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York; a few miles south of Owego, and mittee, that the fund might be increased entered the beach woods of Pennsylvania, by collections made for the purpose in which cover the exceedingly wild and every congregation, at the visitation of the mountainous district through which runs Bishop-particularly when he holds conthe boundary that separates these two firmation. The occasion is an interesting states. On my arrival at the village of one; it usually brings together a large Montrose in the evening, I was surprised congregation-and the religious sensibility with the information that Bishop White which is generally produced by the admiwas at that moment preaching in the nistration of the ordinance of confirmation, court-house. I of course immediately will be favourable to pious liberality. A burried there entered the room-and resolution, providing for this measure, will saw the venerable father of our church in be laid before you for your consideration. the midst of the flock who had crowded “I ought not to omit to notice my visit around him; and was struck with the to the congregations of Indians at Oneida clear and edifying words of truth from Castle. Their behaviour was, as usual, that voice whose benevolent tones had in- orderly and devout-several were constructed and cheered my childhood more formed and the solemnities were rendered than forty years back. Little did I then more interesting by the admission of Mr. think that I should hear them in what is Eleazer Williams, who is of Indian extracstill almost a wilderness, at a period when tion, to deacon's orders, and who goes he who uttered them should have attained with several of the Oneidas to Green-Bay, nearly the age of fourscore. The unex. in the territory of Michigan, where there pected meeting under such circumstances are other Indian tribes.” was, I may say, truly delightful; and the
We must lay down this interesting jourinteresting visit of the aged bishop of nal for the present, but may take another Pennsylvania to this remote part of his opportunity of extracting a few of its mis. diocese, must be attended with highly sionary details. salutary effects.
“ In the above visitations I always NEWFOUNDLAND SCHOOL SO. preached, and often delivered an address
CIETY. on the subject of confirmation, and always, We have frequently brought before our with one or two exceptions, an address readers, and need not therefore repeat in after confirmation to the persons con- the present paper, the powerful claims firmed.
of Newfoundland to the sympathy and “ My visitation afforded me the fullest assistance of British Christians. Its poevidence of the zeal and assiduity with pulation consists of ninety thousand souls, which the clergy prepared the candidates most of whom, or their ancestors, were for confirmation, and of the highly beneficial inhabitants of England, Scotland, or Ireeffects thence resulting. Almost all the con- land, and are now scattered along a sinuous gregations which I visited in the country are shore of six hundred and twenty miles in comparatively of recent origin; and in these extent, divided into numerous settlethe persons confirmed were generally more ments, in various harbours, bays, and advanced in life than in our city congre- creeks, with a Christian ministry (ingations. They consisted principally of cluding all denominations) quite inade. converts to the church ; of those who at- quate to their wants, and with a provision tached themselves to her from other dem for general instruction more inadequate nominations; and the enlightened serious- still; there being, three years ago, only ness with which I had every reason to one free daily school on the island, and believe they received this holy rite gave whatever other schools may have been evidence of the fidelity with which their instituted for the poor, are but of conpastors had prepared them for it.” tracted operation, and none of them pos
“ For all this, for the increase of our con- sess the advantages of the new system gregations, which now amount to 150, of instruction. and which, within 12 or 15 years, have Under these circumstances, the imbeen nearly doubled in number, 12 being portance of the Newfoundland School organized during the past year, we are Society is generally admitted in the very much indebted, under God, to mis- . colony, where it has received substantial sionary exertions. And I am thus led to encouragement from the government, entreat an increased attention to measures the clergy, and the prineipal inhabitants. for augmenting the missionary fund.” “ It The poor also have shewn the greatest has oceurred to me, and the suggestion desire to avail themselves of the beriefits was approved of by the Missionary Com. offered them, by going into the woods, and providing (gratuitously) materials for when our enemies, in the pride and arrothe erection of schools. The income of ganee of their hearts, tauntingly insulted the society is, however, quite inadequate the Russian troops who mounted guard to meet its current expenses.
on the walls, by exclaiming, “If your Jesus The society has already sent out six be indeed God, let him come down and masters, six mistresses, and a monitor, help you ;” nay, during the very night who are at this time, by means of daily when a general assault was expected to be and Sunday schools, dispensing at seven made, the besiegers suddenly inarched off, different stations the blessings of educa- for the purpose of hastening to the relief tion among at least 1000 scholars, ebildren of another division of the Persian army, and adults. These establishments have which had been defeated. Their attempt been lately visited by the assistant secre- was, however, ineffectual; for the Lord tary of the society, whose report, as to again crowned the Russian arms with victhe conduct of the teachers and the pros- torg. Thus those that walk in pride, He perity of the schools, is most encouraging. is able to abase.' In visiting these stations he has dis- “ What induces me to write to you on covered that many intermediate settle this occasion is, the indescribable misery ments are destitute of daily sehools, as into which three of the German colonies well as of places of worship; and from in Georgia have been plunged by the some of these, and other parts of the licentious cruelties of their barbarous incolony, he is the bearer of seven petitions vaders. Seven of these colonies were to the society, for the establishment of established in 1817 and 1818. It is true schools.
that, at first, the colonists entertained For a population so large and so widely somewhat singular notions on certain scattered as that of Newfoundland, twenty points of doctrine; but most of them had schools would afford but an indifferent latterly returned to the simplicity of the provision : to erect these, not less than Gospel, and were becoming a light shining six thousand pounds will be required, in in the midst of darkness, both by their addition to native contributions; and for industry and their exemplary walk and their permanent support, together with conversation. Three of their settlements incidental expenses, a demand must be have however, now, been nearly reduced calculated upon, of from four to five thou- to a heap of ruins. Of 250 families, many sand pounds annually. Mueh as may be are groaning in the severest slavery; and expected from the government and co- the rest, who have escaped this dreadful lonists; yet, after all, to meet this great fate, wander about without the means of expense, the mother country must for the subsistence, and descitute of clothing and present be chiefly depended on. The so- shelter. Let me here mention a few parciety therefore justly appeal to the bene- ticulars. volence of the public, which we trust " The first settlement, called Helenenthey will experience to the full amount dorf, is situated near the Persian frontiers, of the necessities of the case. Commu- in the circle of Elisabeth pol ; and was in nications are to be addressed to the as. a flourishing state, both with regard to the siscant secretary, Mr. M. Willoughby, at temporal and spiritual concerns of the inthe Society's office, No. 13, Salisbury- habitants. Previous to the attack of the square, London.
Persians, the Tartars of this cirele had re
belled, and the colonists quickly saw that SUFFERINGS OF THE GERMAN they had every reason to dread being
COLONISTS IN GEORGIA. cruelly treated by them. Their only reThe following is extracted from a letter fuge was in God, before whom they prowritten by the Rev. A. Dittrich, to the strated themselves in prayer for eight sucRev. Dr. Steinkopff, dated St. Peters. cessive days, imploring Him to grant them burg, Dec. 12, 1826.
perfect resignation to his will. At length, “We cannot but gratefully proclaim the on the 28th of July, they all assembled wonderful deliverance of the Lord, which together in the church for solemn prayer, our missionaries experienced during the and, after having assured each other of late perfidious invasion of the Persians, their mutual forgiveness and good-will, when their army, of about forty or fifty celebrated the holy sacrament, in order thousand men, under the command of that, being thus prepared, they might Abba Mirza, laid siege to the fortress of glorify God even in death. The service Schuscha. «At a moment,' writes one of was, however, interrupted by the sudden our missionaries, when the danger of our irruption of several hordes of ferocious situation appeared the most appalling, Tartars into the village, who furiously drove their cattle away, destroyed the with her infant at the breast; and again, windows, chairs, benches, and doors of in another, old people, girls, and children, their houses, as well as their waggons, and were seen promiscuously driven together all their implements of husbandry; and, in like sheep. Whoever was thus taken was short, seized upon every thing they could immediately stripped of his clothing, and find; with the additional threat, that they either killed on the spot, or suffered to would soon also lay hold of their persons. run naked away. A female was dread. The poor people immediately collected fully maltreated before her own door. together, and with no other clothing than Little children were bound together the thin summer dress which they had on, in couples, and then slung across the fled to the town of Elisabethpol, where horses' backs, like articles of baggage. they were received in a friendly manner If any disturbed their persecutors by by the Armenians. During a period of six their cries, they were dispatched before or seven weeks they lived there, in daily the face of their parents. Every sense of apprehension of.losing their lives; endur- shame, and every feeling of humanity, ing, at the same time, all the miseries of was extinguished in these barbarians: the hunger and nakedness, until the victorious brutal horde set no limits to their licenarms of the Russians prevented their being tious passions. A young woman of acled away into slavery. They are at pre- knowledged piety, in endeavouring to sent in the most deplorable state of want escape from the robbers, was fired at and and wretchedness.
shot in the spine, so that she instantly “ The second settlement, called Armen- fell, but only slowly expired in the most feld, was at no great distance from the excruciating agonies, on the ground. A first. The inhabitants providentially suc- man, whilst endeavouring to intereede for ceeded in saving their lives, their cattle, the lives of his wife and children, was and their waggons, by flying to Tiflis; but murdered at the foot of a tree, to which their crops, their houses, and all their his wife had fled for shelter. The latter, other property, fell into the hands of their with an infant at the breast, was spared; plunderers. Their present situation is but, with a bleeding heart, she saw her likewise very pitiable.
two little ones carried away into slavery. “ The third settlement, Catharinenfeldt, Three girls, about fifteen years of age, which was situated nearer to the frontiers thought themselves happy in having of Turkey, was doomed to suffer by far reached the river (at the distance of seven the greatest calamities. On the 14th of or eight wersts), when two Tartars overAugust, at daybreak, a wild horde, con- took them, and cruelly wreaked their sisting of Tartars and blood-thirsty Curds, vengeance on two of them. Among the to the number of 1000, suddenly, attacked wounded, who were afterwards taken up the place, and, after surrounding it, burst and cared for, there was one who had had open the gates, and shot or hewed down his skull laid open, and was wounded in with their sabres every one that dared to the back with no less than twenty-two oppose them. Whoever was able, betook thrusts of a lance. A Curd ordered himself to instant flight; and, with the another of the colonists to throw himself horrors of death before them, fathers, on the ground, in which situation he mothers, and children, were seen endea- pierced him twice with a lance, in the vouring to escape, and frequently in oppo- same manner as fishes are caught by site directions. A party of the barbarians spearing in the water; another Curd however pursued them, firing at them, and hurled a large stone at him, so that he endeavouring to destroy them with their · was eventually lest half dead. sabres. and lances ; so that it was almost “ The most deplorable situation was a miracle that any were saved. The al- that of the poor captives, who were mighty hand of the Lord, however, pre- treated like brutes, and inhumanly served the lives of 240 persons; but up- butchered if they did not immediately wards of thirty were put to death, and obey the cruel orders of their plunderers. about 140 were carried away into slavery. A part of them have been carried away,
“ No human tongue can describe the and sold in Turkey; and the remainder misery which, in the course of a few are in slavery in Persia. hours, overwhelmed the settlement. “ Our philanthropic emperor has alSome of the colonists, in attempting to ready, as I am informed, caused powerful escape, were caught with long cords, in measures to be taken for the release of such the same manner as wild cattle are taken. as are in Turkey, and will, doubtless, in In one quarter a father, with his little due time, endeavour to rescue the others child at his side ; in another, a mother, also from slavery; but for the means of present relief, in the abject state in which puted question, whether or not a degraded the colonists are, we must look to the and heathen people can be benefited by charity and generosity of our Christian missionary exertions, facts present themfriends and brethren, which the poor suf- selves, and render debate unnecessary. ferers implore with outstretched hands.” The missionary,exhibits the moral miracles
Subscriptions towards this object of wrought through his instrumentality, by Christian mercy will be received by Dr. the accompanying power of God. He Steinkopff
. Alas! for our fallen and suf- shews his "living epistles, known and read fering humanity, that such scenes should of all men.' desolate the fair face of the creation of “ The brethren Hodgson and Archbell a God of infinite mercy! Infinite reason begin to have some prospect of success have we to be grateful to Him that, in amongst the poor Boschuanas, and the our own portion of the globe, they are exceedingly populous tribes in the interior unknown, so far, at least, as slavery is northwards. They have forwarded to us concerned-slavery which ever deeply ag- a copy of the first impression of a small gravates, and often originates, the worst elementary work in the Macquasse lanhorrors of war. But let us turn to our guage, by means of which the knowledge own blood-stained colonies, and ask, of letters will be introduced amongst the Cannot an African feel as well as an Eu- barbarous and uncivilized natives. This ropean ? Are not the ties of home, and little book of fifteen pages may be regarded kindred, and country, as dear to him as to as the harbinger of good for all future geus? Has he left behind him no father or nerations ; good that shall remain to etermother, no sister, no friend, no child, wity. The Government Gazette contains hopelessly to lajnent over, in the bitter an ordinance for facilitating commerce bondage which tears him for ever from with the Caffres and other nations lying their caresses ? And, we may add, is beyond the boundaries of the colony. there the least shadow of difference in Some of these regulations have a moral the tenure by which our own country- tendency, and cannot be read without men, in England or the colonies, retain, pleasure by any who feel interested in the to this hour, in galling slavery, the mise- success of missionary exertions. It is or. rable African, and that by which the bar. dained that no one shall pass the limits of barous hordes of Curds and Tartars jus- the colony for the purpose of trading, withtify their right to tyrannize over their out a licence; and that a licence shall be White victims, till they shall chance to be granted to persons of good character only; emancipated, not by any feelings of jus- that no one shall be authorized to carry tice or humanity on the part of the mas- beyond the boundaries, arms, or ammụniter, but by the hand of power, or by a tion, beyond what may be necessary for sordid appeal to his cupidity in the shape personal defence ;-that any person conof a costly ransom ?
victed of maltreating or defrauding a Caffre
or any other foreigner, shall be subject to MISSIONS IN SOUTH AFRICA. a penalty or imprisonment; that any mer
We copy a few brief notices from the chandize that may be legally sold within memoranda of some of the missionaries the colony, may be offered for sale or barin South Africa, as illustrative of the be- ter to the tribes beyond it, except fireneficent influence of Christian missions arms, offensive weapons, ammunition, spiamong the natives. They may be consi- rituous liquors, wine, beer, or ale, such dered as average specimens; the journals things being declared to be contraband." of the missionaries abounding in similar Mr. Shaw writes—“On my arrival at details.
the Cape, I found a supply of useful Mr. Shrewsbury, who is known to our articles from our friends at Sheffield, readers from the circumstances of his ho- which are exactly suited to our interior nourable expulsion from Barbadoes, writes stations. The donors have not only from Cape Town, where he was remaining sent our pious natives the word of for a time, in his way as a missionary Ito eternal life, but the means of cultivating Caffreland ;—"Brother Shaw came to take their fields, of reaping their harvests, of the superintendency of Cape Town Cir- erecting granaries, of building themselves cuit: several of the Namacquas came down substantial dwellings. These invaluable with him. It was very delightful to hear articles will, ere long, be in the hands of them singing the praises of God in family Namacquas, Bushmen, Boschuanas and worship. The Gospel has evidently been Caffres, where they will be brought into a great blessing to that people. Before immediate use." philosophers have time to decide the dis
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
the motion should have been carried PORTUGAL.-The accounts from Portu- only by a majority, though happily a gal are favourable to the cause of the large one, instead of promptly and unaConstitution, and we are told that the nimously. In the course of the discusarmed insurgents are expelled from the sion, a return was produced of fifty-eight country. Still there are circumstances Negroes committed to Washington gaol which ill accord with this external ap- last year, as alleged) runaways," pearance of tranquillity; among which and one hundred and twenty-four' by we may mention the publication of an or- their masters for “safe keeping !". The dinance from the infanta regent to the pri- corresponding numbers the year before mate of Spain, in which it is stated, that were fifty-two and eighty-one. Fifteen of many of the clergy, both secular and the number in the end proved to be free: regular, are in the habit of declaiming in notwithstanding which, one of them was the pulpit, and at the confessional, against sold as a slave to pay the sees and other the Constitution, teaching that it is hos- expenses of his imprisonment; as doubttile to the Roman-Catholic religion, and less would all the others have been if fomenting the civil war of which their they had not either possessed money or exhortations are said to be the origi- found compassionate persons to pay for nating cause. The primate is charged them. And let it be remembered that to suspend from their functions all eccle- this scene of wretchedness and oppression siastics who have thus offended, and to is the record of only one single prison, enjoin his clergy to preach expository and during the short period of only two and laudatory sermons on the articles years. Let our readers multiply the of the Constitution. A far better plan details for themselves; let them also take would be to give the people the means account of the severities and punishof judging for themselves, by affording ments couched under the mild phrase them the light of a liberal and scriptural of “ safe keeping;" let them further education. A convention has been en- consider how many of the number who, tered into with Great Britain, by which from ignorance, or poverty, or accident, the Portuguese Government are to defray could not legally and promptly, in the the expense of maintaining the troops face of powerful prejudice and interest, sent out to their assistance.
prove ” their freedom, were in all proSPAIN.-Reports have arrived of the bability free-and then, if they can, let pravalence of serious discontents in the them retire to their repose without having Spanish army. Nothing authentic has used some one additional effort towards transpired upon the subject; but it extinguishing the monstrous and inhuseems very improbable that the affairs of man system of slavery wherever it may that unhappy country can long continue be found. We are aware that our Ameupon their present footing. The soldiers rican friends may retort our arguments. upon the borders of Portugal are stated We admit the charge for "runaways to be widely adopting the principles of and “safe keeping," stocks and scourges; civil liberty, which their aid is required and, it is too true, the occasional sales of to suppress
freemen are not unknown in our own UNITED STATES. If we were not colonies. But wherever found they are aware how deeply the existence of sla- enorm.ities which not only call aloud for very has contaminated every pation which reprobation and suppression, but for has permitted it to blast its soil, we the utter extinction of the terrific system might think it a strange anomaly to find in which they originate, it reserved for the legislature of the In addition to the proceedings in the naUnited States, in the fifty-second year of tional legislature, the discussions in the seIndependence, to inquire“ whether there veral state legislatures often furnish interexists any law authorising the imprison, esting information relative to the condition ment of a Man of Colour, being a citizen of this rapidly advancing country. The of the United States, and his sale as an New-York House of Representatives, for unclaimed slave for gaol fees and other example, is at present turning its attencharges; and if so, as to the expediency tion, on a liberal scale, to the promotion of of repealing the same." It is still more education, and the interests of literature anomalous that, in a free and enlightened and science. The subject of pauperism country, a lengthened debate should is also under its consideration. « Qur have ensued on such a question ; or that code in relation to pauperism,” says