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public some circumstances which you have from the naked, or half naked converts of compelled us to disclose, by a refusal of Owhyhee, is to attend at church five that justice to Mr. Ellis, and his benevo- times every day; '-tbat on Sunday lent co-adjutors, to which honourable men they are strictly prohibited from cooking are entitled, and which they will always any kind of victuals, or even lighting a receive from honourable minds.
fire; '-that the efforts of the zealous “ The impression made by your article few missionaries are tending, as fast as on a distinguished noblemen, whose cha- possible, to lay waste the whole country, racter and friendly offices to the cause of and plunge the inhabitants into civil war religion are well known, was such, that and bloodshed; " that thousands of be deemed it desirable to bring about an acres of land, that before yielded the interview between one of your friends and finest crops are now sandy plains; ' Mr. Ellis, to furnish an opportunity for that the apprehension of civil war apexplanation. In consequence of that in- pears to be owing to the misapplication of terview, Mr. Ellis received the following a passage of Scripture (which by the way
does not exist in the Bible), applied and “ • Dear sir--I have just received the expounded by the missionaries, and that reply of the editor of the Quarterly Re- the effect it had produced, in lowering view, who states, that he can hardly think the authority of the chiefs, was visible the Admiralty are deceived as to the au- enough :'-'That,' at Tahiti, it is lathenticity of Boki's letter ; but if you can mentable to observe the change that has shew it to be so, it will afford him satis- taken place among the natives, who apfaction to insert your proposed note in pear to have lost the good qualities they the Quarterly,
once possessed,' and are become in“Upon this encouragement, I would tolerably lazy;' that 'the looms that were recommend you to lose no time in draw- sent out, have been thrown aside, and ing up a clear and exact statement of the weaving discontinued.' 'At Tobuai,' it proofs, in refutation of whatever you deem is also said, that the indolence of the to be unjustly advanced against the mis- natives since their conversion has been sionary cause in the Sandwich Islands. such, that out of the whole population but The paper should be limited to the con- 200 remain.' tents of two printed pages ; and transmit “ These assertions, unsupported by it to J. G. Lockhart, Esq. at Nir. Murray's, any thing contained in my volume, though Albemarle Strect.
some are said to appear from my own “• It is desirable that it should appear account,' are utterly unfounded, and have in the forthcoming number; and, I think, nothing corresponding to them in the exyou would do well to offer Mr. Lockhart isting circumstances of the islands, or the an inspection of any original documents conduct of the missionaries; and I am in you possess, in attestation of your state- possession of such evidence in support of
this contradiction, as I cannot doubt ««• It will afford me great pleasure to would satisfy you that the writer of this find, that in thus facilitating your commu- article has been misled by the evidence nication with the Quarterly, the cause on which he has depended. I will mention which you have so zealously supported, only one instance of the inaccuracy of should be justified in the public opinion.' Captain Beechey's information, and the
“ This invitation was immediately com- consequent incorrectness of his stateplied with, and a letter, of which the fol- ments. At Tobuai, he states, that the lowing is a copy, was forwarded without missionaries have succeeded in abolishing delay, with an offer on the part of Mr. human sacrifices, and the prevailing crime Ellis, to meet the editor, and furnish him of infanticide,' when it is a fact that neither with additional evidence of the incorrect infartticide, nor the custom of offering huness of his statements. if required. man sacrifices, ever existed in that island.
“ Sir-While I feel obliged by the no- “ The letter inserted as a note to the tice of my volume on the Sandwich Islands, article on the Sandwich islanders,' bears in the last number of the Quarterly Re- strong indication of being spurious ; and I view, I am bound in justice to myself cannot but suspect that an imposition has and to my missionary associates, as well been practised upon the British Admiral, as to the public, to correct several of the to whom it was sent. Boki, (who was my unfounded statements which that article scholar until his embarkation for England,) contains.
was never taught to write English, and « In the article above referred to, it is probably never attempted it. The style stated, that by my own account, the of his sentiments, and the structure of subjects usually chosen for the discourses his sentences would have been totally are the most unsuitable; '- such, for different. To · take' an opportunity,' instance, as the Virgin Mary, the imma is a phrase which would have been uninculate Conception, the Trinity, and the telligible to him. The commencement of Holy Ghost : _ That we hold out to our the letter is a close imitation of the mandisciples little or no encouragement, ei- ner of letter-writers of the lower orders in ther by precept or example, to industrious this country, and has no resemblance to habits; '-—that the least that is required the native habits of thinking and expres
sion. The phraseology throughout is fo- your promise, you insert the following reign. No native of the Sandwich Islands 'would have any idea of going through “We have received a letter from Mr. four operations. They never speak of a Ellis (the missionary), in which he tells king as the head of a nation, a general as us that the Letter from Boki,' quoted in the head of an army, or a father as the the last page of our last number, is a forhead of a family. Had Boki wished gery. In answer to this, we can only asto describe Mr. Bingham as (we should sure Mr. Ellis that the letter certainly did say) the head of the mission, he would come from the Sandwich Islands ; that have called him the chief of the mission. its genuineness neither has been, nor is, The facts of the letter contradict them. doubted, either by the officer of the Blonde selves. Boki, with his brother, Karaiwho received it, or by his captain ; and moku, exercises the supreme authority in that the gentlemen of that ship generally the islands; and if it had been his desire concur in stating the tenour of the letter that Mr. Bingham should have left the to be in perfect accordance with the sentiislands, his command would have been ments which Boki was in the habit of exsuflicient to have enforced, at any time, pressing to them while they were in his compliance with his wishes. The ortho- society. We can easily believe that Mr. graphy, in many instances, is certainly Boki may not have been in the habit of such as Boki would not employ. Had he writing, or even of speaking his mind written the letter, he would surely have quite so openly—to Mr. Ellis. spelt his own name correctly, according “ In this note you repeat the original to the orthography established by the injury, and conceal from your readers that printing-press in the islands, yet in the Nir. Ellis's letter was chiefly a contradiclast paragraph of the copy sent to England, tion of the misrepresentations contained with a sight of which I have been fa- in your own article. You re-assert that voured, Mrs. Boki's name is spelt Bockey. the letter said to be written by Boki, came Besides this incorrectness, here are two from the islands, which had not been disletters, viz. c and y, introduced, which puted; and that its genuineness was not do not exist in their language. In the doubted by the person who received it. next line, Boki's own name is spelt Boke, All this, sír, is nothing to the purpose. but in your Review both these names are Why did you not lay before the public altered, and appear as if they had been Mr. Ellis's objections to its genuineness? properly written Boki.
Candour and justice required this. Your “ In addition to the above brief state- readers would then have instantly perment of the evidence, that the letter was ceived that Boki could not have written neither written nor dictated by Boki, I the letter which has been palmed on the have evidence on his own testimony, dated public as his; and that Mr. Ellis's simple only three inonths before the letter is said statement completely exposes the fraud to have been written. I have also letters which must have been practised by some of a later date from missionaries and chiefs, designing individual. containing very different statements. Boki, “ Here I might properly rest the dein his last letter to me, under date of Oc- fence of the missions in the Pacific, agair tober 1825, observes, . All is sinooth and the charges which you have brought forstraight here, I am making myself strong ward. The testimony of Mr. Ellis, in in the word of God. Turned have the point of truth, will, by all impartial men, chiefs to instruction. I speak unto them be considered as at least equally deserving and encourage them concerning the word of regard with that of Captain Beechey; of God, that it may be well with our and as it respects the means of knowing land.'
the real state of the facts, the two wit. “ Without referring to all the topics al- nesses will not admit of being compared luded to in the letter, I feel myself called together. But, as the opportunity is preupon to state, that from habits of close sented, it may be proper to enter into friendship with Mr. Bingham, and an in- some details respecting the propagation of timate acquaintance with his principles Christianity in the islands which have and conduct, I cannot for a moment sup- called forth these remarks; and to notice pose he has in any manner interfered with many things which Mr. Ellis's letter passes the civil or political affairs of the islands. I am, sir, most respectfully your's,
We shall not be ableto follow Mr. (Signed) " W. Ellis." Orme through all these items; but we “ Had you inserted this document, it recommend those of our readers who would probably have terminated the dis- may be inclined to build their opinions cussion, although many things in your ar
upon the assertions of the Quarterly Reticle were passed without notice, in consequence of the limits which had been view, to read the book for themselves.
may extract a few particulars in “ The reader will participate in the feel- another Number. In the mean time we ings which must have been experienced conclude with the following attestation to by Mr. Ellis and his friends, when in
the character of these calumniated misyour last number, instead of redeeming sionaries, which we copy from the New
York Observer, and which is in perfect pected among an unenlightened people. consonance with numerous other docu
The truth is, the short time which they
are in the habit of devoting to religious ments: “ It is well known to our readers, secular concerns, makes them more re
duties, instead of interfering with their that among the sailors who visit the gular and diligent in their attention to Sandwich Islands, English as well as
business. Although it is stated that proAmerican, there are many vicious men
visions are so extremely scarce, that not who are violently opposed to the American long since the king sent to beg a little missionaries, and to the work of refor- bread of the American consul,' yet we are mation which has been produced by their
assured by our informant, that ten ships labours, because of the obstacle it pre
can now obtain supplies on the island of sents to the gratification of their unhal
Oahu, where one could not before the lowed appetites. We are sorry to per- arrival of the missionaries. That class ceive that the editor of the Enquirer, of of the community particularly devoted this city, and of the Quarterly Review, of
to books and instruction, were formerly London, have lent their columns to the
an idle train, who followed the king from dissemination of misrepresentations and place to place, and spent their time in calumnies proceeding from such a source.
foolish plays and games. We are further The American missionaries are personally, informed by Capt. Sayre, that the misand thoroughly known to thousands of sionaries, instead of attempting to force our most respectable citizens, and enjoy the darkest and most dreary points of Putheir entire confidence. The leaders of
ritan discipline upon the simple-minded the mission are ordained ministers of the islanders, instruct them in the simple, Gospel, of distinguished piety, and had
plain, practical truths and precepts of received before they left this country, as
the Gospel; and their efforts, instead of thorough a classical and theological education as is enjoyed by the clergy in the tending as fast as possible to lay waste
the whole country, and plunge the inhamost enlightened districts of our country. bitants into civil war and bloodshed,' Those who know them will require no have an influence directly the reverse. vindication of their character; to others Capt. Sayre had considerable conversa we recommend the following statement, tion with Gov. Adams, of Owhyhee, an inmade by Capt. M. Sayre, of the ship telligent and observing man, who inMarcus, who arrived a few days since at formed him that he had never been able Sag Harbor from his second
voyage to discover any thing in the missionaries, Pacific Ocean, and authorised the publica- and particularly in Mr. Bingham, at vation of it in the Sag Harbor Watchman. riance with their profession; and that Capt. Sayre, says the Watchman, who is their instruction was good and calculated a gentleman of intelligence and observa
to make them more happy and peaceable, tion, and whose veracity may be relied and it had produced these effects, so far on, visited the Sandwich Islands on both
as they had been influenced by it, throughhis voyages ; and on his last voyage he out the islands. Gov. Adams further obspent several weeks on those islands, and served, that the natives were not required took great pains to ascertain the real
to neglect their land, but were taught to character and conduct of the American be industrious. The governor appeared missionaries, from their enemies as well as
to be decidedly in favour of the missiona. friends; and he says that their conduci, ries, notwithstanding the intluence of instead of being, as the Enquirer states, some American residents and an English
mischievous,' and `excessively absurd consul to draw off his attention. and outrageous,' has been in his opinion, “ As to Boki, we are informed, that moderate, firm, dignified, mild, and Chris- since his return from England, where he tian; and that the censures which have derived little or no advantage in regard to been passed upon Mr. Bingham, either religion and morality, he has been a very in those islands or in this country, have suspicious character. Till quite recently he generally come from the enemies of reli- has done much for the missionaries, but gion, and ought to be viewed by the has now taken a different stand, declaring public as gross calumnies, originating that the great men of England gamble, almost exclusively from a spirit of hosti- and spend their time in play, &c.; and lity to the missionary cause. And with that he may do the same with equal proregard to the natives being 'required to priety; and that he does not wish to be attend church five times every day,' and subject to the moral instruction of the being forced to spend all their time in missionaries. Those acquainted with the preaching, praying, and singing,' nothing indefatigable pains taken by foreigners of the kind occurred during his stay on who are hostile to the missionary cause, the islands, neither could he learn that it
to draw him away from good instruction, had ever been done. There had, how- will not be surprised at the bold step ever, been some irregularities and incon
which he has taken. Ilis authority, howsistencies in the meetings conducted by ever, is limited, and causes but little fear the natives, which had been spoken of as
among the missionaries. Capt. Sayre inMuch, and corrected by the missionaries- forms us that the chiefs generally are all which might very naturally be ex- decidedly moral, friendly to the mis.
sionaries, and many of them profess gences by the light of civilization and religion ; and that this is the great cause Christianity, diffused among the natives of the opposition from foreigners. They by the missionaries, would awaken the are disturbed and restrained in their um- hostility of the unprincipled and profligate lawful and licentious courses ; and it is to the cause of religion, and occasion the very natural to suppose that the restraints missionaries themselves to become the thus imposed upon their wicked indul- objects of their hatred and vituperation."
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
have held them responsible for the good PORTUGAL.—The emperor Don Pedro conduct of their faithful children, who has placed Don Miguel at the head of wished to be more kingly in their nothe government, to administer the affairs tions than the king. of the kingdom according to the provi- GREECE AND TURKEY.- The timely sions of the charter. Don Miguel is, interposition of the Christian allies has, however, so much opposed to the new we rejoice to learn, prevented the mediconstitution, that it seems doubtful what tated attack of the Egyptian fleet, under line of conduct he will adopt. If he the Pacha Ibrahim, upon Greece; and should be induced, as well he may be, the last reports state, that the Turkish especially after witnessing the fatal ex- government has shewn an inclination to ample of the king of Spain, to yield accept the offered mediation for arrangup his early prejudices to a wise and ing the affairs of Greece upon a just enlightened policy, thus consulting not and honourable basis. Negotiations are less his own interest than the interests stated to be in progress for the accomof his country at large, Portugal will plishment of this most desirable object. long have to rejoice at the accession of such a mediating and healing influence.
DOMESTIC. But should he persist in his opposition There is no immediate domestic into a constitutional government, we see telligence which requires our notice, but no alternative but either an abrogation our slave colonies still continue to be of the charter, or a fierce and long-con- subjects of powerful, though distressing tinued struggle between the hostile par- interest. Our readers will recollect that, ties in the state, each side perhaps en
in the session of 1826, Mr. Canning in couraged by foreign countenance, and the house of commons, and Lord Bawhich, terminating as it may, either for thurst in the house of lords, stated that liberty or despotism, must in the mean bills for the amelioration of the state of time inflict upon the country all the slavery, grounded upon the Trinidad horrors which attend a protracted civil Order in Council, would be sent out to discord.
the governors of the West-India colonies Spain.—The king continues his cru- for the consideration of the legislative sade against his ultra-royalist subjects, bodies; which government had trusted whom, however, he has vanquished in se- would be attended with a successful veral skirmishes,and,as he states,reduced result; but if otherwise, it would be for to submission; though he is still on his the imperial parliament to consider march, and accounts continue to arrive what measures would be expedient to of partial contests, which do not quite carry the intentions of government into dove-tail with his majesty's veni, vidi, effect. The proposed enactments, and vici details. We are happy however, the reception they have met with from for the sake of our common humanity, the colonial legislatures, are contained in whatever cause engaged, to find that in a bulky folio presented to parliament he is more liberal in his amnesty to at the close of the last session, when it these super-royal rebels than he has was too late for the legislature to take ever been to the abettors of the late the matter into consideration. A lucid, Constitution ; and that he forbids every and sufficiently copious, analysis of these kind of taunt, whether by word or ges- papers has just been given to the public, ture, to those who lay down their arms (see our List of New Publications,) to and return to their allegiance. He is which we would strongly direct the atstated also to have summoned to his tention of those of our readers who are presence, the chief ecclesiastical autho- interested in the details of this great rities in the disturbed districts, and to question. Our own notice of it must
be very brief; but we will give, from Yet, imperfect as are these regulations, the above analysis, a few illustrations, in what manner have the colonists acted sufficiently characteristic to enlighten upon them? In what spirit have they them upon the whole subject.
responded to the most solemn wishes and It is necessary to remind our readers, remonstrances of the British Government that the Trinidad Order in Council itself, and Legislature? to the unanimous voice which is made a sort of standard for the of their countrymen at home, and the amelioration of slavery throughout the still louder voice of common humanity? colonies, is far from embodying all that To answer this question, we refer to the his Majesty's Government at first held parliamentary documents above alluded out to the expectation of parliament to; or, as these are voluminous, and in and the public, and much farther still comparatively few hands, to the abovefrom embracing all that the exigencies mentioned analysis of them. We can, of the case demanded. It comprises no however, answer it in one sentence; for provisions whatever either for the edu- some of the islands have done nothing, cation or religious instruction of the literally nothing; others have done next slaves. It does not abolish Sunday to nothing, having made a shew of legismarkets, but continues to sanction lating, but with a very scanty measure thein. It does not allow to the slave, of substantial and efficient improvement; as was stipulated, equivalent time, in and others have done worse than nothing, lieu of Sunday, for raising food and for for they have added contumely to defimarketing The evidence of slaves is ance; they have spurned and scouted not admitted, without such limitations the suggestions of his Majesty's Governas almost to destroy the efficiency of the ment, and heaped every species of ridimeasure. The slave continues debarred, cule and contempt upon their authors under heavy penalties, from raising or and abettors. The analysis gives the vending any article of exportable pro- details in the alphabetical order of the duce. The separation of families by sale islands. First there is Antigua, respectis not prohibited, except in the single case ing which we learn that its legislature of judicial sales. Slaves may still be sold have done nothing. Then follow the detached from the estate to which they Bahamas, which have rejected all the belong. No record, as respects arbitrary eight bills proposed by his Majesty's punishments by the master, is required, Government, and passed one bill of their except in the case of plantation slaves. own. We give, as a sample of Bahama The protector of slaves himself may hold legislation, negative and positive, one personal slaves to any amount in his own, specimen of their reasons for rejecting and slave plantations in every other co- Lord Bathurst's bills, and one of the lony; and the assistant protectors may provisos of their own. With respect to possess slaves, whether predial or domes- the punishment of female slaves, they tic, without any limitation. And besides deem it impracticable to substitute these deviations from the course which any other mode, as proposed in Lord it was originally proposed to pursue, Bathurst's bills, in the place of Alogging ; there are some other points materially for, say they, all intelligent slave-owners affecting the happiness of the slave, hold, that females generally require more which are wholly omitted. One is, that frequent corporal correction than males. the hours of labour are not fixed; ano- So much for rejection; now for amether, that the order sanctions the cruel liorative legislation. Section 10 proand unjust principle of authorizing the vides, that henceforward women are not infliction of severe corporal chastisement to be stripped and flogged in the preon the complaining slave, who, under all sence of any males, except the person his disadvantages as a witness, shall not or persons ordering the punishment, and have proved the truth of his complaint. the person or persons inflicting the To which we may add, that however ex- same! Next follows, alphabetically, Barcellent may have been the intention of badoes; which has passed, not the eight the framers of the regulations in the reprobated colonial-office bills, but some Trinidad Order, respecting manumis- of their own; offering a few minor imsion, they have failed in guarding them provements, but retaining the essential from most enormous abuses. The colo- atrocities of the system. They have renial appraisers have found a way, at no fused, for example, to abolish the use of greater expense than a false oath, of de- the whip in the field, and the flogging of feating the object, by affixing upon females, or to confer on slaves a right of slave a preposterous nominal value, property. The power of summary punishwhich no man in the colonies would for ment by flogging, “the Assembly cona moment think of giving for him. siders to be inseparable from a state of
CHRIST. Observ, No. 310. 40