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carried out to Norwich, “ quasi in

quasi in at securing the well-known fifth of Sandapilâ." It is in the cemeteries the almost nothing previously left of Norwich and Higham, and no to these malignants; and this in longer in the bright and courtly behalf of his wife: meridian of London, that we are “ But still the rents and revenues, both

to look for our episcopal of my spiritual and temporal lands, were martyr. Having alternately pur- Norfolk, and Suffolk, and Essex, and we

taken up by the sequestrators, both in sued his duties of homilizing, ca- kept off from either allowance or actechising, and ordaining, till the compt." Hall, p. 403. March following, 1642-3, he continues his narrative in his “ Hard late resters as well as early risers.

It seems these reformers were Measure as follows :

One right still remained to the “ The first noise that I heard of my bishop, dear to him as the apple of trouble was, that, one morning, before my servants were up, there came to my his eye: we mean his right of ordinagates one Wright, a London trooper, at- tion. He had suffered before as a tended with others, requiring entrance; man ; he now feels as a bishop, threatening, if they were not admitted, to

when, “ the mayor, and aldermen, break open the gates; whom I found, at my first sight, struggling with one of my and sheriffs having been stirred up,' servants for a pistol which he had in his divers volunteers in the service hand. I demanded his business at that unseasonable time. He told me, he came

“ came to my gates at a very unseasonto search for arms and ammunition, of able time; and, knocking very vehemently. which I must be disarmed. I told him required to speak with the Bishop. Mes I had only two muskets in the house, and business : nothing would satisfy them but

sages were sent to them to know their no other military provision. resting upon my word, searched round the Bishop's presence. At last, I came about the house, looked into the chests down to them, and demanded what the and trunks, examined the vessels in the opened, and then they would tell me.

matter was : they would have the gate

I cellar. Finding no other warlike furniture, he asked me what horses I had, for answered

that I would know them better his commission was to take them also. I was ready to hear them. They told

first: if they had any thing to say to me, I told him how poorly I was stored, and that my age would not allow me to travel Mayor, and some other of their magis

me they had a writing to me, from Mr on foot. In conclusion, he took one horse, for the present; and such accompt of lenge of me for breaking the covenant, in

The paper contained both a chalanother, that he did highly expostulate ordaining ministers ; and, withal

, required with me afterwards, that I had otherwise

me to give in the names of those which disposed of him.” Hall, pp. 400, 401.

were ordained by me both then and forIt was immediately, as it appears, merly since the covenant. My answer after this, that the Parliament,

was, that Mr. Mayor was much abused by

those who had misinformed him, and the intemperance and harshness of

drawn that


from him; that I would whose proceedings will scarcely the next day give a full answer to the admit of an excuse,-passed their writing; They moved that my answer ordinance, as a hint for all fu- might be by my personal appearance at ture reformers, for sequestrating ever heard of a bishop of Norwich appear

the Guildhall. I asked them when they the whole private as well as ing before a mayor. I knew mine own church property of the malignant place; and would take that way of anbishops ; and Bishop Hall reco

swer which I thought fit; and so disvered from the search for arms only that had they known before of mine or

missed them, who had given out that day, to undergo the more vigorous and daining, they would have pulled me and hearty search of commissioners for those whom I had ordained out of the money.

chapel by the ears." Hall, pp. 404, 405. It appears that Mrs. Goodwin, The civility here intended by the “ a religious good gentlewoman," Presbyterians to the subjects of whom we name honoris causâ, re- Episcopal ordination, was afterlieved the library of our Hall and wards, on June 10, 1644, practised, his household stuff from the out- at the grand ceremonial of the rerage of a sale, and distribution to formers, on the walls and glasses of the winds. An attempt was made the cathedral of Norwich, under

4 U 2


the authority and presence of Lin- dral soon turned the aged Bishop, sey, Toftes the sheriff, and Green- and his wife and children, out of his wood.

palace. This was justified on the “ What work was here! what clatter- not unusual pretext of reformers, ing of glasses ! what beating down of economy; that “the committee, who walls ! what tearing up of monuments !

was now at charge for a house to what pulling down of seats ! what wresting out of irons and brass from the win

sit in, might make their daily session dows and graves! what defacing of arms ! there, being a place both more what demolishing of curious stone-work, public, roomy, and chargeless.” The that had not any representation in the street was a more suitable accomoworld, but only of the cost of the founder, and skill of the mason! what tooting and

dation than a house for an old man piping on the destroyed organ pipes! and of seventy, and a follower of Him what a hideous triumph on the market- who “ had not where to lay his day before all the country; when, in a head.” kind of sacrilegious and profane procession, all the organ pipes, vestments, both

“ Out we must, and that in three weeks' copes and surplices, together with the warning by Midsummer-day then apleaden cross which had been newly sawn proaching ; so as we might have lain in down from over the Green-yard pulpit,

the street for aught I know, had not the and the service-books and singing-books providence of God so ordered it, that a that could be had, were carried to the fire neighbour in the close, one Mr. Gostlin, in the public market-place; a lewd wretch a widower, was content to void his house walking before the train, in his cope trailing

for us." Hall, p. 408. in the dirt, with a service-book in his hand, The widow Goodwin, and the imitating in an impious scorn the tune, and

widower Gostlin, will doubtless be usurping the words of the litany used formerly in the church. Near the public cross,

remembered in that day when the all these monuments of idolatry must be " widowed indeed and desolate" sacrificed to the fire ; not without much

shall be so no longer; and when ostentation of a zealous joy, in discharging ordnance, to the cost of some, who pro

they who “saw the stranger and fessed how much they had longed to see that

took him in," shall have more day. Neither was it any news upon this honour from Him“ to whom they Guild-day, to have the cathedral, now did it," than those who could say in open on all sides, to be filled with mus

their pride,

« We have eaten and keteers, waiting for the Major's return; drinking and tobacconing as freely, as if drunk in Thy presence, and Thou it had turned alehouse.” Hall, pp. 406, hast taught in our streets." 407.

- This hath been my measure,” It must have been truly pleasant shortly and meekly concludes the to see the respectable representa- Bishop: “wherefore, I know not: tive above of the reforming body in Lord, thou knowest, who only canst Norwich, “ trailing his cope in the remedy, end, and forgive, or avenge, dirt ; " and the proceeding comports this horrible oppression." with the conduct of some of those This final scene took place, we leading characters which had been apprehend, in 1644, though Mr. conducting, under the immediate Jones is rather defective in distinct eye of the Parliament itself, similar arrangement of occurrences and practices, perhaps honoured with dates ; indeed, his whole work is is the discharge of ordnance,” at rather an ondigested compilation any rate not fit to be interrupted in than an orderly narrative, though their zeal for the great work of written, we must not neglect to add, church-and-state reformation, in an admirable spirit, and with

If there had been any fair or much good sense in his own scatbright spot, to recover their credit tered observations. in their future proceedings with re- In 1644 we find two consecutive spect to their treatment of this very sermons, preached by our Bishop Hall, “ in cause so innocent, septuagenarian, the

text, in fate so lanientable," we should “ Grieve not the Holy Spirit of willingly adduce it. On the contrary, God, whereby ye are sealed unto those who had desecr ted the cathe- the day of redemption :" one in the

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• A great

Green-Yard, Norwich, June 9; on all occasions to preach in any of the the other at St. Gregory's church,

churches in Norwich, as appears from

several sermons still extant, till he was Norwich, July 21. It is probable first forbidden by men, and at last disabled the removal, mentioned above, of by God.' And when he could not preach the “ leaden cross over the Green- as often, and as long as he was able, he yard pulpit,” happened in the in- as diligent a hearer as he had been

a preacher: how oft have we seen him,' terim. And as we find no other

says Whitefoot, walking alone, like old sermon till 1648, when he preached Jacob, with his staff, to Bethel, the house at the parish church of Higham on

of God! When he was in the eightieth Easter-day, it is probable that year of his age, he preached in Higham the interval was employed in other fifth volume of his works, intitled, Life

church the forty-second sermon in the than that smooth and even tenor a sojourning,' on Sunday, July 1st, 1655, of useful and inviting popularity from 1 Pet. I, 17, • If ye call on the Fawhich had before drawn' forth his ther, who, without respect of persons,

judgeth according to every man's work, pulpit labours. We find a work

pass the time of your sojourning here in bearing the mark of this period, fear." The venerable and aged Bishop that is, 1647, his “ Pax Terris *, " on this occasion observed to his audience, dated also from Higham. And here, that

it hath pleased the providence of my

God so to contrive it, that this day, in a small hamlet, the good old man this very morning, fourscore years ago, in 1648, now in his seventy-fourth was born into the world. year, once more rises, in the pulpit time since,' ye are ready to say: and so of the parish church, to his wonted indeed it seems to you, that look at it and most beloved duty. Higham it seems so short, that it is gone like a

forward; but to me, that look at it past, was a hamlet in the western suburb tale that is told, or a dream by night, and of Norwich, where he rented a small looks but like yesterday. It can be no estate; and where, on September 8, who hear me this day, are not like to see

offence for me to say, that many of you, 1656, in his eighty-second year,

so many suns walk over your heads, as I the once courtly child of prosperity, have done. Yea, what speak I of this ?

as Mr. Jones observes, There is not one of us, that can assure “ the child of Providence,"

himself of his continuance here one day.

We are all tenants at will; and, for ought “ terminated his earthly pilgrimage, after all the outrages, persecutions, and hard- cottages at an hour's warning. Oh, then,

but ever,

we know, may be turned out of these clay ships endured in those turbulent times, what should we do, but, as wise farmers, and entered into that rest which re

who know the time of their lease is expirmaineth for the people of God; where ing and cannot be renewed, carefully and the wicked cease from troubling, and seasonably provide ourselves of a sure, where the weary are at rest.

more during tenure ?'"

Hall. Bishop's house is still existing, and is

pp. 415–417. now a public-house, whose sign is the Dolphin. It is an ancient house built of We have no space for more enflint, near the church; and has for about larged views of the life, character, a century back been a public-house. and writings of our “ English Bloomfield says it was not the Bishop's Seneca," whom Mr. Jones would private property, but hired. There are the dates of 1587 and 1615 on it. Ini- more aptly designate our “ English tials, B. with a merchant's mark, and a coat of arms, three herons. During his Under all his sufferings, he distriretirement at Higbam, our good Bishop

buted a weekly charity to a certain number spent the remainder of his days in doing

of poor widows, out of the little which was all the good he could f. He was ready left him. He observed also a weekly fast

with his whole family, for the safety and Written in Latin, perhaps both for preservation of the king's person, until his occupation and for better security from majesty was murdered. During his last hostile prying, as at that period a recom- illness, he evinced extraordinary patience mendation of peace on earth weuld have and submission to the Divine will. He appeared wholly inappropriate. It was was afflicted with violent and acute pains traced, he says, in his dedication, to of the stone and stranguary, which he bore Bishop Morton, “ Rugosâ hac præque most patiently, till death put an end to senio tremulà manu.”

all his sufferings and troubles. It is said +“ He spent much of his last years in that he punctually foretold the night of his devotion and meditation, lamenting the death, and accordingly gave orders for the sufferings and calamities of church and tiine and manner of his funeral."

The and


Chrysostom," and who is described possess it." Still Episcopacy, when by Fuller as an author “not une connected with Arminianism, did happy at controversies, more happy not itself prevent the wider and at comments, very good in his cha- more ruinous confusions of England; racters, better in his sermons, best but itself fell a sacrifice, in attemptof all in his meditations." We have ing to employ somewhat similar felt it our exclusive duty, in our means against Calvinism in England, own notice of one whom we may be which had been employed against content with the honour of calling Arminianism in Holland. “ our great countryman,” to do If we proceed to the far more imjustice between him and his ene- portant inquiry, “ Where shall wismies in the fearful encounter of the dom be found, and where is the place times he lived in ; nothing on either of understanding ?" what are we to side extenuating, nor, we would reply? That it was wisdom, or a willingly hope, setting down aught proper understanding of Christ's in malice.

kingdom, to establish or propagate In public affairs we have been it with words of insult, or deeds of called to do even-handed justice. persecution, by acts of oppression In what is private and personal, we on the one side, or of rebellion on are disposed to use the language of the other, we cannot believe ; but our great poet:

must regard those as being utterly

mistaken upon first principles, who “ Forbear to judge, for we are sinners all : Close up thine eyes, and draw the deemed it their duty thus to act. curtain close,

It was not so that the first ChrisAnd let us all to meditation.”

tians either promoted uniformity in In meditating on all that has the church, or contended for their preceded, we find, what is often rights and liberties of conscience. the case, narrow limits and less At the same time it must be fairly inclination for those very observa, admitted, as respects the troubles tions which it might have seemed which produced the temporary overour primary object to awaken and throw of the Church of England, that to enforce. We shall, it is true, there was no similar opportunity of have missed our aim, if our readers political conflict in the days of Polyhave not already anticipated our carp, Justin Martyr, and St. Ireconclusions : and it is with a view næus. These Christian bishops posof giving utterance to their feelings, sessed no secular powers which they as much as to our own, that we could pervert to purposes of oppresthrow together any further remarks. sion; while the people possessed no

We are not aware, that, from the political rights which it might be foregoing facts, any particular form their duty to protect. There was, of church discipline can be made therefore, no room for that state of out as essentially belonging to either things, which, whatever may have of those views of doctrine which are been its happy results on the secuusually designated as either Calvin- rity of our constitutional rights and istic or Arminian ; and if Jacob of our religious liberties, yet called Harmens in Holland, and Joseph forth, in all the contending parties, Hall in England, be considered a spirit of bitterness and bigotry as fair representatives of opposite wholly at variance with the meekcreeds, certainly the Calvinist was ness and peaceableness of Christ's Episcopal, and the Arminian Pres- religion. byterian. Davenant, without any We have thus placed ourselves, scruple, told the Synodists of Dort, it might appear, in the unfriendly that an Episcopate would have saved position of advocating neither party, all their confusions at that period : and attacking both. If so, it is, we to which the president, Bogerman, re- can truly say, with no hostile feel. plied, “they were not so happy as to ings toward either, that we speak; but we hope the time is arrived, or Hall and Arminius, the subjects is fast approaching, when genuine of this review, stood equally opChristianity will not be confounded posed to, and certainly opposed by, any more, even in the judgment of the Supralapsarians of the day; Christian charity, with a spirit and some of whom, however, inclined conduct opposed to its most obvi- rather to the doctrine of fatalism ous principles; and when we are to than of predestination. Even in learn, from all that has preceded, the decisions of Dort—that farthe difficult but important art of famed synod, into which Bishop adhering to true scriptural princi- Davenant was pleased to consider ples in belief and practice. It is his surreptitious admission as his not denied that some attempts were highest honour to his dying day formerly made to separate “ the pre

--it is remarkable that there is not cious from the vile;" and there were a single guard placed against the some choice spirits, even in the times errors of a philosophic fatalism ; we speak of, on both sides, who per- while, on the other side, there is haps, if they had been suffered to the strongest possible guard against work, would have hammered out on every modification of the Pelagian each other's anvils a golden chain, heresy; as if the one heresy was not that would have united all tongues to be lashed with the same rigour as and all hearts. But it must be felt, the other. St. Austin was of a very on the other hand, that men in different mind. He dealt, with an general were not ripe for such a re- equal and unsparing hand, his censult; that they bordered too nearly sures on either side ; so unsparing, upon preceding times of ferment indeed, as to have incurred some and change, to take a calm and com- charge of inconsistency in his writprehensive view of things; and that ings. And it does appear to us one the multitude, of both parties, would of the prime errors of the period of only view things on their own side, which we have been speaking, to and take up by one handle truths, have plunged, without consideration which they then wielded rather as of consequences, into the bottomweapons of hostility than as bonds less depths of subtle, and too often of love. It is, therefore, vain for useless speculation. us, with respect to the past, now to It remains still to be tried, how inquire whether Arminius abroad, far, “ each claiming truth,” “ truth or Bishop Hall in England, might disclaims not both.” not have found those kindred spirits, tremes of system abundantly “bein the opposing lines, between tray their meanness.” It were strange whom, in the name of the several indeed, what the depth and mystery parties, first an armistice might of the Divine decrees can mean, if have been signed, next a truce, they are to be solved with the fa. and finally a peace.

Ve, how- cility with which dogmatists on ever, may well take the warning either side erect their systems. which these times so forcibly give There lies much of real depth and us, and avoid the rock on which they difficulty beyond all this, in the high split.

and solemn doctrines in question ; But with respect to the truth of such as a few individuals, sublimed the doctrine so keenly discussed beyond the spirit of their age, have on all sides, in those portentous perhaps been able to catch a glimpse times; this was not then appa- of, but such as, we apprehend, the rently matured to any thing like mere dogmatist never knew. ripeness, after the controversies of Let us be allowed for a moment recent years, and in minds no longer the language of analogy. Of all the blessed with an authoritative and sublime discoveries in the philosophy supernatural inspiration.

It is a of modern times, the most surprising fact, however, to be noted, that both was that magnificent theory of

Both ex

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