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With brow where I had wreathed any direct, much less exclusive share in this The piercing thorn;

“ horrible and disgraceful occurrence." With breast to whose

pure
tide

The author quotes the last speech of Cal. He did the weapon guide,

vin to “the magnificent lords,” the pastors Who hath no home beside,

of Geneva, in which occurs the declaration, Plead thou my cause !

“With regard to the doctrine I have preachPlead—when the tempter's art,

ed, I take God to witness, that I have anTo each fond hope of mine,

nounced in all its purity, His word which Denies this faithless heart

he had entrusted to me; and, if I have done Can e'er be thine.

the contrary, very far from expecting the If slander whisper too

bliss of heaven, as I now do, with the The sin I never knew,

firmest and liveliest faith, I should have Thou, who couldst urge the true,

to fear that the most terrible judgments Plead thou my cause !

of God would fall on my head." To this Oh, plead my cause :

Mr. Waring, appends a note as follows: Plead thine within my breast;

May we not here discern marks of that Till there thy peaceful Dove

assumption of doctrinal infallibility, which Shall build her nest.

is the very root of religious persecution ?”

The slight notice taken of this really Thou know'st this will-how frail;

classical and original work by the public Thou know'st-though language fail

when it first appeared, and its having been My soul's mysterious tale :Plead thou my cause !"

pronounced a mere compilation from other

writers formed by a hasty tourist, warHis “ Prayer," a sonnet imitated from

rants the statement of its being in fact Michael Angelo, appeared in the Christian the result of laborious pedestrian expediObserver, to which work he sent it anony- tions; and of its having been by some mously, as it is conjectured he may occa- accurate judges pronounced one of the sionally have done some other short papers. best of modern compendiums on the sub

It will not detract from the worth of ject. An eminent" man of letters and compositions like these, for the reader to travel has expressed his pleasure in tracing be informed, that such was the diffidence the tourist step by step through the whole of the author, that even a clergyman, whom of his progress. Having done this justice he highly esteemed, and whose ministry to the modesty of one who is now beyond he constantly attended, never knew that the reach of human censure or applause, he had published "Sacred Melodies," till either of which when alive he little recked, after the melodist himself was silent in the memorialist cannot better close this death. The same observation may, in a frail memorial than with the expressions great measure, be applied to his “Traveller's of mingled faith and resignation which Fireside;" a very sprightly little journal of followed the departure, and still embalm his continental excursions, intermixed with the memory of the just, from kindred surhistory and geographical statistics. It was vivors. published in 1819. The present article is “ Often I weep over his earthly retoo much extended for more than a cur- mains ; but there is a secret evidence of sory reference to the opening chapters, in heavenly peace and joy for him, that makes which occurs a remarkably full, though the tears rather a libation of thanksgiving succinct, summary of Alpine geography, than of grief. O Lord, our Lord, how ancient and modern. In another chapter excellent is thy name'-every where, un, is an amusing account, with much antiqua- der every circumstance! If the beloved rian examination, of the famous Swiss one, thus suddenly snatched from us, had “ Ranz des Vaches," or country song, so been one living without hope, then we productive of the equally known Swiss nos- could not have lifted up our eyes beyond talogia, or maladie du pays. In a third is the tomb. But now we can behold the a very interesting history of the last mo- Bridegroom of redeemed spirits with all ments and sayings of Calvin.

things made ready;' and our precious reA just testimony is given to this distin. lative, with his lamp burning, sitting down, guished character on one or two interest and shut in for ever in the glorious maring points. The burning of Servetus is riage-chamber of the Lamb.”

H. explained so as to exculpate Calvin from

ECCLESIASTICAL PREFERMENTS. Dr. Hugh Percy, to be Bp. of Carlisle, gath V. with Owlpen annexed, co. Glogvice Bp. Goodenough.

cester.

Rev. C. H. Minchin, Preb. of Kilgo- Rev. W. Evans, Pusey R. Berks. binet, Ireland.

Rev. J. Luxmore, Berriew V. MontRev. W. J. Blake, Hautbois Magna R. gom. Norfolk.

Rev. F. D. Perkins, Down Hatherley Rev. A. G. Cornwall, Newington Ba- V. Gloucester.

Rev. T. J. Abbott, Loddon V. Camb. Rev.J. W. Beadon, Canon Res. of Wells.

Rev. J. Armstrong, Warthoe P. C. Rev. F. Roach, a Minor Canon of South Shields.

Canterbury. Rev. J. Simons, Dymoch V. co. Glou- Rev. H. Anson, Lynge cum Whitwell cester.

R. co. Norfolk. Rev. J. D. Ward, Kingston R.

Rev. J. Brocklebank, Delamere R. co. Rev. R. Watkinson, St. Laurence Chester. Newland R. Essex.

Rev. T. S. Buckel, Beighton R. co. Rev. W. Webster, Preen P. C. Salop. Norfolk. Rev. E. Willis, Ampney Crucis V. Rev. S. N. Bull, Harwich and DoverGloucester.

court cum Ramsey V. Essex. Rev. G. Mingaye, Chaplain to Duke of Rev. M. Davy, Cottenham R. co. Rutland.

Cambridge. Bp. of Chichester, a Preb. Stall in St. Rev. J. Fellowes, Bramerton R. co. Paul's.

Norfolk. Rev. E. A. Bagot, Dean of Canterbury. Rev. Mr. Fuller, St. Peter's R. PimRev. E. Mellish, Dean of Hereford. lico.

Rev. H. W. Barnard Canon Res. of Rev. Dr. Irvine, Chatham R. co. Kent. Wells Cathedral.

Rev. J. Jenkins, Norton V. co. Radnor. Rev.--Clarke, Preb. of Salisbury. Rev. W. Marshall, All Saints V. with Rev. G. B. Blomfield, Preb. of Chester. St Lawrence annexed, Eveshum,co. Worc.

Rev. T. Turton, Preb. of Haydon with Rev. J. Morison, to the Scotch Church Walton Lincoln Cathedral.

at Dartmouth, Nova Scotia. Rev. E. J. Bell, Wickham Market V. Rev. W. A. Norton, Skenfrith R. Suff.

Monm. Rev. J. Blanchard, Lund V. with Mid. Rev. C. H. Pulsford, Burnham V. co. dleton R. co. York.

Somerset. Rey. B. G. Bridges, Orlingbury R. co. Rev. T. P. Slapp, Rickenhall Inferior Northampton.

with Rickenball Superior annexed, co. Rev. S. Cooper, Wood Walton R. co. Suffolk. Hants.

Rev. H. Watson, Kettering R. co. Rev. C. G. R. Festing, St. Paul V. Northampton. Cornwall.

Rev. D. Welsh, St. David's, GlasRev. R. Greenside, Crathorne R. co. gow. York.

Rev. P. Still, Chaplain to the Duke of Rev. J. W. Harding Sulgrave, V. co. Leeds. Northampton

The Right Rev. Dr. Carr, Bp. of ChiRev. C. Haycock, Withcott R. with chester, to be a Canon Res. of St. Paul's. Owston P.'C. co. Leicester.

Rev. E. Mellish, to be Dean of HereRev. Dr. W. Landon, Branscombe V. ford. co. Devon.

Rev. Dr. Millingchamp, to be Archd. Rev. J. Pyke, Uphaven V. co. Wilts. of Carmarthen. Rev. R. Remington, Chap. and Vicar Rev. W King, to be Archd. of Roof Manchester Collegiate Church.

chester. Rev. H. P. Willoughby, Burythorpe R. Rev. Dr. Sumner, to the Golden Preb. Yorkshire.

at Durham. Rev. W. Ward, Chaplain to Viscount Rev. F. W. Bayley, to a Preb. in RoGoderich.

chester Cath. Rev. T. Stacey, Chaplain to the Earl of Rev. W.C. Leach, a Minor Canon and Dunraven.

Precentor of Ely Cath. Rev. R. P. Beachcroft, Chaplain to Rev. J. Bluck, Bower's Gifford R. Viscount Goderich.

Essex. Rev. P. W. Worseley, to a Preb. of Rev. R. Cockburn, Barming R. Kent. Ripon.

Rev. T. Wise, Barley R. Herts.

ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. AN ANTI-APOCRYPHAL FRIEND OF THE BIBLE SOCIETY; RustiCULUS ; D. D. ; A

COUNTRY Parson; ONESIMUS; R. G. M.; AGRESTIS; W. M. W.; Senior; NESHER; A SINCERE FRIEND ; Z. Z.; A LOVER OF TRUTH; and H. J. H. ; are

under consideration. We purpose successively to insert such of the papers of our numerous correspondents

on Prophecy and the Millennium, as appear to us most likely to place the argument on all sides, in a just light.-OMEGA thinks it due to truth, to state, that since he addressed us on the subject, he has changed his opinions, and now coincides in

his view with “ A Prophetic Inquirer.” We are indebted to several correspondents for useful suggestions, of which we will

endeavour to avail ourselves,

THE

CHRISTIAN OBSERVER.

No. 312.]

DECEMBER, 1827. [No. 12. Vol. XXVII.

RELIGIOUS COMMUNICATIONS.

Oui

UR readers will perceive by the are unscriptural," and, thirdly, some

three following papers, that we modifications of those opinions by have redeemed our pledge of select- neshur, who generally coincides ing, from the numerous communica- with “ A PROPHETIC INQUIRER,” tions of our correspondents on the but has a supplementary hypothesis Millennium and the advent of our of his own to meet some supposed Lord, such as appeared to us most difficulties. The peculiarities of interlikely, in connexion with those al- pretation into which this corresponready inserted, to give a fair view dent is conducted by his hypothesis of the chief arguments on all sides should at least cause writers on all of the question. Those of them sides, in their inquiries into these who take an interest in such in- niysterious points, to be most diffiquiries, will recollect that, in our dent and cautious that they overNumber for July, a highly valued step not tho plain import of the correspondent, D.D., requested some sacred text. information relative to certain opi- We do not ourselves attach to nions which have of late been much this discussion all the practical imdiscussed on the subject of an al- portance which some of our corleged “personal advent of our Lord respondents and readers seem to before the commencement of the think belongs to it; but as we would Millennium." In our Number for not willingly check any inquiry October appeared a well-digested which seemed fairly to hold out a reply to D. D., from the pen of a hope of elucidating the prophetic writer deeply versed in the interpre- parts of sacred writ, we have given tation of Prophetic Scripture, under as ample a space to it as our limits the signature of “ A PROPHETIC IN. and the claims of other subjects will QUIRER." Two shorter papers have allow. We should trust, therefore, also appeared; namely, a “ Defi- that all our correspondents will be nition of Modern Millenarianism," content, that one or two brief re. by PAULINUS, in our Number for plies on either side should terminate November, and a paper in the pre- the discussion. ceding Number, signed 12, but since retracted, complaining of the alleged ON THE PERSONAL ADVENT OF OUR misconduct of the advocates for the opinions under consideration, in regarding those who do not coincide Tothe Editorofthe ChristianObserver. with their views as “ perfectly ig

I am much indebted to A PROPHEnorant persons,

very moles and TIC INQUIRER for the pains which he bats" in Scriptural interpretation. has taken to satisfy me, in respect to

Thepapers now about to be inserted the grounds which the advocates for are, first, a reply by D.D. to the argu- a personal appearance of our Lord ments of“ A PROPHETICINQUIRER;'

;" before the expected Millennium assecondly, some “ Thoughts," by sume in support of that doctrine. I F. S., to prove, that “the opinions am glad to find, that I did not misheld by some modern Millenarians represent their tenets when I stated Christ. Observ. No. 312.

4 Z

LORD.

66

same

that their expectation of a personal ceive, any one passage which is inadvent at the approaching crisis is capable of being confined to that rested by them on the following period, destroys the validity of the maxims : That, wherever a future conclusion. Such a passage I seem advent or presence of our Lord is to find in the last verse of the sixforetold in Scripture, the teenth chapter of St. Matthew : advent is uniformly intended ; and “ There be some standing here that consequently, if in any one which shall not taste of death, till place the advent intended be plain- they see the Son of Man coming in ly a personal advent, the same con. his kingdom." It is true this is not struction must be put upon all. The now a future advent. But I appreInquirer has moreover favoured me hend that the force and conclusivewith several arguments for esta- ness of the Inquirer's argument blishing these positions; into the requires us to hold, that no coming particulars of which I do not deem of our Lord subsequent to his first it necessary now to enter, because advent, which was personal, is forehe has himself summed them up in told in Scripture, except the yet six inferences at the conclusion of future advent, which is held to be his paper. As none of these in- personal likewise. The same comferences appear to me to be clearly ing which is foretold in the passage deducible from the premises from just cited from St. Matthew, is prowhich the inquirer has drawn them, bably alluded to in that question ; I will only in this paper venture to “ If I will that he tarry till I come, offer a brief sketch of some of those what is that to thee?"(John xxi. 22.) considerations which seem to me If it be said, that these are not to affect the cogency of his reason- chronological prophecies, that obing in these particulars, hoping that jection cannot be urged against he will still further oblige me by Matt. xxiv. 27; which, if that text pointing out any inaccuracy in my may be interpreted by its own observations, that so I may be the context, would appear to predict a more easily led to a knowledge of coming of our Lord for the destructhe truth.

tion of Jerusalem, which was clearly The first of these inferences is, no personal advent. But a spiritual that the principal passages of presence of our Lord with his church chronological prophecy which speak is plainly revealed in John xiv. 23: of the future advent of Messiah, “If a man love me, he will keep my do, one and all, refer to the period words; and my Father will love him; immediately introductory to the and we will come unto him, and Millennium. It is only the principal make our abode with him:" and in passages that are here expressly Matt. xviii. 20; “ Where two or three referred to ; and the department of are gathered together in my name, prophecy to which the appeal is there am I in the midst of them.” made, is limited to such as is strict. The word napovora, I admit, does ly chronological, though the words, not occur in these texts : but it is one and all, would seem to suggest implied in the last of them; and it a notion, that every prophetical is ditticult to conceive, why a rule text is designed to be included in of interpretation, which applies to the assertion. If, however, the de- an advent of our Lord expressed claration at the beginning of the by the substantive παρουσια, , should Inquirer's paper be left in its full not equally apply to an advent exforce, as I presume it is meant to pressed by the verb epxeofai : nor be, and it be held accordingly, that can I understand, with what propriety wherever a future advent or pre- those repeated cautions which are sence of our Lord is foretold in apparently addressed to the men of Scripture, one and the same advent every generation, from the days of is uniformly intended, then, I con- Christ's humiliation to that of his

final judgment, can be properly re

church manifest to others also, and ferred exclusively to an event which with such effect, that all ungodliis even still future : “Watch! for ness shall stop her mouth. (1 Cor. ye know not what hour your Lord xiv. 24, 25.) There is, therefore, nodoth come.” (Matt. xxiv. 42, 44- thing that I can discover in the three xxv. 13; Mark xiii. 35; Luke xii. nouns, or in any combination of them, 40–43.)

to negative the idea of a spiritual The second inference is, that the advent; nor do I as yet find myself three substantives which are used driven by them to the conclusion to express the advent in the New contended for. Testament, do, every one of them, The fourth inference is, that to negative the idea of a spiritual ad- maintain a spiritual advent, is in vent, and necessarily imply that direct contradiction to the angelic the advent is real, and personal, and annunciation which was uttered at corporeal. The third is, that two of the ascension of our Lord. What these words being conjoined in then did the angels say on that oc2 Thess. ii. 8, to link the advent to casion? “ This same Jesus which is an event which, by the unanimous taken up from you into heaven, consent of the church, precedes the shall so come in like manner as ye Millennium, drive us to the conclu- have seen him go into heaven.” sion, that the advent which syn- That he will one day come in perchronizes with that event is the real son, may be legitimately inferred and personal coming of the Lord to from this prophecy. But to affirm, judge the world. The three words that previously to that day he will referred to are αποκαλυψις, επι- come in spirit, would, in

my

humble pavera, and napovola ; and the two judgment, involve neither a direct words conjoined are επιφανεια της

nor an implied contradiction to it. παρουσιας αυτου. .

The fifth inference is, that to ceive how the use of each of these maintain a spiritual advent of the words on some occasions to de. man Christ Jesus, includes in it the note a revelation, or manifestation, virtual denial of his

proper or presence of Jesus Christ in per- plete humanity. I would humbly son, if ever so clearly established, ask then, How can our Lord's denegatives the idea of his reve- clarations in Matt. xviii. 20, and lation, or manifestation, or pre- John xiv. 23, be cleared from this sence, on other occasions in spirit. charge ? This, I presume, must in each in

The last inference is, that the restance be determined by the con- turn of our Lord to this earth at the text: and, judging by this stand- period of the restitution of all things, ard, I seem to read of a spiritual which,says the Inquirer,must be idenatrovalvýıç in Matt. xi. 27, and of a tified with the Millennium, may beinspiritual tapovora iv Matt. xxiv. 27; ferred from the words of St. Peter, nor do I perceive any thing in the Acts iii. 19–21. But, though this context, or in the force of the terms, restitution of all things may take whatever there may be in extrinsic place at the beginning of the Milor collateral arguments, to hinder lennium, it seems to me equally me from understanding 2 Thess. ii. 8 possible that it may take place at thus: “ The Lord shall destroy the the end of it: and, at all events, man of sin by the manifestation of some convincing argument is neceshis spiritual presence.” Certain it is, sary beyond a mere citation of texts, that a spiritual presence of Jesus to shew which of these interpretaChrist is revealed in Matt. xviii. 20. tions is the correct one. But this is a presence rendered I have thus presumed to offer sensible and manifest to none bụt some considerations which appear believers. It is possible for him to to me to militate against the conmake his spiritual presence with his clusiveness of each of the six in

I do not per

and com

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