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plead guilty to this charge; and I will ada, be as frontlets between thine eyes : and if we were not proselyters we should bave thou shalt write them upon the posts of no claim to the appellation of Christians. thy house and on thy gates!' Shall I

“Our only object is to change the withhold from any one that sacred vopeople-not from one system of religion lume, where we hear the holy prophet to another system of religion ; not from commanding all the people of the land, one place of worship to another place •Search ye out of the Book of the Lord, of worship. I solemnly protest, for one, and read '-where they may hear the and I may venture to say that I am speak- praises of the Bereans, because they ing the sentiments of the large number of searched the Scriptures daily, to see if my reverend brethren by whom I am sure the things taught them were so—where rounded, that I should feel neither satis St. Paul writes to Timothy, Continue faction nor pleasure if the whole Roman- thou in the things which thou hast learned Catholic population passed over from the and hast been assured of, knowing of chapel to the church, save as it afforded whom thou has learned them, and that them an opportunity of hearing the read- from a child thou hast known the Holy ing and preaching of the glad tidings of Scriptures, which are able to make thee that Gospel of mercy of which they hear wise unto salvation, through faith which little or nothing. No! we would prose- is in Christ Jesus '-where they may oblyte the Roman Catholics in the same viously see, in the Epistle to the Philipmanner in which we would proselyte pians, that St. Paul wrote to the people the Protestants; for we know, full well, as well as to the pastors, distinguishing that many of them, too, have a form of the one from the other: Paul and Timogodliness but deny the power thereof: theus the servant of Jesus Christ, to all many of them, too, have a name to live, the saints in Christ Jesus which are at and are dead: many of them, too, have a Philippi, with the bishops and deacons 'zeal of God, but not according to know where St. James writes to the twelve ledge : and we would desire, through the tribes, scattered abroad—where St. Peter blessed means of Gospel light, to turn the addresses his First Epistle to the strangers hearts of the disobedient to the wisdom scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, of the just, to raise them out of darkness Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia ; and, still into, God's marvellous light, and to bring more generally, his Second Epistle to them from under the dominion of sin and them that have attained like precious Satan into the glorious liberty of the chil- faith with us, through the righteousness dren of God.

of God and our Saviour Jesus Christ. “ Am I, then, to be told, that, though “But the time would fail should I quote I know that the people are taught false all the passages from that sacred book, of and dangerous doctrine not only what which the unhappy votaries of an unscripis not supported by Holy Scripture, but tural church are kept ignorant, which what is manifestly opposed to it, I am prove that it is the will of God that his not, for fear of offending, to open to word should be examined daily : and am them the truth as it is in Jesus, and lead I to be told, that, for fear of offending them to those paths which conduct to that church, I must join its priesthood in everlasting life? Am I to be told not to sealing up for ever the word of truth and read to them the Holy Scriptures, for life from our perishing fellow-creatures ? fear of being called a Proselyter; and to No! I would call on all to exert increased seal from their eyes those Scriptures of zeal in this Christian cause; but I would God, of which the blessed Jesus himself more particularly urge on my reverend says, ' Search the Scriptures: for in them brethren, at the head of whom I feel it a ye think ye have eternal life, and they are privilege and an honour to be placed this they which testify of me?' Must I neglect day, the imperative duty which devolves to put into their hands that sacred vo- upon them, of feeding with the bread of lume, in which they shall read those everlasting life the many thousands which words of the living God himself— These are hungering for this spiritual food. Enwords which I command thee this day deavour to persuade all to judge for themshall be in thy heart: and thou shalt teach selves-not to yield blind obedience to them diligently unto thy children ; and yourselves, or to any other teacher ; but shalt talk of them when thou sittest in to prove all things, and hold fast that thy house, and when thou walkest by the which is good'-to be guided by the book way, and when thou liest down, and when of God, and to search in that sacred thou risest up: and thou shalt bind them record for the path to everlasting life." for a sign upon thy band, and they shall

new

1827.]

Translation Society-Christian Missions in India. 377 FRENCH AND SPANISH TRANS- EFFECTSOFCHRISTIAN MISSIONS LATION SOCIETY.

IN INDIA, In pursuance of the plans of this society, We have lately laid before our readers the late Rev. Thomas Scott's Commentary the testimony of various ministers of our on St. Matthew, translated into French, own communion, to the beneficial effects has been printed as far as the sixteenth of Christian missions in India. The folchapter: in Spanish, Mr. Wilberforce's lowing is the testimony of two dissenting Practical View of Christianity has been missionaries, delivered at the last annual printed, the first volume of Milner's meeting of the London Missionary SoChurch of Christ has been completed at ciety. With such concurrent weight of the press, the second is now printing, the evidence, from persons of different perthird is in a course of translation ; and suasions, and residing in various parts a volume of the Rev. Edward Cooper's of India, obstinate indeed must be the Sermons is translated. The society has scepticism which would still maintain printed, in the whole, 9500 volumes in that the distribution of the word of God, Spanish, and has 1000 in the press. The the promotion of education, and the extent of the sphere of labour opening be- other plans in progress for the moral fore the society is thus stated

and religious benefit of India, have failed “The importance of the French lan- of their effect. A foundation at least, we guage need not be insisted on: the wide doubt not, is, by the blessing of God, laid diffusion of it over every part of the civi- for the future evangelization of that vast lized world makes it the easy medium of empire. communication with almost every nation. The Rev. J. Edmonds, missionary from The most considerable exception is that Chinsurah, said, “ I view it as my duty as of Old and New Spain ; and it is to the a missionary to bear my testimony to the sixteen or eighteen millions under the operations of this society in India. The

Spanish-American Governments, missionaries employ part of the Sabbath just awakening to civil liberty and that in preaching to their countrymen, and eager thirst for knowledge which usually this has been accompanied with a blessing accompanies it, that this society is in the from God. Wherever a church is formed, first place directing its view : the tole there a Missionary Society is established rant spirit pervailing in those states, the there a Missionary Prayer-meeting is anxiety shewn by all classes to read the held--there an intense anxiety for the cheological works of the present day, the conversion of the heathen is felt; and total dearth of such works in their own three members of churches have given language, and the facility for translation themselves to this work, and a fourth is afforded by the residence of many expa- studying for it. When the missionary is triated Spaniards of piety and learning in confined, friends go and visit his school; our own country, are so many calls on and at our last anniversary, upwards of British Christians to seize the inviting one thousand rupees were collected and opportunity-an opportunity which may, placed to the account of the society. perhaps, soon pass away-for sending the Many of the missionaries are employed glad tidings of salvation by faith in Christ in composing suitable books for the peoJesus to so large a portion of their fellow- ple, a spirit of inquiry having been excited men and professed fellow. Christians : and among the natives, and your missionaries surely no division of the Christian church labour to supply them with proper works ; can appeal so forcibly to enlightened cha- and the beneficial result will, I doubt not, rity as the Spanish American, where a be seen in the progress of the missionary faint aud almost extinguished Christianity cause amorig them. The objections brought seems, at this moment of political and na- against our publications bave now died tional deliverance, to call upon us to give away. Formerly, when a book was brought to the spirit of inquiry, now rising up into a school, if it contained the name among them, that safe and holy direction of Jesus, the children took the alarm and which the knowledge of the Gospel of left the school; but now they read the Christ can alone confer."

Gospels, learn the catechisms, and many The conductors of the society deeply of them have gained a considerable knowlament that they are greatly restricted by ledge of Divine truth. With reference to the limited amount of their funds, and the adults, much useful knowledge has they earnestly implore the Christian pub- been disseminated among them; and lic to assist their efforts to promote the near our missionary stations the people Gospel of Christ wherever the sphere of have gained a correct acquaintance with their operations extends.

the doctrines of the Christian faith, CHRIST. OBSERY. No. 306.

3 C

Yes, Hindoos have embraced the Gospel, the people of both sexes, the opportunities and churches composed of them

have been of distributing tracts will become more formed at different places. Although these and more inviting. beginnings are small, and looked upon with “ But it is not the thousands of Jaffna contempt by heathens, and frowned upon merely, who are to be supplied. You are by nominal Christians, yet they are, I doubt well aware that the Tamul language is not, smiled upon by Heaven as the germ spoken, not only in the district of Jaffna, of that church which shall lengthen its but by great numbers in other parts of the cords, and strengthen its stakes, till it fills island. Among these, also, though we all India."

could not often preach, we might, had we The Rev. Dr. Marshman, from Seram- the means, distribute tracts extensively. pore, said :-" I rise to add my humble If we look across to the neighbouring testimony to that of my esteemed brother continent, we see a population of several who has detailed to you the state of things millions prepared to receive tracts in the in that part of India where we have la- Tamul language. One of our own number, boured. " I rejoice that the hopes which having lately had occasion to travel a conhe has conceived are founded upon such siderable distance in the south of India, facts. as give us reason to believe they will found multitudes of people eager to receive be far exceeded by the event, in a few tracts. By occasional tours into different years. We have had, during the last parts of the country, and by visiting the twenty-seven years, scenes presented to temples and markets, where the people us in India, which have cheered our hearts. assemble in great numbers, we have exWe have seen the Hindoo come to receive cellent opportunities for the distribution the word of life; and those who were pro- of tracts in far greater quantities than we. strate under the yoke of the Brahmins, have to distribute. rise up and declare that they also are men “ While the reading population of this that they have souls to be saved, and district is so fast increasing, we have great that it is their's to search the word of life reason to rejoice in the facilities already for themselves."

enjoyed in several places in the south of

India, and even in Jaffna, for the preparaAMERICAN MISSION IN CEYLON. tion and printing of Tamul tracts. "The

The American missionaries in Ceylon Tract Society at Madras, which is much detail the following particulars respecting the largest, has already printed a considerthe success of their mission, with especial able variety of very useful tracts in Tamul. reference to the distribution and useful- Many have been printed in Travancore. ness of religious tracts.

In Jaffna also, the church missionaries “ We live in the midst of a dense have a printing press in operation, and population, to whom we have easy access. have already printed small editions of Before the establishment of Native Free several tracts. In the preparation of Schools in the district, the number who tracts we have ourselves done somecould read intelligibly the printed character, thing; and having a tolerable acquaintance was not comparatively great, though it with the Tamul language, are prepared to must have been considerable in a popula- do more. But after all, we can do but tion of 200,000 souls, among whom learn- little in comparison with the magnitude ing is held in high estimation. To these of the object, and the urgent necessities are now to be added great numbers of of the people." youth who have been taught to read in these schools during the last nine or ten PRAYER-BOOK AND HOMILY years, almost all of whom received tracts

SOCIETY. with eagerness, and read them with atten- The following is the substance of the tion themselves and often to their friends last Report of this highly useful Churchand neighbours. Our need of tracts there. of-England Society. We may take another fore is very great, and fast increasing. opportunity of giving a few additional de

“ The number of Native Free Schools tails. now under our superintendence, is seventy; “ The experience of the last year has not containing 2203 and 483 girls ; making a only confirmed, but increased, the expectotal of 2686. The number under the care tations which before existed of favourable of our brethren of the church and Wesleyan results, arising from the society's labours Missionary Societies, is 564 boys and 50 among, seamen.

Still the visits of the girls; making the sum total of those under agent have been received, for the most a course of Christian education in the dise part, with kindness, and often with gratitrict, about 3300.

tude. Many commanders of vessels, who “ In all these schools, tracts may be had previously held public worship, at sea, used daily as reading books, and explained when weather permitted, have gladly proto the children by the teachers and school moted the sale of Prayer-books among visitors. The schools may also become their men, in the hope of their receiving depositories of tracts, to be distributed in greater benefit from the ordinances of some degree by the scholars themselves; the Sabbath. Several captains, who had and as the system of instruction proceeds, hitherto not adopted this most salutary and the habit as well as the capability of practice, have expressed their resolution reading is more generally extended among to neglect it no longer ; have themselves purchased Prayer-books, as an earnest of as they have hitherto had no idea of the their sincerity; and encouraged or assisted real doctrines of the Established Church.' their men in doing the same. The in- On another occasion the same individual stances in which seamen, not provided made the following remark: The great with a Prayer-book, have been unwilling desire which has arisen for the Prayerto purchase one, have been comparatively book of the Church of England, bears testirare ; many have spoken of it as a book mony to the fact, that the work of scripmost useful at sea; and frequently, where tural'instruction is going on in Ireland.” superiors on ship-board have given it as “ The attention of this society has been their opinion, that the kind offer of the called to the case of the converts from society was not likely to be accepted by Popery in the county of Cavan ; in consetheir crews, they have been agreeably sur- quence of which, an assortment of Prayerprised, when many of their men have not books, both English and Irish, has been only readily but thankfully hailed the granted : and such a selection of the boon.-The Homilies, also, have been Homilies, bound up together, as, after still found to be peculiarly acceptable; due consideration, seemed best suited to and some proofs of good, arising out of the circumstances of those parts of Ireland former efforts of the society, have cast a at the present time. light

upon the path of self-denying exertion. “ The society's Welsh Prayer-book-in “During the last twelve months, many long primer type-is now sold for Is. 3d. of the principal sea-ports have been visited; the

copy. and at several of them agencies, for the “We now turn to the proceedings of the most part under the direction of clergy. society among our own countrymen, or men, have been established. The whole fellow-subjects abroad. A clergyman in of his Majesty's ships in ordinary - Ceylon writes: 'I am happy to assure you, stationed at Sheerness, Chatham, Ports- that the greater part of your books have mouth, and Devonport-have been sup- long been in useful circulation. Many of plied, under the sanction and superin- the Prayer-books I bestowed upon native iendence of the respective commanders, youths, who have acquired a sufficient with the formularies of the church. Visits knowledge of our language to unite with for the same general purpose have been us in our English service, and some have paid to all the hulks; and volumes of been given to English soldiers.' select Homilies, gratuitously supplied, “ From the Cape of Good Hope a corhave been placed under the care of the respondent writes: As Prayer-books were several chaplains, for the use of the pri- much wanted by those who could read, in soners there confined.

a school established here for the instruction “ Among the collateral encouragements of the children of heathen and slaves-in to perseverance, the following is one:- which school portions of the Liturgy are . When my ship was at Bombay,' said daily used, and the whole Form of Prayer the captain of an Indiaman, ' I respect- in public worship on the Sabbath have fully solicited the late Bishop Heber, who distributed the books entrusted to me, as was then at that presidency, to perform rewards to the scholars, or as presents to Divine service on board my vessel. The the most deserving on leaving school." bishop expressed his willingness, but “ The following is part of the last comstated also his fears that the sailors would munication from the Auxiliary Society pay little or no attention to the service. formed in Sierra Leone, “It would give His lordship, however, came on board; the members of the Parent Society real and, having performed Divine service pleasure, could they witness, as I have twice that day in the presence of the often done, the devout approach of the crew, was so much gratified with the pious African to the throne of the Heamarked attention of the men, that he venly Grace,' on the Sabbath morn. We appointed a chaplain to read prayers and are greatly assisted by having the formupreach every Sunday to the assembled laries of our church at so cheap a rate as crews of the ships lying at Bombay.' your society supplies them, in a language

“ The sea fishermen and river fisher- which many of the liberated Africans are men, as well as sailors generally, have be- now able to read. I have witnessed, with come objects of the society's attention. delight, the care with which the children

“During the last, as in the course of the in our schools lay up their pence, when fourteen preceding years, the committee they can obtain any, to purchase Prayerhave granted, for the use of Sunday schools, books; it being a maxim with me, never to and for distribution by parochial ministers give, if there be any prospect of ability to in very poor parishes, gratuilous supplies buy.' of Prayer-books and Homilies.

* From the West Indies a correspon“An application for Irish Prayer-books dent writes : Several of your Prayerfrom the county of Tipperary was accom- books I have given away to soldiers at the panied by the following remarks: The fort, as well as to others, bond and free ; people are very anxious to obtain the and many of the Homilies have been cirChurch-of-England Prayer-book in both culated among sailors who have visited languages. The Thirty-nine Articles, in our port.' - Some, who have received particular, seem to awaken their curiosity, Prayer-books and Homilies, are Roman

Catholics. A Roman-Catholic woman, derstand. Communications from India
who says she will never change her reli- have also tended to bring this subject, of
gion, sent a few days since to purchase a promoting translations into Oriental lan-
Prayer-book: with it I sent her a few guages, under most serious consideration.
Homilies. The week before Easter I . The late excellent Bishop Heber, at his
sent the Homily for Good Friday and visitation of the archdeaconry of Ceylon,
Easter-day to many persons; as also that proposed that the Homilies should be
on the Descent of the Holy Ghost, before translated into the native languages, for
Whitsunday. I have reason to believe the use of the Government Proponents,
that they were read with attention.'— I or native preachers on probation.
have put the Homily on Marriage, and “ A similar intimation, in respect to the
that on Adultery and Fornication, into translation of the Homilies into Hindoo-
the hands both of bond and free; and stanee, has been given to the committee
not, as I hope, without some good effect. by the venerable Archdeacon of Calcutta ;
I am happy to say, that many of the who also estates, We require a new edi-
slaves are now able to read, particularly tion of the Hindoostanee Prayer-book.
the young belonging to the British Crown; We are preparing also an entire version
and I have never before witnessed so of the Liturgy in Bengalee ; and for these
great a desire among them as now to purposes we want the aid of the Prayer-
receive Christianity, and to respect the book and Homily Society.'
marriage institution. When a young man “ China. In countries where the Chi-
came to me lately, requesting a book on nese language is spoken, the society has
marriage, I gave him the Homily on that an early prospect of increasing its means
subject, and a Prayer-book.'— I believe of usefulness; Dr. Morrison having un-
that, in some instancees, your books have dertaken to translate all the Collects,
been very useful ; and particularly in the Prayers, and Thanksgivings of the English
case of one man, in whom a great change Prayer-book into Chinese.
has taken place; and who one day called, “ Arabic.—Of the parts of the Liturgy
and insisted on my receiving from him translated by Dr. Pococke, and reprinted
half-a-crown, expressing his wish not in the course of the last year by this so-
only to receive, but also to assist in pro- ciety, copies have been sent to Malta, to
curing useful books.'

Calcutta, and Cotym. Of the 500 copies " The foreign objects of the society sent to Malta, 200 have been forwarded comprise the translation, publication, or to Beirout, and 100 to Cairo. To these distribution of the formularies of our have been added, in each instance, the church in foreign languages.

First Homily, in the same language : “ India. The last annual Report stated copies of which have been committed that a version of the Liturgy into Indo- also to persons going to Smyrna, ConPortuguese had been printed. • This stantinople, and other places where they dialect of the Portuguese, spoken in India, may be usefully distributed. opens one of the widest doors for the « To the translation of the formularies, spread of Christian knowledge in that or parts of them, into different languages, country, The descendants of the Portu- procured previously to the last year, the guese, and their language, may be found society bas now added, in almost every creek, from the Persian “The Morning and Evening services of Gulf, down the Malabar Coast, to Cape the church in Persic, translated by Mirza Comorin; and thence to the head of the Ibrahim, and revised by Professor Lee. bay of Bengal, on both coasts; and on- “ In Modern Greek, and in Armenian, ward, beyond the Canton river, as far at translations of the Ninth Homily have least the island of Formosa. This been procured, and are about to be widely scattered class of people are at printed at Constantinople. least not averse to the Christian faith; “ In Turkish the First Homily has and as many of the heathen, among whom been translated by the Bishop of Aleppo, they have been placed, use the same lan- Theoctistus, and carefully revised by Mr. guage, especially for commercial purposes, Argyramo, and Rev H. D. Leeves. This they may probably, in the dispensations has been printed at Constantinople. of an all-wise Providence, be made prip- In Jewish Spanish, a selection of cipal instruments in the renovation of the Prayers and Thanksgivings from the Eastern parts of the world. The com- Liturgy is being prepared, for the use of mittee, therefore, have endeavoured, in present and future converts. the course of the year, to take such mea- “ In pure Portuguese, the committee sures as seemed best calculated to pro- have obtained, and are circulating, a mote the successful circulation of this translation of the Second and Ninth Hobook.-The second and third Homilies also milies, and have commissioned the transhave been rendered into Indo-Portuguese. lator io prepare also a version of parts of

“On visiting ships, the Society's Agent the Liturgy. The Brazils, the Madeiras, has often had reason to lament the want the Azores, and other regions, present an of some suitable means for the religious immense field for the distribution of useiustruction of the Lascars; and this has ful tracts in this language. led to inquiries respecting the language, “In Spanish, the society has just printor languages, which they commonly un- ed a revised translation of the Liturgy,

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