« AnteriorContinuar »
that a thorough revision was highly racter of the ordination service of desirable: but the task of revising our venerable establishment. They is one of considerable difficulty and know indeed that some ceremony delicacy; and the most explicit in- takes place on the occasion, and formation is requisite as to what is may even have read the service in omitted, what is added, and what the larger Prayer-books, (thanks to is altered. That the blessing of the Prayer-book and Homily SoGod may ever attend the bene- ciety, it may now be found in many volent efforts of this excellent and of the smaller also ;) but it seldom useful institution is the devout occurs that they can be present at prayer of
the solemnization to witness it for A CLERICAL MEMBER OF themselves. The consecration of THE SOCIETY.
bishops, which is another most impressive rite of the church, is still
more systematically “ hid in a For the Christian Observer.
as if all such matters were
purely of a professional kind, and Having several friends who have that the laity have no concern in them. been long desirous of witnessing But very different was the case in the solemn rite of ordination in the primitive church; very different, our church, and having heard that I believe, is the practice in the there would be an extensive ordi- Church of Rome; and very different nation in this large metropolitan is the habit of the Dissenters, who diocese during the present Lent, I are accustomed to make the setting endeavoured to learn beforehand apart of their ministers as solemn the appointed place and hour, and public as possible, and with a but found that both were kept most powerful effect as respects the secret, even from the candidates impression produced upon the specthemselves, till the day before the tators. Very different also was the solemnization; and that the place, intention of our own church; for the when announced, was the chapel whole service for ordering bishops, royal; and the time, the unseason- priests, and deacons supposes the able hour of eight o'clock in the presence of the assembled congremorning. I presume that this is gation of the faithful; and Wheatly the custom of the diocese ; and I expressly mentions, as one of the by no means impute any blame to reasons why the church has fixed the zealous and exemplary prelate certain times for ordination, “ that who presides over it, and whose the people, knowing the times, may, anxiety that all the offices of the if they please, be present either to church should be discharged in approve the choice made by the it, in a manner the most regular and bishop, or to object against those edifying, deserves and has obtained wbom they know to be unworthy;" the most just and general commen- " which primitive privilege,” he dation. Indeed the practice of adds, “is still reserved to the people holding ordinations at inconvenient in this well constituted church.” 'So hours, and in chapels difficult of 'indeed it is in theory; but, by means access to the public, is not con- of the practice to which I am objectfined to a single diocese. But, ing, the fact is far otherwise. The common as it is, it is greatly to be service appeals throughout to “ the lamented, as it deprives the people people," “ the congregation :" they of the benefit of witnessing this are exhorted to pray for the candimost impressive rite, and the can- date; a sermon is to be preached, didate of the presence and the in which not only is the necessity prayers of the assembled church. of the order of priests and deacons Few of the laity are aware of the to be pointed out, but also “ how very affecting and striking cha- the people ought to esteem them in their office;" and the people are service would such an ordination also enjoined “in the name of God” have been at one of our large to declare if they know of any crime churches, several of which might or impediment why the candidate be advantageously made use of in should not be ordained. And all succession on such occasions, so this where the service is conducted as to interest the public at large in a private chapel, and not at the in this solemn rite, and to engage usual hour at which the congrega- their prayers and sympathies more tion are accustomed to assemble, earnestly in behalf of their ap. and when no notice has been given pointed pastors. The clergy, the in order that one may be specially churchwardens, and the vestry and 'convened. I admit that on parti- parish would in general think themcular occasions a special ordination, selves privileged by the selection of at the discretion of the bishop, may their church on such an occasion. be expedient: but even this needs I would again repeat, that I mean not be private ; it may be performed no disrespect to the revered prelate openly at the usual time of service, whose late ordination I have inci. (or, if at an unusual time, with dentally alluded to, and whose last proper notice, in order that a con- most excellent Charge would of it. gregation may convene, as would self be sufficient to shew his anxiety not fail to be the case,) either at for the honour of religion, and of the cathedral or in a parochial the church over which he presides. church. But even if an occasional His lordship's impressive advice to special ordination might with pro- his clergy respecting the occasional priety be conducted somewhat pri- services, applies equally to the servately, the same exception does vice for ordination; the public as not apply to the case of such an well as devout administration of ordination as the regular Lent Em- which might do much towards imber-week Ordination, in a diocese pressing both the clergy and the like London. On the occasion laity with the sacred nature and above alluded to, about thirty can- infinite importance of the pastoral didates, I believe, were present. function.
CLERICUS. What an impressive and edifying
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
1. The History of the Inquisition nominally at least, to the end of his
of Spain, composed from origi- life an adherent of the Church of nal Documents. By D. J. A. Rome, exhibits something so novel LLORENTE, formerly Secretary and extraordinary that, even from of the Inquisition, abridged and motives of mere curiosity, we might translated from the original Work. be strongly tempted not to overlook
I vol. 8vo. 155. London. 1826. such a publication. Before, how2. Histoire abregée de l'Inquisition ever, we proceed to notice the
d'Espagne [par M. Llorente]. contents of this interesting work, Par L. GALLOIS. Troisième it may be proper to furnish our Edition. Paris. 1824.
readers with a brief account of its
author. Such a notice will not An historical disclosure of the only gratify curiosity, but throw secrets and enormities of the In- light upon the degree of credit quisition of Spain, composed by a due to the author's report, and Spanish ecclesiastic, who continued, serve to expose the remnants of that spirit of superstition, bigotry, at Logrogno was so ill-judging or and intolerance which is still at work so unfortunate as to select Llorente among some professed Protestants, for their commissary, little aware we are sorry to say, as well as among that they were cherishing one who Roman Catholics, to counteract the in the end would do all in his best hopes and undermine the best power to betray the citadel into interests of mankind.
which he was thus incautiously adJuan Antonio Llorente was born mitted. In 1788 our author made in the province of Arragon in 1756. himself known as a preacher of He was the son of parents not af- some eminence, under the countefuent, but of an ancient and noble nance of the duchess of Sotorayor, family. He received the clerical ton. who afterwards made him one of her sure as early as the age of fourteen. executors and guardian to her son. In October 1773, he placed himself in the beginning of the following at Saragossa, for the purpose of stu- year he was appointed secretary dying law. During the vacation of general to the Inquisition of the 1775 he made his first visit to Madrid, court; a post which he retained where, with a strange versatility for two years, and his introduction of mind, he became addicted to to which was ultimately of great the drama, and actually produced a importance to the world, as it put comedy. The ecclesiastics of Spain him in possession of the archives of and Italy, unlike those of France, the holy office. At this time also, were accustomed to appear without he was active in the diffusion of scandal at the theatre. Ordained useful knowledge, under the encoupriest in 1779, at the age of twenty- ragement of Count Florida Blanca, three, he soon afterwards evinced a more able and enlightened stateshis natural good sense and libe- man than Spain has often found at rality of mind, by an attempt to the head of her councils. dissuade an aged priest from be
In 1791, Llorente was compelled, stowing his property on the church, through the influence of court into the prejudice of his near rela- trigue, to leave Madrid and retire tions. In 1781 we find Llorente an to his canonry of Calahorra. While advocate at the supreme council in this retirement, he discharged of Castile, and in the following the duties of hospitality towards year vicar-general of the diocese the French emigrant clergy, who of Calahorra. In a biographical were banished from their country memoir which he drew up con- by the troubles of the Revolution. cerning his own life, he mentions He appears to have done his ut1784 as the year when he made most to serve them out of his own the important discovery that much very limited resources, and still of his boasted knowledge was but more by the aid of many of his the offspring of early preposses- wealthy countrymen, whom he insions, and had been derived from terested on their behalf. In 1793 books replete with error; and when, the inquistor general, La Sierra, with regard to both philosophy and mirabile dictu ! invited Llorente to theology, he entered upon a new co-operate with him in a reform course of thinking, principles, and of their horrid tribunal: but beconduct. The author from whom fore he could carry his project into we derive our information justly execution, this honest inquisitor remarks, that the philosophy of M.
from his office. Llorente was the very reverse of Others, however, were found to that which has been recently in- encourage the work, and Llorente culcated by the eloquent Abbé de procured his plan of reform to be la Mennais, whom we introduced presented to the noted Godoy, to our readers some time ago. In Prince of the Peace. His project 1785 the tribunal of the Inquisition struck at the vitals of the InquisiCHRIST. OBSERV. No. 303.
tion ; for it went to the length of structed to compile a history of it abolishing its secret horrors, and from the archives, now fully placed making all its trials and exami- at his command. For this work he nations public; but the minister had been collecting materials ever was removed, and the intended since 1789; and these, with what amelioration postponed. The bi- he now added, have produced a gotted supporters of this execrable history, for the merits of which tribunal, now aware of the danger- some have entitled him “the Sueous alliance which they had con- tonius of the Inquisition.” This tracted, began to persecute the same year was entrusted to him the individual whose measures were execution of a decree, abolishing so well calculated to ruin them. gradually the monastic orders and Among the papers of an ex-mini- establishments; an office which he ster, Jovellanos, they had found the performed with much forbearance writings of Llorente on the Inqui- and moderation. In the midst of sition. They opened his correspon- these and other political occupadence at the post-office of Madrid, tions, he published in Spain itself!) took copies of his letters, and then his first sketch of the horrors of allowed them to reach their desti- the Spanish Inquisition. This work nation, in order to betray him into afterwards underwent a thorough refurther confidence. Soon after this, visal ; and having been recomposed he was sentenced to be despoiled by him in French, with many alterof his functions of secretary and ations and improvements, it soon commissary of the holy office, to became known throughout Europe. pay a fine of fifty ducats, and to Llorente continued to attach himendure a month's imprisonment in a self to the cause of Joseph Bonamonastery. This, for the Inquisition, parte; and, somewhat inconsistently was indeed an indulgent sentence; with his past professions and exerbut it was attended with as much tions in the cause of civil and reinjustice as if it had been more ligious liberty, he attacked the severe ; for he was left in ignorance Cortes in some bitter pamphlets. of the particular charges brought He appears to have entangled himagainst him. His disgrace lasted self in the French interest, till he till 1805, during which interval he began to forget what was due to resided in his native province, em- the rights and liberties of his native ploying his time in the composition country. At length he shared the of works of piety, learning, and fate of his French associates, was public usefulness.
At length, in driven with them across the Pyre. 1 806, he was recalled to Madrid, nees, and arrived at Paris in March, for the purpose of being employed 1814. The dominant party, under about some historical researches the weak and bigotted Ferdinand, wanted by the government. The now took Vengeance on
their king also gave him a canonry at enemies; among whom Llorente Toledo, and appointed him master was assuredly neither the least of the chapter schools of that cathe- hated, nor the least formidable. dral. From this period, his career He had to undergo the double became more strictly political. On penalty of perpetual exile and the the invasion of Spain by Bonaparte, confiscation of his property, part in 1808, he was appointed a mem- of which was a library he had left at ber of the Spanish Convention which Madrid, consisting of more than met at Bayonne. He attended it, 8000 volumes, and containing many and appears to have entered warmly rare books and manuscripts. During into the French interest. In 1809 the year 1814 he visited London ; the Inquisition was abolished by but, disliking our climate, reKing Joseph, or rather by his bro- turned to fix himself permanently ther Napoleon; and Llorente wasin- at Paris. There, in a contest with M. de Coussergues, who' affirmed pas au style, dépourvu de coloris et d'élethat no auto da fé had taken place gance, non pas à la disposition
habile des since 1680, Llorente proved that, profondeur des aperçus, à la finesse des between the dates of 1700 and observations; au contraire, les parties 1808, no fewer than 1578 indivi- brillantes de l'art d'écrire manquent duals had been sentenced to the dans cet ouvrage : mais l'authenticité des fames by the Spanish Inquisition. titude, et la nouveauté des détails qu'il Upon the publication of his im- révèle, la vérité frappante d'une narration portant work, he began to be perse- sans ornemens, ont suffi pour donner tout ented, even in the French capital..coup à ce livre le caractere de source He had to undergo a variety of permis desormais de parler ni d'écrire sur mortifications, till his “ Portraits l'Inquisition, sans consulter et sans citer politiques des Papes ” filled up the le temoignage de son véridique
annaliste." measure of his guilt in the view of pp. xxvi, xxvii. the bigotted party at Paris. In this The recommendation of the prework, he is said to have gone great sent history, as compared with lengths; and to have rather provoked former works on the same subject, hostility, which, of course, he readily is, we conceive, that it exhibits met with. About the close of 1822, greater fulness and superior ache was ordered to quit Paris in three curacy; and also that it brings days, and France with the least pos- down the annals of this tribunal sible delay. He rapidly traversed to its temporary abolition in 1808, the country, then covered with would we could say its final and snow, and was not even permitted complete destruction. But, because to rest for a short time at Bayonne. it still rears its gorgon head, it is Upon entering his native country, necessary that the monster should however, he was received with flat. be watched and attacked with pertering marks of public esteem. But severing and unrelenting energy. these honours came too late ; for, The history of Philip Limborch a few days after his arrival at Madrid, has, we believe, hitherto enjoyed he died, worn out with anxiety and the greatest reputation of any work fatigue, at the age of sixty-six. His which has appeared on the subject. funeral was well attended, and was But, not to speak of his necessarily celebrated with much respect. inferior means of information, it
The history of the Spanish In- must be remembered that he died quisition in the French language, more than a century ago, and that which was our author's own compo- consequently his work reaches far sition, and the mature result of his short of the period up to which labours on the subject, is in four Llorente has carried his annals. small, but thick, and rather closely We shall endeavour to present printed volumes. It contains abun our readers with as much informadance of important matter; but the tion on the subject of these volumes, details are long, minute, and to the as the scantiness of our limits will ordinary reader would be wearisome, allow. In treating of the Spanish especially in a day like the present, tribunal, it is at once mournful and when reading, if not knowledge, is consolatory to reflect that we are increased almost beyond the possi- taking a view of the Inquisition bility of keeping up with its march. under its very worst and most treIn short, there are few works which mendous aspect. That scion of it more require, and few, we may which was grafted at Rome, under say, which better deserve a good the immediate care and culture of abridgment. The character of the the pope himself, might almost be original work is, we think, thus termed' mild and inoxious, when justly described by Gallois, the compared with the Upas tree which French abbreviator :
took root and flourished on the an. “ La fortune de ce livre est due, non happy shores of Spain.