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“ Midnight and Daily Thoughts. By sometimes so sterquilinious, as to

Sir William Killigrew. Born 1604. debase their better matter. There is Died 1690.”

besides a want of variety, and great A Dream.

poverty of invention in their choice « Methought I heard a beggar cry, of sacred subjects. Even in the little I would to God that I might die;

volume of selections before us, we It were much better I were dead, Than to feel hunger, and want bread.

have several Christmas, or Easter, Methought I heard some young men say, or Whitsun songs; and as for the Their pleasures spar'd no time to pray; translations of the hundred and And rich men boast their constant health thirty-seventh Psalm and a few other Might live according to their wealth. Methought I heard a sick man groan,

favourite portions of Scripture, Who did for pain long life bemoan; “ sacred specimens” might be And often seen decrepid age,

gathered out of number; though In wantonness themselves engage; but few of them have as much claim Yet shake to hear his servants tell, The bells do ring his neighbour's knell :

to the meed of good poetry as of When his next apoplectic fit

good intention. May end his days and spoil his wit.

A bard, with lips touched with Methought I saw a wanton lass

hallowed fire, is still wanting to Grown old, now looking in her glass, Bewail long life, yet still was proud

render the Psalms of David, and To wear gay clothes, and talk aloud, other devotional parts of Scripture, How beautiful herself had been,

in a manner at once just to the lext, And merry days foretime had seen. Thus I did search with hope to find,

and truly poetical in the structure Some soul so wise, and so refin'd

of the composition. Milton himself From carnal thoughts, as to repent

failed here, and failed more conTheir crimes; and 'scape due punishment. spicuously than many mere versifiers. Who live as if there were no God, Or if there be, fear not his rod,

The specimens culled from his Such vicious natures to correct,

poems, in the little volume before Nor power, men's virtues to protect. us, are surpassed by passages in Much less eternal bliss for a reward, To them that do his will, and laws regard. and Hopkins. "A large selection,

Tate and Brady, or even Sternhold The joy those find, that live prepard to however, might probably be made die.” pp. 205, 207, 208.

from various authors, which would

be at once acceptable to a refined We might easily extend our quo- taste and edifying to the practical tations, but our readers are proba- Christian; and the necessity of such bly by this time satiated both with a selection, for the purposes of pubthe beauties and the defects of these lic worship, is strongly proved by “sacred specimens” of our earlier the numerous collections of Psalms poets. Some otherwise good poems and Hymns which individual clergy(that is, comparatively good) we men have felt it desirable to make have omitted from their being inter- for their several flocks. woven with quaintnesses and con- But we will not enter at present ceits so unwittingly ludicrous as to into the questions which this considestroy their intended effect. It does deration suggests ; but, returning not exalt our ideas of heaven to tell to the “sacred specimens” before us that it is strewed “with rubies as us, will only present our thanks to thick as gravel,” or diminish our Mr. Mitford for the labour he has inordinate attachment to earth to taken in collecting the pieces in the call its possessions “painted clay” present volume, and renew our best and “gilded dung." An infant wishes, that his readers may derive taken to heaven is represented as abundant profit from the piety of a chick bursting its egg, and “lo is many of the pieces he has transcribhatched a cherubim !” Many also of ed, even where they do not consider the figures and expressions in the them as gems of sufficient value to majority of our older poets are so be enshrined “as apples of gold in mean or trivial, we might have said pictures of silver.".

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LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,

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GREAT BRITAIN.

rious and those calamities against which PREPARING for publication :-A Transla- no rank of merit can be always a security." tion of a Reply, by the Bishop of Stras. “It restricts its hand by no invidious bourgh (late Bishop of Aire), to Mr. limits of class in society, religious persuaFaber's Difficulties of Romanism ;-Ele- sion, party feeling, or place of birth. It ments of Biblical Criticism and Inter- receives all claims alike; desires no other pretation, translated from the Latin of attestation than the evidence that its Ernesti, &c. by M. Stuart; a new. edition, bounty is necessary, and then distributes with additions ; by E. Henderson, D. D. to the utmost of its means."

In the press :-The Elements of Euclid, At the Clifton and Bristol Bazaar, in adapted to elementary Instruction by the aid of the funds for the distressed manuIntroduction of Symbols; by a Member of facturers in the north, as much as 960_. the University of Cambridge ;-The early were received. Life of Christ, an Example for Youth; by The following are among the results the Rev. H. Marsh;--An Index to Taylor's obtained by Mr. Parkins, from experiEdition of Calmet's Dictionary of the ments on the progressive compression of Bible ;-Memoirs of a West-Indian. water. The column of water is 190 inches

Cambridge. - The Chancellor's gold in height, and the pressure of one atmosmedals, for the two best proficients in phere is estimated at fourteen pounds. classical learning among the commencing Atmospheres. Compression in Inches. Bachelors of Arts, are adjudged to Mr. B.

10.

... 0.189 Kennedy, of St. John's, and Mr. V. P.

0.372 Hovenden, of Trinity College. The sub- 100

1.422 ject of the Seatonian prize-poem for the 200

2.410 present year is, “ The Marriage at Cana 500

5.987 in Galilee.”

1000

9.002 Trinity College, Dublin.— The subject for 2000.

15.833 the Vice-Chancellor's prizes at the next At a meeting held on the 30th of commencement, is-for all the students, March, at the house of the Right Honboth graduates and under-graduates, in ourable Charles Watkin Williams Wynn, Greek, Latin, or English verses, “In in furtherance of a design commenced at obitum Frederici Principis illustrissimi." Oxford, to testify by some public act the

The last Report of the Literary Fund respect felt for the memory of the late states, that since its commencement in the Right Rev. Bishop Heber, it was reyear 1790, it has distributed no less a sum solved that a committee should be formed than 12,0001. among upwards of one for the purpose of promoting the supthousand cases;

some of them of a re- scription. It is intended to erect, in markable nature. But, adds the Report, the cathedral church of St. Paul, a monu“how vast a mass of lonely misery this ment worthy of Bishop Heber's memory; bounty may have lightened, or even extin- and to appropriate the surplus, if any, to guished; how many sinking spirits it has the endowment of an Oriental Scholarcheered to new exertions ; what sick-beds ship. Subscriptions will be received at it has made the beds of health ; what the banks of Messrs. Parsons, Oxford, years of helpless decay it has made years and Messrs. Hammersley, London. of comparative comfort; what agonies of Among the books lately sold in the mind among a class of men whom the Rev. T. Williams's library, was a Latin habits of their whole lives, their education MS. of the Gospels presented by the and intelligence, render most vulnerable Countess Matilda of Tuscany in the in the mind, have been healed; must be eleventh century, to the monastery of St. beyond human record.” “ It is not the Benedict de Padolirone, near Modena. purpose of the Literary Fund to reward This codex, which Dr. Dibdin says is able authorship, which should look for its the finest in existence, is in folio, written reward to the Nation; nor to encourage upon vellum. It was sold for 174. Evanbad authorship, nor to sustain the idle, gelia Quatuor, a fine Greek MS. upon nor to indulge the profligate; but to inter- vellum, bearing the date of the tenth pose, as far as it may between the merito. century, was sold for 521. 106.

1827.]

A celebrated Missal which was present- was found to be in wonderful presered to Isabella, queen of Spain, was lately vation. The nails on the hands were sold by auction to Mr. Hurd, for 360 remarkably long, and the hair was perguineas. It was one of the most valuable fect; eyes of enamel had been substiarticles in the splendid library of the late tuted for the original, a singularity which Mr. Dent.

has been observed only once before. Two FRANCE.

papyrus manuscripts were found; one A map of Turkey and Greece, drawn rolled round the head, the other round up by M. Lepie, from materials col. the breast; in such preservation as to lected by the French ambassador at allow of their being deciphered by M. Constantinople, and Baron Tremelin, has Champollion, who states that the body resolved the problem of the length of the is that of Tete Muthis, daughter to the ancient stadia, and has demonstrated keeper of the temple of Isis, at Thebes, that they were 700 to a degree. Strabo, 3000 years ago. for example, reckons it 200 stadia from

EGYPT. Corinth to Argos; and Pausanius, 660 The cause of the colour of the Red from Sparta to Olympia. These are the Sea, which has given rise to various conexact distances found on the new map on jectures, has been decided by the Prusstadia of 700 to a degree.

sian travellers, MM. Hemrich and EhThe operation of opening an Egyptian renburg, to arise from a species of oscilmummy was lately performed in the gal- latoria, small vegetables, or animalculæ lery of Egyptian Antiquities at Paris. connected both with the animal and vegeThe linen bands encircling the body from table kingdom. bead to foot being unrolled, the mummy

LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
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Williams. 48. 6d. Discourses on Experimental and Prac- A Survey of Scripture Prophecy relating tical Christianity By W. F. Vance, to the Romish Church and the Turkish M.A. I vol. 58. 6d.

Empire. By a Layman. 45. Reasons for Abandoning Unitarianism. Original Essays on Theological SubBy J. Gilchrist,

jects. By James Beckwith. 12mo. 4s. Theology; or an Attempt towards a A Sermon preached at the Consecration consistent View of the whole Counsel of the Bishop of Bristol. By Archdeacon of God. By the Rev. J. H. Hinton. Pott. 2s. 4s.

The Obligatory Nature of the SacraThe Sunday-School Catechist. By the ments; or, Strictures on Mr. Gurney's Widow of a Clergyman. Is. 6d.

Remarks respecting Baptism and the
The Church Catechism explained, &c. Lord's Supper. By the Rev. G. Bliss,
By . H. Hobart, D.D., Bishop of New M. A.
York.

Funeral Sermon for the late Rev. Dr.
A Song to David. By the late C. Hawker. By the Rev. G. Mutter.
Smart. 2s. 60.

“ A Tribute of Respect to departed
An Invitation to Christians in behalf Greatness," a Funeral Sermon for the
of the Society for promoting Christian late Rev. Dr. Hawker. By the Rey, G.
Knowledge, and the Society for the Pro. Comb.
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Memoirs and Correspondence of Mr,
Thoughts on the Co-operation of the John Urquhart, with a Portrait.
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cumbent of the Diocese of Canterbury. Books to Modern Times. By Isaac Tay-

A Review and Analysis of Bishop Bull's lor, jun. 1 vol- 8vo. 8s.
Exposition of the Doctrine of Justification, Selections from the Works of the Rev.
edited by the Bishop of Salisbury, in reply John Howe. By the Rev. Dr. Wilson.
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2 vols. 18mo. with a Portrait and
A Vindication of the Sentiments con- Life. 6s.
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D.D. 1s.
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Sermons, Doctrinal and Practical, eluciof the Church of England. Is.

By

By the Rev. John Noble Coleman, M. A. and their Progress to 1825. By John 8vo. 12s.

Anderson. 8vo. 7s. The General Diffusion of Christianity

A Hebrew Grammar (with points). the Duty of the Churches; a Sermon. By By S. Newman. the Rev. J. Carlile.

An Answer to certain Letters addressed Christian Preaching; a Sermon. By the to the Author respecting the Chew Magna Rev. J. Davies. 2 vols.

Theatricals. By the Rev. W. P. Wait. 1s. Practical Lectures. By the Rev. J. The Apocryphal Controversy summed Bullock. 1 vol. 5s. 6d.

up,

and directed to Useful Purposes. By MISCELLANEOUS.

the Rev. J. Carlile. History of the Earl of Chatham. By Human_Sacrifices in India. By J. the Rev. F. Thackeray, A.M. 2 vols. Poynder, Esq. 1 vol. 5s. 4to. with Portraits. 31, 3s.

The Suttee's Cry to Great Britain. By The Life, Diary, and Correspondence J. Peggs, late Missionary. of Sir William Dougdale. By William Historical Review of Papal and ConHarper, Esq. In royal 4to. 21. 2s. ciliar Infallibility. By the Rev. W. Keary.

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By the Rev. G. H. Watkins. "6d. Prize Essay on the State of Society The History of the South-Leith Sab. and Knowledge in the Highlands of Scot- bath Evening School. 2s. land at the Period of the Rebellion in 1745,

RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.

BISHOP HEBER ON THE NATIVES a sacrifice to Doorga; and I know, from OF INDIA.

the testimony of Brahmins, as well as A FRIEND of the late Bishop Heber has from other sources, that not only becapublished, in a periodical work, some tombs of animals are often offered in this highly interesting extracts, from letters manner as a most meritorious act (a rajah, written to him by that revered and la- about twenty-five years back, offered sixty mented prelate, while prosecuting his thousand in one fortnight), but that any extensive journeys throughout his vast person, Brahmins not excepted, eats diocese. These letters communicate the readily of the flesh of whatever has been results of his observations, respecting offered up to one of their divinities ; while matters connected with his pastoral office, among almost all the other castes, mutton, diversified by occasional observations upon pork, fish, venison-any thing but beef subjects of a more general character. We and fowls,

,--are consumed as readily as in select a few passages relative to the habits Europe. Again, I had heard all my life of the natives, and the promotion of of the gentle and timid Hindoos, patient Christianity among them.

under injuries, servile to their superiors, “ One fact, during this journey, has &c. Now, this is doubtless, to a certain been impressed on my mind very forcibly extent, true of the Bengalesé (who, by --that the character and situation of the the way, are never reckoned among the natives of these great countries are ex- nations of Hindoostân by those who speak ceedingly little known, and in many in- the language of that country); and there stances grossly misrepresented, not only are a great many people in Calcutta who by the English public in general, but by a maintain, that all the natives in India are great proportion of those also who, though alike. But even in Bengal, gentle as the they have been in India, have taken their exterior manners of the people are, there views of its population, manners, and pro- are large districts close to Calcutta, where ductions from Calcutta, or at most from the work of carding, burning, murder, and Bengal. I had always heard, and fully robbery, and every other act of violence believed till I came to India, that it was goes on as systematically, and in nearly a grievous crime, in the opinion of the the same manner, as in the worst part of Brahmins, to eat the flesh or shed the Ireland ; and on entering Hindoostân, blood of any living creature whatever. I properly so called, which, in the estimate have now myself seen Brahmins of the of the natives, reaches from the Rajam. highest caste cut off the heads of goats as ahal hills to Agra, and from the moun. tains of Kumaoon to Bundelcund, I was limits of subsistence, and which is thus struck and surprised to find a people kept up; not by any dislike or indifference equal in stature and strength to the to a better diet, or more ample clothing, average of European nations, despising or more nurserous ornaments, than now rice and rice-eaters, feeding on wheat and usually fall to the peasant's share (for, on barley bread, exhibiting in their appear- the contrary, if he has the means, he is ance, conversation, and habits of life, a fonder of external show and a respectable grave, a proud, and decidedly a martial appearance, than those of his rank in many character, accustomed universally to the nations of Europe) ; but by the foolish suuse of arms and athletic exercises from perstition, which Christianity only is likely their cradles, and preferring, very greatly,

to remove, which makes a parent regard it military service to any other ineans of as unpropitious to allow his son to remain livelihood. This part of their character, unmarried, and which couples together but in a ruder and wilder form, and de- children of twelve or fourteen years of based by much alloy of treachery and age. The second has its origin in the violence, is conspicuous in the smaller long-continued misfortunes and intestine and less good-looking inhabitants of Ra- wars of India, which are as yet too recent japootan and Malwah ; while the moun- (even where their causes have ceased to tains and woods, wherever they occur, exist) for the agitation which they occashow specimens of a race entirely differ- sioned to have entirely sunk into a calm. ent from all these, and in a state of society But to say that the Hindoos or Mussulscarcely elevated above the savages of mans are deficient in any essential feature New Holland, or New Zealand; and the of a civilized people, is an assertion which inhabitants, I am assured, of the Deccan, I can scarcely suppose to be made by any and of the presidencies of Madras and who have lived with them. Their manBombay, are as different from those ners are at least as pleasing and courteous which I have seen, and from each other, as those in the corresponding stations of as the French and Portuguese from the life among ourselves; their houses are Greeks, Germans, or Poles. So idle is it larger, and, according to their wants and to ascribe uniformity of character to the climate, to the full as convenient as ours. inhabitants of a country so extensive, and Nor is it true, that, in the mechanic arts, subdivided by so many almost impassible they are inferior to the general run of tracts of mountain and jungle, and so European nations. Where they fall short little do the majority of those whom of us (which is chiefly in agricultural imhave seen deserve the gentle and imbecile plements and the mechanics of common character often assigned to them. ......... life), they are not, so far as I have under

“ I met, not long since, with a speech stood of Italy and the South of France, by a leading member of the Scotch Ge- surpassed in any great-degree by the neral Assembly, declaring his conviction people of those countries. that the truths of Christianity could not “ They are so inquisitive, and have be received by men in so rude a state as such opportunities of information, that the East-Indians, and that it was neces- it is apparent how little sense there is in sary to give them first a relish for the the doctrine that we must keep them in habits and comforts of civilized life before ignorance if we would continue to govern they could embrace the truths of the Go- them. They know enough already to do spel.' The same slang (for it is nothing us a great deal of mischief, if they should more) I have seen repeated in divers find it their interest to make the trial. pamphlets, and even heard it in conver- They are in a fair way, by degrees, to sations in Calcutta. Yet, though it is acquire still more knowledge for themcertainly true that the lower classes of selves; and the question is, whether it is Indians are miserably poor, and that not the part of wisdom, as well as duty, there are many extensive districts where, to superintend and promote their eduboth among low and high, the laws are cation while it is yet in our power, and very little obeyed, and there is a great supply them with such knowledge as will deal of robbery, oppression, and even be at once most harmless to ourselves ferocity; I know no part of the popu- and most useful to them. lation, except the mountain tribes already “ In this work the most important part mentioned, who can with any propriety is to give them a better religion. Knowof language be called uncivilized. Of the ing how strongly I feel on this subject, unpropitious circumstances which I have you will not be surprised at my placing it mentioned, the former arises from a popu- foremost. But even if Christianity were lation continually pressing on the utmost out of the question, and if, when I had CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 305.

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