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months; so that the receipts from larly to this subject; but in this short it were scarcely sufficient to cover memoir he does not judge it necesthe expenses of institution and re- sary to proclaim to the world errors moval. He was able to officiate in and infirmities which he believes the church at Winkleigh for only a were penitently confessed before few Sundays; but he received every God, and pardoned through the mark of the most respectful atten, blood of that Saviour on whose tion and kindness from the inha- cross, and merits, and atonement, he bitants of the parish, and from his always delighted to expatiate, and clerical brethren in the neighbour- whose glory in the forgiveness of the hood.

sins of the truly humble and peniHe was not however confined to tent in heart, he ever felt it his duty his chamber, or his house, till within and privilege to magnify and extol. a few days of his death. His facul- I found him, ten days before his ties and memory appeared to be death, extremely ill

, but quite comunimpaired to the last, and his mind posed in his mind, and humbly reremained unclouded almost to his signed to the will of God, “whether dying hour. His wife had been it were to live or to die.” At times dead many years. Of his children, he would express an earnest desire two died during his life-time; and to be “spared another three months

the satisfaction of having his only, that he might complete the two surviving children, a son and Index” to his "Improved Extracts;" daughter, with him during the last but he always added, “ The Lord's ten days of his illness. He died will, not mine, be done.” He had on the 13th of June, 1826; and not “a shadow of doubt on his was buried, as he had desired, in the soul of a gracious acceptance with chancel of the church at Winkleigh. God, through the atonement and

Before Mr. Davy left the curacy merits of Christ.” He observed, of Lustleigh, where he had lived with great feeling, “I have a blessed nearly forty years, he had from his hope that all my sins are washed humble resources given to the church out in the fountain of all forgivea handsome service of communion ness.” He repeatedly disclaimed plate ; and also a meadow, worth all trust in his own works and righmore than three hundred pounds, teousness, and more than once, that towards endowing a school for teach- his meaning might not be mistaken, ing the children of the poor of the in a strong and very emphatic manparish to read the word of God. ner, “renounced all idea of selfHe also gave ten pounds towards confidence and self-justification." erecting a school-house, which has He often confessed, and his consince been built by subcription ; fession seemed to come from his and it may be hoped that genera- heart, “I have transgressed against tions yet unborn will have reason God, and have sinned often, yea to bless his name and memory for often indeed, against bis holy laws; the good received at this school, I am ashamed and grieved, and rein learning to read that word of pent in the dust; but I am not God " which is able to make them confounded; for the Lord has forwise unto salvation through faith given me all my iniquities, and that is in Christ Jesus."

blotted out every spot of sin and Mr. Davy had his faults, his pe- defilement, not for my worthiness or culiar infirmities, and his besetting my works, but through the atoning sins. They were felt by him, they blood of his dear Son." Taking me were acknowledged by him, and they most affectionately by the hand, he were lamented by him. If the writer said, “I now see and feel all things had undertaken to give a full account in a very different way from what of his life, he might have felt it to I have viewed them in times past. be his duty to allude more particu, Death tries our state, and sets our true condition before us. I would, was still vigorous,' his memory was I do, repent and humble my soul correct, and all his faculties were before God, and confess my sins lively and strong. His natural and to him.” After a short interval, playful cheerfulness was still mainduring which he had been employed tained, even amidst his increasing fervently in mental prayer, he re- weakness and pain. His Christian marked with energy, and with joy patience and holy fortitude were in his countenance, “ What blessed most exemplary, though his sufferhope do I now derive from my ings were extreme and protracted. stedfast faith in the atonement of Though for many days he could Jesus Christ! What a holy confi- rest only for a few minutes in one dence and support I now feel ! position, yet not a single murmur What an all-sufficient expiation for escaped hiin. At one time, indeed, all truly repented sin, in the blood there appeared for a short period of the cross! I wonder that any something like impatience; and he person can doubt or deny the atone- said, “O, when will the end be! ment of Christ; as without it there 0, come, Lord, to deliver me! How is no hope for man, sinful as he is will human nature bear up under by nature and by daily practice, all this weight of suffering !" But, and an unprofitable servant at the soon checking himself, as if convery best. My faith now supports scious of a spirit of impatience ime in the prospect of death; and rising in the mind, he said, “ All the nearer I approach my latter the days of my appointed time will end, the stronger it grows. I have I wait till my change come.

In no hope, but in the blood of the patience may I possess my soul ! atonement. Christ is my only hope Thy will, O Lord; be done." When, of glory. I have done much and from extreme pain, his perspiration laboured hard ; and though man has was excessive, and the hand of a disregarded me, and I have received beloved friend was wiping the big neither notice nor favour from the drops from his forehead, he reworld, yet I do not repent of my marked with much feeling, “ My labours nor expense ; but as I be dear Saviour sweat drops of blood lieve it to be the cause of God and for my sins, and he had no kind of truth, I do rejoice and am thank- hand of friendship to wipe them ful that I was first disposed to la. from his brow.”—Three days before bour, and that I have been spared his death, after a very severe strugto labour so long, in a cause so im- gle with excruciating pain, he exportant to the eternal happiness of claimed with a holy triumph, “The mankind, and for the glory of God. bitterness of death is now passed But I have nothing to boast of all is peace-I see visions of glory. or to depend upon, but the alone How clear and bright is the way merits of Him whom I have faith- before me! How glorious to join fully endeavoured to magnify as the choir of the blessed above! The the Redeemer of man, and as the end will be rest and glory. I know God of our salvation.”

that my Redeemer liveth. I am At another time, while suffering now looking by faith to him who is severe pain, he observed to me, with our life and resurrection. His rod a look that indicated his enjoyment and staff, they comfort, they do of peace in his soul, “I have a comfort, my soul." humble and a blessed confidence For the last three days of his in my Saviour, as able and willing life, he was mercifully relieved from to save me;" and I am sure that his extreme sufferings, and was able “ though heart and flesh fail, God to remain in any position with ease in Christ is the strength of my and composure. He gradually grew heart, and will be my portion for weaker every hour. He spent much ever.” His mind, as before remarked, of his remaining time in secret and ejaculatory prayer to God, and his proceedings in that city, and some soul appeared to hold happy com- other parts of Switzerland, without munion with his heavenly Father. the most poignant regret. A spirit This holy frame of mind was evi, of opposition has been excited dent from his uplifted hands, the against the distinguishing doctrines motion of his lips, and the solem- of the Gospel ; and that church, nity of his countenance. His man. which was so long regarded as a ner was strikingly impressive and bulwark set for the defence of the affectionate to all around him. He truth, now appears to labour from exhorted his children to live in love the press and the pulpit, by synods and peace, and commended them, and decrees, to undermine the faith and all his friends, to the mercy of which once it was so valiant in assertGod; and repeatedly expressed hising and maintaining. On the other “ hope, that their children would re- hand, I rejoice to hear of a powerpay them by their duty and affection, ful opposition made to the alarming ate attention, that which they had advances of false doctrine by Chrisso kindly manifested towards him.” tian advocates, who, like St. Paul, He charged his son to complete would not give place to the incurthe edition of his “ Improved Ex- sions of error, no, not for an hour; tracts" then in the press; and he and who, I doubt not, had it been felt “confident that he might rely requisite, would in the cause of on his honour and love for the truth, submit to the severest pritruth, to discharge all his debts, vations, or, even, by the sacrifice and to pay all due demands on of their lives, have added to the him for paper and printing." He number of the noble army of gave directions also to him in what martyrs. manner to proceed with the index; In the present state of human and made a great effort, the day infirmity, and amidst alternations only before he died, for that pur- of gratification and sorrow, we are pose. After this exertion, nature often called upon to rejoice with seemed to be quite exhausted, and trembling; and I must confess, that he sunk into the arms of his attend- such have been my feelings even on ants. He was carried back to his this occasion. Several of the publibed, from whence he was to remove cations of the zealous advocates of no more till death. He remained truth have I read with benefit, deperfectly tranquil, spoke but little, light, and gratitude; but one—The and expired in peace. He « died Conventicle of Rolle, by M. Malanin the faith.” « Blessed are the which has lately been sent me by a dead which die in the Lord ; yea, lady who received it when at Gesaith the Spirit, that they may rest neva, bas considerably damped the from their labours, and their works satisfaction I had experienced, and do follow them."

awakened my apprehensions, lest our great adversary satan should

gain an advantage unawares over Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. the friends of true religion in that

country. He often succeeds when I was greatly, though painfully, in- by semblances of Divine truth, by terested while perusing, in your exaggerated statements of acknowNumbers for last November and ledged verities, by unguarded exDecember, the Review of the pressions from the lips or writings Geneta and Canton-de-Vaud Con- of accredited excellence, he can troversies. No person who respects insinuate and associate an unsusthe memory of that bright and pected sanction of injurious sentishining light of Geneva, the vene- ment, of which the well-intentioned rable Reformer, John Calvin, can abettors have not the least suspicion. read the account of the modern The following observations which I CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 302.



made impromptu on the tract in satisfactory. None of the sects question, were not designed to be specified are built, as sects, though published; but some of my friends, individuals among them are, on the who have read them, being of opi- rock Christ ; if they were, they nion that the circulation of them would not be overthrown (Matt. might be beneficial, have persuaded vii. 24): nor does this medley of me to submit them, if approved, for sentiments constitute “ the comthe perusal of your readers. munion of saints,” but, on the con

trary, rather undermines it; and REMARKS ON A BOOK, the motto one Lord, one faith, one ENTITLED THE CONVENTICLE OF baptism, is, I think, inapplicable. ROLLE, BY THE REV. C. MALAN. All that St. Paul designed to shew

The author appears to be a man was, that there were ministers proof lively, tender sensibility, of great fessing to preach Christ, who added powers of imagination, of a candid, to the holy doctrines their own affectionate spirit, deeply impressed superstitions, here called hay, stubwith the love of God in the Lord ble, &c.; but, strictly and accurately Jesus Christ, and animated by a speaking, these heretical sentiments zealous desire to do all the good in were not built on the rock Christ, his power to the souls and bodies any more than the conceit of the of his fellow-creatures.

real presence or papal infallibility It must therefore be premised, are built on that sacred rock. But that the following remarks are not I forbear this criticism ; the simile intended to detract from his cha- is overstrained ; and it is extremely racter as a Christian or a minister; difficult to pursue similies with conthey are dictated with respect and sistent allegory. M. Malan probably affection, and are only designed to only meant to say, what is perfectly guard the reader against some spe- just, that there are true disciples of cious, but, as the writer conceives, Christ to be found amongst all the injurious and unscriptural, positions denominations of Christians he has maintained in the tract. The au- specified; and that these constitute thor appears to me not aware of the real spiritual temple, as distinthe tendency of his own positions. With a just and avowed abhorrence round the edifice. The shafts of some of

these pillars were of precious stones, of Antinomianism, and an affection

others of gold, others of silver, some of ate and carnest zeal for practical wood, hay, stubble; and they had inscribed religion (in proof of which see his upon them the names of the different disecond position, p. 31, entitled, visions of the external church, such as the “ No Salvation without Works,”) copalians, Calvinists, Presbyterians, Me.

Moravians, Catholics, Lutherans, Epiś. the tenor of his book still maintains

thodists, Baptists, Quakers, &c. &c. Uppositions, which, in their tendency, on all the columns, 1 placed the entabla relax the necessity of repentance I wrote he who has Christ has life.' i

ture, and upon the front of the temple, and practical faith.

then proceeded to erect the cupola, so 1. The frontispiece and its ex- as to rest upon the whole extent of the planation* are not, to my mind, temple, and I inscribed around it, these

words, . The communion of saints.' Up• “I asked for a pencil, and represented on the ball which was placed on the summy thoughts upon the subject, by an em- mit of the cupola, I laid the Holy Bible, blem of which I shall give you a descrip- with an inscription that, from this height tion:

alone, one can judge of the symmetry of In the midst of a vast desert of sand, the edifice; and as the place is elevated, I drew a large and towering rock, upon and the wind of temptation constantly which I inscribed the following motto, violent, 1 there planted the cross of the • The rock which is Christ.' Upon the Saviour, to which we must cling if we top of the rock I sketched the foundation would maintain a firm footing. To this of a temple, and wrote Christ is the only cross I attached the banner of salvation, foundation which can be laid.' I put steps with the following motto, 'one Lord, one upon the foundation, and upon these steps faith, one baptism.' The edifice was now the bases of pillars, which were placed all completed.


be as

guished from those who are build- world, but that the world through ing on the sandy foundation of hu- Him might be saved (John iii. 14man merit.

16; and I John ii. 1, 2). These 2. There is a defect of definition promises are all of general applicathroughout the book. I discover no tion; it is the duty of all men to distinct statement of the nature of believe them, to repent, and trust faith; there is scarcely a syllable in the Son of God (Acts xvii. 30; respecting the nature and duty of 1 John iii. 23). In proportion to the repentance ;-and even love to God humble consciousness which I may and Christian obedience are clothed possess, that I do believe the holy more in the style of rhapsody than Scriptures to be the word of God; stated as practical duties. Under that I do believe these general prothis head I may remark, that the mises therein exhibited; that I do author's proposition (p. 31), « no repent and turn to God; that I do works in order to salvation," is not trust in the name of the Son of God correct. It ought to be, no works for pardon, and acceptance through in order to JUSTIFICATION. The his death and merits; and that I do proposition is contrary to Scripture; endeavour to live soberly, righteousfor the sacred Scriptures assert, ly, and godly in this present evil Work out your salvation(Phil. world; in proportion to the degree ii. 12). “ We labour to be accepted" of this humble consciousness of (2 Cor. v.9). If thou wilt enter into faith, repentance, trust in Christ, lije

, keep the commandments.He love, and obedience, --I may that doeth, &c. shall enter the king. sured, I may really believe, that this dom of heaven."

promise refers to me, and that I am 3. The author's exhibition of a child of God, and an heir of faith (p. 32, &c.) is fallacious. glory, through Divine grace and Faith in God must have respect to special mercy. all which God declares and com- 5. It is unscriptural and dangermands. The manifestation of God ous to speak of salvation as alto Abraham involved a promise ready granted and obtained. For and a command. The promise was instance (tract, p. 35), I am (Gen. xv. 1.) I am thy shield, and (5) then saved.(p. 37) “ Jesus has so shall thy seed be. The command saved me on his cross.It is finishwas, Walk before me, and be thou edall is accomplished” (p. 47). perfect. (Gen. xvii. 1-7, &c.) That you have been saved(p. M. Malan exhorts (p. 34, line 5), 56); and (p. 98) “ You believe then " Believe in God, as Abraham be- that you are saved?” The sacred lieved”—and yet he has given no Scriptures never speak of salvation definition of what the faith of Abra- as already obtained, but simply as ham was. Faith believes the pro- an object of hope and future exmise, obeys the precept, and receives pectation. He that believeth shall comfort and edification from both. be saved.(Mark xvi. 16.) “ He that

4. It is erroneous and dangerous endureth to the end shall be saved." to assert, that faith consists in be. These Scriptures speak of salvation, lieving and applying the promises of not as a matter of present possesthe Gospel, as if they were spoken sion, but of eventual and conditional of God, absolutely, personally, and attainment: for example, If ye individually to ourselves. The pro- do these things, ye shall never fall, mises of the Gospel are of a ge. &c. (2 Pet. i. 10.) neral, and also an individual, appli- The book contains contradictory cation.

positions: for example (p. 69), "In The Bible declares, God loved order to a person's being assured the world ; Christ is a propitiation that he is on the way to heaven...he for the sins of the whole world ; God must be found in the path of sanctifisent not his Son to condemn the cation. This is the track, &c.” Now,

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