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conveniently barter for and embark Slave Trade, has been the necesa cargo of slaves, they proceed with sities of her trans-Atlantic possesthat cargo generally direct to the sions. Since the declaration of the island of Cuba. If they do not suc- independence of Brazil, this preceed at once in this barter, or if an tence has no longer existed. Por. opportunity for piracy previously tugal, nevertheless, has clung to presents itself, they seize the first the trade, and had advanced a claim vessel they meet with, preferring to carry it on without molestation, one that may be laden with slaves. from the coast of Africa, for the Taking possession of the vessel, supply of her African islands, they murder or put on shore the whence it would be an easy matter White men found on board, and afterwards to transport them to the proceed with the vessel and cargo Brazils or Cuba. A traffic of that to Cuba, where they land the slaves description was actually proceeding, surreptitiously at the back of the of the occasional interruption of island, and then enter in ballast at which, by British cruisers, the Porthe Havannah.
tuguese ambassador ventured to An instance is then mentioned, complain as a breach of treaty. Mr. as having recently occurred, in which Canning, however, soon found that a prize, with an English prize-crew, Portugal had no longer any poshad disappeared ; murdered, as it is sessions for the supply of which, by supposed, by these pirates.
treaty, the Slave Trade was per The details furnished from the mitted; and he distinctly stated, Havannah by our commissioners he never will sign a treaty with Porare still more opprobrious than tugal that does not contain an those from Sierra Leone. The pub- article for the final and total abolic functionaries there appear, in lition of the Portuguese Slave-trade. what concerns the Slave Trade, In reply, the Portuguese government to feel the obligations neither of acknowledged, that the moment was humanity nor of national faith, nor come to put an end to the inhuman even of personal honour. Some of trade in slaves ; and that it would the cases are of a very aggravated insert in the Treaty of Commerce description. In one case, a vessel, an article, for the total abolition of the Minerva, is chased into the the Slave Trade in the dominions harbour by two British ships of war. of Portugal, and also co-operate Notice is given of the fact to the with his Britannic Majesty for the civil and military authorities. Offi- total extinction of so barbarous a cers of the Captain-General's suite traffic in the countries where it un. visit the ship, and see her living fortunately still exists. cargo. And notwithstanding all this, 200 slaves which were on Between the 1st of January 1825, board are landed in the presence and the 31st July 1826, upwards and actual view of the British na- of 1500 Brazilian slaves were libeval officers belonging to the ships rated from slave traders by the which had chased her: and when Mixed Commission Court at Sierra, this disgraceful proceeding is de- and several important captures were nounced, and the incontestible evi. subsequently made. One, the Prince dence of the facts laid before the de Guinée, freighted with 608 local authorities, there instantly slaves, and strongly armed, was seems a concurrence among them taken, after a desperate resistance, to take no step to recover the slaves by a small schooner, a tender and punish the delinquents. to his Majesty's ship Maidstone. PORTUGAL.
Another, the Intrepida, measuring During the last fifteen years, the only 100 tons, had on board 310 only pretence advanced by Portugal slaves in a state of great wretchedfor refusing totally to abolish herness and emaciation : seventy of
them had died in forty-six days. being kidnapped and re-inslaved, A third, the Invincible, with a cargo but that of the universal emanciof 440 slaves--a number, it seems, pation of the African race.
In one sixty-three short of her full com- or two of the middle states of Ameplement, but these so crowded rica, some of the highest names in together that it became absolutely the annals of that nation actually impossible to separate the sick from derive their income from breeding the healthy; and dysentery, oph- slaves for the southern plantations, thalmia, and scurvy breaking out in the same way in which cattle among them, the provisions and and pigs are in this country reared water being of the worst kind, and for the market. the filth and stench beyond all de- The time, it may be hoped, is scription, 186 of the number had fast approaching, when a better perished in less than sixty days. A feeling will pervade every part of treaty had, however, been agreed the world pretending to Christian upon between Great Britain and principle, and to the light of civiBrazil, which fixes the final period lization: and it is no slight encouof the Brazilian Slave-trade to the ragement to the cherishing of this . expiration of three years, from hope, that a decree had recently March 1827; and the carrying on appeared from the Emperor of of the trade is to be deemed and Austria, utterly abolishing slavery treated as piracy. Though it is throughout the Austrian dominions. impossible not to mourn over the “Every man," says his Imperial horrors of the intervening period, Majesty, “ by the right of nature, yet let us not lose sight of the gra- sanctioned by reason, must be contitude we owe to God, for having sidered as a free person." thus far crowned with success the “Every slave becomes free from efforts of this country in the cause the moment he touches the Ausof humanity, that the decree has attrian soil, or even an Austrian length gone forth, that before three ship." The free governments of years shall have elapsed, from last Great Britain, America, and France, March, the African Slave-trade may learn a salutary lesson of justice will cease to have a legal existence and humanity from this monarch. in any part of the civilized world. UNITED STATES.
The extent to which this coast is No arrangements had been en- still ravaged by the slave-traders of tered into with the American Go- France, the Netherlands, Spain, vernment, for the mutual suppres- Portugal, and Brazil, has in some sion of the Slave Trade. The Slave measure been seen from the precedTrade, however, which most deeplying details. In the midst, however, affects the character of America, is of the general gloom which covers her internal Slave-trade, which, to the face of this quarter of the globe, the reproach of her free institu- there is one district of coast from tutions, fills her southern provinces which a better day promises to with atrocities paralleled only in dawn on Africa. The colony of the annals of Africa.
Sierra Leone, in common with all happy to observe, that this Slave similar establishments, has indeed Trade, as well as the slavery which had to struggle with danger and gives it birth, has begun widely and difficulties. From peculiar circumstrongly to engage the attention of stances, it has not only had more the American public; and that, than its full share of these to conafter the example of England, Anti- tend against; but it has had to enSlavery Societies are now forming counter, throughout the whole course throughout the Union, embracing of its existence, a bitter and unsparnot only the object of protecting ing hostility, ever aiming to bring free Blacks and Mulattoes from into discredit the humane and libe,
ral principles which gave it birth. ment, not by applying to it the It has been felt, and not perhaps standard of European civilization, without reason, that a colony of but by viewing it in contrast with Negroes, blessed with free institu- the depth of the debaseinent of the tions, instructed, civilized, and pros. African while crossing the desert in perous, living in peace and subor. chains, or while crowded into his dination, and exhibiting in their floating dungeon of disease and conduct the charities of social, and death. even of Christian life ; while they But, whatever may be the discreditably discharge their duties as credit which the laborious hostility members of a civil society, by turns of some persons may have sueadministering and obeying laws ceeded in attaching to this colony which equally protect the rights of in the opinion of many persons in all, and know no distinction of class England, it is most certain that it is and colour ;—it has been naturally viewed with no such unfavourable felt, that an establishment of this eyes by the surrounding tribes, kind, if once constructed and ma. They have better learnt to appretured, would shake to its foundation ciate the blessings and immunities the fabric of African Slavery. It to be enjoyed under its protection, cannot therefore appear extraordi- as contrasted with the wretchedness nary, to any who know the influence and insecurity which prevail within of self-interest and prejudice com- the sphere of the Slave Trade. bined, that the utmost pains should We lament to learn that the have been systematically taken to funds of the institution are inademalign this colony, and to deprive quate to the demands upon them, it of the public favour and counte- and that there was an amount of nance. It is obvious, that in the 4001. owing ; which sum the Direccase of a colony mainly composed, tors trust the liberality of the public as Sierra Leone is, of the very would enable them to discharge. rudest and most intractable human The benefits which this institumaterials which could be collected tion has rendered to the cause of into a social union-of persons humanity are so great that the drawn from the most remote points public at large, and more especially of the African coast and continent; the zealous friends of a religion speaking probably fifty different which breathes "peace on earth and languages ; disembarked there in a good will to man,” surely will not state of absolute nakedness, after suffer its energies to languish for having been shut up for months in want of the pecuniary assistance the holds of slave-ships, sunk to a necessary to carry them into aclevel almost below the brute ;—it is tivity. So deeply have the Slave obvious, that in the case of a colony Trade and Slavery debased the constructed of such materials, just morals and inflamed the cupidity of emerging, in their different degrees, abandoned men, in various counfrom a state of the very lowest de- tries, that it will be long, we fear, basement both of body and mind, even after an universal legal abolition the ingenuity of an enemy may find of the traffic, ere the benevolent via much, especially when addressing gilance of such an Institution will an uninformed audience, to give be superfluous. When we calculate an edge to his calumnies, and to the enormous sums expended every heighten the discredit and con- year, in maintaining our national tempt which it is his object to ex- preventive service, to ward off procite. But the candid and discri- hibited and uncustomed imports; it is minating reasoner will not be de- not at all surprising that great efforts luded by such arts ; and he will should have been necessary upon form his estimate of the value, and the part of individuals and governof the progress of such an establish- ments to abolish a traffic as much
more exceeding in atrocity every Britain as a nation, let not enlightspecies of commercial smuggling, as ened and benevolent individuals in the bodies and souls of immortal her community, cease their efforts beings surpass in value kegs of so long as there shall be a slave-ship brandy or bales of silk. Let us be on the ocean, or a mart for its bloodthankful to God that so much has stained merchandise throughout the been effected; but let not Great world.
LONDON HIBERNIAN SOCIETY. The following is a summary of the of the society's system estimated, Society's schools for the last year: that many of the nobility, clergy, Day-schools 511, scholars 44,639; and gentry, open schools in conAdult schools 215, scholars 8,907; nexion with the society, solely for Sunday-schools 251, scholars 9,576. the benefit of the society's books Total 977 schools, 63, 122 scholars. and inspection.
The most satisfactory testimonials The demand for the Holy Scripare continually received by the so- tures continues unabated. So nuciety, of the efficiency of its schools merous and urgent are the applicaand the beneficial results produced in tions, that the committee have been the districts where they are establish- compelled to make a renewed aped. For example, one correspondent plication to the British and Foreign writes,—“Notwithstanding the vio- Bible Society, who have granted lent opposition that has been and 5000 English Bibles, and 20,000 continues to be exerted against the Testaments, and 250 Irish Bibles, society in the promotion of scrip- and 500 Irish Testaments. tural instruction by the priesthood The Scripture readers are still and bishops of the Church of Rome, diligently employed in reading and the cause is gaining ground, and, in distributing the Holy Scriptures, a short time, will not at all be affect- wherever they can obtain an introed by them. I have just examined duction. In this they meet with fourteen schools in this part of the most encouraging success, though country, and I find in them 1004 often called upon to defend their Roman-Catholic children. The most own principles. All the Scripture intense anxiety is manifested by the readers are Protestants, and usually children to commit the Scriptures to carry both English, Irish, and memory.” Another says: “ The .Douay Testaments: hence they niale and female schools of. have are frequently called upon to confer been inspected by Mr.
on points in dispute between Ro. much gratified to hear the children man Catholics and Protestants. answer so well, and the inspector A very considerable degree of so zealous, and appearing to me so opposition is still experienced, and well qualified, by his questions and arises chiefly, though not exclu. Christian manner towards the chil- sively, from the Romish priesthoood, uren, for the important situation There are, however, exceptions to which he holds under that society this general remark. Some Romanwhich has been attended with so Catholic priests patronize and en. many blessings to our poor ignorant courage particular schools; and more, country, and which, I trust, will be it is stated, would adopt this course, continued, under the blessing of were they not compelled to an oppoGod, until all its inhabitants are site proceeding by their superiors. brought under the influence of the The only books provided by the everlasting Gospel of our Lord and Society, are English or Irish Bibles, Saviour Jesus Christ."
Testaments, and Spelling-books, Applications are constantly made the reading lessons of which are for additional schools; and so highly, taken from the Holy Scriptures. it is stated, are the beneficial effects The society teaches all its pupils to CHRIST. OBSERV. APP.
read and commit to memory the without a fresh supply, it will very Holy Scriptures. The religious soon be entirely exhausted. This instruction is left to the several mi- increasing demand for Bibles, they nisters to whose congregations the add, is not merely a natural consescholars respectively belong. quence of the progress of scriptural
A clergyman, in applying for a education, and the result of the supply of Irish Prayer-books and active and beneficial labours of the Homilies, concludes his letter with Scripture readers employed by this saying: “I sincerely hope, that, and other societies, but has, more by steady perseverance in the same especially, been excited by the reline of conduct which the society cent discussions on religious subhas hitherto pursued, we shall be jects which have taken place in able to convince those who are at Ireland. The frequent reference present unfavourably disposed to made by the different disputants to wards us, that our object is not the the Old Testament as well as the bringing men round from one deno. New has stimulated multitudes to mination of professors of Christi- inquire for the whole word of God; anity to another, but the conversion and the Society is informed, that of the heart to God, the turning of on occasion of the late discussion in men (by the influence of the Spirit the North of Ireland, the scholars of God, accompanying the reading in some of the schools were in the of his word, which we are anxious habit of borrowing, night after night, to put into their hands) · from every Bible in the school, in order darkness to light, and from the that the children, their parents and power of satan unto God.'” friends, might compare one passage
The Secretaries of the Society, in of Scripture with another. Such applying to the Committee of the Bibles were invariably returned on Bible Society, state, that the de- the following morning. The Bibles mand for Bibles and Testaments of have either been distributed by the various kinds, but more especially inspectors, Scripture readers, &c., for Bibles, has recently been so among the adult poor, or have been great, that, although 1000 Bibles bestowed as rewards upon those and 13,139 Testaments had been children in the schools who have received at the London Hibernian distinguished themselves by comSociety's depository in Dublin since mitting to memory a greater number the commencement of April last, of the chapters of the New Testathere did not remain in the deposi- ment than the regulation of the tory in the beginning of August a school requires. The Bibles thus single Bible ; and the stock of Tes. bestowed as rewards are highly taments is reduced so low, that, prized.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY. VALUABLE documents of religious notices; but a mass of interesting intelligence multiply so rapidly intelligence lies before us, in the around us, that we are glad of the Appendix and the Monthly Extracts, opportunity of clearing up our ar- which well merits copious citation. rears in our Appendix; and in no HOME INTELLIGENCE. instance more happy than in re- From Mr. Dudley.-" I have the ference to that preeminent instru- satisfaction of reporting to the comment for promoting the glory of mittee, the full establishment of the God and the best welfare of man- Birmingham Ladies' Branch Bible kind--the British and Foreign Society, and twelve connected asBible Society. We have already, sociations. These twelve associain our present volume, given our tions, including an aggregate pousual abstract of the Report of the pulation of at least 120,000, are Society, and various incidental divided into two hundred and ninety