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Elias and the Baptist for their models; can accrue from the discussion of without reflecting for a moment either upon the peculiar circumstances in which systems and opinions identified with those holy men were placed, or the pe that most inscrutable of subjects ? culiar objects which they were appointed During this period of the church we to accomplish. Thus while they passed find the Nazarenes and Ebionites; their hours in a state of indolent abstract the former receiving the fundamental living as if they were alone in the world articles of the Christian faith,

while they succeeded in persuading themselves at the same time they retained the and others that they were treading the Mosaic ritual ; the latter maintainpath which leads to Christian perfection, ing also the necessity of observing the sight of God, that they were the the ceremonial law, but rejecting especial objects of his regard, were bold many essential doctrines of true ing habitual intercourse with him, and en religion. These, however, may be joying a foretaste of that ineffable bliss regarded as rational, when compared which would be their portion, when removed from this world of sin and misery

with some other sects. The philosór to his immediate presence." Hence the phical heretics served only to shew stories of dreams and visions, which occur how misapplied was the word phiso frequently in the lives of the saints,losophy, in its best sense, as claimed the offspring of deliberate fraud: whereas by them. A greater love of folly they were in most instances the creations was never exemplified. · Marcion, of a distempered mind, cut off from the with the hope of solving difficulties, active pursuits in which it was designed invented too supreme deities ; one to be engaged, and supplying their place the author of evil

, who created the by imaginery scenes and objects. It forms no part of our plan to enter into a minute world; the other a power of pure detail of the follies and extravagancies benevolence, who was unknown to which were the natural fruits of the ere mankind till the coming of Christ, metical and monastic modes of life. Let We give Tertullian's short refutation it suffice to have pointed out the sources from which they took their rise ; and to of this doctrine; rather in proof of have exposed 'the mischievous conses his acuteness as a disputant, than quences of setting up any one mode of life from any necessity which there is as pre-eminently pure and holy-as ren for disproving the doctrine itself. dering those who adopt it the peculiar favourites of Heaven." pp. 422-428.

“ In confutation of this doctrine, Ter, The work before us concludes tion of God are comprised the ideas of

tullian first observes, that in the defini, with a chapter on the heresies which Supreme power, Eternal duration, and prevailed in the church daring the Self-existence. • The unity of the Deity period under review. This, as our

is a necessary consequence from this de author observes, is unhappily not

finition, since the supposition of two Suthe least extensive of the five

preme Beings involves a contradiction in

terms. Nor can this conclusion be evaded branches into which Mosheim di- by a reference to worldly monarchs, who vides the internal history of the

are as numerous as the kingdoms into church. Extensive, however, as 'it

which the earth is divided, each being

supreme in his own dominions. We can. is, we must not dwell upon it. The not thus argue from man to God. Two subject is, for the most part, rather Deities, in every respect equal, are in fact curious than profitable, except so only one Deity: nor, if you introduce two far as it illustrates the frailty and why you may not, with Valentinus, introperverseness of human nature, ever duce thirty. Shonld Marcion reply that presuming to be wise above what is he does not assert the perfect equality of written; and to aspire after more his two deities, he would by that very knowledge than "God has been would admit that the inferior of the two is pleased to communicate. Several not strictly entitled to the name of God, of these heresies arose from the at- since he does not possess the artributes of tempt to explain the doctrines of the Godhead ; and that the name is ap. Christianity in a manner conform plied to him only in the subordinate sense,

in which we find it occasionally used in able to the dictates of the oriental Scripture.” pp. 481, 482. philosophy concerning the origin of Next come the followers of Va, evil, What benefit, we would ask, lentinus, whu, with his “thirty Æons, CHRIST. OBSERY. No. 306.

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comprising the fulness of the celes- tive perusal of the theological stutial body," seems to have surpassed dent; and we trust that our brief all who went before, or who came notice of it may assist in extendafter him, in ponsense and absurdity. ing its circulation. It is a work He appears to have lost sight of abounding with valuable informasacred truth, by his chace after it tion; though we think that some of through the perverse mazes of end-, the space, which has been devoted less allegory. Bishop Kaye doubts to a review of the elaborate trifling whether Tertullian understood the of scholastic subtleties and refinesystem which he undertook to de- ments, might have been advantagescribe. We may confidently af- ously curtailed, or at least filled up firm that he did not; and that it with the author's own reflections bids defiance to the grasp of the upon topics of far greater moment. clearest and most capacious mind. To the general soundness of his Again, we find Hermogenes indulg. principles we have nothing to'obing in speculations concerning the ject; and we admire the Christian eternity of matter. But it is useless spirit of fairness, candour, and to wade through these absurd spe- moderation which is every where culations; we therefore conclude conspicuous in his pages. We have our brief notice of this chapter with seldom seen an historical work, in an admirable remark, in which our which controverted points of theoauthor, while he accounts for tliis logy are touched upon, where there variety of heretical opinions, without was so little appearance of party injury to the truth of the Gospel, spirit, or gratuitous and dogmatical adroitly turns it into a weapon for assertion. The style, though not meeting the Romanist on his favour- very popularly attractive, is perspiite ground against Protestantism ; cuous and correct. It is perhaps namely, that of the diversity of rather too circuitous and redundant; sects and opinions which it has en- a fault into which men of research gendered.

and learning are too apt to fall. We “ The Roman Catholics are in the habit trust that Bishop Kaye will not conof urging the divisions among Protestants, fine his labours to the publication as an argument against Protestantism; of the present work. He speaks of and

their own pretended freedom from Irenæus, Cyprian, Tertullian, Cledissensions, as a proof that they compose the true church. If this is a valid ar- mens, and Origen, as the five pringument against Protestantism, the long cipal Christian authors of the second catalogue of heresies which have been just and third centuries. A minute and enumerated must furnish an equally valid careful investigation of the works argument against Christianity itself. the divisions which arose, both among the of any one of these might furnish early proselytes to the Gospel and the scope for a volume similar to the early reformers, were the natural conse- present; and throw much light dition of mankind by the new light which upon the state of the Christian had burst upon their minds. Their former church, during this most important trains of thinking were interrupted-their period of its history. former principles to a certain extent unsettled--they were to enter upon a new and enlarged field of speculation and of action. When, therefore, we consider how many sources of disagreement existed Sermons, chiefly practical, preached in their passions and prejudices—in the in the Parish Church of Clapham, variety of their tempers and the opposition of their interests; it cannot be matter of

Surrey. By WILLIAM DEALTRY, surprise that all did not consent to walk

Rector. I vol. 8vo. London: in the same patb, or that truth was occa- Hatchard and Son. 1827., sionally sacrificed to the ambition of founding a sect.” pp. 584, 585.

We have taken the best posssible Upon the whole, we can warmly method both of exhibiting our high recommend this work to the atten- opinion of the merits of these dis

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1827.]

courses, and of enabling our readers of the Just - The Ascension of Christ,
to form a sound judgment respect and the Effects of it - The Lord
ing them, by adopting one of them sanctified in them that come nigh
into our own pages as a Family him— The Joys and Consolations of
Sermon. We cannot however con- the Christian Pilgrim-The Glory
sent to lay them down, without a of the Latter House - The Sum of
brief notice of their general con. True Religion."
tents, and a few additional extracts In making choice of a few passages
illustrative of their merits, and edi. for quotation, we find some difficulty
fying to the reader

in making a suitable selection, for the
The reflecting reader will feel very reason that Mr. Dealtry's ser-
interested in the work from the mons are connected discourses, not
very table of contents; for it would marked by a few striking passages
not be easy to give in the same of extraordinary brilliancy, standing
number of headings, a more varied out from the body of the composi-
and judicious selection of scriptural tion, but woven together into a web
topics appropriate to the Christian of uniform strength and texture; all
pulpit, than is to be found in the for use, and nothing for display.
titles of these discourses. There His habit is to keep closely to his
are topics of reproof, and topics of subject; generally drawing his mat-
consolation. Some are more direct- ter directly from the very words
ly fitted to instruct, and others to of his text and context; following
animate. There are discussions and step by step their language and
exhortations. There is much to be spirit, so as to form upon them a
thought over, and much to be prayed full and “practical" comment. Our
over. While the understanding is readers will perceive this from the
enlightened, the heart is warmed. discourse which we have given in
But the subject, perhaps, in which full: a very few additional detached
the author chiefly excelsis in pointing passages must conclude our quota-
out with equal faithfulness the duties tions.
and the privileges of the true Chris- The following is taken from the
tian; or, to use the words of a discourse, entitled “ Christ the Re.
French Protestant writer, “What fuge of his People,” from Isa. xxxii.
Christ has done for the believer, 1, 2. It forcibly points out the
and what the believer is to do for happiness which even many sincere
Christ.”

Christians lose by not duly reflectWe will at once illustrate and ing upon their exalted privileges, fortify our remarks by inserting the and living in the enjoyment of them; titles of the several discourses in the and by not more practically and volume. “ On Indecision in Re- habitually making “Christ their religion—The Omnipresence of God fuge” amidst all the storms of this

Christ the Foundation of the frail and perilous life. Church-Christ the Refuge of his “ With what humble gratitude should People - The Christian's Conversa- we avail ourselves of the blessings thus tion—The Penitent Thief_The Joy graciously vouchsafed ! of the Apostles at Christ's Ascen- fess to believe them. Not a person is to

• We read of these things, and we prosion-Rejoicing in the Sabbath- be found, acknowledging the Christian reMotives for Christian Concord velation, who does not admit that Jesus The Spiritual Design of Providen- Christ is a Saviour in every way suited to tial Appointments—Samuel's De. the necessities of man, and that with Him,

and with Him alone, is to be found adeparture from Saul_The Jewish Pro. quate consolation under all the pains and phet at Bethel-The Constancy and troubles of mortality. But how few seem Deliverance of Shadrach, Meshach, to come to Him for these benefits! You and Abednego-Sowing in Tears, and see men conflicting with the wind and the Reaping in Joy-- The Ministry of pursuing their parched and sultry road, as Réconciliation - The Resurrection if there were no rivers to quench their

3 A 2

thirst, no rock to offer them its friendly his character. The writer is com-
shade. You see them harassed with the menting on Philippians iii. 20.
troubles of life, and vexed with its anxie-
ties, dejected and depressed by a thousand

*** We may understand the Apostle as
circumstances which they cannot avert, affirming, both on his own behalf and on
but not even thinking of Him who would that of all Christians who live in confor-
give rest to their souls ; eagerly inquiring mity with their principles, the following
* who will shew us any good,'' but never propositions :
seeking for the light of that countenance'

1. We delight in heavenly things : which can alone impart it.

“ II. .We walk by heavenly rules -,“ And is not this statement likewise

“III. We partake of heavenly priviapplicable in some degree, even to them leges."p. 82. who are essentially of a different character, Under the first of these heads, who have really come to Christ as their Mr. Dealtry remarks : Saviour, and are numbered among His true disciples? Do not even these some

“ The men of this world think chiefly times suffer themselves to be disturbed of earthly things. Many who acknow by griefs, which a more intimate union ledge the importance of religion would, with Him would immediately dispel? Are upon a careful review of what passes in they not on some occasions inclined to their minds, be surprised to discover how deem their troubles almost irremediable, little it is, in their thoughts. : The real and to seek the remedy elsewhere, than Christian is a man of different habits. He from Him, who alone can impart it? Do cannot, indeed, avoid giving much both they not frequently yield to a suggestion of his time and his attention to the ordiof distrust and unbelief, when a right view pary concerns of life; and to these conof His grace, and a firın trust in His de cerns it is indeed his duty to attend ; clarations would banish their griefs, and but they are incapable of, diverting him restore to them the blessing of peace? from objects of more serious importance. How much, my brethren, in these parti. He is convinced that the things which acculars are Christians frequently wanting company salvation deserve all the thought to themselves! How little comparatively which he can possibly bestow upon them; do many of them realize the truth of the and he habitually turns to them as of all description here given of the Messiah ! subjects the most interesting to the reHow often while they omit to avail them: newed and enlightened mind. There are selves of the privilege, might they ran in- times when the most careless of men will to this refuge and be safe ! How often either give, or pretend to give themselves might they repose under this great rock, Who'mind earthly things it is a painful or

to spiritual considerations; but to those and drink of these living waters ! May we learn to behold our blessed

an unsatisfactory task; a service of reRedeemer in the light in which He is here straint; the heart is not in it; there is presented to us! May we be duly sensible nothing which bespeaks a mind delightof the overflowing fulness of His grace, when the occasion has gone by, a new

even willingly occupied ; and and at all times, and under, every emergency repair to Him with ferveni grati-train of thought, of a very different

kind, tude and with ardent hope! The man who presently banishes every serious impression. seeks for that shelter will assuredly find

« With the true Christian, on the conit; if he would drink of that stream he trary, with the man whose heart is right will not be disappointed; his experience towards God, it is a cheerful and volunthrough life will confirm the justice of the cary engagement. He is glad to escape description, “Behold, a King shall reign in from less profitable reflections, and to righteousness, and princes shall rule in

take refuge in those which connect him judgment. And a man shall be as a

with heaven. His delight is in the law of hiding-place from the wind, and a covert the Lord, in the revelation which has from the tempest: as rivers of water in a

been made by the Holy Spirit, and in dry place, as the shadow of a great rock that law doth he meditate day and night. in a weary land :' and his dying

testimony He finds in the records of the Divine will, will declare, * I have not been deceived; 1 and in the works and providence of God, have trusted in Christ, and He has never

inexhaustible sources of meditation, and failed nor forsaken me; I can now resign these statutes are his songs in the house myself cheerfully to His disposal, andoi of his pilgrimage." doubt not that I shall still find Him to be

“ And as his thoughts are much occu# hiding-place from the wind, and a co. pied about heavenly things, so also is, he vert from the tempest; my refuge in the very desirous to attain to them. It is hour of deatli

, my Redeemer in the day their value that they are so much in his of judgment." pp. 77–80.

mind. His are not the cold nations of a The discourse on " The Chris

man who merely assents to the excellency tian's Conversation" presents us

of the realities of heaven without any

perception of their worth : he feels all the with the following description of force of the question, What is a man

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1827.]
Reviews of Dealings Soma.

365
profited if he shail gain the whole world which he is looking, and congratulate
and lose his own soul? or what shall a man himself that, through the grace of his Re-
give in exchange for his soul ?' He enters deemer, he is an heir of God, and a joint-
into the full spirit of the exclamation, heir with Christ.” pp. 96, 97.
Whom have in heaven but thee, and The sermon on “ rejoicing in the
there is none upon earth that I desire be- Sabbath” deserves to be attentively
side thee!' • Let the course of this world
be disposed in any way which Infinite Wis- perused, and deliberated upon, by
dom may appoint ; I am well satisfied that all who have not yet learned the
so it should be ; none of these things true spiritual value of the day of
move me, neither count ! my life dear sacred rest. The text is, Psalm
unto myself

, so that I might finish my xcii. 1, 2. “ It is a good thing to
course with joy; yea, doubtless, and I
count all things but loss for the excel give thanks unto the Lord, and to
lency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus sing praises unto thy name, O Most
my
. This disposition and these desires kindness in the morning, and thy

High: to shew forth thy loving-
will necessarily be followed by corres-
ponding exertions to obtain salvation.

faithfulness every night.
« This he will consider as his great This Psalm is entitled " A Song
business upon earth; and having learned

and having learned for the Sabbath-day;" and no per-
what he must do to be saved he will do it
with all his might." pp. 83-85.

son can seriously read this discourse
The blessedness of those who upon it without feeling that it is
thus live is described, in allusion to indeed“ a good thing” to dedi-
the language of the Apostle, under cate that holy season to the service
the heads of " access to God;" of God. 'It is good, says Mr. Deal-

peace with God ;” and “ fellow. try, because it is right; because it is ship with all the persons of the pleasant; because it tends to glorify sacred Trinity." We detach a frag- of his loving-kindness and faithful

God; because it keeps us in mind ment of the discussion.

“ We cannot indeed deny, that in ness; because it teaches us to rely many important particulars the condition upon his goodness and veracity; of the most eminent Christian upon earth, because it assists in keeping alive is widely different from the condition of

our feelings of gratitude and love ; the just, in the world above. Here he has to pass through many great vicissi

and because it affords security tudes, and to encounter much tribulation : against the maxims and examples this is at best, a probationary state. But of the world.

he is not left without support and pro- In the discourse on •tection : God is his Rock, and the high

“ Christian God his Redeemer. Hear the declaration Concord,” Mr. Dealtry shews, in a of the Psalmist: . In the time of wrath most just and convincing manner,

God shall hide me in his pavilion, and how forcibly a spirit of true humility 9 compass me about with songs of deliver- tends to secure this", inestimable ance..!! I will pray the Father," saith Christ, and he sball give you another comforter,

blessing that he may abide with you for ever. We " It will be found, I believe universally, are pot to conclude that, because God is that the more humble a man is, the less in his holy temple, and manifests his visi- will he be disposed to contend for his own ble glory in the heavens, therefore he is views on the subordinate points of relithere only: it is his declaration that he gious disputation. He feels how unquawill dwell and walk with his people. lified he is to decide absolutely upon Hence the Psalmist declares that even questions which have exercised" to so the closing scenes of life, sad and awful little purpose the most enlarged and as they are, to the men of this world, powerful minds, and he loves not arguwould be attended with no terror to him. ment for its own sake; he will enter into

When the flesh and the heart were failing, no dispute for the pleasure of victory; - he could still triumph in the hope of im- and whilst he probably is not without

mortality, and 'rejoice in the conviction some settled opinion on those subjects,

thiat God was the strength of his heart the chief view with which he ever regards i and his portion for ever. Such is the them is to humble him still more in the

power of faith, such the efficacy of Chris- sight of his Maker ; to fill him with adtian hope, that at the very moment when miration of the wisdom and knowledge of

all earthly things seem to be against him, God, and to lead him to the more devout * the child of God can rejoice with joy un- and earnest cultivation of those holy prin

speakable and full of glory; he can anti- ciples which unite him more closely to fi cipate the blessedness of that world to his Redeemer, and to all the members of

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