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the British and Foreign Bible So. them with the UTMOST RUDENESS, ciety repose that confidence in Mr. and ordered them away." This the Glen's abilities to which they justly reviewer indeed expressly considers entitle him, having engaged him to as no exception whatever against proceed with the translation of the his former assertion, of the absence whole Old Testament into the Persic of all hatred, malice, or uncharilanguage." p. 430.
tableness; because when he comes “ The house purchased by the to what he does consider his excepScottish Missionary Society, and tions, he speaks only of two sects of occupied by its Missionaries, is situ- CHRISTIANS, who are exceptions to ated on the west side of the grand the general spirit of love, harmony, square, and is, beyond comparison, and benevolence amidst these forty the best looking house in Astrakhan. thousand, of forty faiths. These are It was built by a Greek, and disposed the Rascolnicks, a kind of Russian of by him to the Society on the most Roundheads or would-be professors advantageous terms." p. 432. of a purer Christian faith; and the
“ It is certainly cause of deep re. Roman Catholics, who are here, as gret, that the Directors of the Edin- elsewhere, ignorant, bigoted, and burgh Missionary Society should intolerant. Thus, to oppose Chrishave come to the determination of tianity, and to fling Christian Bibles partially, if not entirely, abandon. back into the face of the offerers, ing Astrakhan as a missionary sta- is no mark of heathen intolerance. tion. Their want of success has But beware, and be sure, that been very discouraging ; but if cer- Christianity herself be not unbletain causes, which have hung as a mished, or unbranded with the dead weight on their missions in note of mutual" odium plusquam Russia, could be effectually remov- theologicum." There can be no ed, and more vigorous measures doubt in the eyes of this reviewer, brought into operation, there are, that the “ ego vapulo tantum" of perhaps, few places which present the three English, or rather Scotch, greater facilities for missionary la- families, is proof positive of their bour than that town. Of this the quarrelsome disposition and shameBasle Society seem, in some mea
ful want of toleration for heathen sure, to be aware, and are sending divinity. out labourers into that quarter. It is then to this point that I would May their efforts be crowned with further beg to draw the attention of an abundant blessing !" Ibid. your readers. I must own, that for Perhaps a certain habitual incor- myself
, I can see no matter of surrectness in this.Quarterly Reviewer prise, and much less, of exultation, may be in some measure discover- at the mutual toleration and preable from what appears on the very siding protection afforded by one surface of his paragraph itself. The heathen faith to another heathen “ forty thousand persons, of forty faith, even though the number of different modes of faith ... all tole. faiths amount to full forty, or the rating each other without hatred, or number of the faithful to forty malice, or uncharitableness, on the thousand. It is a very frequent score of their respective religious characteristic of heathen“ ZELOLopinions,” are somewhat unhappily daipovia" -I must not, I suppose, call in contrast with the treatment de- it superstition, or error, or idolatryscribed a few lines afterwards, of for one faith to tolerate and protect the members of these three poor another. It was so at Athens : it English, or rather Scotch, families, was so in the Pantheon of Rome : by those to whom they offered the it is so, I presume, in some measure, harmless boon of a Bible. “Some with Hindoos and Mohammedans times they treated their message themselves, at present, in other with mockery and scorn, HOOTED places besides Astrachan. And I know of nothing particularly soft or effect, with the most faithful followbalmy in the gales that breathe over ers of Christ. It is the this Tartar metropolis, which should
u Father of all, of every age, distinguish the present race of hea
In every clime adored; theus at Astrachan, from heathens By saint, by savage, or by sage , of other ages and other nations.
Jehovah, Jove, or Lord," The truth is, that notwithstanding who is here worshipped in forty the Lucretian jargon about the in- different modes of faith, aš THE tolerance of religion in general, DEITY; and, by a necessary or le“ tantum religio potuit suadere gitimate consequence, the only point malorum ?” a very common cha- really desirable is, that they should racteristic of all false religions is in- be let alone each to pursue his own difference. It is not to be expected mode of faith, in the assurance that that the several tenets of false re- all will meet at length in a happy ligion can fasten upon the mind of union of praise and glory, in the their respective owners with suf- beauty of holiness, before the Eterficient power, to induce, for their nal Throne. It so happened when I own sakes, any great zeal either in first read this article, that I was maintenance or proselytism. The casting my eye over a similar pasgrand political machine of Moham- sage in Hunter's remarkable Narramedanism is, doubtless, a strong tive of an Education and Sojourn exception to this remark in some amongst the North-American Inperiods and positions of its course; dians. Their Great Spirit, THE and politics blended with religion Deity, was acknowledged in due often give to religion alone the form, and at stated times, as doubtcharge of intolerance, due princi- less by the forty worshippers at Aspally to the associated politics. But trachan.--" Our party visited the in the state and polity of Astrachan, spring from which we had procured we presume, all religious politics our supplies of water, and there are, for state reasons, allowed to lie offered up our orisons to THE GREAT in abeyance; and the consequence SPIRIT, for having preserved us in is, that we see a very fair and ac. health and safety; and for having cessible instance of the intellectual supplied all our wants. This is the stagnation, the deadness alike of constant practice of the Osages, head and heart, belonging to the Kansas, and many other nations of caput mortuum of pure heathenism. Indians, located west of the Mis
The only tolerable solution, then, sissippi,on breaking up their encampof the extraordinary burst of exulta- ments, and is by no means an untion which proceeds from our reviewer important ceremony. On the conat such a sight as this, very appro- trary, the occasion calls forth," it is priately occurs in the sentence which pathetically added, "all the devoconveys it. Of these 40,000 wor- tional feelings of the soul; and you shippers, of forty different modes of then witness the silent but deeply faith, Jews, Christians, Mohamme- impressive communion which the dans and Pagans, under the same unsophisticated native of the forest government, and in the same town, holds with his Creator." p. 77.-Hun“ each is worshipping. THE DEITY ter's Memoirs of his Captivity, &c. after his own manner." We have In turning to the fruits of this here the secret charm, and the only devout and unsophisticated worship rational ground on which is built of the Deity, we find in preceding the exultation of the writer ; name- pages the deseription which follows ly, that each is considered by him at once of the code and the practice as a worshipper of the same Deity, of these North-American devotees. and offering the incense of prayer, Unlike indeed their more enlightenand praise, and religious service, ed fellow.heathens at Astraehan, at the same shrine, virtually and in these poor creatures, though impenetrably dense, yet “ treated ” their Psalm cvi. 37-39, we read : “ Yea, first Christian Missionary " with they sacrificed their sons and their great respect, and listened to his dis daughters unto Devils, and shed courses with profound attention:" innocent blood, even the blood of but a little before we find how far their sons and of their daughters, or not the worship, and the practice, whom they sacrificed unto the IDOLS of these respectable sons of nature of Canaan: and the land was pole agreed with each other ; where we luted with blood. Thus were they find the very cream of their creed, defiled with their own works, and and the whole merit of their code, went a whoring with their own in. “ Never steal except it be from an ventions." The language of the enemy, whom it is just that we New Testament is equally uncereshould injure in every possible way. monious, coarse, and " intolerant :" When you become men, be brave “ What say I then, that the idol is and cunning in war, and defend any thing (much less THE DEITY]; your hunting grounds against all or that which is offered in sacrifice encroachments. Never suffer your to idols is any thing? But I say, squaws (wives) or little ones to that the things which theGentiles sawant. Protect the squaws and stran- çrifice, they sacrifice to DEVILS, and gers from insult. On no account not to GOD; and I would not that betray your friend. Resent insults: ye should have fellowship with revenge yourselves on your enemies. DEVILS.” (1 Cor. x, 19, 20.)“ On the Drink not the poisonous strong water authority of such texts, as readers of the White people; it is sent by and believers of the Bible, we may the bad spirit to destroy the In. surely, sir, boldly aver, that the dians. Fear not death ; none but Deity is not worshipped by any but cowards fear to die. Obey and those who worship Him according venerate the old people, particularly to His own revealed character and your parents. Fear and propitiate chosen mode of worship: and that, the BAD SPIRIT, that he may do whatever hopes we may charitably you do harm :- love and adore the entertain for those who, in the best Good SPIRIT, who made us all, who manner they are able, worship that supplies our hunting grounds, and which is not the Deity, and offer keeps us all alive." p. 21.
worship which, in itself, must be I shall not stop here to inquire highly offensive to Him who is so; whether the united wisdom of all yet that the very supposition of the the forty sects enumerated by the God of the Scriptures being really reviewer, blessed with all the la- THE Deity renders every other bours of Greece and Rome, a Ci, object of religious worship absolutecero, or a Plato, could have unso- ly nothing, or worse than nothing : phistically originated a purer, or a and that the religion of Christ, if true better mixed - up code than the at all, is exclusively true, and that all above. Perhaps they might : I ra- other modes of faith not distinctly ther believe otherwise. But my recognised by the Christian code, question is, whether a better fruit are essentially and eternally false. might not be hoped for, and reason- · A word upon proselytism, and I ably hoped for, from the worship of have done. That we are not to the one only true God, The DEITY give that which is holy unto dogs, of the Scriptures? It were needless nor to cast our pearl before swine, indeed to make any further obsere is a sound scriptural maxim, and vation beyond this inquiry: else well to be considered in the detail perhaps we might as Christians be of all proselyting schemes. But I allowed to appeal to the opinion presume the reviewer would not delivered respecting certain similar allow these charitable and faithful worshippers of the Deity, both in 40,000 (excepting the three English, the Old and New Testament. In or rather Scotch, families, with the Rascolnicks and Papists,) to be cal. been able to look upon the rejection led either dogs or swine. Each of this message, when delivered by worshipping the Deity in his own Christian men, and in a Christian way, and perhaps sincerely, might spirit, otherwise than as one of the be considered with truth and justice, most terrific and heart-sickening even though “ hardly disposed to sights which the whole world prechange their own creed for the sents. To put it at the very lowest, Apostles', a religion so manifestly I should think myself shewing but deprived of all ceremony and ex. small gratitude to “the professed terior (pomp of] worship,” still as a proselyte-makers ” to whom we first fair subject of prudent experiment, owe as Britons our rescue from the how far that hardship might be deity of bloody Druidism, and our overcome ;'and how far the essential translation into “ the kingdom of truth and purity of the Divine Re- God's dear Son," did I not sympacord might, in company with Die thise with their feelings of mortifivine grace, penetrate the heart even cation, at the coldness with which of the Mongol or Chinese, the Bu- their proselyting endeavours were charian or the Turcoman worship probably at first received in the of the Deity. This consideration, I groves of Mona : or did I not transown, never more forcibly struck my fer that sympathy to others, their mind than on reading this very curi- successors in the proselyting work, ous and instructive paragraph of the a Brainerd, or a Martyn, or even a Quarterly Review: and it does ap- Xavier, when I read or hear of the pear to me to afford one of the coldness of their reception amongst loudest calls I have ever met with the Indians of either hemisphere. for the operations of the British and But the indifference here intimated, Foreign Bible Society; and that con- shews in darker colours still when sidered in its own distinct and pecu- viewed in connexion with the essenliar character as a simple distributor tial indifference of the Pagan chaof the word of God. The attempt racter on the one hand, and, on the at any sort of Christian Missionary other, when seen in contrast with the scheme, seems, on the shewing of boundless affections of the great the reviewer, to be utterly vain. Apostle, willing to have imparted It is therefore a most legitimate not the Gospel of God only, but case for an interference still more also his own soul to his beloved harmless and unobtrusive ; and Thessalonians: and most of all illustrates all that I have ever felt with the feelings of HIM “ who was of the more peculiar, and, I am straitened,” how straitened ! “ till inclined to say, most evidently pro- He had performed” the work, and vidential, structure of “ the Bible endured the sufferings by which He Society in London."
was “ to draw all men unto Him. To say with the reviewer, that self;” and with the agonised sensaI can
“ attach no' importance to tions under which, in drawing near the coldness with which professed to the cold and indifferent metropo. proselyte-makers may happen to lis of Judea, He wept over it, and be received any where,” would in- said, “ o Jerusalem, Jerusalem, deed be to belie the firmest and thou that killest the prophets, and warmest feelings of my heart. stonest them that are sent unto thee, From the first moment I ever duly how often would I have gathered weighed the solemn charge to the thy children together, even as a Apostles and their successors:“ Go hen gathereth her chickens under ye into all the world, and preach her wings, and ye would not!" the Gospel to every creature. He I remain, sir, one who in this that believeth and is baptised shall sense always, but in this sense only, be saved, but he that believeth not is willing to be considered as shall be damned," I have never AN INTOLERANT CHRISTIAN. REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
The History of the Reformation England gradually including within
of the Church of England. By her pale all who owned his swayHENRY Soames, M. A. Rector many of those unhappy differences of Shelley, in Essex. Vol. III. on minor points which afterwards Reign of King Edward VI. 8vo. severed the Christian hurch, never pp. 768. Rivingtons. 1827. perhaps having had any existence ;
and the union, it might be, of the There is not perhaps any period two youthful sovereigns of England in the annals of our country on and Scotland, connecting both which the Christian mind dwells countries under the same mild rule, with so much pleasure, or the ter- and banishing that distinction which mination of which it marks with so was afterwards the cause of much much regret, as the brief but event- misery and bloodshed. Such would ful reign of the youthful Edward. be the dreams of our fancy; but Neither is there any respecting such was not the way in which it which we are more imperatively pleased God to work the purposes called upon to remember, who it of his will. The fires of persecution is that rules and governs the affairs are often permitted to assail and to of men; or which shews, in a more purify the church of Christ, and to striking manner, the inexplicable effect purposes of good which we nature of those dispensations of the are apt to overlook ; as storms and providence of God which at times tempests disperse those mists that appear, to our limited capacities, to shroud and deface the splendour of contravene the most merciful of his the sun. purposes, and to afford an opportu- But, though short, the reign of nity for the open triumph of his ene- Edward was highly important. A mies. The checks which the ungo- powerful and effectual effort was vernable passions and despotic sway made to establish scriptural religion of Henry had given to the full de- on a firm basis ; and as the minds velopment of the great principles of of its supporters opened to the light the Reformation, were now removed. of truth, and they became themNo longer fettered by the inconsis- selves emancipated from the prejutent and vacillating commands of a dices of early habit and education, despot, the mild and cautious Cran- they were eminently instrumental mer was enabled gradually to open in awakening their contemporaries to the minds of his countrymen to a perception of those errors the errors and iniquities of that which long continuance, and the system which for ages had obscured imposing semblance of antiquity, the light of the Gospel ; and even had rendered venerable. It was not, tually to complete that enfranchise- however, without some remaining ment from the errors of Rome, of opposition on the part of the adwhich he was the earliest and the herents of the old system, that most efficient instrument. What a those champions of the faith were happy vista, then, opens to the enabled to proceed in the accommind's eye, on the supposed con- plishment of the great work in tinuance of the pious Edward on which they were engaged. The the throne of his fathers ;—the first artful Gardiner, who was especially truly Protestant monarch beholding active in the cause of Rome, while the mists of error rolling away from he refrained from any open hostility his empire-the pure religion of to the royal command, sufficiently Jesus Christ firmly established evinced his predilection for the Roamong his subjects— the Church of mish creed by controverting, at