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his mystical body,, If pride and bigotry controversial writings or occasional could be effectually subdued, the little discourses, will find in the present discrepancies, which might still remain among the true followers of Jesus Christ

, volume how well qualified he is, as a would almost vanish from the sight ; we minister of Christ, to feed the flock should learn to strive with one mind for committed to his charge, in the the faith of the Gospel; we should learn wholesome pastures of scriptural to view each other not as arrayed under different banners, but as marshalled under

truth. Such sermons as these are the banner of Christ; many of the dis- of inestimable value. They are tinctions which now unhappily prevail, recommended by the good sense, would disappear; and by this would all the Christian sobriety of statement, men know that we are Christ's disciples because we have love one to another : we and the uniform application of should thus, according to the spirit of the every topic to the practical business best times of the church, and of the best of the Christian life, which pervade examples which those days have be them throughout. They are neither the same love, being of one accord, of one Calvinistic nor Arminian ; they are mind.'” pp. 183, 184.

neither legal nor Antinomian; they But we must stay our hand ; notare Scriptural. To say that they for defect of valuable matter for have considerable literary merit, is extract, but of space to insert it. less necessary, considering the well Mr. Dealtry is so highly esteemed known talents of the author, than and beloved, “ for his works' sake,” to add that he has brought all the by all who know how to appreciate powers of his highly furnished mind the services which he has rendered into subjection to the Gospel of his to the church of Christ by his Saviour; and has given to his pages, writings and personal exertions, rich in thought as they are, almost that we should think it quite super. the simplicity of a village sermon. fluous to descant upon this topic The blessing of God, we doubt not, in the present paper. Those who will attend this votive offering upon know him hitherto only by his his altar.

LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,

&c. &c.

GREAT BRITAIN.

of nearly one hundred volumes. Among PREPARING for publication :- The Con- the biblical manuscripts is an Ethiopic nexion of Sacred and Profanę History, from version of the Old Testament, in five the Death of Joshna until the Decline volumes, made from manuscripts used of the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah; by the Greek Church at Alexandria, at a intended to complete the Works of Shuck- remote but unknown period. It includes ford and Prideaux; by the Rev. Dr. the Book of Enoch, which was first Russell.

brought into Europe by Mr. Bruce. There In the press :—Matthew Henry's Com- are also in this collection, two copies of mentary, with an Introduction by the the four Gospels in Æthiopic, the EpiRev. E. Bickersteth ;--An Index to Tay- stles and Acts of the Apostles on vellum; lor's Edition of Calmet's Dictionary of the and the Song of Solomon in all the prinBible ;-Sermons, by the Rev. H. King. cipal languages of the Abyssinian empire,

with a vocabulary in each dialect. This The collectiou of Æthiopic, Arabic, and MS. is considered a valuable accession to other oriental manuscripts obtained by philological literature. Among the histothe traveller, Bruce, in Egypt and Abys- rical MSS. is the celebrated Chronicle of sinia, was lately put up to auction; but Axûm, on vellum. It professes to have there being no advance upon the reserve : been compiled from materials or records of 5,0001., at which it was put up, it was found by Damâtious, Bishop of Rome, bought in for the proprietor. It consists in the church of St. Sophia, and read at the first council of Nice to the 318 fathers as- that by removing this pressure--for exsembled there. There is also a very ancient ample, with a cupping glass-poisons ap

Coptic MS. on papyrus, said to have been plied to wounded parts, such as the bite a found in the ruins near Thebes, in the for- of a snake or rabid animal, will not be mer residence of some Egyptian monks. introduced into the system. He also

The books presented by the university maintains,' that even after a part of the of Cambridge to Bishop's College Cal poison has been absorbed, and has begun cutta, amount to 375 volumes, besides to produce its effects upon the system, 300 volumes presented by individuals. the application of a cupping-glass will The East.-India Company convey them arrest its further influence. His inquiries free of expense, and the lords of the trea- are favourably spoken of by the French sury have remitted the export duty. faculty of medicine. The Museum of the Zoological Society

UNITED STATES. has been enriched by numerous donations; The Rev. Robert Cox, a minister of and among others an ostrich from his ma- the Methodist persuasion in Virginia, has jesty. The magnificent collection of the lately died leaving a will in which he has lace Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, con- made provision for emancipating all his sisting of mamalia, birds, reptiles, insects, slaves, upwards of thirty, and for giving zoophytes, &c., has been transferred to each a handsome sum of money. He had the society. The works in the Regent's, offered to transport them to Africa during Park are rapidly advancing. It is ex- his life ; but they preferred living with pected that the gardens will be opened him as servants, receiving wages. during the ensuing autumn. The Mar

INDIA. quis of Lansdowne is appointed president, We copy the following passage from in the room of the late Sir T. S. Raffles. the Asiatic Journal, to sbew the vast dif

The MS. Herbal of Jean Jaques Rous ference between West-Indian slavery, and seau has been brought over to London that which still exists in some parts of for sale. It consists of eight volumes in Southern India. We abhor this unjust and 4to, containing 800 species of plants, in baneful system in all its forms, and would high preservation, with descriptions in urge every effort for its universal extincthe hand-writing of Rousseau.

tion; but still it has its harsher or milder : In a cavern lately discovered in the features; and the reader of the following Mendip Hills in Somersetshire, in a bold extract will see with how little reason the mural front of limestone, have been advocates for emancipation are charged 'found a quantity of bones, which are with inconsistency in preferring the sugars stated, by Professor Buckland, to have of India to those of the West Indies, belonged to the elephant, rhinoceros, ox, even were it true, which it is not, that 'horse, bear, hog, hyæna, fox, pole-cat, slavery is generally prevalent in the water-rat, mouse, and birds. Nearly all former country, as it notoriously is, and the bones of the larger species were in its worst form, in the latter. Indeed gnawed and splintered, and evidently of an- in Bengal, from which province alone sugar cient fracture. The cavern is conjectured is brought, there is no slavery. to have been a hyæna's den, similar to Eastern slave is not an alien to the soil ; Kirkdale and Kent's hole. The bones of his physical aspect does not expose him the extinct species of hyæna are very to his master's contempt; there is no abundant.-In a wet loam, there was an slave mart, no slave dealer, no overseer innumerable quantity of birds' bones, or gang-master, no cart-whip, in the slave only. These professor Buckland supposes system of Southern India ; above all, the to have been introduced by foxes. slave and the master are subject to the : The first anniversary was lately cele- same laws,- for the Company's courts brated, at Bath, of that munificent esta- would make no distinction whatever beblishment for gentlewomen in reduced tween the Polian and the Brahmin, the circumstances, Partis's College. The bi- Parian and the Nair. The evidence of shop of the diocese, with the trustees, one would be taken with as much readi. and the foundress, attended the chapel, ness as that of the other; and the murder with the thirty ladies who reside in the of a slave, instead of being punished, as college. Thursday in Easter week, is was the case a few years since in some fixed for the annual commemoration. parts of the West, by a paltry fine, would FRANCE.

be expiated in India only by death, wheDr. Barry, an English physician settled ther the victim was bond or free. The at Paris, has advanced that absorption Indian slave, moreover, has a sbare in the depends upon atmospheric pressure; and produce of his labour."

“ The

- The new Bishop of Calcutta, Dr. James, donation of Raja Baidynath Rai of has united himself to the Bible Society 20,000 rupees. The Society seems to have and to the several Church Societies con met with liberal support, which we trust will nected with India. A revision of the be continued, as, although the immediate státutes of Bishop's College has taken good produced may be disproportionate placé, on the suggestion of the late Bishop to the cost, the zealy and the talent beHeber, by which societies as well as in stowed upon these institutions, the result dividuals are authorised to found scholars to be importantly beneficial needs only ships. The sum now fixed for each perseverance.!" . scholarship is 12,000 rupees, or about A correspondent in an Indian news 18001. - sterling; and if the aomination paper makes the following observations be reserved in perpetuity to the founders, on the atmosphere of the Neelgherr Moun. 15,000 rupees, or 15001. sterling.

taips.t; " The great extent to which the At a late meeting of the Asiatic Society sound of the voice is conveyed may be of Calcuttaj a letter was read, giving an mentioned in proof of the extreme rarity outline of the theocracy of the Bauddha of this atmosphere. I have heard: the system of Nepal. In other countries, natives carry on conversations from ane following the Bauddha creed, it does not hill to another, and that apparently with. appeat that there are any beings recog- out any extraordinary effort. When lisa nised as superior to Gautama and the tening to them I have often been reminded other Buddhas, although they are avow- of those passages of Holy Writ, where it edly of mortal origin and human nature. is recorded that Jotham addressed: the But in every country different innovations ungrateful men of Shechem from mount have been grafted on the primitive stem, Gerizim (Judges ix.: 720); that David and in none apparently has this-been cará criedi" from the top of an bill afar-off! ried farther than in Nepal. According to to Abner and to the people that lay about the information now communicated, the their master Saul (1 Sam. xxi. 13); and northern Buddhas acknowledge four sets that Abner addressed Joab from the top of Divine beingsor of superhuman objects of an bill.”. (2 Sam. ii. 25;.&c.) In the of veneration. The first of these is, coni dense atmosphere of England, and even trary to the generally supposed atheistical in the purer-air of the plains of India, it tendency of the faith, one primæval and is not easy to imagine how a discourse unereated Deity. This first Buddha mani: could have been carried on at so great fested five of his attribntes, as five seeons a distance, and from such an eminence; dary Baddhas. From these five personi- but on the Neelgherries the portions of fications five other Buddhas or Bodhi sacred history,'to which I have referred, satwas, were produced, by: whom the receive a striking illustration. It is worsetive duties of creation were performed; thy of remark also; in proof of the rarity of and amongst the created beings oecur the the atmosphere, that the heavenly bodies human Buddhas and Bodhi-satwas, of the appear with much greater brilliancy than first of whom there are seven principal, when viewed from the plain. The planet and the latter of whom are infinite; in Venus gives as much light as the moon cluding every person of exalted piety by in her quarters." which the individual may become a living

CEYLON. 143 Buddha, such as the Lama of Lassa is 1 -The right of trial by jury has been ensupposed to be."

joyed in Ceylon for more than sixteea wThe Government Gazette, in reference years. Sir Alexander Johnston, who had to the schools belonging to the Ladies' Som the merit of introducing it there, adciety for Native Pemale Education, re- dressed a letter about two years ago to marks, that " it appears, from the last the Board of Control, in which he states Report of the Society, that they support the practical effects wbich had resulted thirty schools in Calcutta, containing the from the measure. We copy the follow aggregate number of 600 children, who are ing attestation from his communication, on taught reading and writing, and some of account of the interest which the subject then needlework. This latter branch of has recently excited in reference to the female education, not the least useful, propriety of the measures in progress for will, it:rig expected; be more extensively extending the trial by jury to every part taught, when the children are more gene. of India. rally collected in the central school, which “ The native jurymen being now judges is it the course of construction, at Symlia of fact, and the Baropean judges only aid the expense of which has been in judges of law, 'one European judge only great part provided for był the liberal is now necessary, where formerly-two

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or three were necessary.' The native of sitting upon juries, an interest which jurymen, from knowing the different de- they never felt before in upholding the grees of weight which may safely be given British Government of Ceylon. "The to the testimony of their countrymen, beneficial consequence of this feeling is decide upon questions of fact with so strongly exemplified in the difference bemuch more promptitude than Europeans tween the conduct which the native incould do, that, since the introduction of habitants of the British settlements on trial by jury, no trial lasts above a day, Ceylon observed in the Kandian war of and no session above a week or ten days at 1803, and that which they observed in furthest; whereas before the introduction the Kandian war of 1816. As every native of trial by jury, a single trial used some- juryman, whatever his caste or religion times to last six weeks or two months, may be or in whatever part of the and a single session not unfrequently for country he may reside, appears before three months. All the natives who at- the supreme court once at least every tend the courts as jurymen obtain so two years, and as the judge who presides much information during their attendance, delivers a charge at the opening of each relative to the modes of proceeding and session to all the jurymen who are in the rules of evidence, that, since the attendance on the court; a useful opestablishment of jury trial, Government portunity is afforded to the natives of have been enabled to find amongst the the country, by the introduction of trial half-castes and native jurymen some of by jury, not only of participating themthe most efficient and respectable native selves in the administration of justice, but magistrates in the country, who, under also of hearing any observations which the control of the Supreme Court, at the judges, in delivering their charge little or no expense to Government, ad- may think proper to make to them with minister justice in inferior offences to the respect to any subject which is connected native inhabitants. The introduction of either with the administration of justice, the trial by native juries, at the same time or with the state of society or morals in that it has increased the efficiency and any part of the country. The difference dispatch of the courts, and has relieved between the conduct which was observed both prisoners and witnesses from the by all the proprietors of slaves on Ceylon, hardships which they incurred from the in 1806, which was before the introducprotracted delay of the criminal sessions, tion of trial by jury, and that which was has, independent of the savings it ena- observed by them in 1816, which was bled the Ceylon Government to make five years after the introduction of trial immediately on its introduction, sinee by jury, is a strong proof of the change afforded that government an opportunity which may be brought about in public of carrying into effect, in the judicial opinion, by the judges availing themselves department of the island, a plan for a of the opportunity which their charging permanent saving of ten thousand pounds the jury on the first day of session af. a year. As no man whose character for fords them, of cireulating amongst the honesty or veracity is impeached can be natives of the country such opinions as enrolled on the list of jurymen, the cir- may promote the welfare of any particular cumstance of a man's name being upon class of society. As the right of every the jury roll is a proof of his being a man proprietor of slaves to continue to hold of unexceptionable character. As the slavea on Ceylon was guaranteed to him rolls of jurymen are revised by the Su- by the capitulation under which the preme Court at every session, they ope- Dutch possessions had been surrendered rate as a most powerful engine in making to the British arms in 1795, the British the people of the country more attentive Government of Ceylon conceived that, than they used to be in their adherence however desirable the measure might be, to truth. The right of sitting upon they had not a right to abolish slavery on juries has given the natives of Ceylon a' Ceylon by any legislative act. A provalue for character which they never felt position was however made on the part before, and has raised in a very remark- of Government by me to the proprietors able manner the standard of their moral of slaves in 1806, before trial by jury feelings. All the natives of Ceylon who was introduced, urging them to adopt are enrolled as jurymen, conceive them- some plan of their own accord for the selves to be as much a part, as the Eu- gradual abolition of slavery. This proropean judges themselves are, of the go- position they at that time unanimously vernment of their country; and therefore rejected. The right of sitting upon juries feel, sinee they have possessed the right was granted to the inhabitants of Ceylon -- CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 306.

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in 1811. From that period I availed which Sir Alexander found to be the myself of the opportunities which were Dialectics of Aristotle ! afforded to me, when I delivered my

SAINT HELENA. charge at the commencement of each The Governor and Council of St. Hesession to the jurymen, most of whom lena have published a letter received from were considerable proprietors of slaves, the Court of Directors of the East-India of informing them of what was doing in Company, dated the 19th of December England upon the subject of the abolition 1826, in which they remark: of slavery, and of pointing out to them A stop has happily been put to the the difficulties which they themselves perpetuity of slavery at St. Helena, by must frequently experience, in executing the noble resolutions which the propriewith impartiality their duties as jurymen, tors of slaves there adopted in the year in all cases in which slaves were con- 1818; by which children born subsecerned ; a change of opinion upon the sub- quently to that period were declared free. ject of slavery was gradually perceptible But although the eventual abolition of amongst them, and in the year 1816, the slaves has thus been secured, yet there proprietors of slaves of all castes and are a considerable number of persons religious persuasions in Ceylon, sent me who must continue in that degrading their unanimous resolutions, to be pub- state during life; unless steps be taken licly recorded in court, declaring free all for their manumission, and to whom the children born of their slaves after the misery and degradation of slavery appear 12th of August 1816, which in the course aggravated by the contrast between their of a very few years must put an end to condition and that of their free-born prothe state of slavery which had sub- geny. The interest which we feel in the sisted on Ceylon for more than three speedy and entire abolition of slavery at centuries."

St. Helena, is proportioned to our anxious The following authentic fact illustrates desire for the welfare of the island, and the benefits of the jury-system. After for the happiness of all classes of its poputhe introduction of juries into Ceylon, a lation, persuaded as we are that slavery wealthy Brahmin, whose unpopular cha- presents the most serious of all obstacles racter had rendered him obnoxious to to the prosperity of the community where many, was accused of murdering his it exists. It must be admitted that the nephew, and put upon trial. He chose subject is encompassed with difficulties. a jury of his own caste ; but so strong We think, however, that the communicawas the evidence against him, that twelve tion through you to the slave proprietors, (out of thirteen) of the jury were tho- of our opinions and views, may have a roughly convinced of his guilt

. The salutary effect in reconciling conflicting dissentient juror, a young Brahmin of parties--and in upholding and strengthenRamisseram, stood up, declared his per- ing your efforts; and with this hope, we suasion that the prisoner was the victim declare our deliberate conviction, that, so of a conspiracy, and desired that all the soon as a slave understands and appreciates witnesses might be recalled. He ex- the nature and blessing of freedom, that amined them with astouishing dexterity boon should, if possible, be conferred; and and acuteness, and succeeded in extort- further, that it is the bounden duty of the ing from them such proofs of their per. Government to take all practicable steps, jury, that the jury, instead of consigning in the way of education and instruction, the accused to an ignominious death, for fitting the slaves for the reception of pronounced him innocent. The affair so inestimable a privilege. If the schools made much noise in the island ; and the already instituted do not present sufficient Chief Justice (Sir A. Johnston himself) means for the education of adult slaves, sent for the juror who had so distin. the deficiency ought to be supplied; and guished himself, and complimented him we shall be ready to sanction any arrangeupon the talents he had displayed. The ments which you may deem calculated to Brahmin attributed his skill to the study promote that object. of a book, which he called " strengthener “But we must express an equally deof the mind.” He had procured it, he cided opinion that the proprietors are said, from some pilgrims at Ramisseram, justly entitled to the value of their slaves who obtained it from Persia; and he whenever they may be declared free. This had translated it from the Sanscrit, into point being provided for, the proprietors which it had been rendered from the would have no cause of complaint; nor Persian. Sir A. Johnston expressing would they, we are persuaded, unneces. curiosity to see this work, the Brahmin sarily retard the emancipation of their brought him a Tamul MS. on palm leaves, slaves. The value of slaves should not be

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