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VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
The Greeks seem chiefly to want some France, Spain, and PORTUGAL.-From able chief to concentrate their energies, France there is no intelligence of any and direct them to the common welfare. moment. In Spain, the insurrection in They have, however, amidst all their Catalonia not only continues, but ex- dissentions, adopted, by means of their tends; but it is not very clear what is national assembly, a constitution which its precise object. Its abettors are not guarantees the public liberties on an constitutionalists, but ultra-royalısts. In enlightened basis. By this charter the Portugal, a spirit of disturbance still Greek Church is made the religion of prevails. The people at large seem the state, but all modes of religion are very little interested in favour of their protected. The sovereign power rests new constitution, and the Princess Re- in the people. All persons are to be gent appears to have been actuated by esteemed Greek citizens, who are either the most unaccountable caprice in the native Greeks believing in Jesus Christ; frequent changes of her ministers. It or Christians oppressed by the Turks, is expected that Don Miguel will be who shall come to reside in Greece; or appointed to the Regency.
the children of Greek parents born in Germany. The two greatest states foreign countries; or foreigners who in Germany, Bavaria and Wurtemburg, shall resort to Greece and become natuhave mutually abolished all custom ralized. All classes of citizens are poduties on their common frontiers. It is litically equal. No person may buy or hoped that this example will be followed sell a human being in Greece; and all by the other princes of Germany, and slaves, of whatever nation or religion, that the internal trade of that country become free by touching its shores. will be set free from the impolitic restrictions which have hitherto repressed
DOMESTIC. it. There are some advances also in re- Mr. Herries is appointed Chancellor ligious matters in different parts of Ger- of the Exchequer. many. Protestantism is making many The great benefit of Mr. Peel's Acts converts from Popery; and true piety, has been universally acknowledged, duwe trust, still more from nominal Pro- ring the late assizes, throughout the testantism, and even from among those country. The Judges, in particular, have who adhere to the Church of Rome. warmly eulogized them. We trust, howThe new King of Saxony has issued a ever, that they are but the beginning of proclamation, assuring to his Protestant an improved system. The simplification subjects his fullest protection. Catho- of language which Mr. Peel has introlics, Protestants, and even members of duced in his bills, by which important the Greek Church residing in his king- enactments are made intelligible in few dom, are to enjoy the same civil, political, words, is of itself a most useful preceand religious privileges.
dent. An abstruse and unnecessary GREECE and Turkey.-The Turkish verbosity pervades all our legal progovernment continues to decline ac- ceedings, from the title to a dukedom, ceding to the propositions of the allied to the humblest scrap of parchment powers for the termination of the trou- which locates a parish pauper; from bles of Greece. The European ambas- the proceedings of the court of Chancery, sadors have reduced the month, alluwed to the record of a coroner's verdict. by the treaty for the final reply of the Take as an example the following, which Porte, to a fortnight; apparently to pre- just meets our eye as we write, among vent the mischiefs which might ensue the notices of the month. It is a coby the arrival in the mean time of the roner's verdict, certifying that the deEgyptian feet, which was about to sail ceased had shot himself. for Greece. The ambassadors are stated “ That the said Robert Hewitson, not to have sent a part of their families on being of sound mind, memory, and underboard the European vessels in the har- standing, but lunatic and distracted, on bour, as a precaution in case of hosti- the 7th day of this instant month of Seplities; but it is hoped that the Turkishtember, in the parish and in the county government will even yet be induced to aforesaid, certain gun, charged with yield to the humane suggestions of the gunpowder, and lead or shot, which he European powers, which, it is clear, it the said Robert Hewitson then and there cannot ultimately resist with effect. held in his hand, to and against the left breast of the said Robert Hewitson, did and cruelty, and barbarous usurpation; then and there shoot off and discharge, and though, on all these grounds' we by means whereof he, the said Robert should feel it our duty to devote many Hewitson, did then and there give unto à page to enlighten and animate the himself, with the shot aforesaid so dis- public on the subject; yet it is precisely charged and shot out of the said gun, as Christian Observers, directing our by the force of the gunpowder aforesaid, remarks to Christian readers, that we in and through the body of him, the said have always most urgently pressed our Robert Hewitson, one mortal wound, of appeal. Every argument in favour of which said mortal wound, he, the said Bible, and Missionary, and Educational, Robert Hewitson, languished for the and Tract Institutions--all that is told space of two hours,' or thereabout, and us, from the press, the pulpit, and then died."
the platform, of the infinite value It is lamentable that time and money of the souls of men, of their sin and should be wasted in useless specifica- danger, of the necessity of preaching tions like these, to the serious incon- the Gospel and administering the venience of all business, public and holy sacraments, of the duty of using private, throughout the country. Why every effort to 'evangelize the whole may not plain things be always plainly world, but especially our own fellowdescribed, as Mr. Peel has proved that countrymen and fellow-subjects_applies in some most important instances they with tenfold force to the unhappy slaves may ?
in our colonies. The occurrences of We are glad to perceive, that the almost every succeeding month prove, Commander in Chief in India has abo- that till Slavery is abolished, or at least lished flogging in the native army, ex- placed in a fair train for speedy abocept where the crime is of such a charac- lition, the great mass of the slaves must ter that the culprit is deemed not worthy almost of necessity continue miserable to remain in the service. In future, heathens. Their masters, as a body flogging and expulsion are to go together. (for there are honourable exceptions), We heartily wish that the same regula- it is quite clear, will never consent to tion were adopted with regard to our own their being efficiently instructed in the soldiery. Why, indeed, should British doctrines and precepts of the Gospel : troops be exposed to this shameful and, truly, in coming to this resolve they punishment, when our Sepoy regiments are wise in their generation, for Slavery are exempt from it, as being “ injurious and pure Christianity can never long to their character and feelings?" If it be or cordially consist together. replied, that our soldiers might some- Possibly some reader may reply, that times commit crimes to which fogging we insist too much upon extreme cases; is attached, with a view to be dismissed that we ought not for ever to descant from the service; then either banish flog- upon the anti-christian martyrdom of ging altogether, so as to prevent the Mr. Smith of Demerara, or the sacrisuccess of the stratagem; or make the legious preceedings of a lawless, though service so desirable that no soldier well-dressed, mob in Barbadoes. The would feel disposed to resort to it. objector is right, if he can shew that such
Some worthy readers of ours have instances are but exceptions to the geoccasionally suggested to us, whether we neral spirit of the slave colonies ; but have not given too great prominence in our argument is, that they are fair and our pages to the question of Slavery ;- characteristic, though somewhat strongly whether, allowing to the subject all the marked, illustrations of it. Let us, howweight that can be claimed for it as a ever, adduce a more ordinary sample of question of justice, or philanthropy, or the working of the system, as respects civil policy, we might not, as Christian the religious privileges of the slaves. Observers, be better employed in trans- We take up a recent number (July 24) ferring the pages appropriated to this of the “ Barbadian” (a newspaper pubtopic to others more immediately con- lished twice a week in Bridge-Town, nected, as is alleged, with matters of re- Barbadoes), the greater part of which we ligion, and the spiritual and eternal in- find devoted to narrative of a most terests of mankind. Now, in truth, it is bitter persecution against an amiable precisely in this last point of view that and exemplary clergyman, the Rev. Mr. we attach so much importance to the Harte, rector of the parish of St. Lucy, subject; for though the extirpation of for his alleged" offensive sermon, and his slavery would deserve the most earnest disgraceful conduct in administering the exertions of every statesman, every lover Lord's Supper.” The “ Barbadian,” be of justice, every friend of humanity, it observed, is not an anti-slavery pubevery enemy to wrong, and outrage, lication : the very column which con
tains the editor's expurgation of Mr. ance of imparting religious knowledge Harte from the charges brought against to their slaves," and their readiness “ to him, contains a right orthodox Barba- afford them all safe facilities of obtaindian editorial paragraph against “ thating this kind of instruction.”. The semost egregious humbug, the African In- cond then glances towards the matter stitution,” and “ the miserable whining in hand; observing, that, “ in all comspeeches of its members.” Yet the edi- munities, distinctions of rank are netor is honourably constrained, by the cessary to the safety and well-being of force of truth and the testimony of a society, and more especially in such a “ long friendship,” to designate Mr. one as ours, where the hand of nature
an enlightened and zealous di- has drawn a mark of distinction betweeni vine,” oppressed by“ popular clamour, the proprietor of the soil and his deilliberal prejudice, and persecuting ca- pendants.”. This solid foundation being lumny;" and who is not only able to thus judiciously laid, there follows a to clear himself of the imputed guilt," third resolution : that “ any attempts but“ will come out of the fire like gold proceeding from the ministers of religion purified seven times;” and whose ob- to destroy these distinctions, to amalgaservations, in reply to his persecutors,
mate and level the two classes of our “ breathe such a spirit of true Christianity country, must tend to endanger the as must,” the editor hopes, “ disarm safety and property of the White inhaall hostility.” The Bishop of Barbadoes bitants, and cannot be otherwise than also, who has never favoured the anti- injurious to the civil condition and relislavery cause though, by the way, we gious improvement of the Black poputhink a conviction of its importance lation, by exciting in their minds dismust speedily be forced upon his Lord- content, and views inconsistent with their ship by the conduct of some of his own situation; and in the proprietors a just clergy and their flocks, and the tacit jealousy against the designs and motives opposition which his own, not over- of those who are appointed to the office violent, plans of Negro education and of the religious instruction of their evangelization have excited—the Bishop slaves.". And now for the application declares, after officially examining the of all this to poor Mr. Harte, in resolucharges against Mr. Harte; “ can tion the fourth : “ It is with deep conperceive nothing in your conduct
cern that the inhabitants of this parish which either deserves my censure or
have observed the frequent attempts justifies the very strong language used made, by the rector of the parish, to deagainst you by certain of the inhabitants stroy the distinctions which they deem of your parish. The sermon preached so necessary to their safety; more espeby you on Easter-day I have read. cially evinced by his offensive sermon It is a plain and powerful denunciation on Easter Sunday, and his disgraceful against sin, but contains nothing, in my conduct whilst administering the most opinion, in matter or in language, that holy sacrament of the Lord's Supper; can be called offensive, save an thereby endeavouring to alienate their offending conscience. And with respect slaves from a sense of their duty, by to the mode of administering the holy inculcating doctrines of equality inconcommunion, as detailed by yourself, and sistent with their obedience to their confirmed by the testimony of your cu- masters and the policy of this island." rate, I feel myself called upon to state The fifth banishes Mr. Harte from their that the same mode has been pursued estates, and forbids “ all intercourse beunder my own eye in the cathedral, as tween him and their slaves;” and the most suitable to the nature and dignity sixth sends copies of these notable resoof the sacraments, and to the spirit of lutions to the Governor, and the Bishop that Gospel which knows no distinc- of the diocese, requesting the latter to tions in matters of grace.”
remove Mr. Harte from his incumbency. Very different, however, were the sen- When this document arrived in Engtiments of the worthy slave-holders of land, the conductors of the Anti-slavery St. Lucy; as our readers will perceive Society seem to have been greatly at a by the charges which they had alleged loss, as well they might, to ascertain the against Mr. Harte, and to which the exact offence of the reverend culprit. Bishop's letter is a reply. These charges “Was it,” say they, “ that the transacare contained in six solemn resolutions tions, so obscurely alluded to, were of a of the parish in vestry assembled. The kind which it would not have been very first, which is couched in the usual form creditable to these Barbadian Christians adopted when men intend substantially to have more distinctly specified ? Did to set aside what it would not be decent they feel it more convenient to deal in to impugn, acknowledges “the import- general abuse than to state facts? Or
were the crimes which have led to these conduct which “ deserves censure," or vindictive denunciations nameless? Had "justifies the very strong language" of Mr. Harte ventured to preach to his the complainants. The sermon comhearers from either of these texts : plained of contained, as we have seen, * Remember the Sabbath-day to keep it « nothing offensive, save to an offending holy;"—or, "Masters, give unto your conscience.” And as for the rector's servants that which is just and equal, “disgraceful conduct whilst administerknowing that ye also have a Master in ing the most holy sacrament of the heaven; neither is there respect of Lord's Supper,” by which he endeapersons with him ;'-or, . As ye would voured to seduce the slaves from a sense that men should do unto you, do ye even of their duty, inculcating doctrines inso unto them; for this is the law and consistent with their obedience to their the prophets ?' Or did he endeavour masters, and the policy of this island to impress it on the minds of White and of Barbadoes;" the only offence was Black alike, that, whatever distinctions administering the Sacrament as it is might exist between them on earth, administered at the cathedral itself, none would exist in heaven, except what under the eye of his Lordship-not, how, resulted from 'faith working by love' ever, be it observed, to Whites and and obedience to God? Or did he invite Blacks indiscriminately; for, says Mr. Browns and Blacks, as well as Whites, Harte's curate,“ in no instance whatever to approach the table of the Lord, and were the consecrated elements ever adto eat of that bread and drink of that ministered to a Black or Coloured percup which shadows forth their common son before a White;" but, the table having salvation? It must have been some such been once surrounded with the Whites, heinous offence as this, too horrid to be and there not being a sufficient number even named, which has brought down to occupy the rail a second time, a few vengeance on the devoted head of Mr. Negroes and Coloured people “ knelt at Harte. Sensuality, intemperance, pro- the south end,” and received the sacred faneness, neglect of pastoral duties, might elements after their superiors. We have passed as venial infirmities; but would not advocate obtrusiveness of such daring attempts to destroy the conduct, and should augur little in fanecessary distinctions between Black and vour of the Christian temper of any perWhite, deserve nothing less than exclu- son who should abuse “the spirit of that sion from all intercourse, whether with Gospel which knows no distinctions in bond or free, in the island of Barbadoes." matters of grace," by taking the oppor
Had Mr. Harte done all this, and tunity of the administration of a sacred even with some considerable degree of rite to shew his contempt for the unsparing zeal, we should not venture usual courtesies and proprieties of very positively to affirm that he had ex- human intercourse ; but in the case ceeded his duty as a faithful minister of in question there really was Christ. But the fact is, that, so far from trụsiveness—there was a marked disrendering his doctrines or his proceed- tinction of ranks—blood and caste had ings justly offensive, or open to the all they could customarily claim; and charge of levelling those eulogized“ dis- yet the conduct of the minister was tinctions of rank,” by which a West- disgraceful;” it was an attempt to Indian colonist considers himself en- alienate the slaves from their duty to titled to hold in slavery his fellow-crea- their masters ;” it threatened, in short, ture, he had acted with the greatest the subversion of the whole fabric of delicacy towards his prejudiced flock : Barbadian society. Be it so. Are we he had given them “milk, and not strong then wrong in maintaining that the inmeat;" knowing, probably, how unable stitutions of Christianity and Slavery are they were to digest the simple text of incompatible ? Christianity, on a matter so little to We have not space to enter into the their taste. This is clearly proved in his other matters alluded to in Mr. Harte's mild exculpatory letter, addressed to the letter to his diocesan. He shews throughBishop, to which we have already al- out with what constant hostility his enluded; and in reply to which his Lord- deavours to impart Christian instruction ship states, that, “in the absence of any to the slaves, and to prevent the profanaspecific charges” (for the accusers could tion of the Sabbath, have been met by the not be induced, though strongly urged, White inhabitants; and this notwithto send in to the Bishop any specific standing his explicit declaration “ that charges," under the plea that they “in- he has never interfered with the authority tended” first to exhibit“ certain charges” which the master has by law over his at “the Court of Grand Sessions”), he slave;" and that “the Bible contains too could perceive nothing in Mr. Harte's many precepts of contentment, of obe
dience to authority, of serving 'masters begging you the favour to read the Diwith singleness of heart, of abiding with vine service over my mother this afterin our various callings, to be ever made 'noon, and your goodness aHowed to the vehicle of insubordination or rebel- grant it me, but my Manager has forbid lion.". The lectures which he preached me bringing her remains to church, by to the slaves have been published in order of the Attorney. Your obedient, this country by the “Society for pro
« Rose MARTIN." moting Christian Knowledge,” and the Mr. Harte being forbidden to officiate, "Society for the Conversion of Negro sends the catechist, who is duly licensed Slaves ;' and are not therefore, we con- by the Bishop for the purpose, to read ceive, very liable to the suspicion of the service over the remains of the poor being hostile to civil or religious order. woman on the plantation: but this also
This good man, though he utters no 'the Manager forbids; and poor Rose is complaint about his own persecutions, forced to deposit the remains of her beseems almost broken-hearted that his loved parent in the ground without the Sunday Schools have heen closed, that consolation of those Christian rites which his slave communicants have dwindled she so greatly valued. away, and that very few Negroes are now But we must stop. We shall be seen at church. As an illustration of the curious, however, to know what are the conduct of his White flock, we may “certain charges” which are to be exmention the following circumstance :- hibited against Mr. Harte at the sessions. A Christian slave Rose Martin, applied The warrant only specifies his having to him to read the burial service over her used language, in the presence of certain mother. The deceased being a Christian slaveś,“ tending, directly or indirectly, woman, Mr. Harte readily consented, to excite a spirit of insubordination and and the corpse was to be brought tó tumult amongst the said slaves;"
a the church for the purpose.
In the charge, as he justly observes, so vague mean time he received the following that it might be urged against any man noteii
in the West Indies. Co" Rev. Sir, I am very sotry after
M W.; AN ADMIRER OF THE LITURGY; W. N., D. R. N.; J. R.; THEOGNIS; A - PROPHETIC INQUIRER; A. A.; are under consideration. A CONSTANT READER will perceive that the chief subject of his paper had been
anticipated. We are much obliged to some of our correspondents for apprising us of a mistake
which occurs in the paper on Ecclesiastical Discipline in our last Number, relative to the name of the parish alluded to by the Bishop of Lincoln, and other speakers in the House of Lords, on the petition of certain parishioners against their clergyman for gross immorality of conduct. Our readers will find the circumstances detailed in the parliamentary debates for June : it is sufficient for us to state, that the parish was not Long Sutton in the county of Lincoln, but another parish called Sutton in the diocese of Lincoln, but situated in another county. The services of our Church, we are informed, have always been regularly administered in the parish of Long Sutton in Lincolnshire.