« AnteriorContinuar »
arbitrarily fixed according to the caprice satisfied of the good character of the slave or particdar views of each individual pro- we authorize you, for the purposes of reprietor, but (as your governor proposes) ward to hiin, and of example to others, to by the fair inquiries of a committee chosen pay the valuation, as a loan (without inpartly by the government and partly by the terest) from the Company to the slave, proprietors. The period at which a slave upon his vidertaking to reimburse it gramay be manumitted must necessarily be dually out of his earnings. We further that at which he, or some one on his be- authorize you in all cases in which for the half, may tender to the proprietors the like purposes you may deem it expedient amount of the valuation. Freedom may to accelerate the period of manumission then be safely granted, and must not be of slaves who may be making deposits out withheld; for whether the means of re- of their earnings, to advance, as a loan, demption may have been obtained through the difference between such deposits and personal industry in hours of leisure sanc. the valuation. tioned by his master, or through the good “ We are not ignorant that the acts of opinion of benevolent individuals, it may grace and favour which we have now auwith reason be expected that the slave is thorized will eventually entail expense on deserving of the blessing which he seeks the Company. Where the slave falls sick, to possess.
or becomes old and infirm, we cannot ex· The whole of a slave's time, except- pect to be repaid what has been lent. But ing Sundays, belongs to his master; and this is a loss to which we are content to thus it is obvious, that unless the master be subjected, as the cost of effecting great allow a small portion of time, the slave good. will not be enabled to earn the price of his " It has been urged in objection to the redemption. We trust, and, from their emancipation of slaves at St. Helena, that conduct hitherto, we have reason to be. it would be difficult to supply their place lieve, that the masters generally will not by free labour. Some such inconvenience hesitate to concede some indulgence in might probably be sustained if the emancithis respect. A very limited period might pation were general, but not so long as it accomplish the object; for a great deal is limited to those slaves who shall give may be effected in a little time by a slave solid proof of their industry and good when he knows that freedom will be the character. The labour which these slaves result of industry. The savings' bank would perform when free men, would, we which we lately sanctioned will enable the think, be greater than that which they slaves to deposit their earnings at interest. yielded in a state of servitude."
“ We are aware that, even supposing We need offer no remark upon a docuthese arrangements to be carried into ment so honourable both to the Court of effect to the utmost extent which can be Directors and to the local authorities of reasonably contemplated, there will still St. Helena. Would that measures conremain cases of slaves without any fair ceived in a similar spirit were extended to prospect of becoming free by their own our West-India colonies and the Mauexertions. In such cases, when you are
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SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGA- under the Divine blessing, led to the
TION OF THE GOSPEL. establishment of the two societies whose We laid before our readers, in our last cause is now pleaded. The Society Number, some extracts from a most ju- for propagating the Gospel in Foreign dicious and pious “ Invitation" lately Parts, received its charter from King issued, “ addressed to all Christians, and William in 1701. Its views extended most especially to members of the Church to all places, whether in Europe, Asia, of England, in behalf of the Society for Africa, or America, with which the trade promoting Christian Knowledge, and the of this country gave us connexion. But Society for the Propagation of the Go- as its annual incomewas not much more than spel in Foreign Parts.” Those extracts 10001., such a sphere of exertion was too referred only to the claims of the former large for its means, and the colonies of of these societies; and we feel much America merited and received the first pleasure in now adding those of the attention.—At this time, thousands of latter. Our extracts will be long; but our colonists in America were living much of the information it contains will without public worship, without the adbe novel, as well as interesting to many ministration of the sacraments, without of our readers.
spiritual instruction of any kind, - in “ The Society for the Propagation of the short, both speculatively, and practically, Gospel in Foreign Parts, claims our atten- almost without God in the world;' tion next. The first connexion of this and others, though retaining the form country with America, was at the beginning of godliness,' were abandoned to all those of the reign of James I. Certain sermons, manifold corruptions of Christianity, which preached about 1609, speak largely of are the natural consequence of the want the gudly endeavours of some persons of a regular and duly qualified ministry. for the great and glorious work of ga. To bring back these unhappy wanderers thering in the Gentiles.' Lord Bacon, in to the fold from which they had strayed, 1629, brought the subject before Parlia- was the primary object which the soment, and renewed attention was given ciety proposed to itself; the conversion to it in 1622. The unhappy events which of the Negrocs, who were intermixed followed put a stop to all missionary de- with them, and of the Indians with whom signs. But in 1695, the eminently pious they had intercourse, completed its beDr. Bray, devoting himself to the cause, nevolent designs. especially as connected with the West “ An abstract from an appeal made to Indies, revived the Christian spirit which the Society from Salem, in New Jersey,
Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. in 1722, may serve to illustrate the truth hundred persons in every journey which of this statement, and shew the value in he made. He was called to his reward, which these endeavours were held. “A on the scene of his labours, after fifteen poor unhappy people make bold to apply years of unremitting exertion.' ourselves to God, through this pious som “ The separation of the United States ciety—that as his goodness has vouchsafed of America unhappily put an end to their us a moderate support for our bodies, his connexion with this society. But the Holy Spirit may influence you to provide us flourishing condition and increase of their with spiritual food for our souls. Our Episcopal Church, the books of piety indigence is excessive, and our destitution which its press is continually sending deplorable, having never been so blessed as forth, and the eminent examples of Christo have a person settled among us, to tian life which it has given, may be fairly dispense the blessings of religion.—How traced, and, under God, attributed, to the should they know, having learned so early and truly Christian efforts of the Solittle of God, and how can they learn ciety for the Propagation of the Gospel. without a teacher ?–Our case is truly This church is one in doctrine and discipă lamentable, and deserving Christian com- line with ourselves, and acknowledges with passion. The Lord in mercy look upon gratitude and pious affection, the debt us, and excite you, according to your which she owes to her spiritual parent ! wonted piety, to have a compassionate
“ Debarred from the scene of its earliest regard to our case; and we pray the great labours, the society's attention, for a time, God to prosper all your pious under- was wholly given to the vast provinces of takings to promote his glory and the good Upper and Lower Canada, Nova Seotia, of his church, especially in this destitute New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Prince place of the pilgrimage, of your most Edward's Island, and the Bermudas. The dutiful servants, &c.'
actual number of missionaries at present “ Such pathetic appeals were not unfre- supported in these parts alone, is 103, in quent. But, alas ! to many of them, the addition to which, 113 schoolmasters are society, from want of funds, was compelled assisted from its funds. With a view to to refuse or postpone the desired aid. So the formation of a body of native clergy, far as its means extended, it provided large annual grants have been made to missionaries, catechists, and schoolmas, King's College, Windsor, Nova Scotia, ters, built churches, and established mis- and scholarships permanently endowed. sions, directly for the heathen, among the Frequent grants are made in aid of five nations of the Iroquois, Mohawk, churches, and the National System of and other Indians : while, in regard to the education is introduced in the capitals of colonies nominally Christian, its effects Nova Scotia, Canada, and New Brunsmay be judged of by a single fact. At wick, and is rapidly extending throughout the commencement of its labours it found every part of the North-American colofive churches, which in a few years, under nies. For proofs of the happy effects its care and assistance, were multiplied to which are daily arising from these meatwo hundred and fifty !-Nor would it be sures, an appeal is confidently made to just to omit the tribute of praise which is the testimonies of the public authorities, due to an individual connected with this and to all who have had opportunity of society. Clement Hall, a magistrate of witnessing the course of its operations, North Carolina, emulating its zealous and and the results of its influence. And yet, pious spirit, about the year 1732, devoted amidst all its success, the society is conhis life to the missionary cause--visited stantly under the painful necessity of England to be ordained, -and returned to refusing or delaying to comply with the his country to a course of unremitting most urgent applications for additional exertions. In the first nine months he ministers, by a deficiency of funds ! baptised 780 children and thirty-six adults, “ At the same time, another source of of whom ten were Negroes. In the course expenditure has been opened to the soof eight years he travelled about 14,000 ciety by the extended colonization of the miles, constantly officiating, during which southern parts of Africa, and the interior time he baptised nearly 6000 white, 243 of New Holland, where the same course black children-fifty-seven white, and of labour and expense demands and twelve black adults, well instructed and awaits with anxious impatience, its Chrisprepared,—besides visiting the sick, and tian sympathy and interference. In readministering the communion and other cent years the average annual expenditure ordinances of religion to two or three has exceeded the society's income 60001.
-an excess which, if not met by a liberal prelate, whose loss the Christian church increase of contributions, must inevitably has recently been called on to deplore, has bring ruin on its funds.
borne the most warm and gratifying testi“ It was found to be advisable, and al- monies to the characters of the missionmost necessary, to appropriate the col- aries employed by the society, in Northern lections made under the Royal Letter, in India ; and his dying breath was spent in 1819, to the exclusive uses of Bishop's eulogizing the state of the native ChrisCollege, Calcutta ;-for a new, a wider, tians around Madras, declaring, the and still more important field of exertion strength of the Christian cause in India is has opened before the society in the East. there,' -- and commending them to the In India, a population of eighty millions watchful care of this society, which has is subject to the British Crown. In 1812, recently received them ander its protecan estimate of the Christian subjects of tion. Five European missionaries and six the British government in Asia amounted native teachers were added to this soto above 675,000 (including Protestant ciety's establishment, by the transfer of half-casts, but not including Roman Ca- its missionary department in India, made tholics, or Syrian Christians). Little in 1825, by the Society for propagating provision had been made for the instruc- Christian Knowledge. And now there is tion of these immense multitudes, and a most urgent demand for more labourers still less, or rather none, for the conver- in the same extensive field.-In a word, sion of the heathen, until, in 1814, a if our endeavours in India be . so to esta bishop of the Church of England was blish Christanity as may serve to demonplaced in the capital of Hindostan. This strate the religious character of the British auspicious event has changed the whole nation, to provide for the exigencies of aspect of religious affairs in the Eastern our beloved brethren, when far severed peninsula. The clergy of that country from their friends and connexions, and at are now members of a united body, and the same time to induce the natives, by subject to legitimate superintendence. An the silent, but persuasive pattern of reincreased energy is infused into the body ligious fellowship, and the sober invitaof the Eastern Church, and all fears are tions of a settled ministry, to lift up their obviated, lest individual zeal without eyes to the truth,'—it cannot but be felt, knowledge,' should enforce Christianity that the character, the history, and the under such a form, or by such methods, actual services of this great society, justify as might pervert its holy tendency, and us in thinking it admirably adapted to make it the source of discord and evil. the purpose. The society is prepared to Bishop's College, at Calcutta, is one of go forward, with zeal tempered by discrethe first happy fruits of this change in the tion, and, in imitation of the patterns of religious government of India. It is de- Holy Writ, relying humbly upon the grace signed to afford education to native or of God. It has propagated the Gospel European youths, who may be willing to in all its integrity. It can point to large devote themselves to the Christian minis- communities, nurtured by its care in the try, and supply a succession of pious men pure doctrines of Christianity, and evincto do the work of evangelists. The ing by their practice the sincerity of their formation of a college library has been profession. With confidence does it apcommenced at a considerable expense; and peal to the good sense and liberality of the in March 1822, it was resolved to endow British nation. It is occupied in a work twenty scholarships for the purpose of of prodigious extent, and of incalculable forming a body of missionaries, catechists, importance, to which its own resources and schoolmasters ; in addition to which, are utterly inadequate. No sincere Chrisa printing-press, with all its appurte- tian, who feels the blessings of his religion, nances, is established. The college is and prays in spirit,' that the kingdom of conducted by a principal and two profes- God may come, can be indifferent to its sors, (the bishop being the visitor,) and at success; while, on every member of the the present time, students are deriving church, it has a most solemn and peculiar the benefit of their instructions. This claim. Freely they have received, foundation may be regarded as an event freely let them give, and testify their in the annals of Christianity, the impor- thankfulness to God, for the spiritual tance of which it is impossible to calculate. blessings with which he has blessed them The plan, indeed, has no splendid or in Christ Jesus, by endeavouring to impart popular pretensions, but has every essen- to others, that form of sound words,' tial for utility and success. The eminent and those means of saving grace, the pos
1827.] Bath Committee for Christian Knowledge-Hibernian Bible Society.375
any other translation, we feel it our duty,
as members of this society, to declare, that
CIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRIS- version of the Scriptures. We therefore
earnestly entreat you to take immediate
nent list of this society; and we respectpleasure in transcribing, with a zealous fully suggest that such versions be printed concurrence in its object, and an earnest in the cheapest form, and be interpaged desire that it may be carried into full effect. with our standard English text. Should
“We have long contemplated with plea- this important and national measure be sure the progressive extension of this so- carried into effect, we confidently hope ciety both at home and abroad; we have that it may eventually lead to a far more beheld, with unalloyed satisfaction, the general connexion of our society with the adoption of measures which have con- sister kingdom. And it is our hearty and nected its operations with the British earnest prayer, that a society which has colonies and dependencies in every part of conferred the most inestimable benefits on the world; and in particular, we have been the English Church, may yet be reserved forcibly struck with that comprehensive to disseminate its blessings in the Church wisdom which has recently dictated the of Ireland ; that it may prove the bond of translation of several of our books and
a more efficient ecclesiastical union; and
cese and district of the United Kingdom."
HIBERNIAN BIBLE SOCIETY.
at a time when there were many parishes “ As friends of this society, we deem which did not possess that number of it quite unnecessary to dwell on the im- copies of the Scriptures, and that, since portance of a principle which has so long that time, no less than 163,628 Bibles and been sanctioned and recognized by our
275,556 Testaments have been circulated, rules and regulations, and which has been and the society then formed has been practically adopted by admitting versions joined by 416 Auxiliary Branches, must of the Scriptures and Book of Common we not say, that this is the work of God, Prayer in the Welsh, Gaelic, and French and that it has prospered by his blessing? languages on the list of the society. But
“ To what are we to attribute the many we feel it our duty on the present occasion conversions which have of late taken place? to urge its application to the wants of Ire- Other means, no doubt, may and have been land; where a large number of the poor, blessed; but, after all
, to the wide spread as we are credibly informed, are still at. of the knowledge of the Gospel is to be tached to their native language, and are attributed the work now going forward. eitber unwilling or unable to read the
“ But whatever has been the extent of Scriptures in any other form. We submit our success, let us remember that to God this measure to your consideration, simply alone belongs all the glory; and to Him on the grounds of remedying an important ought we address our praises and thanksdefect in the society's operations, and givings, that we have been made His without the most distant allusion to any humble instruments in this work of mercy. party or political feelings. If it be a fact,
“ We have been called a proselyting that there are many thousands of native society; we have been branded with the Irish who would accept the Scriptures in opprobrious name of Proselyters. We