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plenary satisfaction, and merited heaven, his age, by whose influence Ochino for the elect, which is the only righteous- had been deputed, at the solicitation ness and ground of salvation ; secondly, of the most respectable inhabitants, that religious vows of kuman invention are not only useless, but hurtful and to preach at Venice a course of wicked; and thirdly, that the Roman Lent sermons in the year 1538, church, though calculated to fascinate the Dr. M‘Crie urges the following senses by its external pomp and splendour, is unscriptural and abominable in the sight judicious and weighty reflections. of God."' p. 110.

“ These extracts will be considered as Ochino was at this period, and to sufficient to establish the character of the end of his days, distinguished Ochino for piety and eloquence; but by unrivalled talents as a preacher. there is another reflection which they can

“ He was a natural orator : and the are the warmest feelings excited by hearfervour of his piety and the sanctity of ing the Gospel! and how do they vary his life gave an unction and an odour to with the external circumstances in which his discourses, which ravished the hearts the truth is presented to the mind ! of his hearers. In such reputation was Bembo was delighted with the sentiments he held' (says the annalist of the Capu- which he heard, as well as the eloquence. chins, after Ochino had brought on them with which the preacher adorned them; the stigma of heresy), • that he was

and yet the future conduct of the Cardinal esteemed incomparably the best preacher leaves us at no loss in determining, that of Italy; his powers of elocution, accom- he would have felt and spoken very difpanied with the most admirable action, ferently, had he been told that the docgiving him the complete command of his trine, to which he listened with such audience; and the inore so that his life devout ravishment, was essentially Procorresponded to his doctrine.' His ex

testant. Names exert great influence over ternal appearance, after he had passed mankind; but let not those who can laugh middle age, contributed to heighten this at this weakness fatter themselves that effect. His snow-white head, and beard they have risen above all the prejudices Howing down to his middle, with a pale by which the truth is excluded or expelled. countenance, which led the spectators to The love of the world outweighs both 'suppose that he was in bad health, ren

names and things. Provided men could dered him at once venerable and deeply enjoy the Gospel within the pale of their interesting: He never rode on horseback own church, within the circle of that soor in a carriage, but performed all his jour- ciety in which they have been accustomed neys on foot ; a practice which he con

to inove and shine, and without being retinued after he was advanced in years. quired to forego the profits, honours, or When he paid a visit to the palaces of pleasures of life, • all the world' might be princes or bishops, he was always met and

seen wondering after Christ--as it once received with the honours due to one of wondered after the beast.' superior rank; and he was accompanied, on his departure, with the same marks of The principal scene of Ochino's distinction; yet, wherever he lodged, he labours, for some time, was Naretained all the simplicity and austerity ples, where, in conjunction with of the religious order to which he belonged John Mollio and the admirable As a preacher, he was admired and followed equally by the learned and illiterate, Peter Martyr, he widely spread by the great and the vulgar. Charles V., doctrines substantially Protestant. who used to attend his sermons when in “ The favourite doctrine of Ochino Italy, pronounced this high encomium on him That man would make the stones was justification by faith in Christ, weep!' Sadolet and Bembo, who were which, as appears from his printed still better judges than his Imperial Ma- sermons, he perfectly understood, jesty, assigned to Ochino the palm of po- and explained with much scriptural pular eloquence. At Perugia, he pre- simplicity. Purgatory, penances, vailed on the inhabitants, by his discourses, to bury all their animosities, and bring and papal pardons, fell before the their litigations to an amicable settlement. preaching of this doctrine, as Dagon And, in Naples, he preached to so nume- once did before the ark of Jehovah." rous an assembly, and with such persuasive eloquence, as to collect, at one time, for å p. 119. charitable purpose, the almost incredible In the year 1542 Ochino was sum of five thousandcrowns.” pp. 111, 112. again, in compliance with the ear

After giving some passages of nest solicitation of the inhabitants, rapturous commendation of his deputed, under the Papal sanction, preaching from Cardinal Bembo, to preach the Lent sermons at Veone of the most elegant scholars of nice. But the jealousy of the court

p. 115.

of Rome, as might naturally have not feel as if even the fact of having been expected, was awakened, and suffered for the truth ensured our instructions were sent to the Papal never departing from it to the risk nuncio, to watch his conduct; and of our own salvation, or so as to he was soon summoned before the give“ occasion to the enemies of nuncio, on the charge of having ad- the Lord to blaspheme." “ Be not vanced doctrines at variance with high-minded, but fear.” « Walk the Catholic faith. He defended humbly with thy God.” He that himself, however, so dexterously that walketh humbly walketh surely. he was dismissed. Perceiving that Such commanding pulpit elohe was surrounded by spies, he pro- quence as Ochino possessed, atceeded cautiously; but at length, tracting the admiration of all ranks having heard that Julio Terentiano of people wherever he went, and of Milan, with whom he had been melting the hearts of all hearers, is intimate at Naples, was thrown into one of the most dangerous endowprison, he could no longer restrain ments that can be bestowed upon a himself: he noticed the subject with frail mortal. We cannot conceive such bold and spirited animadver- Ochino not to have been exposed sion, in a sermon at which the to be lifted up by it; while, being senators and principal persons of wholly employed in the cause of the city were present, that the nun- religion, to inculcate truth, and to cio instantly suspended him from produce apparently the best impreaching, and reported the matter pressions on others, this very cirto the Pope. But the Venetians were cumstance might put its possessor so importunate in his behalf, that the more off his guard. Then, if, the interdict was removed in three with all this captivating talent, and days, and he again appeared in the the admiration which every where pulpit. Soon after, however, he attended it, there were any point in was cited to Rome, to answer certain which the possessor could not but charges, founded on what he had be conscious of his own inferiority, advanced in a course of lectures on and tempted to be jealous of others St. Paul's Epistles delivered at with whom he was associated, and Verona ; and, finding that his life who in this respect evidently excellwas aimed at, or rather his death ed him ; this might bring another resolved on, he fled to Geneva, and class of corrupt passions into play, openly joined the Protestants. In and increase his danger. And such 1547 he became the companion of was the case with Ochino. With Peter Martyr, in his removal into all his brilliance, and unrivalled England, and exercised his talent of powers as a preacher, he was not preaching in the metropolis ; while a man of learning. At Zurich he Martyr occupied a professor's chair was surrounded with learned men ; at Oxford. In 1554, in consequence and he fancied, and very likely only of the change of religion produced fancied, that they looked down by the death of Edward VI. and the upon him: and this he could not succession of Mary, these distin- bear. Here, too, he was unsupportguished foreigners retired to Zurich.ed by his wonted popularity, be

And here, alas! we come to the cause he could preach only to a painful and monitory part of small congregation accustomed to Ochino's history. Hitherto all, as the Italian language. These cirfar as appears, has been satisfac- cumstances contributed to lead him tory: but “ let him that thinketh to form new associations, with men he standeth take heed lest he fall.” of unsound principles: and he finishLet us never consider ourselves ed his course at Zurich by writing past the reach of danger, till we in favour of polygamy and anti-Trihave actually arrived within the nitarian doctrines! This produced gates of the celestial city. Let us his expulsion from Zurich.

He re

tired into Bohemia, and died as- of his work as might gratify those sociated with persons of heretical who have not access to it, and sentiments sentiments allied at stimulate those who have, than to least to Socinianism. Such a close attempt any elaborate critique upon of his course is truly lamentable. it. His style, it will have suffiHe was at the time of his banish- ciently appeared, is clear, manly, ment seventy-six years of age. How and good. The volume is highly far the infirmities of that time of literary. In some parts religion will life might concur to lead him astray, be thought, perhaps, to be rather we do not determine : personally, we overlaid, and in a measure hidden, leave him to his Judge. But if old by literature : while the author has age, as perhaps appears in some sometimes rather excited longings, other instances, may give Satan ad. than satisfied them, by adverting vantage against us, it only the more to devout passages to which he strikingly enforces some of the les- knows nothing superior," and letsons already deduced, and should ters full of a pious unction," of excite us to pray,

“ Hold Thou me which he has allowed us but scanup, and I shall be safe.”

tily to taste with him. His is one The sagacious Bunyan particu- of the few volumes which might larly notices the “ slips of Christian have been advantageously extendin going down into the valley of ed, by additions from such sources. humiliation " as having been of Dr. M'Crie's reflections, again, are dangerous tendency; and to them, not frequent or copious, but, as the in the second part of his work, he reader will judge from the specitraces his hero's dangers in his mens which have been given, they conflict with Apollyon, in which he are just and weighty, and proceed was “ wounded in his understanding, upon the soundest principles. We faith, and conversation.” No doubt would also notice with marked comthe mortification at the sense of his mendation, that Dr. M‘Crie has not inferiority on other points, which in this work introduced a syllable Ochino felt, was intended to check to offend the feelings of those who the vanity excited by his eloquence differ from him upon such subjects and popularity: but he went not as church government, and other down safely and well into “the valley kindred topics. In his Life of Knox of humiliation :" his foot slipped. we were surprised and hurt by the Let others learn caution, and be in- very needless and impolitic intro

And let it be re- duction, as it appeared to us, of membered, that the danger may exist harsh and unfriendly reflections on the other side, as well as on that upon the Church of England. Dr. on which Ochino proved vulnera. M'Crie is a man well qualified to ble: the man who is in repute for write for the Christian world at talents or learning, but feels himself large, and especially for the more outstripped in popular estimation by enlightened part of it: and it always persons of more superficial endow. appears to us an object of regret, ments, may be as much exposed when a writer so qualified, in treatin one way, as the most admired ing on a subject of general interest, preacher who consciously fails in incidentally introduces remarks, another.

perhaps of a sharp and caustic With sentiments of respect and kind, which are suited to prejugratitude we for the present take dice respectable bodies of orthodox leave of Dr. M-Crie, but shall be Christians against him. Never let happy to greet him again, as he him who is formed to be, in the gives us the hope of doing, on Spa- best sense of the term, catholic, nish ground. It has been our ob- thus render himself sectarian. ject rather to offer such an account The chief fault of the work as a

cited to prayer.

composition--and we wish it may impression of the fearful character have suggested itself to Dr. M'Crie's of the whole Papal usurpation ;-of own feelings in time to prevent its what we owe to Divine Providence recurrence in his promised volume for our deliverance from it, while on Spain-is its presenting to us its to so many, to whom the same numerous notices of distinguished bright prospect seemed opening, it and most interesting characters by was soon clouded and lost again :piece-meal. We meet with the of the duty of using every exertion disjecta membra heroum ; which we to enlighten and truly enfranchise are obliged to combine into a whole, those who are still held in the as well as we can, by the help of bondage, of Antichrist ;--- and of an imperfect index. It is easy to taking care, while we exercise the see how the author has fallen into most cordial charity and kindness this mismanagement, which divides, towards Papists, never to let any and thus weakens the impression of, thing induce us to relax our abhorhis sketches. Where a character rence of Popery itself. lives and figures throughout the Another point, which must deeply greater part of a history, it is na- affect every Christian reader, is, the tural and proper that be should contrast of our situation, and cirthus come gradually before the cumstances with those under which reader, according to the regular our brethren in past ages were succession of events.; but where a called to follow their Redeemer. number of persons are to be pre- Oh, how are we dealt with! But sented, of whom no one takes a what are qur returns ! what our leading part, and the accounts of gratitude ! what our services ! By whom amount, after all, only to what holy vigour, and zeal, and detached notices, and not in any self-denial, and devotedness, do we case to complete histories, we con- give proof that we should have ceive that another method is to be stood fast and confessed Christ in adopted; and that the author's judg. Italy in the sixteenth century ? Yet ment and address should be shewn the same temper of mind is requiin selecting the proper places at site now as then. If we should not which to introduce the substance have been faithful then, it is to be of the entire information which he feared we are not faithful now ;has to offer concerning them, re- though, if we do really make the spectively, in their rise, their period sacrifices now required of us, we of service, and their close. In se- are warranted to conclude that the veral of our notices and extracts, same grace of God, which enables we have thus presented in one view us to do this, would have enabled what is scattered in detached por. us then, and will, if we continue to tions throughout almost the whole rely upon it and earnestly seek it, of Dr. M'Crie's volume. - We have enable us now, to stand fast in all made these remarks, not in dis. circumstances into which we may paragement of the present work, ever be brought. which we estimate highly, but in Finally, it is striking to observe the hope of rendering a promised to what extent the fundamental docone still more valuable.

trines of Protestantism, especially Our account of the work has that concerning justification, combeen too extended to admit of our manded the assent of enlightened indulging at any length in general men who never quitted the pale of reflections on the history which it the Romish church; till they were presents to us. The volume cana alarmed, and their prejudices exnot fail, in common with several cited by the cry of heresy, or till others which have lately issued some secular interest (as in the from the press, to produce a strong case of Cardinal Pole) prevailed

over them. This may help to con- Religion. May we only ever hold firm our faith in these principles, as them fast 'in faith and love, and the catholic doctrine of the true vindicate them by that holy life Church of God in all ages, the and conversation which they are essential verities of the Christian suited to produce!”

LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,

&c. &c.

GREAT BRITAIN.

“ One part,” says Mr. Ellis, “indicates PREPARING for publication :- The History that Henry looked to something like suof Portugal, by R. Southey — The Journal premacy, in the Church of England at the of Bishop Beckington, while on an Em- very outset of his reign." The passages bassy, from Henry VI.;-Popular and within brackets are Henry's interlineaPractical Science, by Dr. Brewster ;- tions, alterations, or additions. a Defence of the Missions in the South- “ The King shall (then) swear, that he Sea and Sandwich Islands against the shall keep and maintain the Clawful] right Charges of the Quarterly Review ;- and the liberties {of Holy Church, omit, Memoirs of the Life of the Rev. D. ted] of old time granted by the righteous Bogue, by the Rev, James Bennett. Christian Kings of England (to the Holy - In the press ;-Remarks on the Mus- Church of England, not prejudicial to his tard-tree mentioned in the New Testa- jurisdiction and dignity royal ;] and that ment, by J. Frost ;-a Memoir relative he shall keep all the lands, honours, and to the operations of the Serampore Misa dignities righteous, and free[doms] of the sionaries ;-a Translation into French of Crown of England in all manner whole, Bishop. Watson's Apology for the Bible, without any manner of minishment, and by M. Ventouillac.

the rights of the Crown hurt, decayed, or

lost, to his power shall call again into the The Bishop of Bath and Wells has signi- ancient state, and that be shall keep the fied his disapprobation of the churches in peace of the holy church, and of the clergy, his diocese being opened for oratorios, or and of the people, with good accord any other purpose than Divine Worship. (altered into endeavour himself to keep • There are now growing in the garden unity in his clergy and temporal subjects), of the Apothecaries' Company, at Chel. and that be shall do in his judgments sea, more than 200 varieties of wheat, and equity and right justice, with discretion several of barley and outs. They were and mercy (altered into and that he shall brought over to England by a Spanish according to his conscience in all his gentleman, who has been many years judgments minister equity, right, and juscollecting them from different parts of the tice, shewing where is to be shewed world. The Company conceive that the mercy), and that he shall grant to hold the introduction of some of them might be be- laws and approved customs of the realm, neficial to the agriculture of this country. and. [lawful and not prejudicial to his

At a recent meeting of the members of crown or imperial duty] to his power keep the Sheffield Mechanics' Library, it being them and affirm them, which the folk proposed to admit novels and plays, a [altered to nobles] and people have majority of about ten to one negatived made and chosen (with his consent), and the proposition, adhering to the original the evil laws and customs wholly to put plan of the intitution, that novels, plays, out; and stedfast and stable peace to the and infidel publications should form no people of bis realm keep and cause to part of the library.

be kept to his power (in that which hoMr. Ellis, in his Letters on English nour and equity do require.)” History, lately published, has given from a Lord Palmerston lately moved in ParliaCottonian manuscript the ceremonial for ment for a return of the number of literary the coronation of Henry VIII. prefixed to works and books of prints entered at which is the oath of the Sovereign, Stationers’-hall. No books are in existaltered and interlined by his own hand. ence by which it can be ascertained what

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