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First, that the principal passages of

Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. chronological prophecy which speak of the future advent of Messiah, I am not able to answer the inquiry do one and all refer to the period of D. D.(Christ. Obs. for July, page immediately introductory to the Mil 396) as to the basis of the Millennial lennium-Secondly, that the three interpretation of mapovoia, but, the nouns substantive which are used subject having been introduced into to express the advent in the New your pages, I beg to urge a few Testament; do every one of them observations upon it. Your cornegative the idea of a spiritual ad- respondent is not far from right in vent, and do necessarily imply that his opinion, that Millennarians rethe advent is real, and personal, gard those who do not receive their and corporeal-Thirdly, that two of notions as “perfeetly ignorant" perthese words conjoined being used sons. I believe, indeed, they take to link the advent to an event which us (for I am one of these ignorant by the unanimous consent of the persons) for very moles and bats. Church precedes in time the Mil. Their opinions, however, will not lennium, we are driven to the con- stand instead of arguments; and clusion, that the advent, which syn. though, in the language of one of chronises with that event is the real their eminent champions, this new and personal coming of the Lord to view “ maketh winged speed" judge the world— Fourthly, that to throughout the land, we are not maintain a spiritual advent is in quite without arguments on direct contradiction to the angelic side of the question. My object in annunciation which was uttered at troubling you is, through the me the ascension of our Lord_Fifthly, dium 'of your columns to call the that to maintain a spiritual advent attention of your readers to the of the Man Christ Jesus, includes subject, in the hope that some one in it the virtual denial of his proper of the many grovellers, like myself, and complete humanity-Sixthly, who are not yet

rapt aloft," will that the return of our Lord to this be led, either by a counter-publicaearth at the period of the resti- tion, or by a series of essays in your tution of all things, which must be work, to examine and expose the identified with the Millennium, may mistaken views and interpretations be inferred from Peter's words in of modern Millennarians; and to Acts iii. 19-21.

place the circumstances of the MilA PROPHETIC INQUIRER. lennium and the Second Advent, as

revealed to us in Scripture, before P. S. It will be observed, that the Church, in (what we conceive in reasoning from 2 Thess. ii. 8, I. to be) the true point of view. Such have stated my argument in two works have been heretofore underdifferent ways: 1st. on the suppo- taken ; but we need something sition that the Man of Sin is the adapted to the present times, and Papal power ; 2dly, on the simple with an especial reference to seprinciple that he is Antichrist, with- veral recent publications. out determining the signification of From some observations, with that term. The last annunciation of which I have become acquainted the argument is the strongest, being in this matter, I am led to believe founded on a proposition which even that some Millennarians consider a Romanist cannot deny, that the our ignorance and blindness in such Man of Sin is Antichrist.

a light as almost to doubt whether we expect a resurrection of the body at all, because we do not expect two distinct resurrections, separatedby a period of at least one thousand years ;-whether we really look for the second advent of a glorified membrance of our own littleness Messiah, because we expect' Him and feebleness to inquire whether, at the end of that period instead of amidst the magnitude of the unithe beginningirwhether we believe verse, we can expect to share much that the sons of God will be indeed of his providential regard. Like the manifested, because we think we devout Psalmist we may exclaim, must slumber in the dust 1000 years “ Lord, what is man, that thou art longer than these interpreters calcų. mindful of him; or the son of man, late before that manifestation;--whe- that thou visitest him?" A knowther we be verily animated by the ledge indeed of the infinite power hope of reigning as kings and priests of God, his presence in all places, with God and with the Lamb, because and his knowledge of all events, we look for the enjoyment of the will dispel such an apprehension high, the supreme bliss, which is from the mind. But, still, another thus figuratively described, in the apprehension may justly remain. heaven of heavens, after the utter True it is, we may say, that God destruction of this earth, instead of beholds and knows all things; that a reign in the city to be literally his eyes are upon the ways of let down out of heaven; and to be, man, and that he seeth all his 89in some unknown, undefined, and ings;" that even hell is naked bemysterious way, connected with the fore him;" but this very consciousearth, and with the flesh and blood, ness is itself a source of disquietude; by which, during the Millennium, it for where is there a heart that will is to be inhabited.

bear his inspection? If the very The subject requires a compre- heavens are not clean in his sight, hensive and patient mind to give it * how much more abominable and the necessary investigation, and I filthy is man which drinketh iniquity trust that the hints which I have like water?” His eyes, which are in suggested will not be in vain. Our every place, behold the evil as well pulpits, in many parts of the coun- as the good: he searcheth the heart try, are now teeming with the and trieth the reins, that he may madern Millennarian doctrines; and give to every man according to his they pass current, almost as matters of ways, and according to the fruit of faith, with many poor and unlearned his doings; and he will bring every believers, who readily and unsuspect- work into judgment with every ingly, receive all that is uttered by secret thing, whether it be good their instructors.

whether it be evil. But man has offended this all-wise and all

powerful Being by his sins; and

This wrath is revealed from heaven FAMILY.SERMONS.- No, CCXXVI. against all ungodliness and up

righteousness of man;" so that, far 1 Cor, vij. 3. If any man love God, from wishing for his presence and the same is known of him. mit strict inspection, there is nothing

which men by nature so much dread; When we look around on the im- and, at the last day, when he shall apmensity of the creation, of God; pear to judge the world, even those when, we, contemplate the sun, the who have been hitherto most harmoon, and the stars which he hath dened and impenitent, will then say made ; when we endeavour to sum to the mountains and r ks, “ Fall up the innumerable tribes of the on us, and hide us from the face of animal and vegetable kingdoms him that sitteth upon the throne and which owe their existence to his from the wrath of the Lamb." The power, and require to be supported great subject of inquiry therefore is,

is never ceasing care; we may Seeing that God knows us, even naturally feel disposed at the re- ipfinitely better than we know ourChrist. OBSERY. No. 310.

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selves, how may we obtain a well- the justice, of God, but by nature grounded hope, that his acquaint- they do not truly love him. Even ance with the secrets of our hearts as respects his infinite goodness, will not be accompanied by his they are careless and insensible : everlasting displeasure ? We can- they do not habitually keep in not, if we would, dissemble our mind the favours which they actransgressions before him; but is knowledge that they have received there no way of obtaining the par- from him; they are not duly gratedon of them? How may the Divine ful to him for their creation, their omniscience become to us a source preservation, or the multiplied blessnot of disquietude, but of satis- ings of the present life; nor is it faction and repose ? How may his the first wish of their hearts, or knowledge of us be attended with their constant effort throughout complacency instead of wrath, and their conduct, to live devoted to this notwithstanding we have no- bis 'glory. Even admitting that thing in us to attract his appro- they express some occasional emobation, but every thing to call down tions of gratitude when they rehis anger? Now our text, if rightly flect upon the blessings which their considered in its connexion with Creator has bestowed upon them, the dispensation of mercy revealed yet even this amounts not to true in the Gospel through the merits of love to him. They may love a a crucified Saviour, will lead to a being of their own imagination ;-a most satisfactory explanation of God whom they have despoiled of 'this difficulty. It tells us, that “if all the attributes of his Divine nature any man love God, the same is except their own perverted notion known of him;" known not merely of his goodness; a goodness which in the scrutiny of his infinite wis- would allow of all that is sinful, dom, but with favour and paternal and in the end most injurious to regard. Two important questions his creatures themselves, without then arise from this consideration; any expression of disapprobation; first, what it is to love God; and or who, if he disapproves, is too secondly, in what manner those lenient to punish ; who can allow who love him are known of him. his laws to be broken and his au

1. Our first inquiry then is, what thority to be trampled upon with is meant by loving God. This in- impunity; and who, even after dequiry may indeed be thought by claring judgment against the transsome unnecessary; for who, it may gressor, is slack to mark iniquity, be asked, would refuse to love a and never intends to execute what being of infinite benevolence, the he has threatened. They may love fountain of every perfection, the a being, thus fashioned by their ig. source of all that is truly good ? norance or self-flattery, to reward Now if mankind were in a state of them for their supposed virtues, purity and innocence, like that in and to forgive all their offences ; which our first parents were created, though even in this partial view they thus to love God would be a nå- stand condemned for not having tural dictate of the heart. We devoted to him the homage of their could not do otherwise than love hearts and lives ;-but do they love him: his service would be our high- the only true God as he has deest delight ; and to be deprived of scribed himself in his own revealed his presence and favour would ap- word ? Do they love him when pear to us the greatest calamity they view him as a being of infinite which could befal us. But the in- purity, of inflexible justice, of untroduction of sin into the world has changeable truth? Perhaps, inbanished these holy feelings from deed, they are almost as ignorant of the unrenewed 'heart. Men may themselves as of the character of dread the power, and tremble at their Creator: they have never seriously thought upon their own sin- edifieth.” “If any man,” he con- ., fulness and danger : they have ima- tinues, " think that he knoweth any gined that their hearts are good, thing, he knoweth nothing yet as their lives, if not innocent, at least he ought to know;" “ but,” adds not grossly evil; and therefore they he, contrasting love to God and to have cried, “ Peace, peace, though man, with a mere speculative knowthere was no peace.” Thus, by a ledge, “ if any man love God, the fatal blindness of heart, they may same is known of him;" or as some have deceived themselves into a commentators think the passage supposition that they love their means, “ hath attained the true Maker because they conclude he knowledge of God :" he is instructed loves them; and this, notwithstand. by him; so that while the exercise ing that their character is wholly of the most exalted understanding, opposed to all that he has com- without the affections of the heart, manded and approves.

But do would be in vain for obtaining an they love him when they consider acquaintance with the character of the manner in which they really the Almighty; those who, from a stand related to him? when they principle of love, are desirous of reflect upon what he has enjoined? * doing his will;" shall “ know of when they contemplate their vio- the doctrine” which he has relations of his law and his just anger vealed in his word. “ The meek against them, on account of them ? shall he guide in judgment; the Do they truly and supremely love meek shall he teach his way." a being who“ searches the heart Now this love to God, which our and tries the reins;" who is, of text speaks of as a mark of the true “ purer eyes than to behold ini- Christian, is not, as we have seen, quity,” and whose commandments, natural to the heart of man since like himself, are “ holy, just, and the fall of Adam. It is not a love good ?" Do they love him who de originating in a mistaken view of clares that “the wicked shall be the character of God, supposing , turned into hell, and all the people him to be favourably disposed tothat forget God ?” Do they love wards us, when, in truth he has dehim so as to be willing to sacrifice clared himself to be “angry with all other things for his sake? Surely the wicked every day." But it is not; for who can love all that is a love which is compatible with a most opposed to his feelings, and knowledge of his true character, tastes, and wishes, and passions? and which even grows out of that who can love a being of Almighty knowledge. It is a love to him as a power, and wisdom, and justice, reconciled God and Father in Christ whom he views only as “a con. Jesus ; a love to him because he suming fire?" Most truly, therefore, first loved us, and gave his Son to do the Scriptures affirm that “ the die for us. In addition to those carnal mind is enmity against God;" temporal manifestations of his for it is not subject to the law of goodness which have been already God, neither indeed can be. noticed, it superadds, above all, the

But the description given in our pardon of our sins, and our restora.text of those who are known. of tion to his favour through the sacriGod, is that they love him. This fice of his beloved Son; with the is the character of every real Chris- 'means of grace and the hopes of tian ; for love to God is an indis- glory." It is a love, which includes pensable mark of true religion. The gratitude for. past mercies, and a Apostle, in the chapter. before us desire to dedicate ourselves to his shews that knowledge itself is of no service in future. It is a love avail without love. “Knowledge,” which makes us delight in his he says, “puffeth up, but charity law, and endeavour, though, alas!

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with fearful imperfection, to obey afflicted; they may be in obscure it; for “ this is the love of God, circumstances of life ; they may be that ye keep his' commandments." surrounded by those 'who hesther It is a love which disposes us to love nor serve God: but he beholds seek to know his will, and to live them in their deepest depression; to his glory. It is a love which he is ever with them; he never' misleads to holy communion with him; takes their character; he discris to prayer and praise, to devout me. minates' them from the mass of ditation upon his all-perfect cha- mankind around them,—from the racter; and especially upon his love hypocrite, the unbelieving, the selfto a guilty and perishing world, in righteous, the apostate. Amidst giving his Son to die for it, and the the widely-spread idolatry of the manifestation of his grace to us Israelites, he beheld seven thousand personally, in leading us to accept of his faithful servants who had not his proffered mercy, and to believe bowed the knee to Baal. He disa in a crucified Saviour for our justicerned the Patriarch Joseph when fication and peace with God. It is sold as a slave in a'foreign land; a love which makes us' seek his Daniel, amidst a nation of idolaters favour as otir highest happiness; and cast into the den of lions; and which teaches us to avoid whatever Shadrach, Meshech, and Abednego would grieve his Holy Spirit, and in the fiery "furnace. Mankind can which inclines us to dený ourselves judge of each other only by their and to take up our cross and follow actions, and they may be sometimes our Redeemer, accounting all things deceived in their opinion ; but God else but loss for the excellency of knows the secrets of the heart, só the knowledge of Christ Jesus our that the true Christian, however Lord.” Its language is, “ Whom imperfect his attainments, may have I in 'heaven, but thee? and humbly appeal to him, and say, there is none upon earth that I “Lord, thou knowest all things ; desire besides (or in comparison thou knowest that I love thee." of) thee.” 'n to

42. He approves." He knows all II. Having thus pointed out the men; but he loves those who love character of those who are spoken him. “ The Lord' is good, a strong of in the text as loving God, we hold in the day of trouble ; and he proceed, in the second place, to knoweth them that trusť in 'him." consider their privilege: they “are He “ seeth the wicked afar off;" known 'of him." "Being known of but it is with no mark of approhim implies two particulars : first, bation; but those who love him he that he distinguishes them from specially discriminates 'as the obothers ; and secondly, that he views jects of his favour and loving-kindthem with favour – he discriminates ness. He knows them as a man them, and he approves them. knows his own most valued pro

1. He discriminates them. He perty, which he watches over with has made all men'; he sees all incessant care. ' His providence is things; nothing is hidden from his ever exerted in their behalf; he penetrating wisdom. He knows the makes all things to work together wicked; he discerns their evil for their good; he never leaves thoughts and words and actions; them nor forsakes them. Though but in an especial manner he marks by nature they were “ children of those who love him. “ The Lord wrath 'even as others,” yet being knoweth the way of the righteous ; now “ justified by faith,” and at but the way of the ungodly shall peace with God," he regards perish.” “ I am the good shepherd, them as adopted into his family and know my sheep, and am known and heirs of his eternal kingdom. of mine." They may be poor or He protects them in danger; he

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