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adducing two specimens from the plates with deep awe the power and
The second illustration which I Take, first, the well-known stanza shall adduce, is from Sternhold and in the hundred and fourth Psalm: Hopkins's version of the ninth verse “ With light, as a robe,
of the fifty-eighth Psalm. The
Bible prose-translation of the pas.
sage says, “ Before your pots can
feel the thorns, he shall take them
away as with a whirlwind, both liv. That they to a curtain
ing and in his wrath.” The PrayerCompared may be.”
book prose-translation, which HopThere is no reader of quick taste kins (for the metrical version of who has not felt the last two lines this Psalm has his initials) had as fall coldly and jejunely upon his ear, his guide, is as follows: "Or ever amidst the magnificent and expres- your pots be made hot with thorns, sive imagery of this sublime Psalm. so let indignation vex him, even as Yet no person feels any such poverty a thing that is raw." Without enterof allusion, but, on the contrary, is ing into any criticism respecting the sensible of an expansive elevation exact meaning of the latter part of of thought, when he reads either the verse, the figurative allusion in the original passage, or the simple the former part is perfectly clear. vernacular Prayer-book or Bible The Psalmist intended to shew the translation,
" Who stretchest fierceness and celerity of the Divine [Prayer-book, spreadest] out the vengeance overtaking the ungodly; heavens like a curtain." The fault and the allusion to a quick scorchin the metrical version is, that it ing “ fire of thorns” is kept up corhas not given the spirit of the figure; rectly-I do not say very poetically which is not to compare the hea- -in Tate and Brady's version : vens to a curtain, but to shew that, Ere thorns can make the flesh pots boil with the same facility with which Tempestuous wrath shall come a man unfolds the latter, the Al. From God, and snatch them hence, alive,
To their eternal doom. mighty stretches out the former. The allusion is to the splendid But what says the old version ? draperies of a palace, or of the Before the thorns that now are young Jewish tabernacle, or rather to the
To bushes big shall grow,
Thy storms of anger waxing strong canopy of a tent; which last
Shall take them e'er they know! sents a double allusion, there being a resemblance not only in the action Here, for the mere sake, it would but also in the things compared; as seem, of a rhyme, the obvious inif we should say in modern language, tention of the simile is utterly for“As the Arab of the desert out- gotten; nay, diametrically perspreads the light canopy of his verted; for, instead of the speedy humble tent, so hath Jehovah out- wrath of the offended majesty of spread the canopy of heaven." God falling upon the obstinate Here the very meanness of the transgressor with sudden and irrecomparison, which chills the feel- sistible ruin, it is made to follow the ings in Sternhold's stanza, adds slow and imperceptible development greatly to the dignity of the allu- of a plant advancing from its early sion; for, while the mind contrasts feeble growth to full maturity! I am the lofty canopy of heaven with the not about to canvass the poetical frail covering of a tent, it contem- merits of this delectable metrical
fragment; for the old version has dation was “ Jesus Christ;" but hundreds of lines yet worse, if pos- be adds, that “ another” (namely, sible, than the above: but it is of certain teachers who had intrud. the utmost importance, that if sound ed into that church,) “ buildeth is to be consulted, the sense of a thereon." By their connivance or passage should not be sacrificed to laxity false members had been adit; but to have neither sound normitted; but when called upon to sense is doubly tantalising.
suffer for the cause of Christ, the It is not to be imagined, that in fire of persecution would prove this highly poetical age, any future them; and, like the transient conversifier of the Psalms of David verts mentioned by our Lord in the will be as bald and trite as some of parable of the sower, “ they would his predecessors : but there is still fall away.” But the genuine condanger of not adhering to the pre- vert would stand the test, so that eise allusions of scriptural imagery; it would be “ manifest" (verse 13.) and in some cases, I fear, the exact whose plan of building a church, shade of a figurative expression has whether that of the Apostle or that been purposely avoided and another of the more accommodating teachsubstituted for it, or the original ers, was of God. All the converts passage amplified, for the sake of indeed professed in words to be poetical effect; much after the founded on the rock Christ, as the manner of Pope embellishing the centre of their common hopes; but Iliad of Homer. The impropriety their characters greatly differed: and sinfulness of such liberties with some would therefore come out of the sacred text need only to be the furnace of persecution, like mentioned, to be acknowledged, and, “ gold or silver” purified by the I trust, avoided by all who shall trial; others, like“ hay, wood, in future undertake to tell us in stubble,” would be consumed. English verse what the inspired The practical result, however, of Psalmist wrote, “ as he was moved both interpretations is the same; by the Holy Ghost."
for, unsound doctrines would neçesPRECENTOR.
sarily form unsound converts; but as the whole chapter treats of
teachers and the disputes concernTothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. ing them, rather than immediately
of doctrines, the interpretation Your correspondent B. W., in his which I have suggested falls in scriptural and judicious remarks on more regularly with the Apostle's Mr. Malan's Conventicle of Rolle, argument than the other; besides speaks of the “bay, straw, stub- which, it should be remembered that ble,” mentioned by St. Paul (1 Cor. lawlessness of life and a factious iii. 12) as meaning the superstitious spirit of party were the evils which and unchristian doctrines which had St. Paul was particularly reprehend, been introduced by the teachers ing; and this moral unsoundness who had perverted the church of was no less inimical to the purity of Corinth. This is the current inter- a Christian church than doctrinal pretation attached to the passage; error, though this also was included but, looking at the context, it seems in the Apostle's denunciation. to me that St. Paul is speaking
A, B. rather of persons than of doctrines. He had just denominated the Christian church at Corinth “ God's Tothe EditoroftheChristian Observer. building;" he says, that he, by the grace of God, had been the “ mas- I TAKE the liberty of forwarding ter builder,” having laid the foun. a few observations on the letters of dation of that church, which foun: D. M. P. which appeared in your Christ. Observ. No. 303.
Numbers for November and January ræus, in Poole's Synopsis, gives et un last. In his first letter, your cor- pro alla ut Matt. xii. 4; 1 Cor. respondent, after giving our re- vii. 17; Apoc. ix. 4. et xxi. 27; et ceived version of Gal. i. 6, 7, Gal. ii. 16. Whitby says, that et un objects to it as “ incorrect,” and here is used as chap. ii. 16; I Cor. “repugnant to the context,” because vii. 17; Rev. ix. 4. and xxi. 27. In allo is used in the latter clause Leigh’s Critica Sacra, it is stated instead of a repetition of ετερον. that el un “ is either an exclusive Whitby, in his note on this passage, particle, and so it is taken for only; observes, “ Nor is it any objection or else adversative, so it is taken against our translation, that the for but: and thus it is used in many Apostle doth not say, “ Ó BK ESLV Scriptures.” The text under conETEpov, as before, but allo; it being sideration, Luke iv. 27, and John noted by Budæus, and others, that v. 9, are then adduced in addition the Greeks use αλλο και ετερον εκ to those quoted by Paræus and tapalınlo; these two words as Whitby. In all which texts Parkequivalent:" see 2 Cor. xi. 4.
hurst also says,
“ But (el un) is D. M. P., in his second letter and taken in an adversative sense.' third remark on the two interpre- From all these authorities I am tations cited in your note subjoined disposed to think, that our received to his first letter, says, “ the Greek translation is a correct one, notparticles et un are exclusively exiep withstanding D. M. P. considers tive ;” and in his fifth remark as- that proposed by him as “ the most serts, that but in an adversative close and correct rendering of the sense is no translation of el un. Greek.” If so, where is his auWhat grounds he has for these as- thority for rendering el un, sertions, I am at a loss to conjec- that?" It is true, that these parture. They are directly opposed to ticles in the disputed passage have the opinions of many of the most been rendered by nisi quod in two eminent philologists, commentators, or three Latin translations, as may and lexicographers. I would submit be seen in Poole ; but he adds, from the following extracts to his con- Beza, “ Non placet, quia sic insideration.
farciunt, ori, quod."
I. O. Z. Hoogeveen, in his Doctrina Particularum Græcæ Lingua, after giving some examples, in which el un may be rendered by alla, says, FAMILY SERMONS.
.-No. CCXIX. “ Servari etiam 78 alla potest significatio, quando cum verbo, et Acts viii. 8.- And there was great quidem cum imperativo construitur, joy in that city. sive in sensu exceptivo, sive secus. Tale sit illud Apostoli ad Gal. cap. The city here spoken of, called the i. 7. Non est aliud, inquit, evangelium, city of Samaria, was possibly Syει μη τινες ól tapaccovtes chem, or Sychar, where our Lord υμας, και θελοντες μετατρεψαι το had himself preached in the beginευαγγελιoν τα χρισθ. Sed sunt, sive ning of his ministry. And what exceptive, tantummodo sunt qui vos was the cause of the great joy conturbant, et invertere volunt evan- mentioned in the text ? When we gelium Christi.” He then quotes see the population of a city fesi Cor. vii. 17, which he thus ren- tively thronging together, we natuders : « Qui enim scis, uxor, num rally inquire into the reason of such virum servatura sis? Aut, qui scis, a spectacle. Is it to celebrate the vir, rum uxorem servaturus sis? birth or marriage of some prince or sed (el un) ut cuique sortem suam ruler; or the success of a battle ; distribuit Dcus, et ut quemque vo
or the return of some popular cavit Dominus, sic ambulato. Pa- leader from the field of victory; or
some rite or ceremony connected of partition between the Jew and with the history and supposed the Samaritan was now broken honour and prosperity of the city? down, proclaimed to the inhabiNone of these were the causes of tants the coming of that promised the joy that was exhibited in the Messiah, through whom both Jew city of Samaria ; nor was it a joy and Gentile could alone be saved. which displayed itself in riot and It is said, in the fifth verse, intemperance; in the sinful indul- that “ Philip preached Christ unto gence of the appetites and pas- them;" and again, at the twelfth, sions; or in the pomp and pride of that “ he preached the things conworldly splendour. It was a joy cerning the kingdom of God, and of a higher and purer kind. The the name of Jesus Christ." privileges which it celebrated, were To preach Christ to them was infinitely more valuable than any to shew them their need of him; merely earthly blessings. It was to proclaim to them their iniquities a joy caused by the intelligence of and the anger of God against them; those glad tidings which the Son to teach them their inability to of God himself came into our fallen help themselves by their own supworld to proclaim to mankind. It posed strength or virtue ; and then was the introduction of true religion, to point them to the atoning sacriwith all its attendant blessings, fice of the Saviour, who, though rich, temporal, spiritual, and eternal, for their sakes became poor, that into that city. “Then Philip,' they through his poverty might be says the sacred historian, “ went made rich. To preach Christ, was down to the city of Samaria, and to exhibit him in all the relations preached Christ unto them. And which he is pleased to bear to guilty the people with one accord gave perishing sinners, redeeming them heed unto those things which Philip by his blood, justifying them freely spake, hearing and seeing the mi by faith in virtue of his infinite racles which he did. For unclean merits, renewing them by his Holy spirits, crying with a loud voice, Spirit, and ruling over them as came out of many that were willing subjects, causing them to possessed with them, and many triumph over death and hell, and taken with palsies, and that were translating them to his eternal lame, were healed. And there was glory in the kingdom of heaven. great joy in that city.”
It was not only as a Redeemer and In reflecting upon the cause and a Mediator that Philip preached the character of this joy, the pas- Christ, but also as a King, having sage which has been cited will lead authority to lay down laws for our us to consider, first, the message conduct, and entitled to the fullest which Philip proclaimed; and, se- obedience of our hearts and lives. condly, the reception it met with, For it is said he preached to them and the effects which followed upon “ the kingdom of God;" that is, its proclamation and reception. On the Gospel dispensation; its conboth these points, the narrative stitution, its laws, its duties, its furnishes brief but explicit infor- privileges. He exhorted them, as mation.
rebellious outcasts, to return to First, then, we are to inquire their allegiance to their Maker ; to what was the message which Philip bow before the sceptre of his mercy had proclaimed.
and his power ; to flee for refuge The Philip here mentioned was to the hope set before them in Philip the deacon, who, after the the Gospel, as the only way of death of St. Stephen and the ge- pardon for the past, and to seek neral dispersion of the infant church his grace for the future, to live to of Christ, came to the city of Sa. his glory in a course of willing obemaria, and, knowing that the wall dience to his commands. For it
is the express constitution of this clean spirits ;" and lastly, in the heavenly kingdom, that while it language of our text, that “they offers free and unmerited mercy, rejoiced with great joy." We shall it insists upon a cordial and faith- briefly examine these several parful allegiance. It is a kingdom of ticulars. righteousness and true holiness; it
1. They gave heed to the provides a city of refuge not only things which were spoken.” “Faith from the punishment, but from the cometh by hearing, and hearing by dominion of sin ; it is the spiritual the word of God;" but we cannot empire of Him who has said, “Be arrive at a knowledge of that word, ye holy, for I am holy;" of him plain and simple as it is to every “ who gave himself for us that he sincere inquirer, without due atmight redeem us from all iniquity, tention and consideration. The and perify to himself a peculiar people of the city of Samaria, witpeople, zealous of good works ;" nessing the miracles which Philip of him who dwells in the renew- Wrought, were incited to listen to ed heart as '“ the spirit of holi- the doctrine which he preached. ness," " the very God of peace" to This careful spirit of inquiry was whom we pray to " sanctify us the first step towards all the benewholly ;” and who “ sitteth as a ficial results which followed. They refiner and purifier of silver, to were anxious to hear, and to underpurify the sons of Levi, and to stand “ the things that belonged to purge them as gold and silver, that their peace.” Unlike too many they may offer unto the Lord an
persons in the present day, who offering in righteousness." The from their childhood to the close kingdom of God preached by of life have the fullest opportuPhilip was that everlasting domi- nities of coming to a knowledge nion spoken of by Daniel, which of what God has revealed in his should never be destroyed but word, of the way of salvation stand for ever; that kingdom the through a crucified Saviour of the advancement of which in our own duties they owe to their Creator, hearts, and in the world at large, the fearful punishments which we constantly pray for in the words await those who neglect his laws which our Lord himself has taught and slight his mercy, and the umus; that kingdom the charter of speakable rewards reserved for which is “glory to God in the those who worship him in the Gohighest, and peace on earth, and spel of his Son ; yet remain from good will to man."
year to year careless and inattenSecondly. Having considered the tive to these most important of all message of mercy which Philip was subjects-unlike such persons, the commissioned to preach, we shall people of Samaria “ gave heed to now inquire into the reception it the things which were spoken :" met with, and the effects which they were interested in what they followed upon its proclamation and heard, and reflected upon it as of reception. On these points, the infinite moment to their best welchapter before us gives us parti- fare. cular information. We are told 2. Such being the disposition of that the people « gave heed to the mind with which they listened to things which were spoken;" that the preaching of the Gospel, we they “believed ” them; that they need not wonder to find it added 'were in consequence “ baptised; " that " they believed.” The word of that they “ received the Holy God carries with it the most powerGhost;" that they forsook their evil ful evidence of its truth to all who ways, " the sorceries which had honestly listen to it. We have bewitched them," and were de- not indeed in the present day a livered from the dominion of “un- continuance of those direct mira