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the Governor, in his Message, “is nearly would be in fact prohibitory. Barley, a transcript of the English system, and oats, and other species of grain are to a worse model could not be found. Ex- be regulated by corresponding duties calperience has shewn that pauperism has culated according to their relative value. increased in the ratio of its supplies and Much discussion has ensued, and some accommodations.” We are glad to amendments have been proposed; but find that such just opinions prevail in the general measure has been sanctioned the new world respecting a system by considerable majorities in the House which so many persons among ourselves of Commons. Warm opposition, hownot only applaud, but would even ex- ever, seems to await it in the House of tend to Ireland, where its baneful effects Lords; but we trust not so as to defeat would be still more pernicious than in the leading provisions of the plan, which, England or New York. We heartily though tar from what is to be wished on wish that the New-York Legislature this great branch of policy, is at least an would imitate our own in abolishing improvement of the existing system, and lotteries, so far as its own State is con- proceeds on a much sounder principle. cerned, and in prohibiting the sale of The question of Catholic Emancipatickets, either national or belonging to tion has been again brought forward' in other States. Our readers may judge the House of Commons, on a motion by of the extent of the evil when they con- Sir Francis Burdett, for taking into consider that New York has been computed sideration the present laws inflicting peto contain more than one hundred nalties and disabilities uport our Romanand sixty lottery offices, and is in fact Catholic fellow-subjects with a view of the great depôt for the whole Union. By removing them.” The debate lasted two another strange anomaly in legislation, nights; in the course of which most of the proceeds of the licences of these pes- the leading speakers, and various other tilential establishments are appropriated members particularly interested in this to the public-school fund, and the deaf- subject, addressed the house. We canand-dumb asylum. We earnestly recom- not undertake to give even an outline of mend the friends of religion and good these protracted discussions; which re. morals in America, to turn their atten- sulted in a rejection of the motion by tion to this subject, and we doubt not a majority of four: no fewer than 548 that in the end, whatever opposition they members voting; 272 for, and 276 against may meet with from those who are the motion. The subject is, however, far interested in the present system, they from being set at rest; and frequent conwill find their reward in abolishing this versations are occurring respecting it in great public evil.

both houses, especially the House of

Lords. We much fear lest it should DOMESTIC.

prove a source of greater discords than Government have at length brought ever; for never, in the opinion of persons forward their plan respecting the trade of all parties, has the state of Ireland been in corn; which, though it has met with less a subject of more serious uneasiness strenuous opposition from the advocates than at present. for a corn monopoly, is less favourable Mr. Peel is adding to his claims upon to a liberal system of trade in this article 'the gratitude of the country, by the introthan we think sound policy and justice duction of several highly valuable bills demand, especially when we consider for consolidating, and in part amending, the deeply afdicting condition of our ma- successive portions of the criminal jurisnufacturing population, to whom cheap prudence of the country. These bills bread is the most important of all articles will remove one hundred and thirty staof consumption. The proposed plan is, tutes, and condense the law respecting that grain should be allowed to be im- theft into twenty-nine pages. The lanported at all times for home consumption guage also will be rendered more intellibut under the protection of certain duties. gible by the omission of useless and Thus, when wheat is at the price of 60 tautologous phraseology. The bills to 61s. per quarter, the duty shall be 20s. will also, in some respects, diminish from 61 to 62s. 185.; from 62 to 63s. capital punishments; an object which 16s., and so on up to 70s, when the duty Mr. Peel states his wish gradually to exwould cease and importation be free, tend further, as the intelligence of the excepting a trifling payment of 1s. The country may allow. same ratio of 2s, duty for every shilling A bíl has been brought in by the Masin price is to take place in the descending ter of the Rolls for regulating proceedscale, so that when the price falls only to ings in Chancery. It is founded upon 55š., there will be a duty of 30s. which the report of the Commissioners, and it embodies various useful suggestions, We cordially wish his lordship success but it does not cut at once at the root of in his humane and enlightened endeathe delays and charges of that dilatory vours to meliorate this lamentably deand expensive court.

fective part of our legislation and social Lord Wharncliffe has introduced a system. bill for amending the game laws, into the A bill has also been brought into the House of Lords, grounded on similar House of Commons for prohibiting the provisions to those which he so zealously use of spring guns and steel traps for the advocated in the House of Commons. protection of game.

co. Worc.

ECCLESIASTICAL PREFERMENTS. Rey. A. Russell, Archd. of Clogher. Rev. W. E. Coldwell, Sandon V. Herts.

Rev. G. Vernon, Preb. of Kilgoghlin, Rev. T. Coventry, Croome Moutis R. Ireland.

Rev.W. Airey, Hexham P. C. Northum. Rev. Mr. Croft, Hutton Bushel V. co. Rev. J. Coyte, Farnham P. C. Suffolk. York.

Rev. T. Cupples, Balyrashane V. Ire- Rev. Dr. French, Moor Monkton R. co. land.

York. Rev. R. Firmin, Fingringhoe V. Essex. Rev. L. M. Halton, Woolhampton R.

Rev. N. W. Hallward, Milden R. Suf- Berks. folk.

Rev. C. A. St. Jolin Mildmay, ChelmsRev. Hume, Birr. V. Ireland. ford R. Essex. Rev. W. Mill, Ballywellan V. Ireland. Rev. G. Pellew. St George R. with St. Rev. J. Morewood Dunlace R. Ireland. Mary Magdalen, Canterbury Rev. C. Musgrave, Halifax V. co. York. Rev. T. Morgan, Lansadara V. with Rev. C. Tetherston, Nenagh R. Ireland. Lanurada Chapel, co. Carnarvon.

Rev. C. H. Williams, Cloverly R. co. Rev. C. Musgrave, Halifax V.co. York, Devon.

Rev. F. Swanton St. John's P. C. Right Rev. Dr. John Kaye, Bishop of Winch. Bristol, to be Bishop of Lincoln.

Rev. T. Tweddell, Liddington V. with Rev. Dr. Charles Lloyd, Regius Pro Caldecot, co. Rutland. fessor of Divinity in Oxford University, to Rev. W. Vaughan, Astley P. C. Salop. be Bishop of Oxford.

Rev. J. Vernon, Shrawley R. co. Rev. J. Headlam to be Archdeacon of Worc. Richmond.

Rev. C. Hall, Chaplain to Lord MacRev. J. B. Atkinson, West Cowes donald. P. C. Hants.

Rev. N. R. Dennis, and Rev. H. Parker, Rev. L. A. Cliffe, Samford Arundell to be Chaplains to the Forces. V. Somerset.

ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. TøEOGNIS; D. B.; S. B.; SelEwO; B. B. ; H. M. ; OMICRON IGNOTUS ; C. R. S.;

G. F. A.; F. M. ; J. H. ; G. W. P.; N. O.; SCRIBONIUS LARGUS; P. O.; J. J.,

are under consideration. We have received several other answers to B. W: since the one in our present Number

was printed. The chief of them shall appear. F. S. has not given his authorities for his calculation. N. B. D. will find his suggestion anticipated in the No. of the Anti-Slavery Reporter

for this Month, No 22. Afpaper on the same subject has just been issued by the

Manchester Anti-Slavery Society. We have remitted CEPHAs's donation and I. S.'s subscription for the Poor Pious Clergy

Society to the Rev. H. Watkins, Rector of St. Swithin's, London Stone, the Secretary: R. P. B. wishes us to assure D. R. that he did not intentionally attribute the words of Solomon, Ecc. ix. 10., to St. Paul. The passage which he intended to have quoted

was Coloss. ij. 23. We cannot inform A. M. of any entire volume of prayers designed expressly for hus

bands and wives; but yarious forms may be found in Bishop Patrick's Work, and other manuals for private, domestic, and social prayer.

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M.D. F.R.S.

For the Christian Observer. lified both as a Christian and a man

of talents and erudition, to do jusMEMOIR OF JOHN MASON GOOD,

tice to the subject. Dr. Gregory

purposes, we understand, to enrich WE have already noticed the his narrative with extracts, both in

death of this excellent man, poetry and prose, from the manuwhich took place at the house scripts of his deceased friend, and, of his daughter, at Shepperton, in addition to a survey of his writings Middlesex, on Tuesday the 2d of and his literary character, to devote January last; and the funeral ser. especial attention to the develop mon which was preached on the ment of his religious and devotional, occasion by Mr. Jerram, first at excellence. Shepperton, and then at St. John's John Mason Good was born May Chapel, Bedford Row, Dr. Good's 25, 1764, at Epping, in Essex. He usual place of worship. The sermon, was descended from an old and as we have stated, is highly instruc- respectable family at Romsey, in tive and valuable, considered sim- Hampshire. His father was a dis. ply as an explanation of the text; senting minister of exemplary chabut it is the more impressive on racter, and considerable literary account of the striking account attainments. His mother was a given by the preacher of the state Miss Peyto, a lady of very ancient of mind evinced by the deceased family and a niece of the celebrated, during his last short but severe John Mason, author of the wellillness. It furnishes an example of known treatise on Self-Knowledge, the power of faith to overcome the She died when he was an infant; and “ last enemy" of the Christian ; an his father married a Miss Baker, a example which must be truly con- truly pious woman. He had few soling to surviving friends, and can literary advantages, but he was from not fail to make a salutary impression early childhood most diligent in upon the heart of every considerate study. He commenced practice as reader. Mr. Jerram having allowed a Surgeon, at Sudbury in Suffolk, us to make use of his pages, and when only nineteen years of age. He some additional details being in our married a Miss Godfrey, who died possession, we doubt not it will both suddenly at the end of six months. interest and profit our readers to lay Six years afterwards he married a before them a brief memoir of Dr. daughter of the late J. Fenn, Esq. Good's life. We shall however omit a banker of Sudbury; and by her he much that we might have inserted, had six children, four of whom died in order to comprise our narrative young. In the year 1793, he rewithin the limits of a single Num- moved to London, where he soon ber; and we do so the more readily became distinguished, both as an because a copious memoir is in pre- author and as a medical practi, paration by his intimate friend, Dr. tioner. He was also for several Olinthus Gregory,-a gentleman, years secretary to the Society for betwe need not add, eminently qua- tering the Condition of the Poor CHRIST. OBSery. No. 304.

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and it is generally understood that, ans, or persons of kindred sentiments in conjunction with the late Sir among the Roman Catholics. One Thomas Bernard, he drew up many reason of this unhappy association of the instructive and valuable Re- was the great kindness he had reports of that society. His public ceived from some persons of Socications at this early period were nian sentiments in time of adversity. numerous, and some of them still Of this class was an individual retain their reputation. In the year of extraordinary talents and eru1803, he gave to the public the dition, too well known for his bold first ruits of his oriental acqui- and fearless innovations as a critic sitions, in a translation of the Can- and translator; we mean, the late ticles, with the title “ Song of Dr. Geddes, memoirs of whose life Songs; or, Sacred Idyls,” trans- and writings were published by Mr. lated from the original Hebrew; Good, in the year 1803. with notes, critical and explana- Two years after this, Mr. Good tory.” In this version a new published a translation, in blank rangement is offered, and two dis- verse, of the poem of Lucretius, tinct translations given: one On the Nature of Things; illustrated commodated to the metre of the by a large body of notes and obseroriginal; the other in English verse. versations, indicating an enthusiasThe notes, which are numerous tic admiration of his author, and and very entertaining, display elucidating his views by an astomuch taste, and extensive reading. nishing variety of quotations from With regard to the precise object writers in almost every polished of these “ idyls,” Dr. Good says, language, ancient as well as mo« We have no sufficient data to dern. The whole of this poetical build a decisive judgment. For translation, we have been assured, myself," he adds, “ I unite in the was composed whilst walking in opinion of the illustrious Lowth, pursuance of his professional enand believe a sublime and mystic gagements, and written down on allegory to have been fully intended his return home; for his literary by the sacred bard. Regarded in pursuits were but a secondary conthis view, they afford an admirable sideration with him. picture of the Jewish and Christian From the year 1804 to 1813, churches ; of Jehovah's selection of Mr. Good was employed, in conIsrael, as a peculiar people, from junction with Dr. Olinthus Gregory the less fair and virtuous nations and Mr. Newton Bosworth, upon a around them; of his fervent and new cyclopædia, entitled Pantalogia; permanent love for his elder church, comprised in twelve large and closeso frequently compared by the ly-printed royal octavo volumes. Hebrew prophets to that of a Dr. Gregory was the general editor bridegroom for his bride; of the of that work; but Mr. Good combeauty, fidelity, and submission of posed for it numerous articles, disthe church in return ; and of the quisitions, and treatises, many of call of the Gentiles into the pale of which are highly curious and elabohis favour, upon the introduction of rate. In reference to Mr. Good's Christianity, so exquisitely typified contributions to this work, Dr. Greunder the character of a younger gory has been often heard to exsister, destitute, in consequence of press his astonishment, as well at, the greater simplicity of its worship, the extent of erudition which they of those external and captivating evinced, as at the extreme accuracy attractions, which made so promi- of his acquaintance with a great nent a part of the Jewish religion." variety of practical subjects, and

For some years after Mr. Good's the extraordinary facility with which removal to London, his principal communications, obviously marked theological associates were Socini- by great thought and research, were transmitted to Dr. Gregory, often translation, and in elaborate and on the return of the post by which instructive illustrations of the true he applied for them.

meaning of the sacred text, drawn, During the earlier course of this as is usual with this elaborate writer, publication, Mr. Good began to from the literary storehouses of evince a change of sentiments on various ages and nations. In the theological topics ; and before long, introductory dissertation, which oche broke off the intimacy of his cupies ninety-two pages, the author connexion with men of heterodox very acutely, and, in the opinion sentiments. This, the friends who of some repectable critics, very sucthen knew him best, imputed partly cessfully, inquires into the scene of to the impression made upon his the poem, its scope, object, and mind by the circumstance that some arrangement; its language ; and the Socinians continued to circulate er. difficulties attending a translation roneous translations from the New of it ; its author and æra, and the Testament, in favour of their sen- doctrines which it incidentally detiments, after they had acknow- velops. Mr. Good's interpretations ledged to him that they were inac- are, throughout, consistent with the curate, - partly by the train of orthodox Christian faith; and, if thought suggested by the perusal the train of reasoning pursued in of the article Cowper, in the Panta- his introductory dissertation be logia, that article containing a de- correct, the Book of Job “is the fence of Cowper's religion from the most ancient of all human records ; charge of producing the affecting the only book in existence from malady with which he so long which we can derive any thing like struggled, -and partly from the a systematic knowledge of pure pahappy result of many confidential triarchal religion : and hence that conversations with two clerical very book which gives completion to friends. These, and doubtless nu- the Bible, by adding the dispensamerous other causes, known only tions of the earliest ages to those of to the great Searcher of hearts, pro- the Law and of the Gospel, by which duced in him, during the last six- it was successively superseded.” teen or eighteen years, an obvious In the year 1817 appeared his growth in religious knowledge, ex- Physiological System of Nosology, perience, and activity, which issued with a corrected and simplified noultimately, by the mercy of God, menclature. In this work the disin the full enjoyment of Christian eases of the animal functions are consolations at the hour of death. arranged in classes, derived from a

In the year 1812, notwithstand- physiological view of those funcing the multiplicity of Mr. Good's tions. It is more full and compreprofessional and other engagements, hensive in its plan than any prebe published, in a large octavo vious system of nosology, more volume, his “ Book of Job, literally simple and intelligible in its classitranslated from the original He- fication, and more classical and brew; and restored to its natural correct in its language. This work Arrangement; with Notes, critical was the precursor of one still more and illustrative; and an introductory important and extensive; entitled, Dissertation on its Scene, Scope, “The Study of Medicine,” the chief Language, Author, and Object." Als object of which was to unite, under though this translation is sometimes one general system, and in conformarked by technical peculiarities, mity to the arrangement he had it is truly spirited, and in many re- already given in his Nosology, the spects highly valuable. The notes, various branches of medical sciwhich are very numerous, perhaps ence; so that, being contemplated too numerous, abound in ingenious under one point of view, they might defences of the peculiarities of this throw mutual light on each other.

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