may of the public upon the great and substanin a great measure attribute the perma- tial good which it is enabled to perform, nence of an erroneous faith. But the and at a very moderate expense, considerspell is broken-the mists are clearing ing the magnitude of its objects. It is away—and with increasing knowledge, the impossible for any charitable institution light of the reformation is advancing. to be conducted upon principles of more
“ A third cause may be found in the pe- strict economy. The only charge for cuniary exactions of the priests. These are management upon an income of 30001. is extremelyheavyon an impoverished people. a small poundage to the collector, and 604. Nothing is to be had without payment; for the assistant secretary's salary, the every rite of the church bas its price, which use of a committee room, and stationary. is rigidly exacted. To this may be added 1.-"My greatest salary for officiating at the modern system of taxation-the new three churches, for thirty-seven years, was Catholic rent-the old Catholic rent--the forty-five pounds a year; though I had a freeholders' fund, &c. All these things wife and eight children: only three of them operating strongly on the temporal in- are now living. The utmost I can make terests of the people, led them to inquire of my present curacies is scarcely ninety whether salvation could not be obtained pounds. My daughter died and left six elsewhere and finding that they might fatherless children, totally unprovided for ! . purchase' the Gospel ‘without money At her death she gave the charge of the and without price,' they were naturally in children to me, and I promised to do all clined to adopt it. The conduct of the I could for them. This I have continued Roman-Catholic priests, also, at the late to do ever since. We are therefore now general election, has greatly tended to im- eight in family to provide for. I will add pair their authority with the people. no more of my grievances and difficulties.
“ 'There is a spirit of inquiry gone I am able by Divine assistance to serve abroad still more powerful than any checks, my churches in all weathers. I have my and which nothing can extinguish. Every health well, though entering on the sevennew convert who walks abroad in safety, ty-first year of my age. Pray for me, that is an additional proof of the impotence of I may finish my course with joy. I have the priests, and a fresh encouragement to been in the church 48 years." the fearful. Every challenge refused by 2.-—“The total of my income derived the clergy, is likewise received as the from clerical sources is not more than one proof of an untenable cause; and the hundred pounds per annum; and I have people, deserted by their pastors in the no income from any other source, and most interesting object of their inquiry, ha’e received no gratuity from any charitare obliged to resort to private discus- able fund this year. I have four children sions, either to defend their faith or sa- -two dependent upon me for their clothes tisfy their scruples. Nothing can be more during the term of their apprenticeships;
and I have yet a part of the apprentice the discharge of every duty. When I fees to pay. My engagement is for only opened your letter and saw its contents, one service on Sunday;
but I have gratuit no words could express my feelings—I ously engaged in a second service ever could not help hoping that I was the since I came to the curacy. The after- Lord's, finding indeed that when I had noon congregation averages between three cast my burthen upon him, He thus cared and four hundred in fine weather. There for me, and supplied my wants." is a Sunday school in the parish--the
7.-" Every other resource having failRector pays the master."
ed, and having a still further increase to 3.- It is very painful to obtrude my- my family, which has also been much self again on the notice of the society - visited by sickness, I trust will justify this Only the most pressing necessity would application. The whole actual income of induce me to do so. Anxiety for the the applicant is only one hundred pounds
He has a wife and seven comfort of my dear family and to main- per annum. tain my credit, compel me to set aside my children to support; with himself and a own personal feelings. With a wife and female servant, ten in number." seven children, and a servant dependent
8.-“ My total income from every on me for support, and being in a place
source is fifty pounds. I am a single old where house rent is very high, and every
man in a debilitated state of health. Nanecessary of life dear, I could hardly hope tural affection induces me to support my to pass through the world without encoun
two dear single sisters in their advanced tering much difficulty and poverty, how. age.” ever favoured by Providence in regard to
9.-"I humbly hope your benevolent health. My total income is about 1351. society will be so kind as to give me some I perform two services every Sabbath, and aid this year. My wife and two children in summer often three. Average con
are at the sea-side (a few miles off) very gregation fron 700 to 800-communi. ill; and last Christmas-day I was taken cants monthly about 50. There is a
very ill myself, and for some weeks I was National and a Sunday school; the former scarcely rational. Thanks be to God, I contains about 150, and the latter 300
am now in perfect health. My whole inscholars and several other useful so
come is seventy pounds per annum; and I cieties.”
have seven children, all dependent on me 4.—“May I ask the favour of you to
for support. I preach twice on the Sablay this humble petition before the Com- the church will hold. The sacrament is
bath, and my congregation is as large as mittee? I am ashamed to think I am again forced to knock at their door; but
administered once a month."
16.-" ...... The parish I serve is the number of my family being nine, my consisting of about 4,000 inhabitants, income only sixty pounds, and the ad- mostly poor manufacturers. My total invancement of all kinds of provisions in
come from clerical services is one hunthese parts, urge me, in spite of every dred pounds per annum, and about three modest feeling, to look forward to where pounds in addition. I have two daughters, the truly necessitous are succoured. The both dependent on me for support. We hardships I have lately endured would
have two full services, morning and afterperhaps be too pitiable a tale for the Committee to read. But blessed be my Di
The congregation from 800 to
1000, with from 80 to 100 communicants. vine Master, and ever merciful God, who
I have gone through the whole hath prevented me from falling a prey to village to ascertain the want of Bibles and any of them.” 5.-" Having a large family (eight chil- prayer-books, and have supplied every
want from the Christian Knowledge Sodren) and a contracted income, I embarrassed to answer the demands of has been very indifferent, and consequent
ciety. My wife's health for a long time the baker and others, whose patience ly has increased our expenses considergrows weaker by my unavoidable delay ably: nevertheless, through God's blessof payment. This is destructive of peace.'
ing with strict economy I have, with the 6.-" I received your favour containing above-mentioned income, kept out of debt. a bill, value —, for which I return the committee my sincere thanks. Indeed find I cannot place my daughter where
One reason of this application is, that I the kindness of the Lord to me in every she can in a few years support herself, respect is wonderful. By this assistance without paying a premium of 301. to 501., I am enabled to pay all my bills, find which it may be readily conceived, is more great relief to my mind, and I trust I shall than I can accomplish.” be able to go on with double diligence in ll." is my own church, the