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to a height of intellectual and ora- read the description given of the torical splendour, which has never scene by French writers, without been surpassed or equalled. The suspecting that there was a want of mine was however soon exhausted; that Christian simplicity which befor little is left us but dross and comes the house of God. Mastinsel, by those who attempted to sillon selected for his text the words work it after the times of Massillon. of Solomon (Eccles. i. 16, 17), “I Voltaire attributes the decay to the communed with mine own heart, exhaustible nature of the subject saying, Lo I am come to great itself. The most striking topics, he estate, and have gotten more alleges, had been worn out by the wisdom than all that have been great masters, and could not be re- before me in Jerusalem......I pernovated by their successors. To ceived also that this is vexation of our minds, however, it is not much spirit.” He uttered the passage, we to be lamented that this species of are told, with a slow and measured pulpit composition, upon the French air, well adapted to assist by conmodel of it, has fallen into decay; trast the powerful effect which he for, splendid as was the school in wished to produce by the first senwhich it flourished, the commodity tence of his discourse. He seemed was not exactly what the exigencies to revolve in his own mind the exof the Christian pulpit require. tremes of grandeur and misery Boileau says,
“ Rien n'est beau suggested by the passage : he was que le vrai ;” and certainly truth lost in silent meditation : he was was not the first characteristic of evidently reflecting now upon Sothe most splendid of the French lomon, now on Louis the great ; funeral orations. Effect was sought deep emotion was visible in his after, rather than usefulness; the countenance; the auditors were asorator rather than the minister of tonished at his silence, and listened Christ was visible in every period, intensely to catch the first syllable and exaggeration and declamation that should burst from his lips. Heapwere often the basis of the whole peared humbled in self-abasement ; composition. These remarks apply his head was bowed down ; his hands in a great measure, though with rested upon the pulpit. At length much honourable exception, parti- he slowly raised his eyes, and fixed cularly in the case of Bourdaloue, them still half closed upon his vast to the panegyrics on the saints, auditory clad in the deepest mournwhich, as managed by the Catholic ing; then, as if distressed at the preachers, partake greatly of the sight, he reverted his glance in character of funeral eulogies. We search of objects less afflicting ; but must allow, however, for the differ
on every side he beheld only the ence of natural temperament ; for emblems of sorrow which covered much that may appear very sober the sacred walls. As a last resource and edifying to a French auditory, he turned to the altar, but this also would seem to us very like affecta. exhibited the symbols of mortality. tion and “ stage trick." It is diffi- Shrinking, as if in terror, from the cult therefore sometimes to decide mournful spectacle, his eye seemed what is natural genuine eloquence, involuntarily to fall upon the funeral and what is for the mere sake of pomp in the centre of the temple. effect. The most sublime exordium Confused at seeing nothing before that ever ushered in a funeral ser- him but the emblems of departed mon, was Massillon's opening sen- magnificence, sceptres and diadems tence in his oration over Louis the covered with black crape, he turned Fourteenth ; and his manner of de. to the breathless auditory, as if to livering it was as impressive as the give them the result of his oversentiment was sublime. Yet, unless powering emotions; and most subwe are mistaken, it is impossible to limely did he give it in the memo
rable words, "Dieu seul est grand, too much of matter in it. Every mes freres !” Nothing could be division and sub-division urges a more impressive than the effect: new topic, and every topic, in its but, when it is considered that the turn, is convincingly, though briefly, discourse was precomposed and had discussed, with solemn and approbeen committed to memory, it must priate appeals to the understanding surely have required all the talent, and the conscience of the hearer. and, we may add, all the real piety, We could willingly, at all times, of Massillon to prevent his attic and especially in a funeral sermon, tude assuming the air of an orato- bear with more of the tender, tlie rical finesse rather than the simple imaginative, the pathetic, than is dictate of overpowering emotion. usually found in discourses con
For real, every day, spiritual, structed upon the model of the practical utility, the simple style present; but if the advantages of of English funeral sermons, written the French and the English schools by men who are really anxious for cannot be combined (though some, the souls of their hearers, is, we we think, have combined them), doubt not, far more powerful than we should be well content to take the splendid orations of the French the latter, with all its defects, in pulpit. Our preachers usually select preference to the former. No man an impressive text relating to death can, seriously, read a discourse like or eternity: they discuss it much that before us without becoming in the manner of their ordinary wiser, and, by the grace of God, parochial sermons ; illustrating the better : it affords the solid aliment several topics by the most remark- by which parishes and congregaable notices relative to the de- tions are most substantially nouceased ; and summing up the whole rished; and, if not always the most in a few heads of application, ac popular, will prove, in the end, the companied or preceded by a general most satisfactory and safe. Every review of the character of the de- reader feels that the preacher is in parted Christian whose faith they earnest, and that his paramount obenjoin their auditors to follow, re- ject is the glory of God and the membering the end of his conver. conversion and edification of his sation. This is Mr. Jerram's plan, flock. in the discourse before us. He We had intended giving a few selects for his text, 2 Tim. i. 2: extracts from the discourse itself, “ I know whom I have believed, with more copious ones from the and am persuaded that he is able account appended to it, and the to keep that which I have com passages in it, respecting Dr. Good; mitted unto him against that day.” but the length of our discursive re This passage he considers as speak- marks having precluded the latter ing the language, first, of serious in the present article, we shall avail reflection ; secondly, of established ourselves of another department of faith ; thirdly, of assured hope. our work, in a future Number, to This technical species of divi- lay before our readers, with Mr. sion, with its various sub-divisions, Jerram's help, an obituary of the though not the best calculated for excellent man whose death gave deep pathos, for emotion, for the rise to this discourse; and shall free and consecutive flow of “sen- content ourselves, for the present, timent,” (we use the word in its with inserting a very few brief exgood sense,) yet yields a very con- tracts from the sermon. venient vehicle for the lucid exhi- Speaking of the Apostle's combition of much important scriptural mitting his soul to the care of his truth; and the chief fault, perhaps, Saviour, Mr. Jerram says, of Mr. Jerram's discourse in this
“ He is like a person who has the respect is, that he has condensed charge of a treasure of inestimable value; CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 303.
and who knows that it is impossible for Christian doctrines, but it regards simply himself to keep safe possession of it; the facts which they contain; and these and yet, upon his producing it on an in- are things very different and distinct. definite day, every thing that is valuable We believe innumerable facts, of the to him in this world depends. He looks principles or causes of which we know anxiously therefore around him for some nothing, and believe nothing." pp. 19, one with whom he may entrust it, and 20. having at length found One, who is willing « I have still one or two remarks to to undertake the charge of it, and whom make on the last stage in genuine faith, he thinks able to preserve it, he commits and that indeed to which the former are it into his hands, and incurs all risks. only introductory. It is the trusting of From a natural anxiety as to the issue, he the soul into the hands of Jesus Christ, frequently reviews the transaction. He to be saved by him. Having received again
and again thinks of his treasure, of sufficient information respecting the Sathe day of final audit, and of the Person in viour, and having placed the fullest confiwhom he had reposed his confidence: but dence in what is recorded of him, the from every review, he derives increased Christian comes at length to the allsatisfaction. The more intimately he be- important transaction of depositing his comes acquainted with his Friend, the treasure with him, of committing his soul stronger is his conviction that nothing can to his custody, to be saved at that day. overcome his power, or shake his sted. Now the nature of this trust is the clearest fastness, or abate his kindness. His first thing imaginable ; it is one, in temporal impression of safety is at length raised to things, of every day's occurrence, and in the full assurance of hope, and he says, which we make no mistake; for, however, with the utmost confidence, 'I know common it be to place a mistaken reliance, whom I have believed, and I am per- it never occurs that we mistake having suaded that he is able to keep that placed our confidence. Apply this to which I have committed to him, against faith in Christ. You know something of that day."" pp. 6,7.
him, and you believe in him, because you On the subject of faith the writer know him. The only thing that is now
wanted, is to put that knowledge and beremarks:
lief into practice, by committing the soul “ The minds of Christians have often into his custody. 'He came into the been perplexed on the subject of faith; world for the express purpose of saving and they have been harassed with doubts the soul : you believe that he is able to whether theirs be scriptural, and such as save it, and the next step is, to commit it God will approve. Now this passage
into his hands; and then you can say seems admirably calculated to remove
with the Apostle, I know whom I have these perplexities, and to put the question
believed, and I have entrusted my soul to entirely to rest. Let us then dwell for his keeping. What then, my brethren, a moment on each step in the progress is there mysterious in faith? Is it not an of the Apostle towards this established easy affair to ascertain what you know of
and it will be remarked that tbere Christ, what you believe respecting him, are three-knowledge, belief, trust. I and whether you have trusted in him? know whom I have believed, and I have The only point on which I would particutrusted my soul to him.' Knowledge larly admonish you, is to take care that then, it will be observed, was his first you advance to the last stage of faith; step. He first knew, and then believed. and I do so, because few ever reach this.' It is of importance to remark this, because it has been sometimes said, that
Respecting the difference befaith is the offspring of ignorance, and flourishes best in the absence of evidence.tween faith and hope, Mr. Jerram This indeed may be true of the faith of observes : many who call themselves Christians, but
pp. 21 22.
“The passage before us makes the it is not the faith which the Gospel re- difference between faith and hope exceedcognizes." p. 17.
ingly clear. We see from it, that it is “ The second step towards an esta- the province of faith, to believe and trust blished faith is a belief or full assent of in Christ; and of hope, to derive comthe mind and heart to the truth which we fort from having done so. Faith comhave learned in the Gospel. This indeed mits the soul to the keeping of the Son has been shewn, as the necessary result of God; and hope is persuaded that he of the knowledge of Christ; but I here will take care of it. Faith fixes its foot repeat it for the purpose of more distinctly on a rock ; and hope feels assured that noticing the gradation from knowledge to it is safe. Faith lays hold of Him, who belief, and the nature of that assent which has conquered death and the grave; the Christian gives to the mysteries of the and hope exults, • Yea, though I walk Gospel. This belief does not imply that through the valley of the shadow of we understand or even think of the prin- death, I will fear no evil, for thou art with ciples or modes which are involved in me.
The whole of the discourse is in and is well calculated to interest the same evangelical, discriminat- and instruct the Christian reader. ing, and practically useful strain,
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
only a few years before celebrated the feast PREPARING for publication :-A Life of- of Tabernacles in booths on the south Dr. Jenner; by Dr. Baron ;-A Transla- side of the Thames; but they kept themtion of Niebuhr's Roman History; by Mr. selves out of observation as much as posHare and Mr. Thirlwell ;-Unitarianism sible upon the Restoration of Charles II. Abandoned, or Reasons assigned for cease as the laws against them had never been ing to be connected with that Description formally repealed. Mr. Ellis gives also of Religious Professors who designate two extracts from the Journals of the themselves Unitarians; by Mr. Gil- House of Commons, shewing that the christ;-Plain Discourses on Experimental Jews had returned to England as a people and Practical Christianity; by the Rev. before the Restoration ; and cites a petiW. F. Vance.
tion to Parliament, which fixes the year In the press :-Lectures on the Hebrew 1656 as the date of their recal. About Language ; by Professor Lee ;-Davidica, this time they had undergone great persetwelve Sermons on the Life and Character cutions in Poland, from which country of David; by the Rev. H. Thomson ;- they had at length been expelled ; and The Literature of the Servians; by Mr. Cromwell, having thoughts of recalling Bowring ;-Sermons, Doctrinal and Scrip- them into England, sent for the principal tural ; by the Rev. J. Coleman ;-Four lawyers, the chief citizens of London, Sermons on the Priesthood of Christ; by and twelve ministers of various denomithe Rev. T. Lessey ;- A Volume of Ser- nations, to advise him upon the point. The mons; by the Rev. W. Dealtry, Rector lawyers were favourable to the recal of of Clapham ;-Missionary Anecdotes for the Jews; the citizens were indifferent; Children and young Persons ; by R. New- but the preachers, among whom was Hugh stead ;-Rambach's Meditations on the Peters, differed greatly in their opinions, Sufferings of Christ, abridged and im- each arguing from texts of Scripture, till proved; by the Rev. S. Benson.
they tired out the Protector, who said he
had sent for them for his conscience' sake; Mr. Ellis has communicated to the but that instead of resolving his doubts as Society of Antiquaries, a transcript of a to the lawfulness of recalling the Jews, they letter in the Harleian Collection, giving had only increased them, and he would some curious information respecting the therefore desire nothing of them but their Jews in England in 1662. The time at prayers that he and his council might be which the Jews were recalled into this guided aright in their decision. Mr. country, as a people, has been a subject of Ellis's paper terminates with some redoubt and controversy; Burnet stating marks on the high estimation in which them to have been recalled by Oliver Cromwell was held by the Jews, as well Cromwell, whilst this is denied by Tovey, on the continent as in this country. The who, in bis Anglia Judaica, affirms, that writer states, that, regarding him as a powin the year 1663 there were not twelve erful prince, favouring them by all the Jews resident in London. The above- means in his power, if they could have mentioned letter, however, proves that made out for him a Jewish descent, they the Jews existed as a people, in London would have declared him to be their in 1662, having a synagogue, celebrating Messiah ! therein their own worship, at which the We have mentioned in a former Numwriter saw above a hundred Jews, besides ber, that another expedition to the North women, many richly apparelled, and some Pole is to be undertaken. The Hecla, wearing jewels; all of them seeming to under Captain Parry, is to proceed to Clobe merchants and traders, without one me- ven Cliff, in Spitzbergen, latitude 79. 50, chanic among them. These Jews, it also about 600 miles from the North Pole; appears from the same document, had which place, it is expected, she will reach
about June. Parties are to be detached the poor, in behalf of their unhappy fellow-
for the Home Department states, that Dr. Buckland, the Professor of Minera- the Board continue to use all possible logy and Geology at Oxford, announces diligence in extending the knowledge of that Mr. Jarrett, of Magdalen College, haz the best process for effectual vaccinapurchased a very valuable collection of tion, and to supply the means, as well as marbles, in Rome, for the purpose of pre- to suggest the mode, of accomplishing this senting them to the University of Oxford. object. From the quantity of vaccine The collection consists of 1000 polished lymph distributed, and from the accounts pieces, all exactly of the same size, of every of correspondents, the Board are led to variety of Italian marble.
presume that this practice is becoming We rejoice to say, that Anti-Slavery daily more general; and this inference is publications are multiplying to an extent further confirmed by the fact, that within which shews the deep abhorrence in which the last twelve months only 503 deaths the system is held by the public. No have occurred from small-pox within the fewer than four such publications appear Bills of Mortality; whereas, in the prein out present monthly list of miscellane- ceding year, 1,299 persons are recorded ous publications. The first three on the as having fallen victims to that loathsome list are in the form of narratives. Outa- disease. Before the introduction of vaclissi describes the atrocities of the system cination, the average number of deaths as it exhibits itself to a benevolent and re- from small-pox, within the Bills of Morligious officer in Dutch Guiana ; Charlotte tality, was annually about 4,000. The Elizabeth's narrative haş for its scene our Report is signed, Henry Halford, W. own West-India islands; while the third, Lambe, J. Cope, John Abernethy, Astley which is a little tract entitled “An Even- Cooper, Clem. Hue. ing at Home,” describes a family conver- The Thames Tunnel has advanced alsation on the duty of abstaining from slave- ready 40,463 feet, and the progress is grown sugar. The incidents in these tales from 12 to 13 per week. About 108,5551. are not numerous, and can scarcely be have been already expended on it. called fictitious ; for the most flagitious of So certain, and often rapid, are the good them are fully paralleled in authentic nar- effects of Savings Banks, where duly enrative. Outalissi is calculated to produce couraged by persons of influence and benea powerful impression, though here and volence, that the last Report of the Devon there a passage in it is too faithfully gross and Exeter Savings Bank states the sum to be pleasing to British delicacy. The in hand to be more than half a million of author's object is to shew that colonial money. The receipts of that bank last slavery and Christianity cannot exist to- year, notwithstanding the general disgether. Charlotte Elizabeth is already tress, amounted to 115,639. known to our readers by her Osric, a Mis- The king of Prussia, by a late edict, sionary Poem; and her Anti-Slavery vo- calls upon all his subjects, under penalties, lume does equal honour to her understand- to send their children to school at a certain ing and her heart. Our wish neither to age ;-and the King of Sardinia, by an overcharge, even if it were possible to do edict of nearly the same date, forbids all so, the fearful picture of slavery, nor to persons, who do not possess a certain ansubject our pages to the recoil of such an nual income, from attending the literary argument on the part of the friends of that institutions of his kingdom. Happily, system, makes us wish to confine our re- however, even amidst such strange discreviews and extracts on this important ques- pancies in legislative enactments, education to authentic facts and undisputed tion is widely increasing in almost every documents; but we can still strongly re- part of the world. Would that our own commend Charlotte Elizabeth's tale, if legislature, neither prohibiting it on the tale it must be called, as exhibiting much one hand, nor enjoining it by penalties on affecting truth through the medium of a the other, would provide facilities for it simple and interesting narrative. The throughout the empire. The beneficial little tract on Slavery and Slave-produce results would speedily and amply repay is also useful for interesting children, or the labour and expense.