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Roman Catholics themselves to the real amination of those topics, on which we, character and tendency of their own sys. as Protestants, cannot but apprehend that tem, and to produce by the Divine bless. he is grievously mistaken.” ing, a solid improvement and a real re- It is not the intention of the lecturers to formation amongst them. We are per- discuss those great doctrines of Christisuaded that very many of the Roman anity respecting which Protestants and Catholics are themselves ignorant of the Roman Catholics agree, but to dwell upon real character of that system in which such points as the following:- The Right they have been instructed from their of Private Judgment; the Sufficiency of earliest years :--they are not aware of its the Scriptures to Salvation ; Christ, and tendency to exalt a few at the expense of not Peter, the Rock on which the Church many-to introduce a system of slavery on is built; Justification by Faith alone; the the one hand, and of tyranny on the other Character and Token of the true Catholic to degrade and debase the human under- Church, and the Falsehood of those Mirastanding, and retard its proficiency in cles by which the Romish Church is supscience, and literature, and knowledge of ported; the Sacraments of the Romish every kind—10 substitute formal and ritual Church; Transubstantiation and the Saobservances in the room of spiritual and crifice of the Mass; the Administration of enlightened worship-to persuade men to the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper to the believe what God has not required them Laity, in one kind, and in the Form of a to believe, and to substitute a dead faith Wafer ; Extreme Unction, Prayers for the in the room of that living and justifying Dead, and Purgatory; Orders, Matrimony, faith by which only we are accounted and Vows of Celibacy; Confession, Abrighteous before God--to make void the solution, and Penance; the Worship of law and word of God by human tradition the Virgin, and the Intercession of Saints; to diminish and explain away the strongest the assumed Infallibity of the Pope, Carmotives to purity of heart and holiness of dinals, or Councils, and the Discrepancies life-to substitute another foundation in of the Fathers ; Prayers in an Unknown the room of that only foundation which Tongue ; Papal Supremacy, the Power of God hath provided, even the atoning the Keys, Anathemas, and Excommuni. sacrifice of our Lord and Saviour Jesus cations; Papal Restrictions on Scriptural Christ. For we must ever maintain, and Reading; the Stricter Morality inculcated hope fully to prove, that the direct ten- by Protestants as to the Lord's Day, Vedency of the Roman-Catholic system is to racity, and other Points; the Fallacious render void the law of God-is to substi. Distinction between Mortal and Venial tute other sacrifices and intercessors, in Sins; the Merit of Works and the Augthe room of that one propitiation, and that mentation of Grace thereby; the one one Mediator between God and man, the God, and one Mediator between God and Lord Jesus Christ-is to produce a nar- Man, with especial reference to the row and scanty system of morals in the Priestly Office of Christ; Baptism, and place of that love to God and that love to the State of Infants dying unbaptized ; our neighbour which true Christianity re- the Worship of Images, Paintings, and quires. In this corrupt system-in this Relics ; Ceremonies, Pilgrimage, Fasting, defective faith and practice Roman Catho- Holy Water, and Genuflections. lics are kept, by the practically withhold- The subjects embraced in this syllabus, ing from them the word of God, and by it will be perceived, are numerous, perhaps the vain and sophistical reasonings with too numerous; care should at least be which the obvious declarations of that taken not to allow the greater and most word are explained away. If once the essential points of controversy to lose any Roman Catholic can be roused to think of their prominence in a multiplicity of to inquire into the character of his own minor details. We are informed that system-into the authority on which that some members of the Church of Rome system is founded-into the plain and ob-have attended the lectures, and that atvious meaning of the sacred Scriptures, tention has begun to be excited among we are fully persuaded that a most im- them in London as in Ireland respecting portant point is gained, and a great ad- the distinctive points in controversy bevance made toward his moral, social, and tween the Protestant and Papal Churches. religious improvement. And we would We are glad to perceive that Mr.Webster, therefore earnestly endeavour by every while he has not shrunk from a faithful legitimate means to excite his attention, exposition of the errors of Popery, has and to assist him in the fair and full ex- strongly recommended and exhibited a
spirit of Christian charity towards the Bishop Chase were also among us receiv. members of that corrupt pale. He doubts ing subscriptions, respectively, for the not that the clergymen who may fill up Theological Episcopal Seminary at New the course, will shew the most sincere af York, and for Kenyon College in Ohio. fection for the persons of those from whom Washington College is now, we are happy to they are compelled to differ, and whose learn, in efficient action, and contains alsentiments they deem it their duty to call ready, we believe,not much shortof one hunin question and oppose : and that they dred students. The charter was granted will desire to state the points in contro- in 1823; and very large sums were colversy with the utmost fairness, to attack lected by private munificence for the en.. only those positions which are at once dowment of the institution; but the State erroneous in themselves, and which are in which it is situated has declined afat the same time clearly the authorized fording it any pecuniary assistance. The sentiments of the Romish Church. On peculiar object of the college was described the consistent maintenance of such a by the trustees to be to furnish a place spirit, we must frankly say, depends, un- of academical education for the sons of der the blessing of God, the success of Episcopalian families, who at the other every effort to bring back our Roman-Ca. colleges in the Union would be in danger tholic brethren to the simplicity of the of having their attachment weakened to faith of Christ. Too long have political the Anglo-American Church. It was on contentions been allowed to blend them- this express ground that our own countryselves with religious discussions; too of- men, and many of our own readers, preten, as we have lately had painful occasion sented contributions towards it. We have to narrate, in the case of the disputes be- been therefore greatly surprised to find a tween the Arminians and Calvinists in joint committee of the Senate and RepreHolland, the Episcopalians and Puritans sentatives of the State of Connecticut, in England, and the Papists and the ad- who were appointed to inquire into its vocates of Protestantism, both in Germany constitution, reporting that, “ though its and Great Britain, at the time of the Re- charter was granted on the application of formation, have the secularviews of worldly individuals who were members of the minded men been permitted to sully the Protestant Episcopal Church, it seems never fair face of the Christian church, and to to have been intended that it should possess a make the sacred doctrines of the Gospel of sectarian (that is, an Episcopalian]character. Christ a badge of unhallowed party war- The petitioners in their petition expressed fare. Such a spirit we dread and depre- their wish, that the institution should be cate, wherever it is found. It is a weapon established on the broad basis of religious of Satan, and the curse of the church. Let liberality; and a provision was inserted in us, then, in our anxiety to awaken the at- its charter, prohibiting the trustees from tention of the Roman-Catholic part of our passing any ordinance that should make population, whether in England or Ireland, the religious tenets of any officer, or endeavour to avoid it, that we profane not student in the college, a test or qualitithe ark of the cause of our God and Sa- cation of employment, or admission. In viour with uncharitable tempers and un- pursuance of these views the trustees and holy strife.
professors have been appointed from dif
ferent denominations of Christians. There NATIONAL SOCIETY FOR EDU. is no professorship of divinity in the instiCATION.
tution, nor any exclusive religious tenets At the December meeting of the Gene- inculcated. The students, by the by-laws ral Committee, grants of money were of the college, are permitted to attend made to the following schools :--Shepton such places of religious worship in the city Mallett; Peckham; st. Mathew's district, of Hartford, as their parents or guardians Manchester ; Burnley, Lancashire ; Hel- desire. Whatever may have been the ston, Cornwall ; Horsley, Derby; Llan- public opinion of the religious character of vrechva, Cardiganshire; and Brighthelm- Washington College, your committee are stone.
of opinion, that it has been established,
and is conducted, on the most tolerant and WASHINGTON COLLEGE, CON- liberal principles ; and that there is no NECTICUT.
literary institution in New England less Our readers will recollect the visit of Mr. liable to the imputation of a sectarian Wheaton to this country, for the purpose character." of collecting funds for Washington Col- It appears, then, that Washington College, at the time that Bishop Hobart and lege is founded exactly on the same basis as the Scotch universities, or the London but hitherto without due efficiency or conuniversity, or the other American colleges. centration. They will now be united in Our American friends will doubtless main- one common bond, and be able to procure tain, that this is a good principle, or at books and tracts, not only at a trifling least that they were unable to carry a cost, but of such a character as they may more exclusive principle into operation. It consider adapted to their own principles. is not necessary that we should discuss Hitherto it is stated that some difficulty the merits of this plan; but it is at least has existed on this subject ; for even many right that the cis-atlantic subscribers to of our best religious tracts, written by the institution should be apprized of the English clergymen, are greatly altered by basis on which it actually rests.
the committees of revision who prepare
them for the American press. Even our MASSACHUSETTS MISSIONARY revered and now sainted friend, Mr. Legh SOCIETY.
Richmond's justly popular Dairyman's We rejoice to witness the extension of Daughter, has, we understand, undergone a missionary spirit in so many parts of the this process, so as to have altogether lost Christian world, and not least in the mem- its characteristics as a Church-of-England bers of the Anglican communion at home tract. Another publication, giving an acand in foreign lands. As an illustration of count of some villagers attending church this spirit, we notice with pleasure the on Sunday with their Prayer-books in their proceedings at the last annual meeting of hands, and of the beneficial effects upon a the Massachusetts Missionary Society, poor man of a tract written by a clergyman, Bishop Griswold presiding on the occasion. procured by the curate of the parish, and The episcopal missionary societies in the put into his hands by the clerk, is denuded, different states of the Union, have hitherto, at a stroke, of the church and the clergyconfined their attention chiefly to local ob- man, the clerk and the curate; the man jects, but they are beginning to turn their receives the tract from some person beattention to the duty and importance of longing to a “ Sabbath school,” the instituting foreign missions. At the meet- “ Prayer-books" are converted into ing above alluded to, the speakers dwelt “Psalm-books," and the whole machinery upon several peculiar advantages which of the tale loses every vestige of its original the friends of Episcopacy in America enjoy episcopal relation. The conductors of the for promoting missionary objects, and la- New Sunday-school Union are certainly mented that their communion had hitherto justified in selecting or composing tracts almost entirely neglected them. The lay adapted to their own principles, or remernbers of the church, it is stated, are storing others which have been wrested ready to interest themselves in the object, from them; we only exhort them to beand need only the exhortations and zea- ware that they do not oppose “sectarianlous labours of the clergy to incite them to ism” in a sectarian spirit. The Episcopal liberality and ardour for its attainment. Church in the United States must win its “God has planted among us,” said one of way to the public regard, not by lofty asthe speakers, “the true vine ; and will he sumptions, which will only be ridiculed not ask, · But where have you propagated and despised, but by truc piety, and pruit? or, have you only trained its branches dence, and the meekness of wisdom, and against your own walls to more fully the patience of hope. Among other inin the sunshine of prosperity, under its struments of benefit, the project for inverdure, and to drop into your cup the structing its own juvenile members, and wine of its reviving juice, while not a all who can be induced to avail themselves scion has been cut off and planted in the of the same privilege, by means of a Sunwilderness, or on the mountains around day-School Union, is highly important, The Right Hon. gentleman stated, that, RELIGIOUS WANTS OF BUENOS although he had always felt impressed with AYRES.
and we trust will ensure the general con
currence of the friends of the Episcopal UNITED STATES EPISCOPAL Church. At the very commencernent of
SUNDAY-SCHOOL UNION. the plan, sixty-two schools, from thirteen We feel much pleasure in announcing states, containing more than eight thouthe formation of this institution, which we sand children, and superintended by six doubt not will prove, by the blessing of hundred teachers (mostly, we believe, graGod, of great spiritual utility among our tuitous), had connected themselves with trans-atlantic episcopalian brethren. The the “ Union." members of the Anglo-American church have long taken a warın interest in the establishment of parish Sunday schools,
the duty of giving the blessings of ChrisWe have frequently alluded to the reli- tianity to the natives of Heathen countries, gious wants, and the opening facilities for he candidly confessed, that, some years religious exertion, in South America. A ago, influenced by the weight of important communication from an American clergy- authorities who were opposed to the de- . man lately resident in Buenos Ayres, con- sign, under the idea that it would be atfirms these views; and we are happy to tended with dangerous consequences, he find that our fellow-churchmen in the had experienced doubts whether, in the United States are looking out among their strong disposition which he felt to favour body for a suitable missionary for this such attempt, he might not be carried furstation. This clergyman states, that in- ther than strict prudence would justify. teresting as is Buenos Ayres, and the Still, however, he had thought that the statement applies to other parts of South work ought not to be impeded : and he America, in a political view, it is still was most happy to acquaint the meeting, more so in reference to religion. Toge- that, from the official opportunities of unther with the yoke of civil bondage, the derstanding the progress of these designs nation threw of also, as inseparably con- which he derived from the situation that nected with it, the ecclesiastical domi- he had the honour to fill, he found that nation of the Roman Pontiff: but unhap- these apprehensions were without foundapily, never having witnessed Christianity tlon; and he assured them, from the most but as connected with superstition and authentic information, that the conduct of tyranny, a large number of the more in the missionaries was highly praiseworthy. telligent of the people have rejected both He spoke with deep feeling, of the part together, the multitude still clinging to taken in this work by a personal friend of their ancient superstitions. The number his own, whom he loved through life, and, and power of the Catholic clergy have whose memory he should cherish to the been greatly diminished. In the city of latest hour of his earthly existence, the Buenos Ayres, for example, which con- late lamented Bishop Heber. He depretains eighty thousand souls, there are but cated the idea of putting a force upon the fifteen churches, most of them ill attended religious opinions of men; and considered and falling to decay. A bishop lately sent that the most effectual method of preparfrom Spain in a vessel freighted with ing the heathen for the favourable recepimages, relics, and other ecclesiastical tion of missionary instruction, was, by ex“ trumpery" (as Milton significantly de- hibiting to their view the fruits of the holy nominates such " tromperies,") was order- faith which they were called to embrace, in ed by the Government to leave the coun- the lives of those who undertook the office try, and was obliged, after seeking in vain of their conversion. Adverting to the oba shelter in Chili, to betake himself to the jection sometimes made against the possiprotection of the emperor of Brazil. bility of success unless the aid of miracles
In this aspect of affairs, infidelity, as we should be vouchsafed, he demanded where have already stated, is making destructive it was that we were now considering that progress; but the plague happily has only objection—in Britain, where the Gospel commenced, and may, by the blessing of had been already successfully planted, God, be stayed by the zealous, yet pru- without miraculous assistance ! A people dent, measures of Protestant mission-' sunk in barbarism, under the influence of aries. We learn with pleasure that seve bigotted and interested priests and druids, ral resident gentlemen of high standing in had been persuaded to relinquish their society in Buenos Ayres, would gladly re- superstitious rites, and their horrid cusceive and protect such a missionary, and tom of sacrificing human victims, and to we earnestly trust that their benevolent submit to the mild influence of Christianwishes will not be disappointed.
ity! He observed, that we ought to be go
verned in this work by a regard to our CHRISTIAN MISSIONS IN INDIA. duty, rather than by any other considera
It is with much pleasure we observe the tion, or any human calculations as to suctone of confidence with which the public Some might plant, others might officers of the country express themselves water ; but God alone could give the in. in reference to the safety and utility of crease. He remarked, however, that the Christian Missions in India. If our read- recent success of our efforts had been ers will compare the following speech of highly satisfactory. When persons talked the Right Hon. C. Wynn, at a recent of sending missions to India, it used to be missionary meeting, with the sentirnents objected, “What prospect have you of which we were accustomed to hear from succeeding? Why do you not shew some official quarters a few years since, they conquests over the prejudices of the will perceive abundant cause for gratitude people in other places where the difficulto God, who has opened in his providence ties are less ?” This objection had been such “ effectual doors ” for the promotion answered : for, by a steady perseverance of his Gospel among the tens of myriads in the cause, whole islands in the South of our fellow-subjects in India.
Sea had abandoned their superstitions and CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 312.
received Christianity; the good seed had tive Christians, the spiritual children of been sown: it had sprung up, and was now Schwartz, who laboured at first amidst yielding an abundant harvest. He illus- great discouragements. The Right Hon. trated dhis argument by stating, that the gentleman added, that, far from difficulties lamented prelate to whom he had alluded, being thrown in the way of missionaries to in the last letter which he had ever received India, none were now prevented from profrom him, said, that he was then writing in ceeding thither: in fact, every facility was the midst of a population of 40,000 na- afforded.
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
The month has been almost destitute of Let every true Christian at least shew by any authentic intelligence of interest, his own example that the general welfare either foreign or domestic. Nothing of his country is of more value to him explicit has transpired respecting the than the indulgence of party triumphs ; relation of the allies with Turkey. It and let him earnestly pray that it would does not appear that war had been pro- please God to prosper and direct the claimed, or that the European ambas- measures of government, and the consadors had quitted Constantinople, or sultations of parliament, “ to the adthat the liberty, property, or lives of vancement of his glory, the good of his the Christian residents were in danger ; church, the safety, honour, and welfare but the Porte seemed firm to its purpose of our sovereign and his dominions;" of not consenting to liberate the Greeks, and this not merely for the advanceand the allies were equally firm in not ment of our temporal interests, but, as receding from their resolutions on that the surest foundation of “ vital point. There can be no doubt but happiness,” that “ truth and justice, rethat the Turkish power must eventually ligion and piety, may be established yield, and we would ardently hope with among us for all generations." out war or bloodshed.
On the subject of colonial slavery it A variety of rumours have been cur- is impossible not to entertain high hopes rent relative to the plans and prospects from the enlarged views and sound prinof the present ministry. It has been ge- ciples of the members generally who nerally believed that Lord Goderich had compose the present administration, expressed a wish to retire from his office They are, we trust, too sincerely disposed as prime minister, and that application to apply an effective remedy to that had been made to Lord Harrowby to great and crying evil, and too well acaccept it; but that that noble lord being quainted with the universal feeling of unwilling to undertake the post, Lord the British nation respecting it, to be Goderich had consented to retain it. We deterred by the clamours of interested shall not attempt to speculate upon these individuals, however elevated in station, or other rumours respecting the plans or powerful from their wealth and comof government, especially as parliament bined action, from firmly and calmly reis convened for the early period of the deeming the pledges they have given to twenty-second of January, when a full parliament and the public, that “deciexposition must take place of all the sive" measures shall be taken, and shall relations of our domestic and foreign be enforced in a “ determined," policy. There are various most mo- severing,” and at the same time“ judicimentous questions which are likely, not ous” and “temperate ” manner, to raise merely to try the strength of parties, but the slaves “ to a participation of the to affect greatly the public interests of civil rights and privileges enjoyed by the country';-among them, the corn other classes of his majesty's subjects.' laws, the Catholic question, the test Such is the pledge of the government and corporation acts, the financial state and the parliament of England, and the of the country, the subject of colonial country now looks to them for its fulfilreform, and the measures of govern- ment. Ilow little bas yet been done, ment relative to Greece and Portugal. during the last five years, by the volunLet us trust that the spirit of party, tary legislation of the colonial assemwhich has been most vigilantly alive blies, may be seen by the following during the last ten months, will not be table, which has just been published, able to prevent these great questions under the sanction of the Anti-Slavery heing discussed and disposed of with Society, in their Monthly Reporter, the caim wisdom which they demand. No. 31.