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or his Master's?' He seemed to those that first established the think that the use of languages was Christian religion. Our modern not to make an ostentatious shew Christians have dropped the harsher of them in a man's own country, doctrines of mortification, contrition, but rather to spread Divine and compunction, inward sorrow, and useful knowledge to other parts of spiritual combat, and all that bethe world. With this view, after longs to their taking up a cross; his travels from the eastern coun- and have modelled religion at last tries, he published the New Testa- into a mode, wherein it begins to ment in vulgar Greek, to be sent appear fashionable, and so may in into those parts. He was so in- time be liked by the profanest tent upon the main scope of re- worldling that can be.' There is ligion, that he looked upon all too much justice in this observation; outside privileges and forms, as of and great need there is of the utmost little importance, compared with the endeavours to draw the attention Creator's being again glorified in of mankind more to the substantial the creature. He was very sparing and vital parts of Christianity.”. in extolling one form of worship Extracts from the Wrilings of Mr. above another, and cared not to go
H. W. Ludolf: about arguing people out of their 6. The interest of the church uni. usual way. By this means, he now versal doubtless consisteth in raisand then incurred the displeasure ing, enlarging, and adorning that of some in all parties. His esteem, mystical building which is called however, was not lessened, with the City of God. As real Christianity those who view religion in its essen. spreads and improves, or shrinks tial goodness, as it was first esta- and decays, the universal church blished by Christ, and not as it was may be said either to flourish or afterward modelled by men. If decline. This real Christianity lieth some churches did pretend to a in following, as far as we are enabled more refined mode, and purer doc- by Divine grace, the steps of our trine, he would have that refinement Saviour, and copying out his temper and purity shine forth in the life and behaviour in our lives. True and manners. The primitive faith, Christianity is a resemblance to love, humility, meekness, self-resig- Christ, the restorer of God's image nation, and other Gospel virtues, in the soul of man, and the author he would have to be looked upon and finisher of our faith. Now, the as so many inseparable companions more there are that resemble Christ, to a form of sound words, and to an the more fully is the glorious end of apostolical constitution.
his Gospel answered, and the church “ Thus was this good man for universal is enlarged; and the nearer promoting a spirit of universal, im- they come to their original, the partial piety, in all nations; not only more is the church adorned and working out his own salvation, but rendered glorious. diligent in contriving for, and en- “ Those notions of Christianity deavouring, the salvation of others. must therefore be looked upon as
“ He went through great pains of very low and mean, which would body, and through such trials and make the Christian religion to conconflicts of soul, as are little known sist merely in outward forms of to the Christians of this day.- worship, or in a particular set of : People have now found out a way opinions; and in thinking that heato heaven so easy (says the writer ven is to be stocked out of one parof Ludolf's character), and so free ticular church only, or out of one from temptations, that it seems al. sect and party of Christians. This together different from what it was false supposition hath betrayed of old, when it was called a narrow many into very unchristian courses way, and preached up as such by against those ihat differ from them
in form and party. The effects by their explications of the mystery produced hereby are very deplor- of the ever-blessed Trinity. It stands able. A remedy has been sought us in more stead to know experifor by many pious souls, who have mentally that we one with made it their study to reconcile out- Christ in God, than to know the ward differences. But experience nicest distinctions that busy men shews how fruitless such endeavours have contrived about the mysteries are. It would not signify much, if of salvation. Therefore let people all the men in the world were converse more upon subjects that brought to use the same external are admitted in theory, but not suitform and expressions in their be- ably applied to practice. Let those lief and church-service, should they that have such minds and spirits, continue all the while slaves to sin, that feel the inward power and and abide in the kingdom of dark- love of religion, correspond with one ness. But holiness or real Chris- another, and advise and encourage tianity, sincerely pursued in every and strengthen each other's hands, particular church, would bring in thus promoting real Christianity. people over to that sweet and hea- “Let those that are in authority, venly temper to which jarring and or that have any influence in such disquiet are a perfect stranger. matters, study all possible means to
“Let those that differ vie with one provide such guides for the people, another, who can produce most in- as have themselves the experimenstances of such souls as in their tal knowledge of the above-menseveral churches have attained to tioned real Christianity. Persons the glorious renovation of God's that have not themselves recovered image in the heart; such souls as are life by Christ, will hardly be able endued with that faith which over- to explain, and duly to lay before comes the world; and by which their hearers, what is that old
man, Christ dwelleth in us, enabling with his corrupt deceitful lasts, those that receive him to become that must be put off; and what is children of God. They who are that new man which after God is become new creatures in Christ created in righteousness and true Jesus, and are united with him who holiness ; --what it is to be dead is the Head of the church, need not with Christ, and what to be raised busy themselves about a confession to newness of life. In these things to unite and keep them together. true repentance and faith consist. They are all heartily united already; And these two heads are insisted and live, as it were, by one common on by St. Paul as the main ingresoul, like the Christians of old. dients of salvation, and an unfeigned
“ When people of different per conversion. Learned or florid dissuasions fall into company, they courses, without this foundation, should avoid controversy. Men are will avail little or nothing towards seldom benefited thereby; but their enlarging the kingdom of Christ. animosities are often enflamed to a They may perhaps gain some credit higher degree. Whereas, frequent to the preacher, and fill the hearers good is done even upon men of a with some fine notions; but they differing persuasion, by declining will not make real Christians. Nay, controverted points, and grounding though they should convince the the discourse upon things generally auditory of the advantages of a allowed; that is, upon matters owned good moral life, yet will little be by all parties to be essential to sal- done in reality whilst the principle vation, though practised by very of disobedience, self-will, and selffew. It is presumption to set about love, continue the unhappy spring demonstrating how three are one, or of the beart. There is a vain conone is three; both parties having ceited morality, which is far enough run themselves into inconveniences from being that righteousness of
God, which is the great scope of misery; the more we deny ourselves, the Gospel. Such moralists set up and endeavour to live to God, the their own righteousness, for want more we enjoy comfort and happiof due instruction about the de- ness. To live to God, is to please plorable state of corrupt nature, that incomprehensible bountiful and the great necessity and glorious Master, who reckons it an enhanceadvantage of that new birth which ment of his own glory, when he is from above, and formeth Christ makes his servants partake of it ;in us.
It is by this means that a high proof, this, that selfishness is men are brought to the righteous- a principle opposite to the nature ness of God, which is by faith in of God. And shall we think much Christ. The preachers of religion of devoting our whole life to the should be such, as can say with glorifying of Him who hath such St. Paul, Be ye followers of me, willingness as well as power to glo. even as I also am of Christ. At rify those again who are willing to least, there ought to be the utmost direct and refer all to him only? care taken, that none be set up or “ In the new life, where spirit, encouraged, who may bring a re. soul, and body are sanctified, God proach upon good doctrine by their rules in all the powers and faculties bad examples. It is not probable both of soul and body; and where that the interests of heaven should he rules, there is his kingdom ; and be heartily espoused by those with in that kingdom there is freedom whom the love of the world bears and happiness. . On the other hand, the chief sway Providence has whilst men are in an unregenerate wisely ordered it, that men should state, the reason, the will, and the be disappointed in their ends, when passions are all enslaved by our they give up themselves to make spiritual enemy. The worst of this that of their religion which it was case is, that the more sinners are never designed for. Some have flattered with the hopes of liberty, grievously smarted for their vanity, the more dreadfully they are dein affecting the name and reputa ceived, and at last more cruelly tion of extensive scholars; and have tormented. There cannot be any become utterly unfit for thinking thing more true, than that declararightly themselves, whilst they have tion of God's word; • There is no been wasting their lives in filling peace to the wicked.' Isa. lvii. 21. their minds with other men's no- “ In disputes about religion, I tions.
cannot find the disputants chiefly “ It is an unaccountable bold. concerned, who shall get to heaven ness to reason against Him who soonest ; but they rather quarrel hath given us our reason, and to about their advantages and accomundermine his authority by those modations in their travelling to that very powers which were designed better world. They contend as to to promote his glory. I had rather which of them has the best means experimentally know and taste the and helps, and who have most proeffect of the heavenly food, than vision for their journey. Yet, all quarrel with my brother, which of this while, if you watch their life us hath the best notion, either of and conduct, they rather tread the the nature of this food, or of the path that leads to destruction, than manner in which it is conveyed that which leads to salvation. Their into the soul.
ways are generally more conform“ The true Christian hath Christ able to the humour of the prince of always in his thoughts, as the this world, than to the laws and ex. spring, pattern, and aim of all his ample of Christ. actions. The more we live to our. - No desire is allowable in a selves, the more we entangle our- child of God, but what is subserselves in corruption, disquiet, and vient to his desire after holiness ; for this is the will of God, even degree. Thegracious influence of his our sanctification. He therefore light and Spirit increases and gathers that desires holiness, desires the strength, by the good use we make will of God should be done, which of what we have received. Thus, is the noblest of all desires and God is both the guide, strength, wishes. It is the speech of the and reward of those that do his will. heart only that is acceptable to “ The carnal will of the old man God. Bare words are only outward, moves continually towards its own and the strength and spirit are often centre, the earth, from whence the lost by care about language. What flesh took its rise. The spiritual we ask of God in Christ's name; will of the new man hath its centre that is, in a frame and temper of too, toward which it continually mind like his, will certainly be moves ; that is, God, who by his given to us ; because God delights word hath created the new 'man; in the image of his Son. But be- and inspired him with a Divine will, fore we have put on Christ, we can- The collision of these two opposite not be said to ask in his name; wills, moving contrary ways, one because in Scripture-sense, the upward and the other downward, name and the nature of a thing are causes that fierce combat betwixt the same. And so may be under the flesh and the spirit, of which derstood the new name, Rev. ii. 17, the Scripture speaks at large, and and God's name, iii, 12.
which daily disquiets the spiritual “ A great many persons read the pilgrim in his way to rest and hapBible with a design to be more piness. learned; but few read it with a “ Faith is the life of the inner man. design to be more humble, pious, The beginning of this spiritual life and heavenly minded. When God consists in believing the remission is pleased to speak to the soul, it is of sins for Christ's sake, and the not by bare words, but by a real communication of grace and strength power, and a communication of his to follow him, and that this pardon light, life, and love. Happy are and strength will be granted to me. those gouls that are pure and re- The progress or youth of the spirifined enough to understand his lan- tual life is, when I find my desires guage.
after Christ grow more strong and " A Christian behaviour under fervent, and I am put upon all crosses, consists in patiently bearing manner of activity and diligence in them; and under comforts, in keep the ways of religion, from that light ing up a sense of being unworthy which is the continual impulse of of them. He who is a Christian the new creature. The maturity, indeed, will never think that he or completer age of faith, is known can shake off the one, or deserve by its energy and establishment ; the other ; but still wisheth that when Christ by faith overcomes hell both may work together, for effect- and death within us, and fixeth the ing and establishing the main end heart immoveably, and fills the soul of religion in his soul : namely, with the fulness of God. that self-will and self-love may be « The natural man places his overcome, and God more and more misery in outward troubles and af. loved and trusted by him. There fictions. A Christian reckons his is no affliction so great, but God misery to lie in that unfaithful hath a remedy against it; and there temper of mind which makes him is no affliction so small, but the slothful and inconsistent in the work stoutest man may perish under it, of his Lord, and too often and if be be left of God.
eagerly sets him on his own work. “ The more we strive to do the A truly faithful soul rejoiceth rather will om God, the more our soul is in faithfulness itself, than in the strengthened to do it in a higher reward which is annexed to it."
Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. literally, of the presence of Christ
in the eucharist, to apply with effect There is, or was some time since, the solemn admonitions of this dea French monthly publication, edi. vout though erring writer.
D. D. ted by Jansenists, entitled the Religious Chronicle; which must be OBSERVATIONS ON THE FIRST REwell known to many of your readers, CEPTION OF THE HOLY COMMUand which used to contain many NION. valuable papers on topics of the Among the causes by means of highest interest. In particular, I which the decline of morals is conremember being struck with an tinually increasing, must be ranked article on the first reception of the the scandalous facility with which holy communion, which I have young persons are admitted for lately been tempted to translate, the first time to participate in thinking it not unworthy of a place the holy mysteries.
That act, in your columns, especially as some which has the greatest influence of your correspondents have asked upon the whole life, and on which for information respecting the mo- eternal salvation often depends, is dern Jansenists, whose sentiments passed over with less concern than may be collected with tolerable any temporal business, however inaccuracy from the present paper. significant. The subject of the paper is very It is a common subject of comimportant; and it is treated in a plaint, that young persons, especially way as little open to exception as young men, do not sooner partake can be expected in a member of of the holy communion for the first the Church of Rome, while the time; and that, so far are they from earnestness of its appeal and many making a point of coming to the holy of its practical remarks may deserve table again, they are not seen at and provoke emulation among the the Confessional, and do not even ministers of our own communion. frequent the churches afterwards, The Protestant reader will indeed These complaints are sometimes find in it, as in all the Jansenist heard even in the pulpit. On whom writings, many things deserving of does the blame rest ? Does it not animadversion; and which he must rest, in the first place, on those correct as he reads. But he will fathers and mothers who, being also find in it much sound and ju- destitute of faith, plunged in the dicious admonition, and a vein of grossest ignorance, and stimulated real piety, which will bear to be by various motives, altogether setransplanted to a purer soil. He cular, urge their children to make may pass over the allusions to the haste, and speedily to finish the Confessional and the false sacra- usual preparations for an act which ment of Penance; and he will per- is most serious, but to which they ceive the futility of grounding any unhappily attach no other importpart of the writer's excellent ex. ance that what belongs to the dehortation upon the absurd notion of sire of following a custom ? “ They the eucharist being the real body are of age,” say they. “It is time and blood of Christ; but he will for them to learn something else, still find the general strain of the besides the catechism ;" as if any argument highly important; he will direction were found in the sacred be led to feel that true preparation books, or in the laws of the church, for the holy communion consists prescribing that infants should parnot in having attained a certain age take of the adorable flesh and preand gone through certain forms, cious blood of Jesus Christ, prebut in conversion of heart to God; cisely when they have attained and he will need only to construe such or such a year of their lives; spiritually, what the Papist speaks as if the study of religion, which