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complete mill, according to the author to consult, and also what
form of one that was then building part of his work to examine, when,
in the neighbourhood. The process at any future period, he might be
and progress of the building he disposed to write at large on any
narrowly observed every day, and one subject in divinity.
every day he also proceeded with On his leaving college, he was
his own little work. When the mill ordained on the curacy of Moreton-
was finished, some obstruction to hampstead, in the diocese of Exeter.
its regularly working was discover. At his examination for holy orders,
ed, which seemed for the time to he was highly complimented for his
puzzle even the builder. At this extensive theological knowledge and
juncture of disappointment, the attainments. Soon after his ordina-
little self-taught architect entered tion, he married Miss Gilbert, the
the mill, and, soon hearing of the daughter of Mr.W.Gilbert, of Long-
obstruction, observed, that his mill brook, near Kingsbridge. When fixed
was perfect and went most regu. in his curacy, he diligently applied
larly, and in a few minutes, to the himself to regular reading and study,
surprise of all present, pointed out and now began seriously to reduce
the defect and the remedy.

to practice what he had only conHe was, from his earliest years, ceived in theory at college. In the intended for the ministry; and was course of a few years, he had complaced, at the age of eleven, at the piled twelve volumes in manuscript, grammar school at Exeter, under towards the completion of his design. the instruction of the Rev. Mr. About this time he had removed Hodgkinson,' the then respected to the curacy of Drewsteignton, a master of that seminary. Here he parish adjoining to that of bis forwas distinguished for his progress mer residence. Soon after his enin the usual routine of classical tering on this cure, his mode of learning, for a very retentive me- preaching had been represented to mory, for a readiness and facility in the then Bishop of Exeter, to be of composition, and he especially ex- so disagreeable a nature, that the celled in Latin versification. His most respectable part of the parish early turn of mind to mechanical could not, without painful feelings, pursuits did not lie dormant while attend his ministry. On being at school. He frequently exercised called on by the bishop for his his talent in constructing many cu- defence, he presented, for his lordrious and ingenious articles for his ship's perusal, the twelve volumes own recreation, and for the amuse- above mentioned ; declaring that ment of his school-fellows.

these volumes contained the very At the age of eighteen he was sermons which he had preached, and entered at Baliol College, Oxford, which had given to some persons and took the degree of A. B. at the such great offence. It appeared, usual period. During his residence that the sermons which gave of at college, he formed the idea of fence, were those on the different compiling a “system of divinity," vices of mankind; while those on from the united labours of both the Christian graces and virtues ancient and modern writers in the were heard with pleasure, and often school of sound theology. With drew, even from the complainants this view, he read with avidity the themselves, expressions of high apmost eminent authors of almost probation. The bishop, having had every date, and carefully noted, in the volumes in his possession for a common-place book, the names some time, sent for Mr. Davy, and of the author, the section and page, expressed his sense of his diligence together with the 'heads of the and labours, and avowed his intensubjects; so that he might know tion of noticing with his marked accurately where to turn, and what approval his zeal and fidelity in his


Lord's vineyard. His lordship even a serious loss, as he found that he desired him to point out any living stood engaged to his printer for in his patronage which would be the payment of more than 1001. most acceptable; and noted it in his after deducting the proceeds of the book of memoranda. Thus encou- copies disposed of." This circumraged, Mr. Davy proceeded with stance may appear extraordinary, renewed vigour towards the com as the work was published by subpletion of his intended plan, and scription ; but it seems that some spared neither labour nor expense, persons who subscribed their names as far as his slender income would omitted to transmit the stipulated permit, to accomplish his long-pro- payment. This failure, though it jected system of divinity. But the involved him in considerable diffihopes of the curate were disappoint- culties, did not abate his resolued; for the living which Mr. Davy tion to proceed with unwearied perconsidered as promised to him was, severance towards the execution of when vacant, bestowed on another. his design. He continued therefore

Mr. Davy did not, even amidst his to collect materials from every unwearied theological studies, re- quarter, wherever he could obtain linquish his favourite recreation in access to public or private libraries. mechanical pursuits. The time of Having, at length, completed his relaxation from severer study was long projected plan of a system of devoted by him to the invention divinity, which should include the and construction of time-pieces of distinguishing doctrines and prevarious and ingenious forms, and scribed duties of Christianity, he to the modelling and management had a prospectus of his laborious of his garden. These pursuits were, work printed, and transmitted to however, simply for relaxation and the different bishops of the realm, amusement, and were never allowed and to other eminent personages to interfere with his stated labours, throughout the kingdom. But he in the work of ministerial duty and was not fortunate enough to obtain usefulness. He bad, at one time, such support or encouragement as undertaken a small farm, with the would justify him to proceed to hope of providing more comfortably the publication of his labours ; for for the support of his increasing the work would occupy twenty-six family : but he soon found that massy volumes, and it was comdivinity and agriculture were in- puted it would cost at least 20001. compatible pursuits; that in pro- to publish it. He had not property portion as the one was regarded and sufficient for this purpose: and yet, prospered, the other was neglect- if it were not printed in his own lifeed and suffered loss; and he there- time, and under his own eye, he fore abandoned his farm, though at considered it would be lost to the a considerable disadvantage. world ; for the work, from his mode

About this period he had, on the of collecting and enlarging it, was death of his rector, removed to the of too complex a form in manucuracy of Lustleigh, with a salary script for any one but himself to of forty pounds a-year. In the unravel. Not unfrequently in one year 1786, he published six vo- page might be added a hundred lumes of sermons, by subscription, pieces of print or manuscript, which as a kind of commencement of his were all to be most minutely exintended system of divinity. The amined, in order to perceive exactly work was noticed with consi- by what marks they were to be derable approbation by different adjusted to each other, and to what reviewers, and many private indi- parts of the body of the text they corviduals : but it brought him no responded. After much perplexing advantage, either of patronage or uncertainty, he determined to make pecuniary profit; and even proved a trial to print the work with his own hande, not only that it might be His regular habit was not to purt extricated from its then almost upin- chase any quantity of paper, until telligible form, which might have been he had the money to pay for it. ii effected by means of a fair transcript; . Having completed his first volume but also that so many copies might in the year 1795, he thought it adbe given to the public, as he trusted. visable to distribute most of the would lead the way to a demand copies, as specimens of the work, for new and enlarged editions. among those who were most com

He instantly resolved “to do what petent to appreciate its value. He he could." He borrowed money to therefore transmitted copies to vapurchase a font of cast-away types rious bishops, to the two universiof a printer at Exeter; and, finding ties, and to other persons of reputed that the expense of a press would be talent and piety; reserving for himtoo great for his finances, he deter- self only fourteen copies. Having mined to make one himself, which waited, as he considered, a reasonhe effected on a principle very dif- able time for encouragement from ferent from the presses in general those to whom he had sent copies, use. At this period bis income was but finding none, he sat down extremely narrow ;-his little pro- quietly to his former labour, and perty was overloaded with debt; resolved, if his life were spared and and his curacy, though nominally strength supplied, to print the whole forty pounds a year, was really but himself

, striking off, however, only thirty-five pounds, as he for many fourteen copies, instead of forty as years paid five pounds as rent for before; being, as he pathetically the rectory-house, or expended that lamented, unequal to the purchase sum in repairs,

of sufficient quantities of paper for Having constructed and set up forty copies ; living also in a ruinhis small press, he began to print. ated house; having an increasing None but those who have been family; and being unable, for want engaged in the art of printing can of types and greater skill in printform any conception of the diffi- ing, to work off more than one page culties he met with in the prose- at a time; so that, even labouring cution of his plan. But amidst almost day and night, he could not all his failures his mind was calm, hope in a quarter of a century, and and his temper unruffled. Nothing before he should arrive at the age disheartened him; his favourite of eighty years, to complete perhaps maxim was, “ Labor omnia vincit," more than half his intended work. and amidst his most perplexing dis- To assist his labours, he taught appointments, he would mildly say, a female servant to compose the "Nil desperandum :” “never mind, types, and, with her aid alone, he I will try again ; I may do better proceeded so steadily in his labothe next time." His patience and rious undertaking, that in the year perseverance, at last surmounting 1807 he completed it, in twentyall difficulties, at the end of three six octavo volumes, of nearly 500 weeks he was able to compose five pages each, the printing of which or six pages in octavo, strike them was the unremitting labour of aloff, and replace the letters in their most night and day for more cases, in the compass of one day. than twelve successive years. His In this manner he proceeded with health, strength, and eye-sight did his first volume, printing forty not seem to have suffered the least copies ; as even the purchase of injury during the whole period. paper was more than his very con- Great were his joy and gratitude to tracted circumstances would well God at the completion of his underadmit; and not unfrequently did taking; but his hopes, that his work the press remain inactive for want would now attract the attention of of paper, and money to procure it. the public, and be considered worthy of encouragement, were too san- were the amusement of his declining guine. He, however, presented years, and the admiration of the copies of bis. twenty-six volumes neighbourhood. He had planted, in to persons of high station in the box, texts of Scripture, in small church, who, he hoped, would re- borders around the walks, with his gard it with attention ; but his own name, and the date of the year ; hopes were again frustrated. Some so that in every walk some divine returned the copies, while some or moral precept met the eye; the retained them. Various letters of different letters being kept regularly thanks and commendation were re- trimmed, so as easily to be read. ceived by him, but no advantage He also amused his leisure hours in or encouragement followed ; and, constructing ingenious pieces of as far as his own interest was con mechanism, and was not proof cerned, his toil and expense were against the splendid delusion which wholly in vain. His own interest, has cheated so many other mechahowever, was the least part of his nists of discovering a perpetual care; for in his successive appli- motion ; but failing of the desired cations for assistance towards com- success, he did not suffer any of pleting his design, he expressly en- his inventions to remain. gaged to apply, not to himself, but His press had been for some to the publication of his work, what time laid aside, and he had no inever might be bestowed upon him. tention of ever using it again. But

Discouraged and discountenanced, at the age of eighty, the energies Mr. Davy sat down in his old age of his mind were roused to action, to rest awhile from his labours on by various tracts that had been earth, before he entered into his industriously circulated in his neighrest in heaven. He now retired bourhood by Deists and Socinians. from the parsonage of Lustleigh, He in consequence brought forth where he had not the power to again his little press to light; and keep either a horse or cow for his baving selected from his own system relief and comfort in his declining of divinity, such extracts as appearyears; and resided at Willmead, à ed to him calculated to refute the small farm belonging to his son ; errors of the Infidel and the Sostill however retaining the curacy cinian, he, in the winter of 1823, of Lustleigh, now advanced to sixty actually printed, without any aspounds a-year. Here he had the sistance whatever, an octavo volume conveniences and comforts that he of 480 pages under the title of so much needed in his old age, and “ Divinity; or Discourses on the which he could not possess and Being of God, the Divinity of Christ, enjoy at the rectory. In this quiet the Personality of the Holy Ghost, scene he spent a part of his time and on the Sacred Trinity," being in laying plans for gardens among “ Improved Extracts” from the authe rocks, on the summit of the hill thor's System of Divinity in twentyabove his residence. By removing six volumes. He printed fourteen portions of the rocks, he recovered copies only, and distributed them several small spots of ground, suffi- principally among his friends. The cient for gardens to plant box, roses, volume was highly spoken of by small shrubs, and flowers of various some, and was requested by many, kinds. With the displaced rocks Among the persons who requested he built walls around as a fence to a copy was the late Bishop of the gardens; and as the walls were Durham, who sent him twenty of different elevations, the whole pounds in return for it*. Mr. Davy had the appearance of a fortification in miniature. The view from the

* We think Mr. C. Davy is misin

formed in stating that the Bishop of Durmost elevated garden is remarkably ham sent the twenty pounds as a return beautiful and grand. These gardens for a copy of this limited and curious


was induced, by these favourable in a better form, and in a more excircumstances, to have it reprinted peditious manner than he himself edition ; that payment being intended, we could now attempt. In a few believe, to encourage a new edition print- months, an edition was printed, ed in the ordinary way, of which the the greater part of which Mr. Davy bishop required only two copies for his

distributed, as before, among subscription. Shortly after Mr. Davy had printed his volume in 1823, he fa disposed persons in various parts of youred us with the loan of one of the the kingdom, neither wishing nor fourteen copies, which, apart from the expecting any emolument for himmerits, whatever they might be, of the self; but only anxious for the enwork as a literary performance, so greatly interested us on behalf of the laborious larged circulation of the work, for and aged author, that we drew up a brief the benefit of his fellow-creatures. statement of the singular circumstances Having received some addition to attending his publications, which we in his income, from the death of a serted in our volume for 1823, p. 054, recommending at the same time a re- relation, he was now enabled to print of the Improved Extracts” by pay, as he did most punctually as means of a “liberal subscription list, the work advanced, for the paper “ so as to reimburse the worthy and aged and printing, to the amount of more We also shewed the volume to various than 300l. He rejoiced at being persons, including two or three prelates, thus enabled to do any thing which who appeared likely to befriend the he considered useful for the refu-' author; and in particular we lent it to tation of error, the establishment of the late Bishop of Durham, who became so greatly interested in his behalf, that he the truth, and the glory of his Lord expressed his intention of subscribing to and Master Jesus Christ. wards the reprint which we had recommnended, and sent to the author, together tinguished personages, especially

Having received from various diswith the subscription above-mentioned, a most kind and cheering letter, which is from twelve of the bishops, their printed in the new edition of the work. approbation of the nature and exe

It may be proper further to remark, in cution of his “ Improved Extracts," reply to the grievous complaints of the with a request from many for copies author at the neglect with which be considered himself treated, that it cannot be of a future edition, he was encousupposed that those prelates and others raged to commence another edition, to whom he presented the fruits of his with enlargements, in three vovast labours, viewed them in the same lumes, which was not completed actually hoped that the work would be before his decease. He had himthought worthy of being placed by au- self written the index to the first thority in all the churches of the land, vclume. The index to the two for the public edification. We have never remaining volumes was finished by seen the author's twenty-six volumes ourselves; but the Quarterly Reviewers, in their volume for 1812, pronounced them In December 1825, Mr. Davy “ a surprising and mournful instance of was presented by the Bishop of wasted perseverance,' " and intimated that Exeter to the vicarage of Winkleigh, it was " for a reason sufficiently apparent" that the author could obtain no ecclesias- in the eighty-third year of his age. tical patronage. We ought however in The agitation of mind which he felt justice to add, that the “* Improved Ex- at quitting his endeared residence tracts” contain much that is valuable and taking possession of his new which they treat : and the work comes to sphere of pastoral duty, together the public as a melancholy legacy from with the fatigue which he underthe departed author; for he states, that in went by riding on horseback to order to print it," being too far advanced Exeter, and thence to Barnstaple, manual labour of the press," he had been and to Winkleigh, for the purpose obliged " to sacrifice the reserved pro- of institution and induction, withvision for his latter days," and to present out sufficient intervals of rest, exthe work to the world in every way un- hausted his little remaining strength. supported, after every solicitation for assistance. The larger part of the two vo

He held, for it cannot be said that lumes is on the Divinity of Christ. he enjoyed, the living about five

his son.

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