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away. There is a balm in Gilead, there stances of his mediatorial work, from the is a great Physician there.' His ministra- first promise of redemption, to its con-. tions can throw light over the darkest summation in judgment, be likened to hour. The riches of his grace can pour aught beside ? Assuredly not. A miracle the oil and wine of heavenly joy into the of goodness would have been exhibited, if deepest wound which earthly trouble can the provisions of the Gospel had been infíct; bind up the broken heart; and merely made for man, and no means taken enable the resigned and lowly Christian to press them upon his heart : but this to go on his way rejoicing toward that manifestation of compassion sufficed not heavenly country, where alone it can be the riches of our Father's tenderness. He safe to be without sorrow.' Buddicom, þids his ministers proclaim long and loudVol. i. pp. 297–300.
ly, earnestly and affectionately, the offers The typical and practical appli- of pardon and peace, the promises of bliss cation of Old-Testament histories and heaven, to every penitent and believ
ing supplicant for mercy. We are amand emblems, undertaken in such a
bassadors for Christ; as though God did spirit, we should justly expect would beseech you by us: we pray you in Christ's lead to little that is objectionable,and stead, be ye reconciled to God.” In his much that is profitable, in the general name, and by his
authority, we cry to result. And perhaps to have noticed slaved by the bondage of an evil heart of and pursued the nicer shades of unbelief, which departs from the living type, analogy, comparison, or simple God, and
having alienated his rich inheritillustration, to one or other of which that sleepest, and arise from the dead ; the Old Testament histories may and Christ shall give thee light. Ho, be reduced, was a nicety beyond every one that thirsteth, come ye to the the necessities of Mr. Buddicom's waters; and he that hath no money: come popular plan. Accordingly we find ye, buy and eat. Whosoever will, let him
take of the water of life freely.' him most powerful and effective in “ The Jewish trumpet sounded through treating those plain, broad, avowed the land on the eventful day of jubilee, scriptural types, on the nature of that all might hear, and that every one which there can be no question ; pointment. Thus plainly does the Gospel
might avail himself of its merciful ap, such as, the Passover, the Manna, speak to you, that you may arise and the Tabernacle, the Jubilee, and profit by its ministrations of goodness; the Brazen Serpent. From the Ju- that you may obtain redemption through
the blood of Christ, even the remission of bilee, in the second volume, we
sins; and with that remission, a restoraextract the following spirited por- tion to your possessions and hopes as part tion.
of the ransomed people of the Most High. “ It was not enough, that the year and · Unto you, saith the Spirit of Wisdom, day of the great jubilee should come round I call, and my voice is unto the sons of in silence; lest some dispirited child of men.' • Blessed are the people that know Abraham, wearied and worn down with the joyful sound'—that possess an experiservitude, should allow it to pass by him mental acquaintance with all the wonders in listlessness, or doubt, or despair. How of its mercy—that feel their debts cancel.. then was it proclaimed ? • Thou shalt call led, their liberty restored, their birthright the trumpet of the jubilee to sound in the as the children of God recovered, their tenth day of the seventh month; in the duties defined, their weakness strengthenday of the atonement shall ye make the ed, their ignorance enlightened, their zeal trumpet sound throughout all your land.' quickened, their love refined; their faith In like manner is the Gospel mercy pro- invigorated, and every holy impulse of reclaimed, and the tidings of salvation newed minds kindled into glowing exerspread abroad by the voice of its preachers, cise, as a pledge and proof that the day of and after the command of its Almighty
the Lord's redemption has dawned upon Author: 'Go ye into all the world, and them. He that hath ears to hear, let him preach the Gospel to every creature.' bear.' The trumpet on this glad occasion gave
“ Imagine the delight with which the forth a peculiar note throughout the debtor, the bondman, the poor outcast tents and tribes of Israel ; whence, pro
from the lot of his fathers, would listen to bably, the festival had its name. And the trumpet peal on this day of liberty and does the Gospel utter an uncertain sound? restoration! What then, should be the Do its glad tidings of great joy resemble joy, what the delight, what the overflowany other which have been proclaimed in ing rapture, with which you should hear the history of man? May the message of the offers of the Gospel made, with this the Saviour's love the wonders of his individual application, “Men and brethren, life the overpowering mystery of his unto each of you is the word of this salvadeath-and all the astonishing circum- tion sent!' Would the slave, fainting be
neath his burden, would the pour destitute com in Sermon V. vol. t., as a type
and intolerable, remain heedless
of the invita Guide. Now that much of stailarity tion, heedless of their own woeful state, existed between the two cases is heedless of the Father's grace, the Son's perfectly clear; and the comparison The day of jubilee will soon be past, and is exceedingly well, and to much the offers of mercy will then cease for ever. edification, drawn out by Mr. Bud• Behold, now is the accepted time; be- dicom. Thus far too is justified hold, How is the day of salvation.' The by the declaration properlò quoted proclamation of liberty is made, and the
from Moses himself: eall is gone forth; “Return ye every man to his own inheritance, as a son through “ The Lord said unto me, I will raise the spirit of adoption, and every man to up a Prophet from among their brethren, his own family, as a member of the house- like unto thee; and I will put my words hold above." • To-day then, while it is in his mouth; and he shall speak untos ealled to-day, harden not your hearts." them all that I command him." Buddicom, The Gospel sounds loudly, to solicit your vol. i. p. 88. regard. We must lift our voices like a
But allowing this likeness, we trumpet, and make the most unreserved proclamation of the day of mercy,
are still inclined to view it as an ehat ye receive not the grace of God in historical, so to speak, or incidental, vain.'
rather than an actually typical, “ Novr is the jubilee of Divine compassion: ere long another trumper will parallelism. On the contrary, we peal its awful summons through the world; might say that the dispensation of and sound forth the jubilee of eternal Moses, if a type at all, is rather a typijudgment. The dead will then be released cal contrast to all the mercies of the will then be their glorious lot who shall Gospel. Moses, it is true, delivered have been made free from sin, and par
the Israelites out of Egypt; but it takers of a spiritual adoption into the fa- was in effect to perish, and himself mily above; and who shall come from along with them, in the wilderness. the east, and from the west, and from Moses was a mediator between God the north, and from the south, and shall sit down in the kingdom of God?They and man; but of so terrible an aswill join the heavenly jubilee, celebrated pect, that his countenance dazzled by thousands of thousands, and ten thou- the Israelites, and they trembled at sand'times ten thousand of angels, and of lis appearance at the foot of Mount the spirits of just men made perfect
, who Sinai. Moses delivered a law, but have loved the Lord' in this world, and maintained his cause, and proclaimed' his it was a law received from Mount glory, evermore praising him, and saying, Sinai, proclaiming death without * Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to re- life, and terrors without hope. “The strength, and Honour, and glory, and bless-law was given by. Moses, but grace ing." Captivitywill be no more; sorrow will and truth came by Jesus Christ.” be unknown; death will be slain ; life and Moses, in fine, was a guide ; but peace, joy and bliss, will be uninterrupted'; whither ? Not to Canaan, but in the vision of God entire; the day of blessedness undimmed by a single cloud"; the strange circuits, and mysterious resociety of the Saviour unbroken and'eter- trogressions through the wilderness; nal. O, my brethren, with what grateful till the whole congregation led out love should your souls respond to the pro- fromEgypt,exceptCaleband Joshua, clamation of the Gospel Jubilee, with all had come to the end which the severiitsinspeakablymomentous consequences!" Buddicom, vol. ii. pp. 35--39.
ties of the law", acting on their rebelWe deem it very questionable, * Mr. Buddicom, however, we shall see whether, in any sense analogous to hereafter; treats these severities a little the above types, it is possible to
too severelys-in seriously likening them to
the taskmasters of Egypt, requiring bricks consider Moses, with Mr. Buddi without straw
lious spirit, had prepared for them. either type or counterpart of the “ Unto whom I sware in my wrath, Saviour himself. Mr. Buddicom they shall not enter into my rest.” wisely drops the type in toto, when Then, and not till then, came the treating of the death of Moses, true typical deliverer and guide : the vol. ii. Sermon XIII. ; a very unsatismysterious “ Jesus,” or << Joshua," factory conclusion to his life, if conwho gave them rest, the rest which sidered as a type, but most beauwas itself but typical, yet a type in tiful and instructive as the death its fullest sense, of the “ rest which of an eminent patriarch and servant yet remaineth to the people of of God, employed in a high and God." In the mean time, Moses holy office, now resigning his office had been “ faithful in all his house as and breath at once to the common a servant,” and “ for a testimony ;" curse, and to the peculiar sentence but Christ came afterwards “ as a under which he laboured. Son over his own house.” Moses There are many characters, and ministered, it is true, not only the many incidents in the course of the Jaw of condemnation, but the types Patriarchial and Exodial history, , of redemption. He announced the respecting which it may be difficult sacrifices of atonement, and erected to ascertain whether they are types the altars of incense. He nominated or not of future and spiritual things. his brother Aaron to the typical Mr. Buddicom very properly makes office of the priesthood, who became, such a distinction, in his opening for the time then present, the figu- remarks on the cities of refuge, rative mediator between the dead Sermon XII. vol. ii. After describing and the living, to stay the plague. the ancient sanctuary or asylum, He, finally, gave place in fulness of he proceeds, time to the typical Joshua, the real “ These cities, however, had a referand effective deliverer, and guide to ence more remote and spiritual, than any Canaan; and looking at Joshua, in institution merely political. They are something of the same spirit as
not, indeed, decidedly quoted by prophets
under the old economy, with minute and John the Baptist afterwards, we positive appropriation to Him who should may imagine, looked on Jesus appear in the fulness of time, as the sinhimself, we may also suppose him ner's only hope of mercy. Nor does using language typically similar : either the Saviour himself, or the apostles " he must increase, but I must
of his Gospel, pointedly, and by name,
apply them to the great mystery of exdecrease.” “I am not the deliverer, clusive salvation, by the death of Christ. but I am sent before him.” In Yet, they are so plainly alluded to by the short, it appears to us, that much
mind of the Holy Ghost, both in the Old
and New Testament, that we are not perof the character both of Moses
mitted to doubt the typical character of and the Prophets was revived in their appointment • Turn ye to the the character of John the Baptist strong hold, ye prisoners of hope,' saith revived, so as to act like the fore
the Voice of Mercy, by the inspiration of
Zechariah; alluding no doubt to the prorunner, the schoolmaster, to bring tection which the manslayer would obtain us unto Christ. And, though in if he gained the city of refuge. St. Paul the character of John the Baptist, describes the strong consolation of fleemany incidental analogies might be
ing for refuge to the hope set before us,' traced to the character of Jesus ; associated with the gracious appointment
in a passage which universal consent has such as, the preaching of repen- of the cities of refuge. With such a guide tance, the office of baptising, de- as that great Apostle, we may safely inclaring the remission of sins, and
clude both views of the subject.” Buddi
com, vol. ij. pp. 249, 250. the enunciation of a pure and heart
With this license he proceeds in searching code of morals ; yet we
his best manner :should
“ If the antitype excel the type-if the partments he was rather the mes,
inward spiritual grace surpass the outsenger, to go before the face of ward visible sign-if the substance be the Lord to prepare his way, than more worthy than the shadow, however CHRIST. OBServ. No. 304.
bright its hues, graceful its form, or im- beloved Son, so vast, 80 spacious, so posing its magnificence, then the rich comprehensive, that all the tribes, and mercies of salvation, through the medi- kindreds, and tongues, and languages, of ation of Jesus Christ, prefigured by these mankind have room to press forward along appointed cities, demand our most atten- it? The way of Christian holiness and tive regard. The Gospel redemption is duty, indeed, is strait and narrow, but the admirably adapted to promote and secure sinner's way to Christ is broad as his our safety, as transgressors, whom the soul can wish. Is there any stumblingpursuit of vengeance closely tracks, and stone, and rock of offence, to be found, whom the hand of justice is uplifted to except those which an evil heart of undestroy:
belief casts down, for its own fall and “ Did the ancient city rear its towers
destruction ? Behold the thousands of of safety on high, to attract the regard of your fellow-sinners, convinced of their those who sought its true defence ? Raise danger, and hastening to the Lord Jesus your eyes, and survey the deliverance Christ, as the city of their sure and effected for you, on the mount of cruci- eterual refuge. Have they occupied the fixion. See Jesus Christ lifted up on the highway to your exclusion? They have cross, as an ensign to the people,-as a
not. Yet there is room---room enough standard of safety,—as an impregnable for you. Enter upon the road; traverse munition of rocks, to the penitent and it in earnestness, simplicity, and fervour, fear-stricken offender. Direct your view looking to Jesus, as to the tower and higher still, even to the seat of everlasting strong hold of your salvation. Be assured, dominion in heaven. Is not Jesus Christ that unchangeable mercy and truth, infia 'exalted at the right hand of his Father, nite and eternal compassion formed it; to be a Prince and a Saviour, to give re
and that, like the illimitable love which pentance and remission of sins ? The fills the heart of your Saviour, it can word is not distant. The word is nigh readily, receive all who come to God unto all, even the word of eternal salva- through him.” Buddicom, vol. ii. pp. 253 tion, soliciting the guilty to speed their —256. way, and standing, like a city upon a hill, It would be impossible to resist to guide their footsteps rightly in that such sentiments, and many more of a way.
• The Lord is nigh unto all them like kind so naturally suggested by that call upon him, to all them that call faithfully. Eternal life is freely set before the cities of refuge, had we even you ; and he who sees it not, must either no direct scriptural warrant whatclose his eyes in wilful darkness, or be so ever for the association. bent and bowed down among the low
Such is clearly and confessealy pursuits, and poor sensualities of this life, ihat he cannot elevate his gaze, either to
case, with some of the topics the cross or to the throne ; either to Jesus figuratively handled both bay Mr. Christ upon Calvary, or in heaven, as the Buddicom and Mr. Close. We guide of his endangered soul, into the way shall instance in one more espe. of pardon, peace, and everlasting bliss.
Was the road broad, plain, straight, cially from each writer; that of the and smooth, so that nothing, except his capture of Jericho, from Mr. Budown breathless haste, might impede the dicom; and that of the character of flying man-slayer? And doth face answer Joseph, from Mr. Close. And we than the highway of salvation, through select these, because amongst others the crucified Son of God, resembles the they have been strongly insisted on smooth, plain, and spacious path to the by the eminent Jones of Nayland, city of refuge ? ... The wayfaring men, though fools, shall not err therein. Even
in his sermons and lectures on the such a way, did the evangelical prophet figurative language of Scripture, as proclaim, as he pointed to the salvation cases that bear the clearest stamp of Christ, through the dim vista of coming and impress of a sublime, spiritual ages. Prepare ye the way of the Lord; meaning; and are by him carried make straight in the desert a highway for our God. Every valley shall be exalted, to a much greater extent of interand every mountain and hill shall be pretation than by either of the made low; and the crooked shall be made present writers. Mr. Buddicom has straight, and the rough places plain ; and
confined himself to noticing the the glory of the Lord shall be revealed.' Survey the path that leads you to the
apparent inefficiency of the means Redeemer. Except your
own sins, your used against Jericho, and yet their worldliness, thoughtlessness, self-righte- complete success under the power ousness, or security, what other hindrance of God; as illustrative of the aplies before you? Is not that road to sal. vation, which God the Father hath pro. parent weakness of the cross of vided, in the merits and sacrifice of his Christ, which is nevertheless the power of God unto salvation. Mr. But the curious reader will find Close similarly, in detailing the re- a very different tone of interpremarkable circumstances in provi. tation used by the worthy Jones dence, and in character, attached to on both these subjects. On the the history of Joseph, confines him. taking of Jericho, in his " figurative self to the single circumstance of Language of Scripture,” Mr. Jones his weeping over his brethren, as regards the circumstance as illus“ illustrative,” Sermon XXVII., trating “the establishment of Chrisand as '“ typical,” Sermon XXIX., tianity among the Gentiles.” The of the compassionate reception “voice of the Gospel" was typified given by Christ to the erring and by the otherwise unmeaning sound trembling penitent at his feet. We of the rams' horns; and the fishergive the former passage as a speci- men” uttering the former by the men of Mr. Close's plain and for- priests blowing the latter. And in cible style.
his sermon on the same subject, he “ This story might afford us a beautiful assures us that the Apostle speaks illustration of Christ's dealings with his of the future judgment of the world erring and sinful servants. Like Joseph, in such terms as certainly allude to the Saviour is described as weeping over the impenitent and unbelieving. Thus this history of Jericho. « The Lord he wept over the devoted city of Jeru- himself shall descend from heaven salem : thus he groaned in spirit when he with a shout, with the voice of the witnessed the hardness of men's hearts. And though he chastens his people for archangel, and with the trump of their sins, yet he puts their tears into his God.” “ Observe here,” he contibottle, and registers their sighs in his nues, " it shall be the Lord himself, book. He does not willingly afflict and grieve the children of men; but as Joseph Jesus the Son God; the true Cap
not Jesus the servant of Moses, but turned aside to weep, even while he spake roughly to his brethren, so in all their tain of our salvation, and as the peo. afflictions Christ is aflicted, and while he ple shouted when Jericho fell, so shall lays upon them providential or spiritual there be a great shout of the host scourges to guide back their erring steps from heaven when this world vall to his ways, to humble them, and make them watchful, and of a tender conscience, fall.” The original application rehe, at the same time, considers their in- turns in the course of the sermon; firmities, and remembers that they are “ The Gospel is such another weadust. And when he has led them through a course of afliction and trial, when he pon as the rame' horns : it is sounded has brought their sins vividly to their re- by priests, and with the same effect, collection, and made them go softly,' &c. and walk in tears, saying within them- In the allegory of Joseph, as ex. selves, Weare verily guilty' before thee; . God hath found out our iniquity," and plained by this same author in his when perhaps they are in the last ex
first lecture on the figurative Lan. tremity of self-condemnation and despait guage of Scripture, it must suffice -when mercy has been so long with, to state generally, that we find the held, that they begin to doubt its final assertion of superiority over his reveals himself to their souls, he makes brethren by Joseph, compared with known his love, and pity, and compassion similar claims on the part of our to them, and as they stand trembling at his bar, the voice of mercy reaches their • The concluding part of this sermon ear; and in the person of their justly in- of Jones's, we must in justice add, in apcensed Judge, they recognize a bleeding, plication to Rahab, is as sound and edifymartyred Saviour, smilten for them, ing a discourse on the free justification of though they had sold him for their lusts the sinner through faith in the Saviour, as and pleasures-a captive, a servant of all, any we ever met
with. Nor, though someafflicted, tormented, for them, for their what inconsistent, and wholly arbitrary in sins, and for their salvation, but now ex- its typical expositions, is this sermon at alted, not as a fearful judge, but as one all to match in its imaginative efforts with gracious and mighty to save,' ready to the following on the good Samaritan, forgive, and able to deliver. Such is where the whole parable to its minutest Jesus to wandering sinners, and thus pi. ramification, is allegorised into the most tifully he deals with them.” Close, pp. accurate delineation of the fall of man 419, 420.
and redemption by Christ.