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The narrátor informs us in this cipated. But the truth was, that on passage, that “ he could not but be the subject of religion, as on every astonished at such a declaration” other, Dr. Johnson entertained far as that which Dr. Johnson made. more correct ideas than the friends But in reality, where was the real around him ; and though he had ground for astonishment? Is it asto- not hitherto found peace with his nishing that an inheritor of a fallen Creator, through the blood of Jesus and corrupt nature, who is about to Christ, yet he could not be satisfied quit the world, and to be judged with the ordinary consolations of according to the deeds done in the an uninformed or pharisaic mind. body," should be alarmed at the The sun did not, however, set in anticipation of the event, and be this long continued cloud; for Johnanxious to understand fully the only son at length obtained comfort, mode of pardon and acceptance? where alone true comfort could be Rather is it not astonishing that obtained, in the sacrifice and mediaevery other intelligent man does tion of Jesus Christ,--a circumstance not feel at his last hour the same to which Sir John Hawkins trananxieties which Dr. Johnson ex- siently alludes, but the particulars perienced ? - unless, indeed, they of which must be supplied from the have been previously removed by narrative of Boswell, whose words the hopes revealed in that glorious are as follows: dispensation which alone undertakes “ Dr. Brocklesby, who will not to point out in what way the Al- be suspected of fanaticisin, obliged mighty sees fit to pardon a rebellious me with the following account: world No man would or could • For some time before his death, all have been astonished who knew his fears were calmed and absorbed his own heart; for, as Dr. Johnson by the prevalence of his faith, and truly remarked, every Christian, his trust in the merits and propitiahow fair soever his character in tion of Jesus Christ. He talked the estimation of others, ought to often to me about the necessity of look upon himself as “the great- faith in the sacrifice of Jesus, as est sinner that he knows of;" a re- necessary, beyond all good works mark, be it observed, which shews whatever, for the salvation of manhow deeply Dr. Johnson had be- kind.'' gun to drink into the spirit of Even allowing for the brevity of that great Apostle, who, amidst this statement, and for the someall his excellencies, confessed and what chilling circumstance of its felt himself “ the chief of sin- coming from the pen of a man who ners."
“ will not be suspected of fanatiWhat a contrast does the advice cism,” what a triumph was here for of Hawkins, as stated by himself in the plain unsophisticated doctrines the preceding passage, form to the of the Gospel, especially that of free scriptural exhortations of our own justification by faith in Jesus Christ! church! Instead of advising his After every other means had been friend seriously to examine himself tried, and tried in vain, a simple " whether he repented 'him truly of penitential reliance upon the sacrihis former sins, stedfastly purpos- fice of the Redeemer, produced in ing (should he survive) to lead a the heart of this devout man a peace new life, having a lively faith in and satisfaction which no reflections God's mercy through Christ, with a upon huinan merit could bestow. thankful remembrance of his death, He seems to have acquired a comand being in charity with all men,” pletely new idea of Christian theo. he bids him look back to his past logy, and could doubtless hencegoodness, and is astonished that the forth practically adopt the animating survey is not attended with the hope language of his own church, in her and satisfaction which he had anti- Eleventh Article : “ That we are jus
tified by faith only, is a most whole- this world are become the kingdoms some doctrine, and very full of com- of our Lord and of his Christ.”. fort."
(Rev. xi. 15.) In other words, the (To be concluded.)
advent of Messiah described by Daniel takes place at the destruc.
tion of the fourth monarchy, and T'othe Editorofthe Christian Observer. before the Millennium.
Passing on now to the New Testa. In replying to the queries of D. D. ment, we learn from St. Paul's pros in your Number for July, it will be phecy of the Man of Sin, in 2 Thess. come necessary to embrace a wide ii. 8, that the Lord shall consume field of scriptural research.
that power with the spirit of his I feel no hesitation in aknowledg, mouth, and karapyngel TN ETIPAVELA ing, that wherever a future advent; nic napovolas avrov, “shall destroy or presence (Tapovola), of our Lord (him) with the brightness of his com. is foretold in Scripture, we, who be. ing." Believing, with the whole of lieve in his personal advent and the Protestant churches, that this reign, do understand one and the man of sin is an ecclesiastical power, same advent to be uniformly in which was to arise in the professing tended ; and that we ground this church of Christ within the limits conclusion upon the careful com, of the Western, empire, we discern parison of Scripture with Scripture, in the prophetic description an exaccording to the rule so clearly laid act delineation of the Papal power; down and illustrated by Bishop and we thus identify St. Paul's Man Horsley, in his sermons upon the of Sin with Daniel's Little Horn of words of Peter, “ No prophecy of the fourth beast. Now, since it is the Scripture is of any private inter- generally agreed, by all Protestant pretation.” (2 Pet. i. 20, 21.) .. commentators of note, that the Papal
The first text in the chronolo, power is destroyed just before the gical prophecies, wherein we find Millennium, we are led to conclude the second advent clearly predicted, that the brightness of the Lord's is Dan. vii. 13, 14. After behold-coming, whereby that destruction is ing, in the preceding context, the to be effected, immediately precedes judgment executed by the Ancient the Millennium; and, therefore, that of Days on the body of the fourth it is the self-same. coming of the beast, or empire, the prophet adds : Lord predicted by Daniel in his • I saw in the nigbt visions, and, be- 7th chapter. It must also be the hold, one like the Son of Man came
same coming of the Lord as that with the clouds of heaven, and came announced in Rev. xix. 11-21, to the Ancient of Days, and they whereby the Beast and False Probrought him near before him. And phet, or the powers secular and there was given him dominion, and spiritual of the Roman empire, are glory, and a kingdom, that all people, finally destroyed; which events are nations, and languages should serve immediately succeeded by the period him: his dominion is an everlasting of Millennial blessedness. dominion, which shall not pass away, The coming of the Lord with the and his kingdom that which shall clouds of heaven, announced in not be destroyed."
Matt. xxiv. 30, Mark xiii. 26, and If it be asked to what period in Luke xxi. 27, is also proved to be the chronology of the prophecy this the same advent as that predicted vision belongs, the answer must be, in the former passages, from its being that it is clearly and indisputably to connected in time, by the Evangelist be referred to that season when, the Luke, with the fulfilling of the times seventh Apocalyptic trumpet hav, of the Gentiles and the re-establishing sounded, great voices are heard ment of the Jewish nation; which in heaven; that “the kivgdoms of events are, by all the best inters preters of prophecy, placed synchro- ing the book of Revelation at chap nically with the end of the Roman i. 7, I read the words kai ofer de duron monarchy and the commencement πας οφθαλμος και οίτινες αυτον of the Millennium. Thus Mede, the EĞEKEVTNONY Kal KOOVTAL ET' avtox father of prophetic interpretation, Tagal di pulau,ons yns-it is im, reasoned." When (says he) St. possible for me not to conclude, that Luke's times of the Gentiles are the Holy Spirit, in guiding his sera finished, then shall be signs in the vants in these passages to use such sun and moon: the Son of Man identity of phraseology, intended to comes also in the clouds of heaven point out to us that one and the (ver. 27); the redemption of Israel same event is predicted in both, (ver. 28); and the kingdom of God But the prophecy of Zechariah, is at hand (ver. 31.)"Works, Book whereof the above words form a part, IV. Epistle viii.
evidently relates to the restoration In Rev. xiv. 14, one like the Son and conversion of the Jews, which of Man is seen sitting on a white confessedly take place before the cloud. Upon similar grounds we Millennium ; and thus we are led to identify this appearance with the the conclusion, that our Lord's adadvent already so often mentioned; vent with the clouds, in Rev. i.'7, because it corresponds in time with also precedes the Millennium, and the harvest, or gathering of the elect; is to be identified with the advent in and with the vintage, or treading of Dan. vii. 13. the wine-press of wrath; which scene
To the foregoing passages may of vengeance is, in Rev. xix. 15, be added Matt. xxvi. 64,“ Hereplaced at the advent of our Lord, after shall ye see the Son of Man. before the Millennium; as it is in sitting on the right hand of power, Isaiah lxiii. 1-9 connected in time and coming in the clouds of heaven, with the national redemption of and the corresponding text of Mark Israel, which equally takes place xiv. 62; and though there are no before the Millennium.
chronological marks in these pasOnce more: wher, on referring to sages to indicate the precise period the Greek versions of the old to which they refer, yet, as the adTestament, on Zech. xii. 10-12, vent of Christ is described in lanI find in the Septuagint (according guage so nearly similar to that of to the reading of Justin Martyr and the prophet Daniel, I may well adopt Ignatius), and in the versions of the words of Mede, to express my Aquila, Symmachus, and Theodo- unalterable conviction that tian, the following words, kat Lord, in using the expressions in Emileyovrai mpos už els OY ETEKEV- Matt. xxvi. 64, intended to direct τησαν * και - κοψονται επι αυτον the attention of the Jewish rulers to κοπετον, &c. και κοψεται η γη κατα
“ I shall never bepulas pulaç- and when, on open- lieve" (says Mede)" but that all those
places of the Son of Man's coming, All the English editions of the Seventy and appearing in the clouds of heabeing from the Vatican, for oy EsXEYTYCAY ven, mentioned in the Gospels, and read ar wy xatwy moarto, which, as Horne in the Apocalypse i. 7, are the same observes, is unintelligble. Justin Martyr, and the Pachonian MS. with the coming of the Son of Man l'ead abuzivangav." See Ewing's Lexicon in the clouds prophesied by Daniel, on the word KatorX *Ouat.-This remark at the extinction of the fourth Beast of Mr. Ewing I have verified, so far as respects Justin Martyr ; who, in his first (chap. vii.); and that the Holy Apol
. and his Dialogue with Trypho, has Ghost in the New Testament hath the reading tig ov exatnoar.. I learn from reference thither, both for words the notes iu my own copy of the Septuagint and meaning."-Works, Book IV. (Frankfort, 1507), that Aquila, Symmachus, Epistle x. and Theodotian have the same words, but I have not been able to consult their
I now proceed to remark, that in Versions.
the New Testament there are three
words used to signify the advent of ference to the advent of our Lord, our Lord. The first is, Atorakufis, in the following passages : 2 Thess. revelation ; the second, Eridavela, ii. 1; 2 Pet. iii. 4 ; James v. 7, 8; appearance ; and the third, Napovoia, 1 John ii. 28: and to the coming coming, or presence.
of the day of the Lord, in 2 Pet. The first of these words, Amoralis, iii. 12. It is used for the coming or occurs in the following passages :- presence of Paul with the churches, 1 Cor. i. 7, “ Waiting for the RE- 2 Cor. x. 10; Philip. i. 26, ii. 12: VELATION of Jesus Christ.” 2 Thess. the coming of Antichrist, 2 Thess. i. 7, “At the REVELATION of Jesus ii. 9: the coming of Stephanas Christ from heaven with his mighty and others, 1 Cor. xvi. 17: the angels." 1 Per. i. 7, “ Might be coming of Titus, 2 Cor. vii. 6, 7. found unto praise, and honour, and. From the review of the whole of glory, at the REVELATION of Jesus the foregoing passages the unavoid Christ.” Ver. 13,“ Hope for the able inference is, that Arokavbıçand grace that is to be brought unto Eripaveia and Ilapovora are indisyou at the REVELATION of Jesus criminately used to signify the seChrist.”
cond personal advent of our Lord The second, Eripaveld, occurs to judge the world : nor does it in 2 Tim. i. 10, in reference to the appear that any of these words are first coming of our Lord in the ever used to signify the spiritual or flesh; and in relation to his second figurative revelation, or appearance, coming in 1 Tim. vi. 14, “ Until or advent, or presence, of any thing THE APPEARING of our Lord or person which can be the object Jesus Christ.” 2 Tim. iv. 1, " Who of sense. Thus, though Arokahvis shall judge the quick and the dead be employed to denote the disat his APPEARING and his king- covery of spiritual truth to the mind, dom;" ver. 8, “ Unto all them that yet it is never used (as far as I can love his appearing;” Tit. ii. 13, recollect) for the spiritual discovery “ Looking for that blessed hope of Christ himself to the mind. There and GLORIOUS APPEARING of the is one text (Gal. i. 16) which I was great God and our Saviour. Jesus inclined to consider as an exception Christ."
to this remark; but as we know that The third, Napovola, occurs four the discovery of Christ to Paul was times in the 24th chapter of Mat- by a personal appearance, the text thew: ver. 3, “What shall be the which I thought an exception does sign of thy COMING;" ver. 27, rather powerfully corroborate the “ As the lightning, &c. so shall the general argument. Nor does the COMING of the Son of Man be;" revelation of the Father, spoken of ver. 37, “ As were the days of by our Lord in Matt. xi. 27, form Noah, so shall the coming of the any exception; for the person of the Son of Man be:” and to the same Father being that which no man effect in ver. 39.-1 Cor. xv. 23, hath or can see, the revelation of “ They that are Christ's, at his Him can only be spiritual. BeCOMING." 1 Thess. ii. 19, “ Are sides, every revelation of the Father not even ye, in the presence of the to us is in the face of his only beLord Jesus Christ at his COMING.” gotten Son. (2 Cor. iv. 6.) Chap. ii. 13, “ AT THE COMING Next, with respect to the word of our Lord Jesus Christ with all Eripaveia the signification of it, as his saints." iv. 15, “ We which given by Schleusner, is, apparitio rei are alive and remain unto the corporeæ et lucidæ ; and he adds, COMING of the Lord." v. 23, "Your that it was particularly employed whole spirit, and soul, and body by the Greeks to denote the apbe preserved blameless unto the pearances of their gods with cirCOMING of our Lord Jesus Christ." cumstances of external splendour.
The same word is also used, in re- Lastly, with regard to lapovora':
if it can possibly bear the signifi- auxiliary arguments. Lobserve, then, 'cation of a spiritual coming, then that to speak of a future spiritual, may the coming of Stephanas and or figurative, or incorporeal advent Fortunatus and Acbaicus and Titus, of our Lord to this world, is directly to the churches mentioned in the to oppose the Scriptures : for, when foregoing passages, have been spiri- a cloud received him out of the sight tual, and not personal; which being of his gazing disciples, they were evidently an absurd supposition, the immediately assured, “ This same supposed sense of the word from Jesus which is taken up from you which it is deducible, cannot be into heaven, shall so come in like supported.
manner as ye have seen him go into Now, it will be recollected that heaven.” (Acts i. 11.) To maintain the coming of our Lord to destroy a spiritual and incorporeal advent, the Man of Sin, in 2 Thess. si., is ex- is, therefore, in plain contradiction pressed by the union of two of these to the words of the angels. Morewords, ETIDAvela ens tapovolas over, our Lord in Spirit, or as to avrov: and if neither of them, when his Divine nature, has never been used singly, can denote a spiritual absent from the world : “Lo, I am advent, much less can they when with you always, even unto the end conjoined; and if each of them, of the world.” Indeed, as the Eternal when employed separately, certain. Word of Jehovah, by whom (Coloss. ly means a personal and corporeal i. 16) all things consist, He is manifestation and presence, much essentially omnipresent. On the more must they when united. So other hand, to say that in his human that, if the foregoing expression pature he is to come spiritually, does not mean the personal and is, in reality, to deny that he posglorious advent of our Lord, then sesses properand complete humanity, is human language incapable of which can only be present where it being interpreted on any sure and is bodily. Accordingly, it may be fixed principles. Since then, we are inferred from the words of Peter thus driven to the conclusion that (Acts iii. 19_21), that when the the glorious coming of Christ takes times of the restitution of all things, place at the destruction of Anti- spoken by all the holy prophets, christ; and since this destruction shall arrive, then the heavens shall occurs, by the unanimous consent of no longer receive the Man Christ the church of God in all ages, be- Jesus; or, in other words, he shall fore the Millennium; it follows also, then return to this earth in like that Christ comes in glory to judge manner as he was taken up, or with the world before the Millennium. the clouds of heaven. Now, since the It was, thus that the illustrious ancient prophets have spoken of no Mede, by comparing Scripture with other restitution of all things than itself, was led to form the like David's reign of Messiah (Psal. i.; conclusion, which he expresses as lxxii.; xcvi.; xcvii.&c. &c.); Daniel's follows: “ Whatsoever Scripture reign of Messiah and his saints ; speaks of a kingdom of Christ to be Isaiah's new heavens and earth, at his second appearing, or at the which synchronise with restored Jedestruction of Antichrist, it must rusalem (vide chap. Ixv. 17-19): needs be the same which Daniel and since all these correspond in saw should be at that time, and so, time with the Millennium, and the consequently, be the kingdom of kingdoms of this world becoming 1000 years; which the Apocalypse the kingdoms of our Lord and his includes betwixt the beginning and Christ (Rev. xi. 15), it follows, that ending of the Great Judgment."- at the commencement of that period Mede's Works, Book IV. Epistle xy. the Messiah is to return to this earth.
I proceed now to fortify the In answer to the queries of D, D. above conclusions by one or two I have thus endeavoured to shew :