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Christ died for you, and that he neighbouring ecclesiastics were ought to live in you; Third, You mortified at the praises bestowed will then receive the gift of the on Bos, and at his popularity as Holy Spirit; and, Fourth, When you a preacher. They accused him of have received it, beware how you wishing to draw away their padespise the word of God, with the rishioners; and were known to say, value of which it has made you that the best means of putting an acquainted. The effect of this dis- end to his popularity, was publicly course can be explained only by to accuse him of holding doctrines the manner in which the faithful opposed to those of the Catholic express themselves when describing church, and to designate those who the preaching of the Apostles. It followed him as forming a sect. At may with truth be said, that there length the powers in authority was not a person in the congrega- considered themselves compelled to tion who was not deeply affected. notice these proceedings. They But, whilst some found in it light arrested a great number, both of and life, there were others who the clergy and the laity, and indiscovered only exaggeration, and formations were laid against them. who had made it a subject of cen- The only thing they could allege sure. These, on quitting the church, to their disparagement, was their ran to the incumbent, requiring him constant habit of speaking of the to dismiss his curate; whilst the necessity of a living faith in Jesus friends of the Gospel, on the other Christ, and the efforts which they hand, entreated him to retain him. made to impress this on those who The priest hesitated for some time did not see it in the same light with between the two parties : at length, themselves. It was not till after an however, he yielded to the most inquiry of two years, that the court numerous and the most vehement, which was charged with the comand dismissed this faithful witness mission pronounced them innocent. for the truth.
Bos himself, who had for a second This event was the signal for a time sought an asylum with the violent persecution, from the ene- venerable Feneburg, was compelled mies of the Gospel, against those to present himself, within a month, who openly professed it. They en- before the ecclesiastical court at deavoured to bring these faithful Augsburg. He appeared there on men before the tribunal of justice; the 10th February 1797, and was but as the judges perceived that immediately put into the house of they were accused of nothing but correction at Goeggingen, situated believing in Jesus Christ, they soon about a mile from the city, and restored them to liberty—but with- designed for priests. He went from out always granting them protec- thence, to appear before his judges, tion against the attacks of which under the escort of a soldier or a they were the object. The conse- keeper ; and in the course of eight sequence was, that their adversa. months, during which his imprisonries allowed themselves to use every ment lasted, he underwent more possible licence towards them ; ac- than fifty examinations. Two of his cusing them of heresy from the pul- judges were very inimical to him : pit; and in alehouses taxing them the others appeared more favourwith hypocrisy, and turning them ably disposed - one even seemed to into ridicule. Many of them were, be attached to his doctrines—but in consequence, obliged to conceal the fear of being themselves de themselves, in order to escape vio- cried by their colleagues, caused lence : several were compelled to them to yield to the influence of quit the country. It may be added, the two who were most violent. that the priesthood were the insti- Notwithstanding all the severity gators of all these evil deeds. The with which he was created, they could not discover the reality of been enjoined him, he chose as a those heresies and crimęs of which tutor Father Ulrich, the dean of the they accused him. But as they Capuchin monastery, who had him, saw evident manifestations of piety, self been persecuted in his youth. and the fruits of a faith, of which He was a venerable old man, of an they were entirely ignorant, they enlightened piety, and well known elothed these under unfavourable by several very remarkable religious names, as the Scribes and Pharisees works. He understood that dochad done before them. Bos, how. trine which the judges had not been ever, proved all he had taught able to comprehend; and as he from the Holy Scriptures, from the openly said that Bos, whom he was writings of the Fathers, from the ex. to instruct, was a better theologian perience of holy men, and some- than bimself, he disposed the minds times even from the liturgies of the of men in his favour, and at the end Catholic church.
of three months he succeeded in His sufferings were augmented, procuring his liberty. Bos, although on finding that his persecution separated from his hearers, had still caused the hatred which they had opportunity at Augsburg of bore to him to recoil on his edifying himself and others by pious friends. Feneburg and his curates conversation. Meeting one day with were cited before an inquisitorial a book hawker, he asked him what tribunal, the hospitality with which sort of works he was selling; to which they had received him causing his the man answered ironically, “They enemies to imagine that they par- are books in demand by our saints," took of his sentiments; and they Bos looked them over, and soon had to expiate this fault by an im- perceived that the persons who prisonment of a week in different could take pleasure in such books monasteries ; afterwards they suf- could not be ignorant of the true fered them to go, “ commanding source of holiness. He inquired the that they should not speak in the addresses of the man's customers; name of Jesus.” Bos, in his de visited some of them; and by this tention, found subjects of conso. means discovered more than fifty lation, and of joy. The Abbe Christians, who, like himself, looked Hoffmann, the governor of the for salvation alone in the expiatory prison, had at first received him as death of Jesus Christ. These per a man who had committed serious sons spoke to him of a great number faults; but on witnessing his hu- of brethren animated by the same mility, bis mildness, and his sincere faith for which he was persecuted. piety, he learnt to have a different These reports were very consolatory opinion of his character and doc. to him in this season of trial. trines. He soon adopted his prin- On his being restored to liberty,
and, with his whole house, Bos was appointed curate at Langebelieved : from that time, instead neifnach, a town about seventeen of being a severe keeper of his miles distant from Augsburg. He prisoner, he became his disciple was there under the superintendence and his friend.
of another ecclesiastic, NotwithA sentence, pronounced on the standing this precaution, his ene11th September 1797, condemned mies lamented having slackened the Bos to a year's imprisonment, and rigour which had been employed to a renewed study of theology, against him. The priests, who had which it was asserted he had mis- been the cause of his imprisonment, understood. He obtained, however, demanded of the Bishop that he the permission of exchanging the should be confined for life, on acprison-house for a room which he count of his being a most dangerous hired in the town. In order to de- man; and making a pretext of a vote himself to the studies which had letter which they had intercepted, in which he had exhorted his former often said afterwards, that he should persecuted parishioners to persevere wish to have twenty such priests in in the profession of truth, caused him his diocese. After having been to be again cited to appear at Augs- some time. assistant preacher at burg. Some friends, whom he con- Leonding, Bos was placed first at sulted as to what he ought to do, Waldneukirchen, and then at Penerhaving reminded him of our Lord's bach, where he was five years curate direction to his disciples, “ If they to the pastor Bertgen, who was the will not receive you in one town, flee friend of the Bishop, and who filled to another;" he resolved upon taking several high ecclesiastical offices. At flight, and concealed himself in dif- length, in 1806, he was appointed ferent places in the houses of his incumbent, first at Poestlingberg, friends. The greater part of them and then at Gallneukirchen, one of could afford him only a temporary the most considerable parishes in shelter, because his enemies were the neighbourhood. He owed this not long in tracing his steps. Some, advancement to Bertgen. He fulin order not to expose themselves, filled his duties with zeal, but he was refused to receive him; and more grieved at not seeing more marked than once he was compelled to sleep fruits of his ministry: during four in the open air, and with great years and a half no instance of real difficulty to procure a supply for his conversion of heart to God had taken urgent wants. Not knowing any place among his flock. Bos fervently Jonger how to conceal himself from prayed the Lord to grant him the aid pursuit, he thought of entering into of his Holy Spirit, and to accompany the service of a peasant, and went his labours with Hisgrace. An afflictto a farm-house with this intention; ing event made him feel in a more but the farmer immediately per- lively manner how essential it was to ceived that he was an ecclesiastic, preach and make known the Saviour. which prevented him from executing A peasant who, during forty years, this plan. A friend at length pro- had lived in complete indifference, cured an asylum for him with the and without having thought of his manager of a nobleman's estate, soul, became, in 1810, sensible of with whom he was for some time the magnitude of his sins, and of his concealed, under the name of Zobo; state of condemnation before God. his host himself not knowing whom This was the only subject of his he had entertained. But at length, thoughts. He told every person wearied with the constant precau- who would listen to him, that he was tions he was obliged to use, and lost, that God could not pardon a grieved at the few opportunities he sinner like him. He often spoke of had of preaching the Gospel, he de- putting a period to his existence, termined upon putting an end to and even attempted to do so, but this painful state; and, at the risk of help was brought to him before it exchanging it for a worse, he vo- was too late. From that time he fell luntarily presented himself, on the into a kind of melancholy, which he 7th December 1798, before his never lost. He died shortly after, judges. After having been detained Besides this man, there were in the four months in Augsburg, he was parish many persons who, at the convinced that he should not find confessional, declared the anguish of any further opportunity of exercising their souls, and who, notwithstand. his ministry in Bavaria, and he asked ing their alleged numerous good permission to be admitted into a fo- works, dreaded the judgments of the reign diocese; and, by the assistance Almighty. They felt that they had of a friend, he obtained an admission not accomplished that all which into that of Lintz in Austria. the Law demands, and acknowledged
The Bishop, Joseph Anthony Gall, that their sins could not be effaced received him very favourably; and or compensated for by their own
merits, since it would still ever being these things, be had only eximpossible for them to exceed what horted them not to make them the is required. Bos made use of these end, instead of considering them circumstances in order to point out only a means. They would not comto Rehberger, his curate, the neces- prehend that all external churches sity of shewing to all these heavy- are composed of three classes of laden souls to whom they must go, persons, of which far the smallest if they would find peace and relief. is that of truly spiritual Christians;
They both began to preach, with whilst the others either only bear the new energy, salvation through faith name, and are so, as it were, mechain Jesus Christ; and their preaching nically, or by habit ; or they make was attended with the success which Christianity a study or science for
Bos generally felt the head, instead of an inward senmost deeply his own sinfulness and timent and conviction of the heart. insufficiency when he was about In spite of opposition, Bos sucto deliver a discourse intended ceeded, by the grace of God, in to affect the consciences of others. effecting results similar to those Ön these occasions he would often which he had formerly produced at forget the sermon which he bad Wiggensbach. Great numbers of studiously composed, and learned by conversions occurred.
The most memory, and would acknowledge remarkable of these are mentioned with tears to his parishioners, that in a little work which he published he had nothing to say to them: but on this subject, at the request of he would feel himself led on, by the Bishop Sailer. Pastors might, percontemplation of their wants and haps, find in this work some useful his own insufficiency, to urge upon suggestions upon the manner of pre. them that which the Holy Spirit senting the truth, and of affecting gave him at that moment for their the hearts of men. This astonishedification. Several discourses, ut- ing success excited the jealousy of tered thus from the abundance of several of the neighbouring pastors, his heart, were the instruments of a and particularly that of Brunner, religious awakening which took the pastor of Poestlingberg, who place at this time at Gallneukirchen. was suspected of envying Bos his We may
consider as the first of this preferment, and who was indeed his class of his discourses, one de- successor. He did not cease to livered on the 8th September 1810. pronounce both him and his curate to After having shewn what is that be heretics; and he endeavoured to faith which Jesus Christ requires of deprive him of the confidence of his disciples, he had said, among his parishioners. Some persons, and other things, that he did not hesitate especially two weavers, lodged a to declare, that his church con. complaint against Bos at the contained so few true Christians that sistory of Lintz, accusing him of the sacristy would contain them having affirmed of them that they all. This declaration produced a had not the true faith. The Bishop, powerful effect : many were led to who occupied the place of the venesee the nullity of their faith, and to rable Gall, but who was not in the pray to God to remove their unbe- least like him, wrote, and requested lief. But others, detaching from the the pastor not to reproach these remainder of the discourse that sen- good people so severely; as if it tence which seemed to exclude them were not the duty of a pastor to from the number of the righteous, notice boldly whatever is amiss in were much irritated at the faithful his flock. Things took such a turn, severity of their pastor, and accused that Bertgen, under whom Bos had bim of opposing, in former sermons, formerly been curate, was charged confessions, fastings, and good with an inquiry into his conduct. works-whereas, instead of reject- During the five years which Bos had passed with him, Bertgen had claring to the Consistory that he always had occasion to speak knew of no other hope of salvation in his praise ; but he had not be- for himself or for his parishioners ; come acquainted with the grounds and entreated with tears that he of his doctrine. Bos having been might not be deprived of this supto visit him at Lintz, openly ex- port, this only means of consolation. pressed to him his sentiments; and Sailer, whose spiritual pupil Bos had in proportion as he unfolded before been, and who enjoyed a high dehim his motives for believing, the gree of estimation, thought himself, eyes of his inquisitor appeared to under these circumstances, called open, and in a few hours he adopted upon to declare his opinion on this those truths which he had so long subject. He expressed himself as heard him preach without under- 'follows, in a letter which he wrote standing them. Bos passed the to one of the judges :-"I am toevening in the dwelling of a pious day entering into my sixtieth year, family, and related to the religious and I should tremble to appear bepersons who were there assembled fore the tribunal of God, if I did the occurrences of the morning. not openly acknowledge before my They earnestly prayed to God that death that the doctrines of Bos are it might be with Bertgen as it had those of God; for they consist in been with St. Paul, and that he the following : First, that no man is might arrive at Gallneukirchen in justified unless he has faith operating the same frame of mind as the Apo- through love; Secondly, that faith stle had done at Damascus. And so cannot operate through love, unless indeed it happened : on the 7th of it be living; and, Thirdly, that faith February Bertgen went to the parish is only made living by God, by Christ, of Bos; but although he held a by the Holy Spirit. These three severe commission, he soon shewed propositions are Christian and Cahow much he was united in heart tholic; and they form the substance and spirit with the man whom he of Bos's doctrine." was to examine. He held a long Whilst so honourable a testimony conversation with him, questioned was afforded him by one of the him as to his doctrines, read the pillars of the Catholic Church in sermons which he had written; and Germany, he experienced a no less on all these points made to the Con- affecting one from his parishioners, sistory a report which clearly ex- who, far from complaining that he hibited his innocence. Bos's adver- had wished to exercise an injurious saries had not expected this result; influence over them, declared, that, and, on being informed of it, they if it were necessary, they would go accused Bertgen himself of par by hundreds and thousands to Lintz, tiality and heresy. But Bertgen to oppose every measure which might bad power on his side ; and it is be taken against him. possible that the matter might not The agitation was extreme at have gone any further, had not Gallneukirchen, and there were some new complaints been raised. continual meetings in the marketBos was cited to appear at Lintz place to discuss the doctrines which on the 12th March 1811, at the in- he taught. One peasant was restigation of Brunner. After having markable above the others for the been asked many questions, he was zeal with which he reproached him forbidden by the Consistory to speak with rejecting good works; but bein future of a living faith in Christ, fore long this man was led, together this expression being pronounced with many others, to declare in his to be mystical and incomprehensible favour. One of Bos's sermons, on to the people. Bos, grieved at their Matt. xxviii. 18-20, produced blindness, felt himself impelled bold- about this time an astonishing effect: ly to confess his whole belief, de- not only did those who were favourCHRIST. OBSERV. No, 309.