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Medical men, generally, ' both and its practical bearing on the at home and abroad, allow the great question which it involves, it justness of the eulogium passed will be necessary to take a short upon it as a work which, from the view of his literary character, and elegance of its composition, the the causes which led him to rewide range and intellectual cast nounce his former creed.” “ All, who of its 'illustrations, and the vast knew Dr. Good,” continues Mr. fund of its practical information, Jerram, “ will allow that he was a will be alike valued by the man of scholar of no ordinary attainments ; letters, the philosopher, and the but the extent of his talents and medical practitioner.
erudition is known perhaps by few. • It would be beside the purpose He possessed so quick and retentive of the present article to attempt an a memory, that whatever he heard account of Dr. Good's minor pro- or read with interest became his ductions, many of which were ele- own; and hence his memory was a gant and instructive. His last pub- store-house, in which were deposited lished work, was “ The System of the riches which others, as well as Nature," in three octavo volumes. himself, had collected from the vast He has left in manuscript a work sources of the natural, moral, and probably composed under the strong intellectual world. His perception impression that it would be his last, of things was remarkably prompt, namely, “A Translation of the Book clear, and discriminate; so that he of Psalms, intended to be accom- almost intuitively saw the nature panied by Historical, Chronological, and bearing of things, as soon as Critical, and Theological Disser- presented to him. His mind was tations." This production is entirely large and comprehensive; so that ready for the press. A most com- he could generally take in the whole petent critic has stated that the of a subject, as well as distinguish translation of some of the Psalms, its minute parts: and hence he which he had perused, is “truly possessed, in a more than ordinary exquisite."
degree, the rare talent of correctly Having thus noticed the literary classifying and placing facts in a character of this eminent man, it luminous order. The versatility is time that we should proceed to of bis talents and the extent of his exhibit to the reader a few traits erudition were truly extraordinary. relative to his higher character, as He seemed to be capable of fixing “a member of Christ, a child of his mind with equal intenseness on God," and now, through faith in the the most opposite subjects; and merits of his Saviour "an inheritor there is scarcely a single departof the kingdom of heaven." ment of literature, of philosophy, of
Dr. Good, as we have observed, at the arts, or of taste, which has not cne period of his life had imbibed the in its turn received his attention, opinions of the Socinian school. He and been enlarged by his genius. rejected the doctrines of the Divinity Those who intimately knew him, of Christ, his atoning sacrifice, and and indeed his published works his mediatorial government; and re- attest the fact, say, that he had a ceived the tenets which distinguish critical knowledge of many of the that sect. At a more advanced ancient and modern languages, and period of his life he relinquished a competent acquaintance with not those sentiments, and in process of fewer than twelve. It is supposed time adopted the general system of that his published works, if coldoctrines stated and maintained lected, would fill upwards of twenty in the established church. “ In thick and closely printed octavo order," says Mr. Jerram, " to see volumes, seventeen or eighteen of the full importance of this essential which are standard works, many of change of sentiment in Dr. Good, them on deep and recondite subjects, and all of them enriched clearly saw could not be held towith various knowledge, drawn up gether; and as he had no alternawith great correctness of style, and tive, but the rejection of one, he adorned with the imagery of a surrendered the last ;" a course vivid imagination.”—Mr. Jerram of conduct," remarks Mr. Jerram, proceeds to notice, what has been ” which is not always pursued; for already mentioned, that among his it far more frequently happens, in various professional, classical, and similar dilemmas, that the Scripscientific pursuits, he found time tures become the sacrifice, and into attend to biblical literature: in fidelity the retreat;~a result indeed proof of which, Mr. Jerram refers so natural, where Socinianism has not only to his publications, but to been identified with Christianity, his interleaved Bible, which he has and found at length to be unillustrated by whatever he could tenable, that it is somewhat surcollect from the copious stores of prising that it does not universally ancient and modern literature. “ It take place. It does however occur is quite evident," therefore, adds with sufficient frequency, greatly to Mr. Jerram, “that our departed swell the number of infidels from friend was competent to examine the deserted ranks of Socinianism.” the grounds upon which each system But this change in his theological rests; that he was not likely to opinions, important as it was, was make such a change, without ma- not the whole transformation which, ture deliberation ; and that the by the blessing of God, he evencourse of his studies naturally led, tually underwent. It might not be as well as eminently qualified him, easy to trace the exact date or to go fully into the whole subject : progress of his spiritual renewal of and the fact that he did, under all character; but certain it is, that he these circumstances, relinquish his experienced a most momentous former tenets, and ultimately em. change of heart and life. He truly -brace the orthodox faith, is very verified the declaration of the important."
Apostle, “ If any man be in Christ The causes which led to this Jesus, he is a new creature ; old change were various : some, we have things have passed away, and all already noticed; but the principal, things are become new." no doubt, was, that he found the was a gradual, yet to those who tenets of Socinianism inconsistent knew him intimately, a very perwith the plain import of Scripture, ceptible increase of real piety and and its uniform texture. It is about Christian affection manifesting itself twenty years since he entirely with. in his whole conduct, for some years drew himself from all connexion past; but especially during the latter with Unitarians. Previous to this years of his life. In evidence of decisive step, his mind had ap- this might be mentioned the inpeared dissatisfied with many of creasing ardour and intense spiritheir statements, as being repug. tuality of mind with which he connant to the clear testimony of ducted the devotions of his family Scripture. But one discourse, in every morning and evening. The particular, which he beard, seemed punctuality of his attendance upon to him so entirely at variance with public worship also was for some the Bible, that he determined, on years past very remarkable; and the that very Sunday evening, to write more so, considering his important a statement of his own views, with professional engagements, which so a declaration of his intention to dis- many medical practitioners make a continue his attendance at his ac- plea for absenting themselves from customed place of worship. The the house of God.
For many authority of the Divine word, and years he made a point of greatly the doctrines he had embraced, he exerting himself on the Saturday, that he might be able to attend the to her; and the purport of his obworship of God on the Sunday, and servations, there is reason to believe, have the day as quiet as possible was an exhortation not to put off for its sacred and delightful duties; religion. Unwilling, as we have said, and he exercised much self-denial to grieve his family by any expres for this purpose. It was rarely also sions of the agony he endured, his that he did not present himself at the very delirium served to shew the kind altar when the dying love of his feelings of his mind. He had alterSaviour was to be commemorated. nate seasons of self-collection and His self-denying kindness to the mental wandering; and he was expoor was also very great ; and he ceedingly anxious lest, during the evinced a growing benevolence of latter which he seems to have attricharacter, and willingness to em- buted, in part at least, to the opiates brace every opportunity of doing which his disorder rendered necesgood, professionally or otherwise. sary, he should speak unadvisedly It would be unnecessary to allude with his lips. Thus, on one occasion, to the various works of Christian after solemnly blessing his grandcharity in which he was actively en- son in the name of the Father, and gaged; among which the Church of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, Missionary Society was especially he added instantly, “ Now, no dear to him. His advice both pro. more :-go, I dare not trust myfessional and paternal to the missions self.” This conscientious watcharies of that society, and his services fulness over himself gives to his in the committee, have for some deliberate statements of his views years been found peculiarly valuable and feelings the same weight which
To spare the feelings of his family they would have deserved, had they he avoided speaking particularly been delivered whilst he was in of himself, and of those sufferings possession of his entire health and which it is now known he must have vigour of mind. endured for some time previous to Dr. Good gave public evidence his departure. He had of late been that he had not « received the much engaged in looking over his grace of God in vain." Numerous affairs and arranging his papers, not illustrations of this have already apparently from any apprehension appeared in the preceding details; of the rapid progress of the disease but a few additional notices may he laboured under, or of the near- not be unacceptable or without ness of his departure, but in a spirit profit to the reader. He had alof watchfulness, that he might be ways been a kind husband and afhabitually ready for that day and fectionate father ; but Christianity that hour in which the Son of man greatly quickened and refined all cometh. During his last illness, his feelings, and gave them a more extreme pain incapacitated him holy direction. The same observafor speaking much, but he was tion is applicable to the manner in sometimes heard to utter broken which he discharged the offices of sentences, such as the folly friendship and Christian charity. of putting off religion to a dying He was, as before remarked, highly bed !” but without seeming to have disinterested and affectionate. His any immediate reference to his own purse was always ready to promote case, because he expected, at this any charitable object, and his protime, to recover from the present fessional talents to administer graattack. Again : “ O the vanity of tuitous relief to such as needed it. human learning!” The nurse, who Among his manuscripts have been sat up with him in an earlier part of found some papers entitled “Occathis illness, says, that great part sional Thoughts," written generally of the night was spent by him in on texts of Scripture, and discoverprayer. Sometimes he would speaking great originality of thinking, point in expression, and, above all, ing good, and now ever liveth to fervent piety and devotion of heart. make intercession for us in heaven. One of them contains the following Amen!" interesting paper, dated July 27, Still, notwithstanding his many
1823. These occasional thoughts excellencies, Dr. Good deeply laand the subjoined prayer were un- mented that he had not taken a known even to his family.
higher standard, and aimed at Form of Prayer,
greater Christian attainments. The " Which I propose to use, among truly humble and spiritual frame of
others, every morning, so long as his mind in this respect will be best it may please God that I shall con- seen in a few brief notices relative tinue in the exercise of my pro- to his last days and hours. On the fession; and which is here copied Saturday night, three days before out, not so much to assist my own his death, he woke from sleep rememory, as to give a hint to many markably composed, and expressed who may perhaps feel thankful for great pleasure on seeing his friend, it, when I am removed to a state the minister of the parish where he where personal vanity can have died, enter the room. Mr. R. said no access, and the opinion of the to him, I am come to implore the world can be no longer of any blessing of the Redeemer upon you. importance. I should wish it to Dr. Good inquired if his family were close the subsequent editions of present; and on being answered in my Study of Medicine.? the affirmative, replied, "I cannot
“O thou great Bestower of health, say I feel those triumphs that some strength, and comfort ! Grant thy Christians have experienced. But I blessing upon the professional duties have, I trust, resigned myself to the in which I may this day engage will of God. I have endeavoured to Give me judgment to discern dis- perform the duties of religion; but I ease, and skill to treat it; and crown have unhappily done what too many with thy favour the means that may Christians do, I have taken the be devised for recovery: for with middle walk of Christianity: I have thine assistance the humblest in- lived below my privileges. I be. strument may succeed, as without lieve all the articles of the Christian it the ablest must prove unavailing. faith as contained in our church." Save me from sordid motives, and Some remark being made respectendue me with a spirit of pity and ing the righteousness of Christ, he liberality towards the poor, and of replied, with great energy, "No man tenderness and sympathy towards on earth can be more convinced than all: that I may enter into the various myself of the necessity of Christ's feelings by which they are respec- righteousness, and that there is tively tried;-may weep with those nothing good in ourselves. If I that weep, and rejoice with those know myself
, I neither presume nor that rejoice.
despair. There is a certain sense « And sanctify their souls as well in which St. Paul's expression chief as heal their bodies. Let faith and of sinnets applies to all; but there patience and every Christian virtue are some to whom it applies parthey are called upon to exercise, ticularly, and I fear it does so to have their perfect work: so that in me. I have had large opportunities the gracious dealings of thy Spirit given me; but I have not improved and of thy Providence, they may them as I might have done. I have find in the end, whatever that end been led astray by the vanity of may be, that it has been good for human learning, and by the love of them that they have been afflicted. human applause.” He was agitated Grant this, o heavenly Father, for and almost overcome by his feelthe love of that adorable Redeemer, ings in saying these words. The who while on earth went about do- grace of the Saviour being again mentioned, he replied, “O do not deed rise to that degree of assurance think that I despair. I trust I nei- which fills the soul with joy, as well ther presume nor despair : but my as peace: he observed, “I cannot say whole constitution is sanguine: I am that I feel those triumphs which some sanguine in every thing, and this Christians have experienced;" and makes me afraid of myself.”, Mr. he seemed rather to check than inR. read John i. 16, dwelling dulge what might lead to them; for, upon the words“ of his ful- according to his own words, he Ness.” He then asked him if he thought his constitution sanguine, should pray. Dr. Good again in- and he was afraid of trusting himquired if all his family were present, self. But he often repeated that text, and said, “ I have given you a and dwelt upon it with evident satistranscript of my mind, not as a faction; “Jesus Christ, the same matter of form, but in the sight of yesterday, to-day, and for ever;" and God." Mr. R. asked if there were even after the power of distinct. arany thing in particular that he ticulation was gone, on the very would wish him to pray for: “ I morning of his decease, when a clewant,” he replied, 5 to be more rical friend said to him, “Behold the humbled under a sense of sin; I Lamb of God,” he added, with an efwant more spirituality, more hu- fort that surprised those around him, mility.” The family then knelt down, “who taketh away the sin of the and Dr. Good, greatly fatigued, fell world." These were the last words he into a sweet sleep. He was not at intelligibly uttered. He soon after this time considered in very immi- fell asleep, and his spirit ascended up nent or immediate danger. Through- to God who gave it, there to join with out his illness, with the exception of kindred spirits, in ascribing “unto mental wanderings, he evinced an Him that loved us, and washed us unruffled and truly Christian com- from our sins in his own blood, and posure.
hath made us kings and priests unto “No man living," said he the day God and his Father, glory and domipreceding his death, “can be more nion for ever and ever. Amen.", sensible than I am that there is no- The lesson, as Mr. Jerram has thing in ourselves in which to trust, justly remarked, which this narraand of the absolute necessity of re- tive seems peculiarly calculated lying on the merits of Jesus Christ.” to teach is the insignificance of « All the promises" (he again re- the highest intellectual endowments marked with great emphasis) “are and the most. extensive erudition, yea and amen, in Christ Jesus.” when compared with Christian chaWhen one who was holding his cold racter, and an experimental knowconvulsed hands, said to him, Do ledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus you remember your favourite hymn, Christ. The greatest attainment “There is a fountain filled with blood, of man is a conformity to the Di. &c.?” he repeated the first five verses vine image, and his highest destiny with quivering lips, and when the is to be “partaker of the inheritance exhausted powers of nature seemed of the saints in light.” Whoever scarcely capable of such exertion. comes short of this standard, The circumstance deserves the ra- forfeits his claim to that heavenly ther to be noticed, because it affords inheritance : he is poor in the satisfactory evidence of his com- midst of his mental wealth, and plete renunciation of Socinian prin- without resource for the day of ciples, and his entire reliance for need. A death-bed will expose both salvation on the blood and righte- his poverty and wretchedness; and ousness of our Lord Jesus Christ. the opening of a world, where no
This faith in his Saviour yielded thing can be admitted that does not him a well grounded hope of ever- bear the character of holiness and lasting life. His hope did not in the stamp of the Divine image, will